分極した誘電体円柱の回転による定常磁界について

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愛知工業大学研究報告 第25号A 平 成2年 9

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Taiji

ARAKAWA

分極した誘電体円柱の回転による定常磁界について

荒 川 泰 二

According to the electromagnetic formulations of moving media, we discuss the steady magnetic field and current distribution produced when a long dielectric cylinder is spun about its axis in a uniform electric field applied perpendicular to the axis

As one of the supplements to the paper1) on the concept of

hidden momentum" introduced by W. Shockley and H. P. James

2)we discuss here on the steady magneticfi.eld produced when a long dielectric cylinder (scal乱,rpermittibity E

permeability μ勾 μ

andelectric conductivity σ =

0

)

is spun with constant angular velocityωabout its叩 s

(

z

axis) in a uniform electricfi.eldEo applied perpendicular to the a泊s. There ar巴severalformulations of elecrtodynam -ics of moving media

compatible in spite of di:fferences in forrns.3) Here

the Minkowski's theory is mainly

used

which was thefi.rst formulation for moving me-dia and is still best known. And we neglect the end e:ffect of the long cylinder

the inertia of the matter and the change of its macroscopic property by rota -tion.

t

J

s

In the laboratory frame

according to the Minkowski formulation

we have the following constitutive relation when EOμo旬2is omitted and μis assumed to beμ0;

B =

μ

o{H

一(E-EO)(旬 x

E)}

、 , , J 噌 EA (

where B

H and E are the magnetic fiux density

the magneticfi.eld intensity and the electricfi.eld intensity at the point with a velocityv in the cylinder.

From Eq. (1)

together with divB = 0

rotE= 0 (because of the steadyif.eld) and rotv = 2ω

it follows4)that

divH = (E -Eo)(E.rotv -v. rotE)

=2(E-EO)E.ω.

(

2

)

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10 荒川泰二

We assume that

E

is unchang日dby the rotation

namely

qualto

E

=

2EoEo/(E

+

EO) (3) Then the direction of

E

is perpendicular toωFrom Eq. (2) divH = 0 Therefore

noting that rotH is zero in the steady field with no convection and conduction currents

it is reasonable to regard the possible solution of H as zero in the pr巴sentcase. Thus

inside the cylinder B =μ

O

(

P

x

)

(

4

)

where the electric polarization

P

may be given by E E 一 。

E E

一 +

﹁ ¥ 一 E CL q ノ 臼

一 一

E n u

一 一

P (5) Ins巴rti時 P = Pj and旬 =ω(-yi+ xj) to Eq. (4)

we obtain B =μoPωyk (6) Here x晶ndy are the r号ctangularcoordinates of the point consideredj i

j and k ar巴unitvectors parallel to the rectangular axes. (In the Chu formulation

3)the magnetic field intensityH c in this case is given by P x旬 ThisHc Is different from Minkowski's H obtained山ove.However

the observable quantity in the electromagnetic induction du日tothe transition of the cylinder at rest to its steady rotation is μoH c

which is equal to Minkowski'sB.) In free space outside the cylir由 r

neglecting the巳吋effect

the magnetic fl回 densityB(=μoH)

1SZ白obecause of the continuity of Bn (normal component ofB) and Ht (tangent凶 componentofH) across the cylindrical interface.

Next

w巴willconsider the steady current distribution in the cylinder.In th己Minkowskiformulation

the current density J [ =ρ旬+σ(E+ v x B)]is zero in the case of true charge densityρ= 0 and σ=0 On the other hand

in the Chu formulation regarding a polarized dielectric medium as仁ontaininga large number of small electric dipoles

the polarization current densityJp =θP / ol+ rot(P x v)contributes

to rotH c( = rotB /μ0)

togeth色rwith EooE/ot and J. In the steady field now cons出 red

we 1即 日

Jp = rot(P x v)= Pωz. (7) Eq. (7) shows the巴xi侃 恥eof the uniform current pa叫lelto the x-a氾sin the cylinder.Further, there is the surface current along the cylindrical surface whose density is J. = Pωyψb (8) whereψ1 is the azimuthal unit vector of cylindrical coordinate. And it should be noted that the polarized charge distribution on the cylindrical surfaιe is conserved by the interior current and surface current shown in Eq. (7) and (8)

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分援した誘電体円柱の回転による定常磁界について 11

References

1) T. Arak訓f引 Bull.of the Colledge of General E小lcation,Nagoya Univers均, B Vol. 27 No. 1 (1983) pp. 1" , 6.

2) W. 81肌 kleyand H. P. James; Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 18 No. 20 (1967) pp. 876" , 879.

3) P. PenfIeld and H. A. Haus; Electrodynamics of moving media MIT 1967.

4) 8. Goldstein; Proc. of the 8ymposium on Eledromagnetics and Fluid Dynamics of Gaseous Plasma 1961

Polytechnic Press of th巴PolytechnicInstitute of Brooklyn Vol. XI pp. 65" , 80

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