トップPDF Lecture note 3 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

Lecture note 3 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Lecture note 3 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

Price posting model: Sellers post (and commit) price before search activity. ← Straightforward way of endogenous value distribution • Let start from a simple labor market model where 2 firms (j=A,B) and L workers. • Fi ’s pa off is � = � − � , where y is the marginal revenue (exogenous),

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第3回pdf 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

第3回pdf 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

2.4 実証研究 2.4.1 雇用量、賃金へ影響 Card & Krueger (1994, American Economic Review) : アメリカ ニュージャージーでは 1992 年 4月、最低賃金が $4.25 から$5.05 まで増加された。対して隣接し、かつ経済構造が似ているペンシル ベニア州では、最低賃金は変更されなかった。このイベントを用いた推計では、最低賃金によって、 レストランにおけるフルタイム雇用増加が確認された(下記図参照) 。

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Slide 3_distribution 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Slide 3_distribution 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

variable is less than or equal to a particular value. e.g., ) The cumulative probability distribution of the high of the next new person. you meet. Cumulative probability : Continuous ra[r]

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Slide 6_3_distribution 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Slide 6_3_distribution 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

Binary case: � is the estimator of of y between t=1 and t=0 groups when the effect of other factors (u) is totally equal between groups.3. Heteroskedasticity and Homoskedasticity[r]

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Lecture note 5 n 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP Lecture note 5 n

Lecture note 5 n 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP Lecture note 5 n

• Outside option (value of unemployed) is determined by market tightness and the wage distribution ← market level variable and sufficient to characterize the match level variable (wag[r]

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Lecture note 6 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Lecture note 6 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

1. Wage dispersion as a result of firm heterogeneity ← Higher productivity firms. pay higher wage.[r]

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Lecture note 1 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Lecture note 1 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

Wage dispersion: Standard mincer equation (wage is explained by education level and labor market experience) cannot explain almost part of the wage variation5. “tru tural u e plo e t: [r]

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Slide 4_note 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Slide 4_note 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

⇒ We a argue so if it is a rare e e t that e o ser e our urre t sa ple under the null hypothesis; the population mean is equal to � �,0 . ⇒ It’s easure e t is the pro a ilit that e o ser e sa ples hi h ha e ore e tre e ea s tha our urre t sa ple. ⇒ Called as p-value.

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Lecture note 7 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Lecture note 7 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

2. Definition: equilibrium • Fi ’s e t de isio -making can be characterized by threshold strategy: a firm entries the market if and only if � ≥ ത�. • The market equilibrium is defined over { � , � , ത�} and expected utility and profits, which is satisfied

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Lecture note 2 最近の更新履歴  Keisuke Kawata's HP

Lecture note 2 最近の更新履歴 Keisuke Kawata's HP

2. Main finding • The discussion can be extend more general cases; the number of alternative is more than 3 (but still finite number), and/or risk averse agent. → The job-acceptance (stopping) probability is generally increasing according to period because the option value is decreasing. (Experimental Evidence)

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Lec3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

Lec3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

f (x, a) s.t. g(x, a) = 0. where x is a vector of choice variables, and a := (a 1 , ..., a m ) is a vector of parameters that may enter the objective function, the constraint, or both. Suppose that for each vector a, the solution is unique and denoted by x(a).

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PS3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

PS3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

(c) Derive the competitive equilibrium (both price w ∗ and allocation x ∗ ). (d) Now consider an exchange economy with n consumers and k goods. We de- note the bundle of total endowments by ω = (ω 1 , . . . , ω k ). Suppose that all consumers have identical (strictly) convex preferences. Then, show that equal division of total endowments, i.e., x i = ω/n for all consumer i, is always a

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PS2 2and3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

PS2 2and3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

j + x j − x i x j , where x i is i’s effort and x j is the effort of the other player. Assume x 1 , x 2 ≥ 0. (a) Find the Nash equilibrium of this game. Is it Pareto efficient? (b) Suppose that the players interact over time, which we model with the infinitely repeated version of the game. Let δ denote the (common) discount factor of the players. Under what conditions can the players sustain some positive effort level k = x 1 = x 2 > 0 over time?

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Lec2 3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

Lec2 3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

M P 1 : max q≥0 p(q)q − c(q). where p(q)q is a revenue and c(q) is a cost when the output is fixed to q. Let π(q) = p(q)q − c(q) denote the revenue function. Assume that the firm’s objective function π(q) is convex and differentiable. Then, the first order condition is:

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Micro3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

Micro3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

Decision under Uncertainty | 不確実性下意思決定 We have so far not distinguished between individual’s actions and consequences, but many choices made by agents take place under conditions of uncertainty. This lecture discusses such a decision under uncertainty, i.e., an environment in which the correspondence between actions and consequences is not

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PS2 2and3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

PS2 2and3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

j + x j − x i x j , where x i is i’s effort and x j is the effort of the other player. Assume x 1 , x 2 ≥ 0. (a) Find the Nash equilibrium of this game. Is it Pareto efficient? (b) Suppose that the players interact over time, which we model with the infinitely repeated version of the game. Let δ denote the (common) discount factor of the players. Under what conditions can the players sustain some positive effort level k = x 1 = x 2 > 0 over time?

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Lec3 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

Lec3 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

M P 1 : max q≥0 p(q)q − c(q). where p(q)q is a revenue and c(q) is a cost when the output is fixed to q. Let π(q) = p(q)q − c(q) denote the revenue function. Assume that the firm’s objective function π(q) is convex and differentiable. Then, the first order condition is:

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lecture MEA 最近の更新履歴  浜田 道昭@早稲田大学  産総研  日本医科大学

lecture MEA 最近の更新履歴 浜田 道昭@早稲田大学 産総研 日本医科大学

Bibliography II Michal N´ an´ asi, Tom´ aˇs Vinaˇr, and Broˇ na Brejov´ a. The highest expected reward decoding for hmms with application to recombination detection. In Proc. of CPM’10, pages 164–176, 2010. I. Holmes and R. Durbin. Dynamic programming alignment accuracy. J. Comput. Biol., 5:493–504, 1998.

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Lec1 8 note 最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

Lec1 8 note 最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

The choice function C does not need to be observable.. 3.[r]

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最近の更新履歴  yyasuda's website

最近の更新履歴 yyasuda's website

(c) There are two pure-strategy Nash equilibria: (A; X) and (B; Y ). (d) Let p be a probability that player 2 chooses X and q be a probability that player 1 chooses A. Since player 1 must be indi¤erent amongst choosing A and B, we obtain 2p = p + 3(1 p) , 4p = 3 , p = 3=4.

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