中国の日本語学習者に対する日本留学への意識調査 - 中国遼寧省大連の大学での調査 -

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(200) 

(201) . ਛ࿖ߦ߅ߌࠆᣣᧄ⇐ቇ߳ߩᗧ⼂⺞ᩏ ࠕࡦࠤ࡯࠻⺞ᩏදജߩ߅㗿޿  ᧄ⺞ᩏߪ‫ޔ‬ਛ࿖ߩᣇ‫⇐ߦޘ‬ቇߦኻߔࠆᗧ⼂ࠍ዆ߨࠆ߽ߩߢߔ‫⇐ޕ‬ቇᗧᕁߩ᦭ή߿‫ޔ‬Ꮧᦸ࿾‫⇐ޔ‬ቇࠍ᳿߼ ࠆ㓙ߦ㊀ⷐⷞߔࠆߎߣߥߤࠍ዆ߨ‫⇐ޔ‬ቇᗧ⼂ߩታᘒࠍឞ߻ߎߣࠍ⋡⊛ߣߒߡ޿߹ߔ‫ޕ‬  ᧄࠕࡦࠤ࡯࠻ߪή⸥ฬߢ࿁╵ߒߡ޿ߚߛ߈‫ޔ‬ᓧࠄࠇߚ࿁╵ߪᧄ⺞ᩏߩಽᨆએᄖߦߪ૶↪ߒ߹ߖࠎߩߢ‫ޔ‬ ߗ߭₸⋥ߥߏᗧ⷗ࠍ߅⡞߆ߖߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬ 㕒ጟ↥ᬺᄢቇ ᣣᧄ⺆ᢎ⢒ᜂᒰ ⻠Ꮷ ࿯ዬ➂ሶ. 㧝. ޽ߥߚߩ࿖☋ࠍᢎ߃ߡߊߛߐ޿‫ ޕ‬㧝㧚ਛ࿖  㧞㧚ߘߩઁ 㧞. ޽ߥߚߩᕈ೎ࠍᢎ߃ߡߊߛߐ޿‫ ޕ‬㧝㧚↵ᕈ  㧞㧚ᅚᕈ 㧟. ޽ߥߚߩᐕ㦂ࠍᢎ߃ߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬   㧔     㧕ᱦ 㧠. ޽ߥߚߪਅ⸥ߩ߁ߜߩߤࠇߦᒰߡߪ߹ࠅ߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬ਅ߆ࠄㆬࠎߢ٤ࠍߟߌߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬  㧝㧚ਛቇ↢  㧞㧚㜞ᩞ↢  㧟㧚ኾ㐷ቇᩞ↢ 㧠㧚ᄢቇ↢㧔ኾ⑼↢㧕  㧡㧚ᄢቇ↢㧔ᧄ⑼↢㧕 㧢㧚ᄢቇ㒮↢  㧣㧚␠ળੱ  㧤㧚ߘߩઁ        㧡. ޽ߥߚߪ‫⃻ޔ‬࿷ߤߩᯏ㑐ߢᣣᧄ⺆ࠍീᒝߒߡ޿߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧔ᒰߡߪ߹ࠆ߽ߩߔߴߡߦ٤ࠍߟߌߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬㧕  㧝㧚ਛቇᩞ  㧞㧚㜞ᩞ  㧟. ᄢቇ  㧠㧚ᄢቇ㒮   㧡㧚ᣣᧄ⺆ቇᩞ  㧢㧚ળ␠  㧣㧚ߘߩઁ 㧢. ޽ߥߚߪߎࠇ߹ߢߦᣣᧄ⺆ࠍ૗ᐕ㑆ቇ⠌ߒ߹ߒߚ߆‫ޕ‬   㧔    㧕ᐕ 㧔    㧕ࡩ᦬ 㧣. ޽ߥߚߪᣣ㗃‫ࠍ⪲⸒ߩߤޔ‬ਥߦ૶޿߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬   1㧚ਛ࿖⺆  2㧚ᦺ㞲⺆  3㧚ᣣᧄ⺆  4㧚ߘߩઁ㧔           㧕.  .

(202) . . . . 㧤. ޽ߥߚ߇ᣣᧄ⺆ࠍቇ⠌ߔࠆߎߣߦߒߚ߈ߞ߆ߌߪ૗ߢߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧔ᒰߡߪ߹ࠆ߽ߩߔߴߡߦ٤ࠍߟߌߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬㧕 㧝㧚ᣣᧄ⺆ߘߩ߽ߩ߳ߩ⥝๧  㧞㧚ᣣᧄ߳ߩ⥝๧  㧟㧚ᣣᧄߩࠕ࠾ࡔ࡮࠼࡜ࡑ࡮᱌߇ᅢ߈ 㧠㧚ᣣᧄ⺆ߢࠦࡒࡘ࠾ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦߒߚ޿߆ࠄ 㧡㧚ᣣᧄߦⴕ߈ߚ޿߆ࠄ 㧢㧚ኾ᡹ࠍㆬ߱㓙ߦ‫ߩઁޔ‬ㆬᛯ⢇߇ߥ߆ߞߚ  㧤㧚዁᧪ߩㅴ〝ߩߚ߼ 㧥㧚੹ߩ઀੐ߢᔅⷐߛߞߚ  10㧚ኅᣖ࡮ⷫᣖߩ൘߼  11㧚ߘߩઁ 㧥. ޽ߥߚ߇ᣣᧄ⺆ࠍቇ⠌ߔࠆ⋡⊛ߪ૗ߢߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧔ᒰߡߪ߹ࠆ߽ߩߔߴߡߦ٤ࠍߟߌߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬㧕 㧝㧚ᣣᧄ⺆ߘߩ߽ߩ߳ߩ⥝๧  㧞㧚ࠦࡒࡘ࠾ࠤ࡯࡚ࠪࡦᚻᲑ  㧟㧚ࡑࡦࠟ࡮ࠕ࠾ࡔߥߤߦ㑐ߔࠆ⍮⼂⠌ᓧ  㧠㧚ᱧผ࡮ᢥቇߥߤߦ㑐ߔࠆ⍮⼂⠌ᓧ  㧡㧚዁᧪ߩዞ⡯  㧢㧚ᣣᧄ⇐ቇ  㧣㧚࿖㓙ℂ⸃࡮⇣ᢥൻ੤ᵹ  㧤㧚ቇᩞߢቇ⠌ߒߥߌࠇ߫ߥࠄߥ޿  㧥㧚ᣣᧄⷰశᣏⴕ  10㧚⑼ቇᛛⴚߦ㑐ߔࠆ⍮⼂  11㧚ᣣᧄߣߩⷫༀ࡮੤ᵹ  12㧚ኅᣖ࡮ⷫᣖߥߤߩ൘߼  13㧚੹ߩ઀੐ߦᓎ┙ߡࠆ  14㧚ߘߩઁ 㧝㧜.޽ߥߚߪ‫⃻ޔ‬࿷ߩቇᩞߢቇ⠌ߒߚᓟ‫ߥ߁ࠃߩߤޔ‬ㅴ〝ࠍᏗᦸߒ߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧝㧚࿖ౝ㜞ᩞ  㧞㧚࿖ౝᄢቇ  㧟㧚࿖ౝᄢቇ㒮  㧠㧚⃻࿷௛޿ߡ޿ࠆળ␠ 㧡㧚࿖ౝߩ⑳ડᬺ  㧢㧚᡽ᐭᯏ㑐࡮࿖༡ડᬺ  㧣㧚࿖ౝᄖ⾗♽ડᬺ 㧤㧚ቇᩞᢎᏧ㧔ዊਛ㜞ᩞ㧕  㧥㧚ᄢቇᢎᏧ࡮⎇ⓥ⠪  㧝㧜㧚⥄༡ડᬺ⚻༡ 㧝㧝㧚ߘߩઁ  㧝㧞㧚߹ߛ⠨߃ߡ޿ߥ޿ 㧝㧝.޽ߥߚߪ‫⇐ޔ‬ቇߒߚ⚻㛎߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧝㧚޽ࠆ 㧔࿖㧦          㧕 㧞㧚ߥ޿ 㧝㧞㧚⇐ቇߦߟ޿ߡ߅⡞߈ߒ߹ߔ‫ޕ‬  㧔㧝㧕 ޽ߥߚߪ‫੹ޔ‬ᓟ⇐ቇߔࠆᏗᦸ߇޽ࠅ߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧝㧚ోߊߥ޿  㧞㧚޽߹ࠅߥ޿ 㧟㧚ࠊ߆ࠄߥ޿ 㧠㧚ዋߒ޽ࠆ 㧡㧚ᒝߊ޽ࠆ          㧝㧟߳                㧔㧞㧕߳ 㧔㧞㧕㧔㧝㧕ߢ㧠ߣ㧡ࠍㆬࠎߛᣇߩߺ߅╵߃ߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬    Ꮧᦸߔࠆ⇐ቇవߩ࿖ߪߤߎߢߔ߆‫ޕ‬ 㧝㧚ᣣᧄ  㧞㧚᰷☨  㧟㧚ߘߩઁ㧔             㧕      㧔㧟㧕߳      㧔㧠㧕߳ 㧔㧟㧕㧔㧞㧕ߢ㧝ࠍㆬࠎߛᣇߩߺ߅╵߃ߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬ 㧝㧚ᣣᧄࠍ⇐ቇవߦㆬࠎߛߩߪ 㧝㧚. ⥄ಽߩᗧᕁ 㧞㧚ⷫ߿ኅᣖߩ൘߼ 㧟㧚⍮ੱߩ൘߼ 㧠㧚ߘߩઁ.  .

(203) 

(204) . 㧞㧚⇐ቇߔࠆ⋡⊛ߪ 㧔ᒰߡߪ߹ࠆ߽ߩߔߴߡߦ٤ࠍߟߌߡߊߛߐ޿㧕   1㧚ᛛⴚ࡮⍮⼂ߩ⠌ᓧ  㧞㧚ᄖ࿖⺆ߩ⠌ᓧ  㧟㧚᦭೑ߥዞ⡯ߩߚ߼   㧠㧚⃻⁁߆ࠄߩ⣕಴ߩߚ߼  㧡㧚ኅᣖ࡮⍮ੱߩ൘߼   㧢㧚㊄ࠍⒿߋߚ߼  㧣㧚࿖㓙⊛ⷞ㊁᜛ᄢߩߚ߼  㧤㧚ቇ૏ขᓧߩߚ߼   㧥㧚࿖㓙⊛ߥ઀੐ߦዞߊߚ߼ 10㧚ᣣᧄߦኅᣖ߇޿ࠆ߆ࠄ 11㧚ߘߩઁ 㧟㧚ᣣᧄ߳ߩ⇐ቇࠍᏗᦸߔࠆℂ↱ࠍ㊀ⷐߥ㗅ߦ㧟ߟᢎ߃ߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬   㧔ਅߩਛ߆ࠄㆬࠎߢߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬㧕   㧝㧚㜞ᐲߥቇ໧߿ᛛⴚ  㧞㧚⚻ᷣ⚻༡ߩవㅴᕈ  㧟㧚ᢥൻߩ㝯ജ࡮⥝๧   㧠㧚࿾ℂ⊛ㄭߐ  㧡㧚⸒⺆ᢥൻߩㄭߐ  㧢㧚ⷫᚘ⍮ੱߩሽ࿷   㧣㧚ࠕ࡞ࡃࠗ࠻ߩน⢻ᕈ  㧤㧚↢ᵴߩ቟ోᕈ࡮ᴦ቟ߩ⦟ߐ   㧥㧚Ꮧᦸߩዞ⡯ߦ᦭೑  10㧚ᅑቇ㊄ߩᓧ߿ߔߐ  11㧚ߘߩઁ   㧝⇟㊀ⷐߥℂ↱  㧔   㧕   㧞⇟⋡ߦ㊀ⷐߥℂ↱㧔   㧕   㧟⇟⋡ߦ㊀ⷐߥℂ↱㧔   㧕 㧔㧠㧕⇐ቇవࠍ᳿߼ࠆ㓙ߦ㊀ⷐⷞߔࠆߎߣࠍ‫ޔ‬ਅ⸥ߩਛ߆ࠄ㊀ⷐߛߣᕁ߁㗅ߦ㧟ߟㆬࠎߢߊ ߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬  㧝㧚ቇᩞߩ⍮ฬᐲ࡮ቇ૏  㧞㧚ᢎ⢒ߩ⾰ߩ㜞ߐ  㧟㧚ᢎ⢒ౝኈ  㧠㧚㓹↪ߩዷᦸ  㧡㧚᝼ᬺᢱߩ቟ߐ  㧢㧚ᅑቇ㊄ߩలታ   㧣㧚↢ᵴߩߒ߿ߔߐ  㧤㧚↢ᵴߩ቟ో  㧥㧚ㇺળ  10㧚㕒߆ߥⅣႺ  11㧚ኰߩ᦭ή  12㧚ቇᩞ஥ߩࠨࡐ࡯࠻ߩలታ   13㧚ᚑᾫߒߚ⚻ᷣ␠ળߩ㝯ജ  14㧚ᄢⴐᢥൻ߳ߩ㝯ജ   15㧚⸒⺆⊛⽶ᜂߩዋߥߐ  16㧚หߓ࿖ߩ⇐ቇ↢߇ᄙ޿   17㧚หߓ࿖ߩ⇐ቇ↢߇ዋߥ޿  18㧚౉࿖ࡆࠩߩขᓧߩߒ߿ߔߐ   19㧚౉ቇߩߒ߿ߔߐ  20㧚ⷫᣖ࡮⍮ੱߩੱ⣂  21㧚ߘߩઁ 㧝⇟㊀ⷐ㧔   㧕  㧞⇟⋡ߦ㊀ⷐ㧔   㧕  㧟⇟⋡ߦ㊀ⷐ㧔   㧕. 㧔㧡㧕⇐ቇߔࠆߣߒߚࠄ‫ᦼߩ޿ࠄߊߩߤޔ‬㑆⃻࿾ߦṛ࿷ߒߚ޿ߢߔ߆‫ޕ‬  㧝㧚㧞ᐕ⒟ᐲ  㧞㧚ᄢቇ⚳ੌ߹ߢ  㧟㧚ᄢቇ㒮ୃੌ߹ߢ  㧠㧚ዞ⡯ߒߡᢙᐕ⃻࿾ߦṛ࿷ߒߚ޿  㧡㧚ߕߞߣ⃻࿾ߦ޿ߚ޿  㧢㧚ߘߩઁ.  .

(205) . . . . 㧝㧟㧚ਛ࿖߆ࠄᣣᧄ߳ߩ⇐ቇߩ⃻࿷ߣ዁᧪ߩേะߦߟ޿ߡ‫ߏߩߚߥ޽ޔ‬ᗧ⷗ࠍ߅⡞߆ߖߊߛߐ ޿‫ޕ‬  㧔㧝㧕⃻࿷‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄ߳⇐ቇߔࠆਛ࿖ੱ߇ᷫዋߒߡ޿ࠆߣߒߚࠄ‫ߪࠇߘޔ‬ᰴߩ߁ߜߤߩࠃ߁ ߥ ℂ↱߆ࠄߛߣ޽ߥߚߪ⠨߃߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬㊀ⷐߛߣᕁ߁㗅ߦ‫ޔ‬ਅ⸥ߩਛ߆ࠄ㧟ߟㆬࠎߢߊߛ ߐ޿‫ޕ‬      㧝㧚ᣣᧄߦኻߒߡ⥝๧ࠍᜬߟੱ߇ᷫዋߒߚ      㧞㧚ᣣᧄߢ㝯ജ⊛ߥቇᩞ߇ᷫዋߒߚ      㧟㧚ᣣᧄࠃࠅ߽ઁ࿖߳ߩ⇐ቇ߇㝯ജ⊛      㧠㧚⇐ቇߔࠆࠃࠅ߽‫⥄ޔ‬ಽߩ࿖ߦ޿ࠆᣇ߇㝯ജ⊛      㧡㧚3.11 ߩ࿾㔡࡮ේ⊒੐᡿ߩᓇ㗀   㧢㧚᡽ᴦ⊛ℂ↱       㧣㧚๟࿐ߩ෻ኻ  㧤㧚⇐ቇ⾌↪ߩ໧㗴  㧥㧚ߘߩઁ      㧝⇟㊀ⷐ㧔   㧕  㧞⇟⋡ߦ㊀ⷐ㧔   㧕  㧟⇟⋡ߦ㊀ⷐ㧔   㧕  㧔㧞㧕 㧔㧝㧕ߢ޽ߥߚ߇޽ߍߚℂ↱ߣߩ㑐ଥߢ‫ޔ‬ਛ࿖ੱߩᣣᧄ߳ߩ⇐ቇߩ዁᧪ߦߟ޿ߡ‫ߥ޽ޔ‬ ߚߪߤߩࠃ߁ߦ⠨߃߹ߔ߆‫ޕ‬ਅ⸥ߩਛ߆ࠄ৻ߟㆬࠎߢ٤ࠍߟߌߡߊߛߐ޿‫ޕ‬      㧝㧚 㧔㧝㧕ߢ޽ߍߚℂ↱ߪ◲නߦߪ⸃ᶖߒߥ޿ߣᕁ߁ߩߢ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄ߳ߩ⇐ቇߪ዁᧪⊛ߦ ߽ᷫዋߔࠆ      㧞㧚㧔㧝㧕ߢ޽ߍߚℂ↱߇઒ߦ⸃ᶖߒߥߊߡ߽‫⚻ޔ‬ᷣ੤ᵹߥߤߩ᜛ᄢߦࠃࠅ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄ ߳ߩ⇐ቇߪ዁᧪⊛ߦߪჇടߔࠆ      㧟㧚㧔㧝㧕ߢ޽ߍߚℂ↱ߪ߿߇ߡ⸃ᶖߔࠆߣᕁ߁ߩߢ‫ࠍࠇߘޔ‬ᄾᯏߦ‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄ߳ߩ⇐ ቇߪ዁᧪⊛ߦߪჇടߔࠆ      㧠㧚㧔㧝㧕ߢ޽ߍߚℂ↱ߪ߿߇ߡ⸃ᶖߔࠆߣᕁ߁߇‫ޔ‬ᣣᧄ߳ߩ⇐ቇߪ዁᧪⊛ߦߪᷫ ዋߔࠆ      㧡㧚ࠊ߆ࠄߥ޿. ⾰໧ߪએ਄ߢߔ‫ޕ‬ ߏදജ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߒߚ‫ޕ‬.   .

(206) 

(207) . Ё೑ᇍѢ⬭ᄺ᮹ᴀᛣ䆚ⱘ䇗ᶹ ᏠᳯԴ㛑णࡽℸ䯂ो䇗ᶹ  ℸ䇗ᶹ䯂ोⱘᰃᛇ䇗ᶹЁ೑Ҏᇍ⬭ᄺⱘᛣ䆚DŽᰃ৺᳝⬭ᄺᛣ৥ˈ⬭ᄺⱘⳂⱘഄˈҹঞ೼㗗㰥 ⬭ᄺⱘᯊ‫׭‬㹿䞡㾚ⱘџ᳝ાѯㄝㄝˈᇍѢ䖭ѯᴹᦤ䯂DŽᏠᳯ䗮䖛ℸ⃵䇗ᶹᥠᦵ⬭ᄺᛣ䆚ⱘᅲ䰙ᚙ ‫މ‬DŽ ᴀ䇗ᶹ䯂ोҹϡ䆄ৡⱘᮍᓣᴹಲㄨDŽ䇗ᶹ㒧ᵰҙ⫼Ѣℸ⃵ⷨおߚᵤˈϡӮ঺԰Ҫ䗨ˈ䇋ᙼ⿃ ᵕಲㄨDŽ˄䯂乬ߚࠡৢ  义˅ 䴭‫ݜ‬ѻϮ໻ᄺ ᮹䇁ᬭ㚆ᢙᔧ䆆Ꮬ ೳሙ㑁ᄤ .     . . . . . Դⱘ೑㈡DŽ ˍˊЁ೑  ˎˊ݊Ҫ   Դⱘᗻ߿DŽ ˍˊ⬋ᗻ  ˎˊཇᗻ  Դⱘᑈ啘DŽ ˄     ˅ቕ Դᰃϟ䗄ⱘાϔϾˈ䇋⬏೜DŽ  ˍˊЁᄺ⫳  ˎˊ催Ё⫳  ˏˊϧ䮼ᡔᴃᄺ᷵ᄺ⫳ ːˊ໻ᄺ⫳˄ϧ⾥⫳˅   ˑˊ໻ᄺ⫳˄ᴀ⾥⫳˅ ˒ˊⷨお⫳  ˓ˊᏆ೼㘠  ˔ˊ݊Ҫ          Դ⦄೼೼ҔМഄᮍᄺд᮹䇁˛䇋⬏೜DŽ ˄ৃ໮䗝˅  ˍˊЁᄺ  ˎˊ催Ё  ˏ ໻ᄺ  ːˊⷨお⫳䰶᷵   ˑˊ᮹䇁ᄺ᷵  ˒ˊ݀ৌ  ˓ˊ݊Ҫ  Դ㟇ҞᏆ㒣ᄺд᮹䇁໮Йњ˛DŽ ˄    ˅ᑈ ˄    ˅Ͼ᳜  Դ೼᮹ᐌ⫳⌏ЁЏ㽕䗖⫼ⱘ䇁㿔ᰃҔМ˛   ˊ∝䇁 ˊ䶽䇁  ˊ᮹䇁  ˊ݊Ҫ˄           ˅  䅽Դ‫އ‬ᅮᄺд᮹䇁ⱘ༥ᴎᰃҔМ˛䇋⬏೜DŽ˄ৃ໮䗝˅ ˍˊᇍ᮹䇁ᴀ䑿᳝݈䍷  ˎˊᇍ᮹ᴀ᳝݈䍷   ˏˊ୰⃶᮹ᴀⱘࡼ⓿ˈ⬉㾚࠻ˈ℠᳆ːˊᛇ⫼᮹䇁এѸ⌕  ˑˊ಴Ўᛇএ᮹ᴀ  ˒ˊ䗝ᢽϧϮⱘᯊ‫ˈ׭‬ᔧ߱≵᳝݊Ҫ䗝ᢽ   ˓ˊЎњᇚᴹџϮথሩ  ˔ˊ಴Ў⦄೼ⱘᎹ԰䳔㽕  ˕ˊ㹿ᆊҎˈ҆៮᥼㤤ᄺд᮹䇁ˊ݊Ҫ.  .

(208) .  . . . . ԴᰃߎѢҔМḋⱘⳂⱘᄺд᮹䇁ⱘ˛˄ৃ໮䗝˅ ˍˊᇍ᮹䇁ᴀ䑿ᛳ݈䍷  ˎˊѸ⌕᠟↉   ˏˊЎњᄺд⓿⬏ˈࡼ⬏ㄝㄝⳌ݇ⶹ䆚    ːˊЎњᄺдग़৆ˈ᭛ᄺㄝⶹ䆚   ˑˊᇚᴹⱘህϮࠡ᱃˒ˊ⬭ᄺ᮹ᴀ  ˓ˊ೑䰙⧚㾷੠ϡৠ᭛࣪ⱘѸ⌕   ˔ˊ೼ᄺ᷵ϡᕫϡᄺд  ˕ˊএ᮹ᴀ㾖‫ܝ‬ᮙ␌   ˊᄺд⾥ᄺᡔᴃⳌ݇ⶹ䆚ˊϢ᮹ᴀⱘটདѸ⌕   ˊᆊҎ៪҆៮ⱘ᥼㤤  ˊ಴Ў᳝ⲞѢᔧϟⱘᎹ԰  ˊ݊Ҫ.   ᅠ៤⦄೼ᄺ᷵ⱘᄺϮПৢˈԴᇚᴹⱘҎ⫳ᮍ৥ᰃ˛  ˍˊ೑‫ⱘݙ‬催Ё  ˎˊ೑‫ݙ‬໻ᄺ  ˏˊ೑‫ⷨݙ‬お⫳䰶᷵  ːˊ⦄೼೼㘠ⱘ݀ৌ ˑˊ೑‫⾕ݙ‬ὁ  ˒ˊᬓᑰᴎ݇೑㧹ӕϮ  ˓ˊ೑‫ݙ‬໪䌘ӕϮ ˔ˊᄺ᷵ᬭᏜ˄ᇣᄺˈЁᄺˈ催Ё˅  ˕ˊ໻ᄺᬭᏜˈⷨおਬ  ˊ㞾Ꮕ߯Ϯ ˊ݊Ҫ   ˊ⦄೼≵᳝㗗㰥䖭ѯ   Դ᳝⬭ᄺⱘ㒣偠৫˛ ˍˊ᳝ ˄೑ᆊ˖          ˅ ˎˊ≵᳝   ˊҹϟ䯂乬ᰃ݇Ѣ⬭ᄺⱘDŽ   ˄ˍ˅Դ᳝ᛣ৥Ҟৢএ⬭ᄺ৫˛ ˍˊᅠܼ≵᳝  ˎˊ޴Т≵᳝ ˏˊϡⶹ䘧 ːˊ᳝⚍‫ ܓ‬ˑˊ䴲ᐌᔎ⚜            ಲㄨ                  ಲㄨ˄ˎ˅  ˄ˎ˅䯂乬˄ˍ˅ಲㄨ䗝ᢽː੠ˑⱘˈ䇋ಲㄨҹϟ䯂乬DŽ    Ꮰᳯএા䞠⬭ᄺਸ਼˛ ˍˊ᮹ᴀ   ˎˊ⃻㕢  ˏˊ݊Ҫ˄             ˅       ಲㄨ˄ˏ˅     ಲㄨ˄ː˅  ˄ˏ˅䯂乬˄ˎ˅ಲㄨ䗝ᢽˍⱘ䇋ಲㄨҹϟ䯂乬  ķˊ䗝ᢽ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺᰃ˖ ˍˊ㞾Ꮕⱘᛣᗱ ˎˊ⠊↡੠ᆊҎⱘ᥼㤤 ˏˊ❳Ҏⱘ᥼㤤 ːˊ݊Ҫ    㧔ਅ৻义䖬᦭㧕.   .

(209) 

(210) . ĸˊ⬭ᄺⱘⳂⱘᰃ˄ৃ໮䗝˅˖   ˊᄺдᡔᴃⶹ䆚 ˎˊᄺд໪䇁  ˏˊ᳝߽ѢህϮ   ːˊᛇ㜅⾏⦄⢊  ˑˊᆊҎ៪❳Ҏⱘ᥼㤤   ˒ˊᛇ䌮䪅    ˓ˊЎњᓔᢧ೑䰙࣪ⱘ㾚䞢  ˔ˊЎњ㦋ᕫᄺग़   ˕ˊᛇҢџ೑䰙࣪ⱘᎹ԰  ˊ᳝ᆊҎ⒲೼᮹ᴀ  ˊ݊Ҫ.  ĹˊᏠᳯএ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺⱘ᳔䞡㽕ⱘࠡϝϾ⧚⬅ᰃҔМˈҢҹϟ䗝乍Ё䗝ᢽDŽ  ˍˊ᳝䕗催∈ᑇⱘᄺᴃⶹ䆚੠ᡔᴃ  ˎˊ‫ܜ‬䖯ⱘ㒣⌢∈ᑇ   ˏˊ᭛࣪儙࡯੠݈䍷 ːˊഄ⧚ԡ㕂Ⳍᇍ↨䕗䖥  ˑˊ䇁㿔᭛࣪Ⳍ䖥  ˒ˊ᳝҆៮᳟ট೼᮹ᴀ       ˓ˊᠧᎹ‫ݐ‬㘠ⱘৃ㛑ᗻ   ˔ˊ⫳⌏〇ᅮˈ⊏ᅝ䕗ད   ˕ˊᇍᇚᴹⱘህϮ᳝Ⲟ   ˊᆍᯧ㦋ᕫ༪ᄺ䞥   ˊ݊Ҫ  ㄀ϔ䞡㽕ⱘ⧚⬅˄   ˅   ㄀Ѡ䞡㽕ⱘ⧚⬅˄   ˅   ㄀ϝ䞡㽕ⱘ⧚⬅˄   ˅.  ˄ː˅‫އ‬ᅮ⬭ᄺᯊˈ䞡㾚ⱘ᳝ાѯˈҢϟ䴶ⱘ䗝乍Ё䗝ߎ᳔䞡㽕ⱘϝϾᑊᥦᑣDŽ  ˍˊᄺ᷵ⱘⶹৡᑺ࡮ᄺԡ  ˎˊᬭ㚆䋼䞣ⱘ∈ᑇ  ˏˊᬭ㚆‫ݙ‬ᆍ ːˊህϮ᳝߽  ˑˊᄺ䌍ⱘ催Ԣ  ˒ˊ༪ᄺ䞥ⱘ‫ܙ‬ᅲ   ˓ˊ⫳⌏߽֓  ˔ˊ⫳⌏ᅝܼ  ˕ˊ໻ජᏖ  ˊᅝ䴭ⱘ⦃๗ ˊᆓ㟡ⱘ᳝᮴  ˊ᷵ᮍⱘᬃᣕᰃ৺‫ܙ‬ᅲ   ˊ䕗៤❳ⱘ㒣⌢⼒Ӯ  ˊ⌕㸠᭛࣪ⱘ儙࡯   ˊ䕗ᇥⱘ䇁㿔ᄺд䋳ᢙ  ˊ㞾䑿೑ᆊⱘ⬭ᄺ⫳ᕜ໮  ˊ㞾䑿೑ᆊⱘ⬭ᄺ⫳ᕜᇥ ˊᆍᯧ㦋ᕫㅒ䆕   ˊᆍᯧܹᄺ  ˊ҆៮ˈ᳟টⱘҎ㛝  ˊ݊Ҫ  ㄀ϔ䞡㽕˄   ˅   ㄀Ѡ䞡㽕˄   ˅   ㄀ϝ䞡㽕˄   ˅  ˄ˑ˅བᵰএ⬭ᄺⱘ䆱ˈᛇ㽕೼ᔧഄᕙ໮Й˛  ˍˊ ᑈᎺে  ˎˊᕙࠄ໻ᄺ↩Ϯ  ˏˊᕙࠄ⸩຿↩Ϯ ːˊ೼ᔧഄህ㘠޴ᑈ  ˑˊϔⳈ䛑⫳⌏೼ᔧഄ ˒ˊ݊Ҫ .  .

(211) . . . . ˊᇍѢҢЁ೑এ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺⱘᔧϟ⦄⢊ˈ੠ᇚᴹⱘࡼ৥ˈ䇋䇈ߎԴⱘᓎ䆂DŽ  ˄ˍ˅བᵰ⦄೼এ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺⱘЁ೑ᄺ⫳೼‫ޣ‬ᇥˈԴ䅸Ўॳ಴ᰃҹϟⱘાϔѯDŽ䗝ᢽ᳔䞡㽕 ⱘϝϾᑊᥦᑣDŽ       ˍˊᇍ᮹ᴀ᳝݈䍷ⱘҎ೼‫ޣ‬ᇥ      ˎˊ᳝儙࡯ⱘ᮹ᴀᄺ᷵‫ޣ‬ᇥњ      ˏˊ↨䍋᮹ᴀˈ⬭ᄺ݊Ҫ೑ᆊ᳈ࡴ᳝儙࡯      ːˊ↨䍋⬭ᄺˈᕙ೼㞾Ꮕⱘ೑ᆊ᳈ࡴ᳝儙࡯      ˑˊ ᑈ  ᳜  ᮹ⱘ໻ഄ䳛੠Ḍ⊘ⓣџᬙⱘᕅડ  ˒ˊᬓ⊏Ϟⱘ⧚⬅        ˓ˊ਼ೈⱘডᇍ  ˔ˊ⬭ᄺ䌍⫼ⱘ䯂乬 ˕ˊ݊Ҫ      ㄀ϔ䞡㽕˄   ˅  ㄀Ѡ䞡㽕˄   ˅  ㄀ϝ䞡㽕˄   ˅   ˄ˎ˅݇Ѣ䯂乬˄ˍ˅ˈԴ䗝ᢽⱘ⧚⬅ᇍѢᇚᴹЁ೑Ҏএ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺˈԴᰃབԩⳟᕙⱘDŽ䇋Ң ҹϟⱘ䗝ᢽϔϾˈᑊ⬏೜DŽ  ˍˊ䯂乬˄ˍ˅Ё䗝ᢽⱘॳ಴᮴⊩ㅔऩⱘ㾷‫ˈއ‬ᇚᴹএ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺⱘҎгӮ‫ޣ‬ᇥ ˎ䯂乬˄ˍ˅Ё䗝ᢽⱘॳ಴‫؛‬䆒ϡ㛑໳㾷‫ˈއ‬Ԛᰃ಴Ў㒣⌢Ѹ⌕ⱘᠽ໻ㄝॳ಴ˈ   এ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺⱘҎড㗠Ӯ๲໮ ˏˊ䯂乬˄ˍ˅Ё䗝ᢽॳ಴໻ὖӮ㾷‫ˈއ‬᠔ҹࠄᯊ‫׭‬এ᮹ᴀ⬭ᄺⱘҎӮ๲ࡴ ːˊ䯂乬˄ˍ˅Ё䗝ᢽⱘॳ಴໻ὖӮ㾷‫ˈއ‬Ԛᰃ⬭ᄺ᮹ᴀⱘҎӮ‫ޣ‬ᇥ ˑˊϡⶹ䘧               ҹϞЎℸ⃵䇗ᶹⱘ䯂乬DŽ 䴲ᐌᛳ䇶Դⱘড়԰DŽ 䴲ᐌᛳ䇶Դⱘ.  .

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