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ᮏㄽᩥ࡛ࡣࠊNEAR࡟㛵㐃ࡍࡿ௨ୖࡢ⪃ᐹㄢ㢟࡟ᑐࡍࡿ᳨ウࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚ࠊෑ㢌࡟ᥖࡆࡓၥ࠸

࡬ࡢ᥋㏆ࢆᅗࡿࠋNEAR࡟ලయ໬ࡉࢀࡿᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔࣭ࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥᙧᡂࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢬ࣒ࡣࠊ ఏ⤫ⓗ࡞ᅜ㝿ᨻ἞ࡢ⛛ᗎㄽ⌮ࢆ┦ᑐ໬ࡍࡿ᪂ࡋ࠸ᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢ๰㐀ࠊࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪ

ࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡢලయീ࡜ࡋ࡚ᅜ㝿㛵ಀࡢ୰࡟఩⨨௜ࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࡢ࠿ࠋࡑࢀ࡜ࡶࠊࢼࢩࣙ

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ࢼࣝ࡞㡿ᇦᛶ࡟ᇶ♏௜ࡅࡽࢀࡓᅜᐙ㛫ࡢᶒຊᨻ἞ࡢࢶ࣮ࣝ࡞࠸ࡋࡣ⤒῭ⓗ࡞฼┈㏣ồࡢᯟ

⤌ࡳࡢࡦ࡜ࡘ࡟㐣ࡂ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋ

௨ୖࡢၥ࠸࡬ࡢ᥋㏆ࢆ┠ⓗ࡟ࠊᮏㄽᩥࡣ௨ୗࡢ3㒊࣭7❶ᵓᡂࢆ࡜ࡿࠋ➨Ϩ㒊ࡣࠊ᪉ἲㄽ ࡢ⪃ᐹ㸦➨1❶㸧࡜࣐ࢡࣟศᯒ㸦➨2❶㸧࠿ࡽᵓᡂࡉࢀࠊ➨ϩ㒊௨㝆࡛NEARࢆලయⓗ࡟

ศᯒࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢどゅࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋ➨ϩ㒊ࡣ➨3❶࠿ࡽ➨5❶ࡢ୕ࡘࡢ❶࠿ࡽᵓᡂࡉࢀࠊNEAR ࡢᡂ❧㸦➨3❶㸧ࠊᆅ⌮ⓗᣑ኱㸦➨4❶㸧ࠊไᗘ໬㸦➨5❶㸧ࡢྛࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢศᯒࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚ࠊ ᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢືែࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋ⥆ࡃ➨Ϫ㒊࡛ࡣࠊࡇ࠺ࡋࡓᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩࡟࠾ࡅࡿලయⓗ࡞

άືࢆ⪃ᐹࡍࡿࠋࡲࡎNEARࡢᇦෆ஺ὶ࣭༠ຊࡢ඲యീࢆ⪃ᐹࡋࡓୖ࡛㸦➨6❶㸧ࠊ࡜ࡃ࡟

⎔ቃ༠ຊࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺࢆྲྀࡾୖࡆ࡚ศᯒࡍࡿ㸦➨7 ❶㸧ࠋ௨ୗࠊྛ❶ࡢどゅࢆ⡆₩࡟ᴫほࡋ

࡚࠾ࡁࡓ࠸ࠋ

ࡲࡎ➨1❶࡛ࡣࠊᮏㄽᩥࡀᥦ㉳ࡍࡿᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ᅛ᭷ࡢศᯒᯟ⤌ࡳ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢෆⓎⓗ㉺ቃ࢞ࣂ

ࢼࣥࢫㄽࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊḢᕞࡢ㉺ቃ࢞ࣂࢼࣥࢫ◊✲ࢆᴫほࡋ⪃ᐹࢆຍ࠼ࡓୖ࡛ࠊ ᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᆅᇦᛶࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼ࡘࡘࠊෆⓎᛶࢆ㘽ᴫᛕ࡜ࡋࡓ㉺ቃ࢞ࣂࢼࣥࢫࡢศᯒᯟ⤌ࡳࢆ᳨

ウࡍࡿࠋ㉸ᅜᐙⓗᶵᵓࡀ୙ᅾࡢࡲࡲࠊᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࡀᅜᐙᡓ␎࡜┦஫స⏝ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ㉺ቃ࢞ࣂࢼࣥ

ࢫࢆᵓ⠏ࡋ࡚࠸ࡃࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆᛕ㢌࡟ࠊ1㸧ᵓᡂ༢఩ࡢ⮬ᚊᛶࠊ2㸧๰㐀ᛶ㸦ࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢬ࣒㸧ࡢ

஧ࡘࢆᵓᡂせ⣲࡜ࡍࡿࣔࢹࣝࢆᐃ⩏ࡋࠊศᯒどゅ࡟ᛂ⏝ࡍࡿࠋ

➨2❶࡛ࡣࠊ෭ᡓ⤊↉ᚋࡢᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ㛫㛵ಀࡢ඲యീࢆᴫほࡋࠊᆅ᪉ᨻᗓྠኈࡢ ᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼ࡓ┦஫㛵ಀࢆグ㏙ศᯒࡍࡿࠋಶูࡢᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࡢᨻ⟇㐣⛬ࡸ⾜Ⅽᚿྥᛶ࡞࡝࡟ࡣ㋃

ࡳ㎸ࡲࡎࠊᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ㛫㛵ಀࡢᇶᮏⓗᵓᅗࢆᢳฟࡋࠊNEARࡢ≉ᚩ࡜఩⨨௜ࡅࢆ☜ㄆࡍࡿࡇ࡜

ࡀ┠ⓗ࡛࠶ࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ෭ᡓᚋࡢᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ᅜᐙ㛫㛵ಀࡢኚືࢆᴫほࡋࡓୖ࡛ࠊᆅ᪉ᨻ ᗓ㛫㐃ᦠᯟ⤌ࡳࡢ⤒⦋ࡸ≉ᚩ࡞࡝ࡢศ㢮ᩚ⌮࡜ẚ㍑ศᯒࢆ⾜࠺ࠋຍ࠼࡚ࠊNEARࢆ஦౛࡜ࡋ

࡚ࠊຍ┕ᆅ᪉ᨻᗓྠኈࡢ┦஫㛵ಀ࣭ᇶᮏⓗᵓᅗ࡞࡝ࢆᯒฟࡋࠊࢺࣛࣥࢫࢼࢩࣙࢼࣝ࡞NEAR ࡢ≉ᛶࢆ☜ㄆࡍࡿࠋ

௨ୖࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼ࠊ➨ϩ㒊࡛ࡣࠊNEARࢆ㢟ᮦ࡟ᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢᙧᡂ࡜ືែࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋ

ࡲࡎ➨3❶࡛ࡣࠊNEARࡢᡂ❧㐣⛬ࢆྲྀࡾୖࡆࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ➨1ᅇ࠿ࡽ➨4ᅇࡲ࡛

ࡢNEAR ఍㆟ࢆ୺ദࡋࡓᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ㸦ᓥ᰿┴ࠊරᗜ┴ࠊࣁࣂࣟࣇࢫࢡᆅ᪉ࠊ៞ᑦ໭㐨㸧ࡢື

ᶵ࡜ᡓ␎࡟↔Ⅼࢆᙜ࡚ࠊグ㏙࣭᥎ㄽࢆ⾜࠺ࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊᅜ㝿㛵ಀࡢࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢵࢡ࡞ᒎ㛤࡟

ឤᛂࡋᅜ㝿⾜Ⅽయ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࢆ⋓ᚓࡋࡓྛᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࡀࠊ୍㒊࡛ᅜᐙᡓ␎࡟ྠ

- 28 -

ㄪࡋࡘࡘࡶࠊᆅ᪉⊂⮬ࡢ࢖ࢽࢩ࢔ࢸ࢕ࣈࢆⓎ᥹ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࠋྠ᫬࡟ࠊཧຍ ᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ㛫ࡢ㛵ಀࡶࠊ᪥ᮏࡢጜጒ㒔ᕷࡢ㞟✚࠿ࡽḟ➨࡟ཧຍᆅ᪉ᨻᗓྠኈࡢࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡀ ᵓ⠏ࡉࢀࠊ୰ᚰࡢศᩓ໬ࡀ㐍ࢇ࡛࠸ࡗࡓᐇែࢆᢳฟࡍࡿࠋ

➨4❶࡛ࡣࠊNEARࡢᆅ⌮ⓗᣑ኱ࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆศᯒࡍࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ㅖᅜࡢ୰

ኸ࣭ᆅ᪉㛵ಀ࡟࠾ࡅࡿไᗘⓗ㝵ᒙᛶ࡟↔Ⅼࢆᙜ࡚ࠊᨻ⟇Ἴཬ◊✲ࢆཧ↷ࡋࡓᆶ┤ᣑ኱࣭Ỉᖹ ᣑ኱࡜࠸࠺஧ࡘࡢࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࢆ㘽ᴫᛕ࡟ࠊᣑ኱ࣉࣟࢭࢫࡢ≉ᚩࢆᅜู࡟ᯒฟࡍࡿࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊ ᑐእ⤒῭౫Ꮡࡢᡂ㛗㊰⥺ࡢୗ࡛୰ኸ࣭ᆅ᪉୍య࡜࡞ࡗࡓᆶ┤ⓗ࡞ᡓ␎ᙧᡂ࡜ᤊ࠼ࡿ㏻ㄝⓗ࡞

ぢゎ࡟ᑐࡋࠊᆅ᪉ᨻᗓྠኈࡢ┦஫㛵ಀ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃỈᖹⓗ࡞ᨻ⟇㑅ᢥࡀぢࡽࢀࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟

ࡍࡿࠋᅜᐙᡓ␎࡜ᆅ᪉⾜ືࡣࠊไᗘⓗ㝵ᒙᛶࡢᙉᙅ࡟࠿࠿ࢃࡽࡎࠊᆶ┤ᣑ኱࡜Ỉᖹᣑ኱ࡢせ

⣲ࡀ஺㘒ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿᐇែࢆᯒฟࡍࡿࠋ

➨5❶࡛ࡣࠊNEARࡢไᗘⓗ῝໬ࣉࣟࢭࢫࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ୺せ࡞தⅬ࡜࡞ࡗࡓ

஦ົᒁᅛᐃ໬ၥ㢟࡜㈈ᨻไᗘၥ㢟ࠊࡲࡓࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᵓ⠏άື࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ྲྀࡾୖࡆࠊ࠾ࡶ࡟୺

యⓗ㛵୚⪅ࡢືᶵ࡜⾜ືᵝᘧࡢどⅬ࠿ࡽ⮬ᚊⓗ࡞ไᗘᙧᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼ

ࡾࠊࢼࢩࣙࢼࣝ࡞฼ᐖ㛵ಀࡼࡾࡶࢺࣛࣥࢫࢼࢩࣙࢼࣝ࡞ጜጒ㒔ᕷ㛵ಀࢆඃඛࡉࡏࡿᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ ࡢ⾜ືᵝᘧࡸᅜᐙ㛫ࡢᑐ❧ࢆඞ᭹ࡍࡿᨻ἞ᶵ఍ࢆᥦ౪ࡋࡓᐇែ࡞࡝ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࠋࡲࡓ஦

ົᒁ୺ᑟ࡛GTIࠊAERࠊR-20࡞࡝࡜ࡢᑐヰ࡟஌ࡾฟࡋࡓᐇែࢆᇶ࡟ࠊNEARࡀᅜ㝿⾜Ⅽయ

࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࢆ⋓ᚓࡍࡿࣉࣟࢭࢫ࡜≉ᚩࢆᢳฟࡍࡿࠋ

௨ୖࡢ➨ϩ㒊ࡢ⪃ᐹ࡟ࡼࡾࠊNEARࢆ஦౛࡜ࡋࡓᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢᙧᡂ࡜ືែ࠿ࡽ⮬ᚊᛶ࣓

࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡀᯒฟࡉࢀࡿࠋࡇࢀࢆཷࡅ࡚➨Ϫ㒊࡛ࡣࠊᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢάືᐇែ࡟᥋㏆ࡍࡿࠋ ➨6❶࡛ࡣࠊNEAR࡟࠾ࡅࡿᇦෆ஺ὶ࣭༠ຊࡢ඲యീࢆ⪃ᐹࡍࡿࠋලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊᆅ᪉ࡢᅜ 㝿⾜ື࡟࠾ࡅࡿάື㡿ᇦ࡜⾜Ⅽᚿྥᛶࡢ㛵ಀ࠿ࡽศᯒᯟ⤌ࡳࢆ᳨ウࡋࡓୖ࡛ࠊNEARࡢᇦෆ

஺ὶ࣭༠ຊࡢ≉ᛶࡸືᶵࢆศᯒࡍࡿࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊNEARࡢ஺ὶ࣭༠ຊࡀᚲࡎࡋࡶ⤒῭㡿ᇦ ࡔࡅ࠿ࡽࢫࢱ࣮ࢺࡋࡓࡢ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ㠀⤒῭㡿ᇦࢆࡶྵࡴ」ྜⓗ࡞ࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿

࡟ࡍࡿࠋྠ᫬࡟ࠊ౫↛࡜ࡋ࡚㉁ⓗ࡟೵ࡍࡿ஺ὶ࣭༠ຊࡢㄢ㢟ࢆᢳฟࡋࠊࡑࢀࢆඞ᭹ࡍࡿྍ

⬟ᛶࡀதⅬᚿྥᆺ㸦issue-oriented㸸⌮㸧ࡢ༠ຊ㛵ಀ࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆᯒฟࡍࡿࠋ

➨7❶࡛ࡣࠊதⅬᚿྥᆺࡢ༠ຊ㛵ಀࡢࡦ࡜ࡘ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊNEAR࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⎔ቃ༠ຊࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࠋ ලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊ⎔ቃศ⛉ጤဨ఍ࡢࢥ࣮ࢹ࢕ࢿ࣮ࢺᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ࡛࠶ࡿᐩᒣ┴ࡢ⾜Ⅽᚿྥᛶ࠾ࡼࡧ༠ ຊᙧែࡢ≉ᚩ࡞࡝ࢆ⪃ᐹࡍࡿࠋࡇࢀ࡟ࡼࡾࠊNEAR⎔ቃ༠ຊ࡟ࠊᅜᐙࡢ⾜ືཎ⌮ࢆ┦ᑐ໬ࡉ

- 29 - ࡏࡿ๰㐀ࢲ࢖ࢼ࣑ࢬ࣒㸦๰㐀ᛶ㸧ࡢලయീࢆぢฟࡍࠋ

௨ୖࠊ➨Ϩ㒊ࡢ᪉ἲㄽࡢ⪃ᐹ࡜࣐ࢡࣟศᯒࠊ➨ϩ㒊ࡢᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢᙧᡂ࡜ືែࡢศᯒࠊ ࡑࡋ࡚➨Ϫ㒊ࡢᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢάືᐇែࡢศᯒࢆẁ㝵ⓗ࡟㔜ࡡࡿࡇ࡜࡛ࠊᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔࣭ࢧࣈ

࣮ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡢᐇែᢕᥱ࡜࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡢゎ᫂ࢆヨࡳࡿࠋNEAR࡟ぢࡽࢀࡿ࣮ࣟ࢝ࣝḟඖ ࡢᨻ἞ຊᏛࡀࠊఏ⤫ⓗ࡞ᅜ㝿ᨻ἞ࡢ⛛ᗎㄽ⌮ࢆ┦ᑐ໬ࡍࡿ⬺㡿ᇦⓗ࡞᪂ࡋ࠸ᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢ

๰㐀࡟⤖ࡧࡘ࠸࡚࠸ࡿࡢ࠿ࠋᮏㄽᩥࡢศᯒ࡜⪃ᐹ࠿ࡽゎ᫂ࡉࢀࡓ▱ぢ࡜஦ᐇ࠿ࡽࠊᮾ໭࢔ࢪ

࢔࡟࠾ࡅࡿᅜ㝿♫఍༢఩ࡢᅜᐙ࠿ࡽ㠀ᅜᐙ⾜Ⅽయ࡬ࡢ⤌ࡳ᥮࠼࡜ࡶ࠸࠺࡭ࡁ⌧㇟ࢆศᯒࡢ ᑕ⛬࡟࡜ࡽ࠼ࠊḢᕞ࡜ࡣ␗࡞ࡿ㌶㐨ࢆᥥࡃ㉺ቃ࢞ࣂࢼࣥࢫࡢᴫᛕࣔࢹࣝࢆ᳨ウࡋࠊ⤖ㄽࢆᑟ ࡃࡇ࡜࡟ࡋࡓ࠸ࠋ

1 ౛࠼ࡤࠊ࣊ࣝࢻ㸦D. Held㸧࡜࣐ࢢ࣮ࣝ㸦A. McGrew㸧ࡽࡣࠊ⌧௦ࡢࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ࡞ኚᐜ㐣⛬ࢆࠊ

࣮ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒࡞࡝ࡢࠕ᪂ࡋ࠸㡿ᇦ໬㸦new form of territorialization㸧ࠖ࡜ࠊᨻ἞࣭ᨭ㓄࣭

࢞ࣂࢼࣥࢫ࡞࡝ࡢࠕ⬺㡿ᇦ໬㸦deterritorialization㸧ࠖ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚≉ᚩ௜ࡅ࡚࠸ࡿࠋDavid Held, Anthony McGrew, David Goldblatt and Jonathan Perraton, Global Transformations:

Plolitics, Economics and Culture, Oxdord: Polity, 2000, p. 32.㸦ྂᇛ฼࣭᫂⮻஭ஂ࿴࣭⏣㈼

἞࣭ᫍ㔝ᬛ௚ヂࠗࢢ࣮ࣟࣂ࣭ࣝࢺࣛࣥࢫࣇ࢛࣮࣓࣮ࢩࣙࣥࢬ̿̿ᨻ἞࣭⤒῭࣭ᩥ໬࠘୰ኸ኱Ꮫ ฟ∧㒊ࠊ2006ᖺࠊ55㡫㸧ࠋ

2 ⌧௦ࡢᨻ἞⌧㇟ࢆቃ⏺⥺ࡢ⏬ᐃࡸኚᐜ࡞࡝࠿ࡽᤊ࠼ࡿࠕቃ⏺⥺ࡢᨻ἞Ꮫࠖ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ

ᮡ⏣ᩔࠗቃ⏺⥺ࡢᨻ἞Ꮫ࠘㸦ᒾἼ᭩ᗑࠊ2005ᖺ㸧ࠊᅵబᘯஅࠗᏳ඲ಖ㞀࡜࠸࠺㏫ㄝ࠘㸦㟷ᅵ♫ࠊ 2003ᖺ㸧ࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋ

3 ከ㈡⚽ᩄࠕᆅᇦࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ࡜Regionalism㸸࢙࢘ࢫࢺࣇ࢓ࣜ࢔ࡢྂᒙ࡜᪂ᒙ̿̿Ḣளẚ

㍑ࡢどⅬ࠿ࡽࠖ㸦୰ᮧಙ࿃࣭ከ㈡⚽ᩄ࣭᯿ᮏⱥ㞝⦅ࠗࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ࠿ࡽㄞࡳゎࡃEU࣭ᮾ࢔ࢪ

࢔ඹྠయ̿̿Ḣᕞ໭ᾏᆅᇦ࡜໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ㉺ቃᗈᇦࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ࠘ᘯ๓኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ2006 ᖺ㸧83㡫ࠋࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ẚ㍑ⓗ᪩࠸᫬ᮇ࡟ᥦฟࡉࢀࡓᩥ⊩࡜ࡋ࡚௨ୗࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋ François Gilpouloux, ed., Regional Economic Strategies in East Asia: A Comparative

Perspective, Tokyo: Maison Franco-Japonaise, 1994, Markus Perkmann and Ngai-Ling Sum, eds., Globalization, Regionalization and Cross-Border Regions, Basingstoke:

Palagrave Macmillan, 2002, Shaun Breslin and Glenn D. Hook, eds., Micoregionalism and World Order, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

4 Ḣᕞࡢࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ༠ຊ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣᩘከࡃࡢ◊✲ࡀ࠶ࡿࡀࠊࡇࡇ࡛ࡣ㑥ㄒᩥ⊩࡜ࡋ࡚௨ୗࢆ

ᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋ㧘ᶫ࿴ࠕࢳ࢙ࢥ㸫ࢻ࢖ࢶ࿴ゎࡣ࠸࠿࡟⾜ࢃࢀࡓ࠿㸽̿̿㏣ᨺࢻ࢖ࢶேࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚ࠖ

㸦୰ᒣ㈼ྖ⦅ࠗ᪩✄⏣ᖹ࿴Ꮫ◊✲࠘➨6ྕࠊ2013ᖺ㸧19-36㡫ࠊྠࠕḢᕞ࡟࠾ࡅࡿୗ఩ᆅᇦ༠ ຊࡢᒎ㛤̿̿㏆௦ᅜᐙయ⣔࡬ࡢᣮᡓࠖ㸦ⓒ℩ᏹ⦅ⴭࠗኚㇺࡍࡿᶒຊᨻ἞࡜᢬ᢠ̿̿ᅜ㝿㛵ಀᏛ

- 30 -

࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅᇦ࠘ᙬὶ♫ࠊ2012ᖺ㸧151-172㡫ࠊ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝ࠕEU ᆅᇦ✵㛫෌⦅ᡂ࡜ࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙ

ࣥࠖ㸦᪩✄⏣኱Ꮫ♫఍⛉Ꮫ◊✲⛉༤ኈ㸦Ꮫ⾡㸧Ꮫ఩⏦ㄳㄽᩥࠊ2010ᖺ㸧ࠊⱝ᳃❶Ꮥ࣭ඵᮌ⣖୍㑻࣭

ΎỈ⪔୍࣭㛗ᑿఙ୍⦅ࠗEU⤒῭⤫ྜࡢᆅᇦⓗḟඖ̿̿ࢡࣟࢫ࣮࣎ࢲ࣮࣭ࢥ࣮࣮࣌ࣞࢩࣙࣥࡢ

᭱๓⥺࠘㸦࣑ࢿࣦࣝ࢓᭩ᡣࠊ2007ᖺ㸧ࠋ

1960ᖺ௦࡟㛤ጞࡉࢀࡓ࣮࣮ࣘࣟࣜࢪࣙࣥ࡜࿧ࡤࢀࡿ࣑ࢡࣟࣞ࣋ࣝࡢ㉺ቃᆅᇦ༠ຊࡣࠊ⌧௦ᆺ ࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥࡢཎᆺ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ࣮࣮ࣘࣟࣜࢪࣙࣥࡢᩘࡣ2012ᖺ1᭶⌧ᅾ࡛200ࢆ㉸࠼ࡼ࠺࡜

ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋヲࡋࡃࡣAEBR㸦Ḣᕞᅜቃᆅᇦ༠఍㸧ࡢ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋ

<http://www.aebr.eu/en/index.php>㸦2013ᖺ6᭶17᪥ྲྀᚓ㸧ࠋ

5 Xiangming Chen, As Borders Bend: Transnational Spaces on the Pacific Rim, Lanham:

Rowman and Littlefield Publisher, 2005, pp. 10-13. ࢳ࢙ࣥ㸦X. Chen㸧ࡢศ㢮࡛ࡣࠊᮾ࢔ࢪ

࢔ࡢࠕࢺࣛࣥࢫ࣮࣎ࢲ࣮࣭ࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ㸦transborder subregion㸧ࠖࡣභࡘ࡟ᩚ⌮ࡉࢀࠊ⎔

᪥ᮏᾏᅪࡀ⬺ⴠࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࡞࠾ࠊᡂ㛗ࡢ୕ゅᆅᖏ㸦Growth Traiangle = GT㸧ࡣࠊ࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ

࢔࣭࣐࣮ࣞࢩ࢔࣭ࢱ࢖㸦Indonesia- Malaysia- Thiland = IMT㸧GT࡜ࠊ࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔࣭࣐ࣞ

࣮ࢩ࢔࣭ࢩ࣏࣮ࣥ࢞ࣝ㸦Indonesia- Malaysia- Singapore = IMS㸧GTࡢ஧ࡘࢆᣦࡍࠋࡲࡓࠊ

ᮾASEANᡂ㛗ᅪࡣࠊࣈࣝࢿ࢖࣭࢖ࣥࢻࢿࢩ࢔࣭࣐࣮ࣞࢩ࢔࣭ࣇ࢕ࣜࣆࣥ࠿ࡽ࡞ࡿᡂ㛗ᅪࢆᣦ

ࡍ㸦the Burunei- Indonesia- Malaysia- Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area =

BIMP-EAEG㸧ࠋࡇࡢ࡯࠿ࠊ኱ᅗ಼Ụᅪ㸦the Greater Tumen Subregion = GTS㸧ࠊ῾ᾏ㸭㯤ᾏ ᅪ㸦the Bohai/Yellow Sea Subregion = BYSS㸧ࠊ኱⳹༡ᅪ㸦the Greater Southeast China Subregion = GSCS㸧ࠊ኱࣓ࢥࣥᅪ㸦the Greater Mekong Subregion = GMS㸧ࡢᅄࡘࢆྜࢃࡏࠊ ィභࡘ࡟ศ㢮ࡍࡿࠋ

6 ౛࠼ࡤࠊࢳ࢙ࣥ㸦X. Chen㸧ࡣࠊᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔࡟࠾ࡅࡿࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥࡢᐇែศᯒ࠿ࡽࠊࠕ⬺ቃ⏺໬

㸦de-bordering㸧ࠖ࡜ࠕ෌ቃ⏺໬㸦re-bordering㸧ࠖ࡜࠸࠺ᴫᛕࢆᑟࡁฟࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋIbid., pp. 4-5.

ᅜ㝿♫఍య⣔࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࡛ࡣࠊ᪥ᮏᅜ㝿ᨻ἞Ꮫ఍⦅ࠗᅜ㝿ᨻ἞࠘㸦➨111ྕࠕࢢ࣮ࣟࣂ࣭ࣝࢩࢫ ࢸ࣒ࡢኚᐜࠖ1996ᖺ㸧࡞࡝ࢆཧ↷ࠋ

7 ࡜ࡃ࡟⎔᪥ᮏᾏᅪᵓ᝿࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ㛵ᐶ἞ࡀ㌷஦ຊ୰ᚰࡢࠕᅜ㝿⛛ᗎᙉไࠖ࡜ࡣᮏ㉁ⓗ࡟␗࡞ࡿ

ࠕᅜ㝿⛛ᗎᵓ⠏ࠖࡢཎᆺࢆ⎔᪥ᮏᾏࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ࡟ぢฟࡋࡓࡼ࠺࡟ࠊすḢᅜ㝿ᨻ἞⌮ㄽࡢ㝈

⏺ࢆඞ᭹ࡍࡿ᪂ࡓ࡞ᢈุⓗ࠿ࡘつ⠊ⓗ࡞ࣃࣛࢲ࢖࣒ࡀ᥈ồࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡗࡓࠋ㛵ࡢㄽ⪃࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊ ௨ୗࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋ㛵ᐶ἞ࠕ‴ᓊ࣭᪥ᮏᾏ࣭ୡ⏺⛛ᗎࠖ㸦㛵ᐶ἞࣭኱ஂಖྐ㑻࣭ࣝ࢖ࢫ࣭W࣭

ࢢࢵࢻ࣐࣭ࣥ⋢ᮏ೧⦅ࠗᆅ⌫໬᫬௦ࡢ᪥⡿㛵ಀ࠘᪥ᮏホㄽ♫ࠊ1992ᖺ㸧3-41㡫ࠊྠࠕ᪥ᮏᾏ

᫬௦ࡢ฿᮶࡜ᅜ㝿ᨻ἞⌮ㄽࠖ㸦ከ㈡⚽ᩄ⦅ࠗᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼ࡿᐇ㦂̿̿⎔᪥ᮏᾏࡢᵓ᝿࠘᭷ಙᇽࠊ 1992ᖺ㸧155-184㡫ࠊྠࠕ⡿ࢯ෭ᡓ⤊⤖ᚋ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ㸦ᮾᾏ㸧ࡢព࿡ࠖ㸦ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊

✲࠘➨3ྕࠊ1997ᖺ㸧15-27㡫࡞࡝ࠋ

࡞࠾ࠊ㛵ࡣࠊ⎔᪥ᮏᾏᅪᵓ᝿ࡢ୰࡛ࡶࠊ࡜ࡾࢃࡅ⾜Ⅽయ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢᆅ᪉⮬἞య࡟↔Ⅼࢆᙜ࡚ࠊ ࠕ௒ࡲ࡛ࡢᅜᐙⓗ㌷஦ᡓ␎࡜࠸࠺⪃࠼᪉ࢆࠊᆅ᪉⮬἞యࣞ࣋ࣝࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚

ᵓ㐀ኚືࡉࡏࡿ኱ࡁ࡞ຊࡀฟ࡚ࡃࡿࡔࢁ࠺ࠖ࡜ᮇᚅࢆᐤࡏࡓࠋ㛵ᐶ἞࣭㧗ᰗඛ⏨ࠗྠ᫬௦࡬ࡢ どᗙ̿̿㌷ᣑ࣭ࢹࢱࣥࢺ࣭➨୕ୡ⏺࠘㸦୕ᕊ᭩ᡣࠊ1985ᖺ㸧251-252㡫ࠋ

8 ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᒁᆅ⤒῭ᅪ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣከᩘࡢඛ⾜◊✲ࡀᥦฟࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊࡇࡇ࡛ࡣ௦⾲ⓗ࡞ࡶࡢ

࡜ࡋ࡚௨ୗࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋEdward K.Y. Chen and C.H. Kwan, eds., Asia’s borderless

economy: the emergence of subregional economic zones, St Leonards: Allen & Unwin, 1997ࠊ Ώ㎶฼ኵ⦅ⴭࠗᒁᆅ⤒῭ᅪࡢ᫬௦̿̿ࡠࡾ࠿ࢃࡿ࢔ࢪ࢔⤒῭ᆅᅗ࠘㸦ࢧ࢖࣐ࣝฟ∧఍ࠊ1992ᖺ㸧ࠋ

9 ౛࠼ࡤࠊChristopher M. Dent and David W. F. Huang, eds., Northeast Asian Regionalism:

Learning from the European experience, London: Routlege Curzon Press, 2002ࠊụ⏣ె㝯 ࠕࢢ࣮ࣟࣂ࣭ࣝࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢ୕ᒙᵓ㐀ㄽࡢᢈุⓗ᳨ウ̿̿஧ᒙᵓ㐀ࡢྍ⬟ᛶࠖ㸦᪥ᮏᅜ㝿ᨻ἞Ꮫ

఍⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸧115-128㡫࡞࡝ࠋ࡜ࡃ࡟ࣇ࢓ࣥ㸦D. W. F. Huang㸧ࡀ⤖ㄽ࡜ࡋ࡚ᥦ♧ࡋࡓࠕᮾ

໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢከᒙⓗதⅬ㐃ᦠ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒㸦a Multilayered Issue-Linkage Regionalism in

Northeast Asia㸧ࠖࡣࠊ⤒῭㡿ᇦ࡜Ᏻ඲ಖ㞀㡿ᇦࡢ㝵ᒙᵓ㐀࠾ࡼࡧ┦஫㛵ಀࢆᩚ⌮ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊ

ࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥࢆᅜᐙ୰ᚰࡢ✵㛫ࡢධࢀᏊ≧ࡢ㓄⨨࡜ࡋ࡚ᥥ࠸࡚࠸ࡿ㸦㝃ᅗᗎ-1ཧ↷㸧ࠋ

- 31 -

㝃ᅗᗎ-1 ᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢከᒙⓗதⅬ㐃ᦠ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒

ฟᡤ㸸Christopher M. Dent and David W. F. Huang, eds., op. cit., p. 259.

10 ᮏㄽᩥ࡛ࡣࠊྛᅜ࣭ྛᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣ஦ົᒁ࡞࡝ࡀ࿧⛠ࡍࡿṇᘧྡ⛠࣭ヂㄒ࡞࡝ࢆ㝖ࡁࠊ

North East Asiaࢆࡍ࡭࡚ࠊ୰ᅜ࣭㡑ᅜ୍࡛⯡ⓗ࡞ࠕᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⏝ㄒ࡟⤫୍ࡋ࡚౑⏝

ࡍࡿࠋ

11 ␎⛠ࡢNEARࡣࠊᶵᵓࡢⱥㄒ⾲グ࠿ࡽ࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊNorth-East Asia Regionࡢ㢌ᩥᏐ࠿ࡽᵓᡂ ࡉࢀࡿࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊNEARࡢᡂ❧㐣⛬ࡢ୰࡛ࠊࠕ᪥ᮏᾏ㸦ᮾᾏ㸧ࠖࡢ࿧⛠ၥ㢟ࢆඞ᭹ࡍࡿ᪉ἲ࡜ࡋ

࡚ࠊⱥ༢ㄒ࡛ࠕ㏆࠸ࠊぶࡋ࠸ࠖࡢព࿡ࢆᣢࡘNEAR࡜࠸࠺ྡ⛠ࡀ⪃᱌ࡉࢀࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ⫼ᬒ࡟࠶

ࡿࠋヲࡋࡃࡣࠊNEAR㸦໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㸧▱ⓗ࢖ࣥࣇࣛጤဨ఍㸦㔠᳃ஂ㞝┘ಟ㸧ࠗࠕᅜࠖࢆ㉸࠼ࡓ ࠕᆅᇦࠖࡢࡘ࡞ࡀࡾ ࣮࣎ࢲ࣮ࣞࢫ᫬௦ࡢᆅᇦ㛫஺ὶ ᪥ᮏ࣭୰ᅜ࣭㡑ᅜ࣭ࣟࢩ࢔ࠕ⎔᪥ᮏᾏࠖ

▱ⓗ࢖ࣥࣇࣛᵓ⠏ࡢ㐨ࢆᶍ⣴ࡍࡿ࠘㸦࢔ࣝࢡࠊ1999ᖺ㸧16-17㡫ࠊ185-189㡫ࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋ

࡞࠾ࠊNEARࡢ࣮࣒࣮࣍࣌ࢪࡣࠊ<http://www.neargov.org/jp/>㸦2013ᖺ8᭶9᪥ྲྀᚓ㸧ࠋ

12 ᮏㄽᩥ࡛ࡣࠊlocal governmentࢆࠊ༢࡞ࡿ⾜ᨻᶵ㛵࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢࠕᆅ᪉⮬἞య࡛ࠖࡣ࡞ࡃࠊᨻ἞࡞

࠸ࡋࡣ⤫἞࡟࠿࠿ࢃࡿせ⣲ࢆྵࡴࠕᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࠖ࡜࠸࠺⾡ㄒ࡛⤫୍ࡋ࡚⾲⌧ࡍࡿࠋࠕᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࠖ

ㄽ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊ஭ฟ჆᠇ࠗᆅ᪉⮬἞ࡢᨻ἞Ꮫ࠘㸦ᮾி኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ1972ᖺ㸧ࢆཧ↷ࠋ

13 ౛࠼ࡤࠊAbul Kalam, Subregionalism in Asia: ASEAN and SAARC Experiences, New Delhi, London: UBS Publishers’ Distributors, 2001, Glenn D. Hook and Ian Kearns, eds.,

Subregionalism and World Order, London: Macmillan, 1999࡞࡝ࠋ

14 ᪉ἲㄽⓗࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊ㐲⸨஝ࠕ᪥ᮏ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࣮ࣚࣟࢵࣃ⤫ྜ◊✲ࡢ࠶ࡾ᪉̿̿

᪉ἲㄽⓗࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࢆ㉸࠼࡚ࠖ㸦୰ᮧẸ㞝⦅ࠗEU◊✲ࡢ᪂ᆅᖹ̿̿๓౛࡞ࡁᨻయ࡬ࡢ᥋

㏆࣑࠘ࢿࣦࣝ࢓᭩ᡣࠊ2005ᖺ㸧1-27㡫ࢆཧ↷ࠋ

15 㐲⸨஝ࠗ⤫ྜࡢ⤊↉̿̿EUࡢᐇീ࡜ㄽ⌮࠘㸦ᒾἼ᭩ᗑࠊ2013ᖺ㸧ࠋ

16 Beat Kohler-Koch and Berthold Rittberger, “Review Article: The 'Governance Tum' in EU Studies,” Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol.44 (Annual Review), 2006, pp. 27-49.

17 ከ㈡⚽ᩄࡢ⾲⌧ࢆ೉ࡾࢀࡤࠊࠕEU࡟཰ᩡࡍࡿḢᕞ࡛ヨࡳࡽࢀ࡚ࡁࡓᆅᇦ⤫ྜࡀࠊࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜ

ࢬ࣒ࡢᨺᲠ㸦୺ᶒࡢ⛣ㆡ㸧ࡢ㐣⛬࡛࠶ࢀࡤࠊᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㸦ᮾ༡࣭ᮾ໭୧࢔ࢪ࢔㸧࡛ࠊᐇ㊶ࠊ࡞࠸

ࡋࡣࠊᥦၐࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓᆅᇦ༠ຊࡣࠊࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡢᘏ㛗ࠊ࠶ࡿ࠸ࡣࠊࡑࡢᙉ໬࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠖࠋ ከ㈡⚽ᩄࠕᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᆅᇦ୺⩏࡟㛵ࡍࡿ୍⪃ᐹࠖ㸦ᒣᮏṊᙪ⦅ࠗᆅᇦ୺⩏ࡢᅜ㝿ẚ㍑̿̿࢔ࢪ

- 32 -

࢔ኴᖹὒ࣭࣮ࣚࣟࢵࣃ࣭す༙⌫ࢆ୰ᚰ࡟ࡋ࡚࠘᪩✄⏣኱Ꮫฟ∧㒊ࠊ2005ᖺ㸧83㡫ࠋ

18 ᳃ᕝ⿱஧ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦᙧᡂࡢ᪂ࡓ࡞ᨻ἞ຊᏛ࣮̿̿ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ✵㛫ㄽⓗศᯒ࠘㸦ᅜ㝿

᭩㝔ࠊ2012ᖺ㸧ࠋ

19 NETᴫᛕ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊࢫ࢝ࣛࣆ࣮ࣀ㸦R. A. Scalapino㸧ࡢᥦၐࡀᄏ▮࡛࠶ࡿࠋRobert A.

Scalapino, “The United States and Asia: future prospects,” Foreign Affairs, Vol.70 No.5, Winter 1991-92, pp. 19-40.

20 ࡓࡔࡋࠊኰࡋ࠸ᩘ࡟ୖࡿᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔࣭࣮ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒◊✲ࡢ୰࡟ࡣࠊ㠀ᅜᐙ⾜Ⅽయ࡟ࡼࡿࢧࣈ

࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥᙧᡂࢆ✚ᴟⓗ࡟఩⨨࡙ࡅࡓ◊✲ࡶ࠶ࡿࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ࢝ࢵࢶ࢙ࣥࢫࢱ࢖ࣥ㸦P.

Katzenstein㸧ࡣࠊࢼࢩࣙࢼࣝ࡞ࠕ㡿ᇦ࡟ᇶ♏ࢆ࠾ࡁࡘࡘቃ⏺ࢆ㉸࠼ࡿ஺ὶ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢࣉࣟࢭ ࢫࠖࢆࠕᅜ㝿໬㸦internationalization㸧ࠖࠊࠕ✵㛫ࢆ㉸㉺ࡋ᫬㛫ࢆᅽ⦰ࡍࡿࣉࣟࢭࢫࠖࢆࠕࢢࣟ

࣮ࣂࣝ໬㸦globalization㸧ࠖ࡜ᐃ⩏ࡋࠊ୧⪅ࡀ┦஫࡟ᾐ㏱ࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ」㞧࡞ᒎ㛤ࢆ㐙ࡆࡿ⌧㇟ࢆࠕከ Ꮝ㉁ⓗᆅᇦ୺⩏㸦porous regionalizm㸧ࠖ࡜ࡋ࡚ᴫᛕ໬ࡋ࡚ぢࡏࡓࠋPeter Katzenstein, A world of Regions: Asia and Europe in the American Imperium, Ithaca: Cornell University Press,

2005. 㸦ග㎷ඞ㤿࣭ᒣᙳ㐍ヂࠗୡ⏺ᨻ἞࡜ᆅᇦ୺⩏̿̿ୡ⏺ࡢୖࡢ࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠊ࣮ࣚࣟࢵࣃࡢ୰

ࡢࢻ࢖ࢶࠊ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᶓࡢ᪥ᮏ࠘᭩⡠ᕤᡣ᪩ᒣࠊ2012ᖺ㸧ࠋ

ࡲࡓࠊ࣮ࣟ࢝ࣝḟඖࡢ஺ὶ࣭༠ຊ㛵ಀࡢどⅬ࡛㔜せ࡞どゅࢆᥦฟࡋࡓࡢࡀࠊࣇ࣮ࣟࢫࢺ㸦E.

Frost㸧࡛࠶ࡿࠋࣇ࣮ࣟࢫࢺࡣࠊἢᓊᆅᇦࠊࢹࣝࢱᆅᖏࠊᾏὒ࡟࢔ࢡࢭࢫࡋ᫆࠸ᮧࠊ⏫ࠊ㒔ᕷࡢ 㞟ྜయࢆࠕᾏࡢ࢔ࢪ࢔㸦Maritime Asia㸧ࠖ࡜࿧ࡧࠊᅜᐙ࠿ࡽᵓᡂࡉࢀࡓᨻ἞ⓗᵓ⠏≀ࡢࠕ࢔ࢪ

࢔࣭࣓ࢪ࣮ࣕ㸦Asia Major㸧ࠖ࡜ᑐẚࡉࡏ࡚ࠊࠕᾏࡢ࢔ࢪ࢔ࠖࡢࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ㛵ಀࢆ㔜せどࡋࡓࠋ Ellen Frost, Asia’s New Regionalism, Singapore: NUS Press, 2008, p.21.

21 ᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࡀࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒࡜࣮ࣜࢪࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ➇ྜ㛵ಀ࡟࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊTsuneo Akaha, ed., Politics and Economics in Northeast Asia: Nationalism and Regionalism in Contention, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999ࢆཧ↷ࠋ

22 Gilbert Rozman, Northeast Asia’s Stunted Regionalism: Bilateral Distrust in the Shadow of Globalization, Cambridge University Press, 2004.

23 ౛࠼ࡤࠊጧᑦ୰ࠗᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠࡢᐙࢆࡵࡊࡋ࡚࠘㸦ᖹซ♫ࠊ2001ᖺ㸧ࠊ࿴⏣᫓ᶞࠗᮾ໭࢔ࢪ

࢔ඹྠࡢᐙ̿̿᪂ᆅᇦ୺⩏ᐉゝ࠘㸦ᖹซ♫ࠊ2003ᖺ㸧ࠊఀ⸨ᡂᙪࠗᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ᖹ࿴ඹྠయ࡟ྥࡅ

࡚̿̿௒ࡇࡑࠊ᪥⡿Ᏻಖయไࡢ㌿᥮ࢆ࠘㸦ᚚⲔࡢỈ᭩ᡣࠊ2005ᖺ㸧ࠊᯇ㔝࿘἞࣭ᚎ຾࣭ኟ๛⦅ࠗᮾ

໭࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ࡬ࡢ㐨̿̿⌧≧࡜ㄢ㢟࠘㸦ᩥ┾ᇽࠊ2006ᖺ㸧࡞࡝ࠋ

24 ౛࠼ࡤࠊḟࢆཧ↷ࠋKent Calder and Min Ye, The Making of Northeast Asia, Stanford CA:

Stanford University Press, 2010, Gi-Wook Shin and Daniel C. Sneider, eds., Cross Currents: Regionalism and Nationalism in Northeast Asia, Stanford, CA: Walter H.

Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University, 2007. ྛᅜࡢෆᨻࡢどⅬ࠿

ࡽᅜෆၥ㢟࡜ᆅᇦᏳ඲ಖ㞀࡜ࡢ」㞧࡞㐃㙐ࢆ᥈✲ࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊEdward Friedman and Sung Chull Kim, eds., Regional Cooperation and its Enemies in Northeast Asia: The impact of domestic forces, London: Routledge, 2006.

25 ྠᵓ᝿ࡣࠊ᪥ᮏ࣭⥲ྜ◊✲㛤Ⓨᶵᵓ㸦NIRA㸧ࠊ୰ᅜ࣭ᅜᐙⓎᒎᨵ㠉ጤဨ఍࣭ᅜᅵ㛤Ⓨᆅᇦ⤒῭

◊✲ᡤ㸦ISPRE㸧ࠊ㡑ᅜ࣭ᅜᅵ◊✲㝔㸦KRHIS㸧ࡢඹྠ◊✲࡟ࡼࡗ࡚㐍ࡵࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ໭ᮾ࢔

ࢪ࢔ࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ◊✲఍⦅ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ̿̿Ⓨᒎ࡜ඹ⏕࡬ࡢࢩࢼࣜ

࢜࠘㸦᪥ᮏ⤒῭ホㄽ♫ࠊ2003ᖺ㸧ࠊ⥲ྜ◊✲ᶵᵓ⦅ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ̿̿ඹྠⓎ

ᒎ࡟ྥࡅࡓᶵ⬟ⓗ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳ࠘㸦NIRA◊✲ሗ࿌᭩0507ࠊ2005ᖺ㸧ࠊ⥲ྜ◊✲㛤Ⓨᶵᵓ⦅ࠗ໭

ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ2005̿̿ᅜᅵィ⏬࡜ศ㔝ู㛤Ⓨᡓ␎࠘㸦NIRA◊✲ሗ࿌᭩0601ࠊ 2006ᖺ㸧ࠊ⃝஭Ᏻຬࠕ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ◊✲ࡢᴫせ̿̿໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᆅᇦ໬࣭ᆅᇦ

⤫ྜ࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠖ㸦୰ᮧ࣭ከ㈡࣭᯿ᮏ⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸧1-17㡫ࠋ

26 ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝ࡣᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࡀᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼࡚άືࡍࡿሙࡢࡇ࡜ࢆࠕࣉࣞ࢖ࣥࢢࣇ࢕࣮ࣝࢻࠖ㸦playing

field㸧࡜ᐃ⩏ࡍࡿࠋ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝ࠕEU ᆅᇦᨻ⟇ศᯒᯟ⤌ࡳ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡢࠕ㉺ቃᗈᇦ⤒Ⴀࠖࣔࢹࣝᵓ⠏

ࡢヨࡳ㸸ࣂࣝࢺᾏࢢࣛࣥࢻࢹࢨ࢖ࣥVASAB2010࡜ INTERREGϩCࢆ౛ド࡜ࡋࡓḢᕞᆅᇦ✵

㛫෌⦅ᡂࡢ◊✲ࠖ㸦ᘯ๓኱ᏛேᩥᏛ㒊ࠗேᩥ♫఍ㄽྀ࠘➨14ྕࠊ2005ᖺ㸧9-11㡫ࠋ

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27ࠕᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయࠖ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣኰࡋ࠸ᩘࡢㄽ⪃ࡀᥦฟࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࡇ࡛ࡣ௨ୗࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋ ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయホ㆟఍⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయⓑ᭩2010࠘㸦ࡓࡕࡤ࡞ฟ∧ࠊ2010ᖺ㸧ࠊ୰ᮧẸ㞝࣭

㡲⥙㝯ኵ࣭⮻஭㝧୍㑻࣭బ⸨⩏᫂ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ᠇❶᱌̿̿ᐇ⌧ྍ⬟࡞ᮍ᮶ࢆࡦࡽࡃ㆟ㄽࡢ ࡓࡵ࡟࠘㸦᫛࿴ᇽࠊ2008ᖺ㸧ࠊ኱ᗞ୕ᯞࠕࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయㄽ࠘ࡢᒎ㛤㸸ࡑࡢ⫼ᬒ࣭⌧≧࣭ᒎᮃࠖ

㸦 㧗ཎ᫂⏕࣭⏣ᮧ៞Ꮚ࣭బ⸨ᖾே⦅ࠗ⌧௦࢔ࢪ࢔◊✲1㸸㉺ቃ࠘៞᠕⩏ሿ኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ2008

ᖺ㸧441-461㡫ࠊ⏣㈼἞⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ࡬ࡢ㐨࠘㸦୰ኸ኱Ꮫฟ∧㒊ࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠊ୰᧡ၨ♧

⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ࡜࠸࠺ᗁ᝿࠘㸦ࢼ࢝ࢽࢩࣖฟ∧ࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠊすཱྀΎ຾࣭ኟ๛⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹ

ྠయࡢᵓ⠏࠘㸦࣑ࢿࣦࣝ࢓᭩ᡣࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠊ㐍⸨ᴿ୍࣭ᖹᕝᆒ⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయࢆタィࡍࡿ࠘

㸦᪥ᮏ⤒῭ホㄽ♫ࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠊྜྷ㔝ᩥ㞝ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయࡣᮏᙜ࡟ᚲせ࡞ࡢ࠿̿̿᪥ᮏࡢ㐍ࡴ

࡭ࡁ㐨ࢆ⤒῭ࡢどⅬ࠿ࡽ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿ࠘㸦໭ᫍᇽ᭩ᗑࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠊఀ⸨᠇୍࣭⏣୰᫂ᙪ┘ಟࠊ㟷 ᮌಖ࣭ᾆ⏣⚽ḟ㑻࣭ⓑ஭᪩⏤㔛࣭⚟ᓥᏳ⣖Ꮚ࣭⚄ಖㅬࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ࡜᪥ᮏࡢ㔪㊰࠘㸦NHK ฟ∧ࠊ2005ᖺ㸧ࠊᑠཎ㞞༤ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ̿̿ᙉ኱໬ࡍࡿ୰ᅜ࡜᪥ᮏࡢᡓ␎࠘㸦᪥ᮏ⤒῭᪂⪺

♫ࠊ2005ᖺ㸧ࠊ㇂ཱྀㄔࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ̿⤒῭⤫ྜࡢࡺࡃ࠼࡜᪥ᮏ̿࠘㸦ᒾἼ᭩ᗑ㸦᪂᭩㸧ࠊ2004 ᖺ㸧ࠊEast Asia Study Group (EASG), Final Report of the East Asia Study Report,

November 2002ࠊEast Asia Vision Group (EAVG), TOWARDS AN EAST ASIAN

COMMUNTY Region of Peace, Prosperity and Progress, November 2001ࠊ᳃ᔱ㏻ኵࠗ᪥ᮏ࡟

࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࡟࠿̿̿ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయࢆᥦ᱌ࡍࡿ࠘㸦ᒾἼ᭩ᗑࠊ2001ᖺ㸧ࠋ

28 ࣟࢬ࣐ࣥ㸦G. Rozman㸧ࡣࠊ1990ᖺ௦࠿ࡽ2000ᖺ௦ึࡵࡢᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ୺⩏ࡢᒎ㛤ࢆࠊ

᪥⡿ࣟ୰㡑஬ࣨᅜࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢ஧ᅜ㛫እ஺࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࠿ࡽศᯒࡋࠊྛᅜࡢᆅᇦ୺⩏࡬ࡢどᗙࡀᆅᇦ

୺⩏ࡢ㐍ᒎࢆ㜼ᐖࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ≧ἣࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓࠋGilbert Rozman, op. cit.. ࡲࡓࠊࠕࢼࢩࣙࢼ

ࣜࢬ࣒ࡢ㉸ඞࠖࢆ࿧ྕࡋ࡚ฟⓎࡋ࡞ࡀࡽࠊḟ➨࡟ࢼࢩࣙࢼࣜࢬ࣒࡟᥋㏆ࡏࡊࡿࢆᚓ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠕ኱

ᮾளඹᰤᅪࠖㄽࡢᩍカ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊᯇ஭ⰾ㑻ࠕᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ඹྠయ࡜͆኱ᮾளඹᰤᅪ͇̿̿Ṕྐⓗ

どⅬ࠿ࡽࠖ㸦すཱྀ࣭ኟ⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸧280-299㡫ࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋ

29 ⸭㔝♸୕࣮࣭ࠗࣟ࢝ࣝ࢖ࢽࢩ࢔ࢸ࢕ࣈ̿̿ᅜቃࢆ㉸࠼ࡿヨࡳ࠘㸦୰බ᪂᭩ࠊ୰ኸබㄽ♫ࠊ1995 ᖺ㸧ࠊྠࠗඛ㐍♫఍ࡢᅜ㝿⎔ቃࠝϨ࣮࣭ࠞ̿̿ࣟ࢝ࣝ࢖ࢽࢩ࢔ࢸ࢕ࣈࡢ๰㐀࠘㸦ἲᚊᩥ໬♫ࠊ1995 ᖺ㸧ࠊྠࠕ࣮࣭ࣟ࢝ࣝ࢖ࢽࢩ࢔ࢸ࢕ࣈ࡜ᖹ࿴୺⩏ࡢᯫᶫࠖ㸦᪥ᮏᖹ࿴Ꮫ఍⦅ࠗୡ⏺ᨻᗓࡢᒎᮃ࠘

᪩✄⏣኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ2003ᖺ㸧109-126㡫ࠋ

30 ⓒ℩ᏹ⦅ࠗୗ఩ᆅᇦ༠ຊ࡜㌿᥮ᮇᅜ㝿㛵ಀ࠘㸦᭷ಙᇽࠊ1996ᖺ㸧Ϲ㡫ࠋ

31 ᨻ἞࣭Ᏻ඲ಖ㞀㡿ᇦ࡛ࡣᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ㔜せ࡞኱ᅜࡢࡦ࡜ࡘ࡟⡿ᅜࢆ఩⨨௜ࡅࡿࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ Christopher M. Dent and David W. F. Huang, eds., op. cit., p. 1. ෭ᡓᮇ࡟⡿ᅜࡀᵓ⠏ࡋࡓᮾ

໭࢔ࢪ࢔࡜ࡢ㛵ಀᛶࡀ౫↛࡜ࡋ࡚ᙉᅛ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋࡓ㆟ㄽ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ౛࠼ࡤࠊG. John Ikenberry, “The Political Foundations of American Relations with East Asia,” in G. John Ikenberry and Chung-in Moon eds., The United States and Northeast Asia: Debates, Issues, and New Order, Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, inc, 2008, pp.

19-37.

32 ᆅᇦࡢタᐃࡀᥦၐ⪅࡟᭷฼࡞ᡓ␎ࡀక࠺Ⅼ࡬ࡢᠱᛕ࡜ఫẸࡢព㆑࡟ࡼࡿᆅᇦタᐃ࡬ࡢᮇᚅ࡟

ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊከ㈡⚽ᩄࠕ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲࡬ࡢຓ㉮̿̿῰㇂Ṋᩍᤵࡢ㏥ᐁ࡟ࡼࡏ࡚ࠖ㸦ࠗἲᨻ⌮ㄽ࠘

➨23ྕࠊ1991ᖺ㸧335-338㡫ࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋ

33 T. J. Pempel, ed., Remapping East Asia: The Construction of a Region, Ithaca: Cornell U.

P., 2005.

34 ⓒ℩⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩ࠊ9㡫ࠋ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢᆅᇦ㛫㛵ಀࢆṔྐⓗ࡞どᗙ࠿ࡽ⪃ᐹࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ℈ୗṊ ᚿ⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ୡ⏺ࡢᆅᇦࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࠘㸦ᒣᕝฟ∧♫ࠊ1999ᖺ㸧ࡀཧ⪃࡟࡞ࡿࠋ

35 Gilbert Rozman, “Sub-regional Development and Community Building,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung, Sang-Chuel Choe, eds, Collaborative Regional Development in Northeast Asia, Chinese Univ Pr, 2011, pp.179-216.

36 Won Bae Kim and Sang-Chuel Choe, “Conclusions: Towards a Sustainable Regional and Sub-regional Future,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung and Sang-Chuel Choe, eds., op. cit., pp. 345-363.

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37 ໭ᾏ㐨኱Ꮫࢆ୰ᚰ࡟2009ᖺ࠿ࡽࢫࢱ࣮ࢺࡋࡓࠕቃ⏺◊✲㸦Border Studies㸧ࠖࡣࠊCBCࡶศ ᯒࡢᑕ⛬࡟ྵࡴࠋࡓࡔࡋࠊࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥᙧᡂ࡜࠸࠺ほⅬࡼࡾࡣቃ⏺࡟࠿࠿ࢃࡿ⥲ྜⓗ࡞◊✲

ࢆᚿྥࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋቃ⏺◊✲࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊ௨ୗࢆཧ↷ࡉࢀࡓ࠸ࠋᒾୗ᫂⿱⦅ูࠗ෉⎔19 ᪥ᮏࡢ ࠕᅜቃၥ㢟ࠖ̿̿⌧ሙ࠿ࡽ⪃࠼ࡿ࠘㸦⸨ཎ᭩ᗑࠊ2012ᖺ㸧ࠊ᪥ᮏᅜ㝿ᨻ἞Ꮫ఍⦅ࠗᅜ㝿ᨻ἞㸦࣎

࣮ࢲ࣮ࢫࢱࢹ࢕࣮ࢬࡢ⫾ື㸧࠘㸦➨162ྕࠊ2010ᖺ㸧ࠊᒾୗ᫂⿱⦅ࠗ᪥ᮏࡢᅜቃ̿̿࠸࠿࡟ࡇࡢ ࠕ࿚⦡ࠖࢆゎࡃ࠿࠘㸦໭ᾏ㐨኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ2009ᖺ㸧ࠋ

38 INTERREG࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢ◊✲ࡣ⭾኱࡞ᩘ࡟ୖࡿࡀࠊࡇࡇ࡛ࡣINTERREGϪA࣭B࣭Cࡢྛࣉࣟ

ࢢ࣒ࣛࡢ⤒⦋࡜ᴫせࢆ⡆₩࡟ᩚ⌮ࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ୰ᮧ࣭ከ㈡࣭᯿ᮏ⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩ࠊ139-143㡫

ࢆཧ↷ࠋ

39 Kenichi Ohmae, “The rise of the region state,” Foreign Affairs, Vol.72, No.2, 1993, pp.

78-87.

40 ჆ᩘၨࠗᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼ࡿ࢔ࢪ࢔ᡂ㛗ࡢ୕ゅᆅᖏ̿̿ࢢ࣮ࣟࢫ࣭ࢺࣛ࢖࢔ࣥࢢࣝ㸦GT㸧ᵓ᝿ࡢ඲

ㇺ࠘㸦ᮾὒ⤒῭᪂ሗ♫ࠊ1995ᖺ㸧ࠋ

41 Dajin Peng, “Subregional Economic Zones and Integration in East Asia,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol.117, No.4, Winter 2002-03, pp. 613-641.

42 Katsuhiro Sasuga, Microregionalism and Governance in East Asia , Routledge, 2004, Katsuhiro Sasuga, “Microregionalization across Southern China, Hong Kong and Taowan,”

in Shaun Breslin and Glenn D. Hook, eds., op. cit., pp. 66-94.

43 ౛࠼ࡤࠊ჆ᩘ࡟ࡼࢀࡤࠊࠕᡂ㛗ࡢ୕ゅᆅᖏ㸦GT㸧ࠖࡢ⏕ᡂ࣭Ⓨᒎ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࡣḟࡢࡼ࠺࡟ㄝ᫂

ࡉࢀࡿࠋࠕ෭ᡓ⤊⤖ᚋࠊ⤒῭ࡀᨻ἞࣭㌷஦࡟௦ࢃࡗ࡚ᅜ㝿㛵ಀࢆᨭ㓄ࡋࠊ⤒῭ࡢࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ࡞

┦஫౫Ꮡᛶࡀᅜ᫝࡜ࡋ࡚ᙉ໬ࡉࢀࡓ㸦NET㸧ࠋୡ⏺⏕⏘ᣐⅬࡢ࢔ࢪ࢔࡬ࡢࢩࣇࢺࢆྵࡴእⓗ࡞

⎔ቃࡢኚ໬ࡣࠊᰂ㌾࡞ᩥ᫂ࡢཷᐜᛶ࡜ከᵝᛶ㸦⏕⏘せ⣲ࡢ⿵᏶ᛶ㸧ࢆ᭷ࡍࡿᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢⓎᒎ࣏

ࢸࣥࢩࣕࣝࢆ่⃭ࡋࠊᡂ㛗ࡢ㔜ᒙⓗ㐃㙐ࢆᘬࡁ㉳ࡇࡋࡓ㸦ᒁᆅ⤒῭ᅪ㸧ࠋ㐃㙐ࡢᡂ㛗ࢭࣥࢱ࣮

࡟࡞ࡗࡓࡢࡀ㤶 ࠊࢩ࣏࣮ࣥ࢞ࣝࠊྎ‴࡞࡝ࡢ࣓ࠗࢺࣟ㸻࢔ࢪ࢔NIEs࡛࠘࠶ࡾࠊGTࡣ࣓ࢺࣟ

࢚ࢿࣝࢠ࣮ࡢ࿘㎶ᆅᇦ࡬ࡢᣑᩓ࣭㞟✚ࡢ⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡿ㸦EMR㸧ࠖࠋ჆ᩘࠊ๓ᥖ᭩ࠊ136㡫ࠋ

44 TRDAP࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ẚ㍑ⓗࡲ࡜ࡲࡗࡓᩥ⊩࡜ࡋ࡚௨ୗࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋᚎࢣ࢖㸦⋤࡬ࢇ࡟ி㸧ࠗᅗ

಼Ụᆅᇦ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㛤Ⓨ࡜♫఍ኚᐜ࠘㸦୍⢏᭩ᡣࠊ2012ᖺ㸧ࠊChristophe W. Hughes, “Tumen River Area Development Programme (TRADP): Frustrated Microregionalism as a

Microcosm of Plotical Rivalries,” in Shaun Breslin and Glenn D. Hook, eds., op. cit., pp.

115-143ࠊ㭯ᔱ㞷ᕊࠗ㇋‶Ụᆅᇦ㛤Ⓨ࠘㸦㛵す኱Ꮫฟ∧㒊ࠊ2000ᖺ㸧ࠊ୎ኈᬂ㸦㟌൲Ꮫࠊ├㯇ࠊ

㜅᫂೧ࠊ⶧᪫㝧ヂࠊ㔠᳃ஂ㞝┘ಟ㸧ࠗᅗ಼Ụ㛤Ⓨᵓ᝿̿̿໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ᪂ࡋ࠸⤒῭ᣐⅬ࠘㸦๰▱

♫ࠊ1996ᖺ㸧࡞࡝ࠋ

45 ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㈠᫆ᅇᗯ◊✲఍ࠗ᪂⤱அ㊰̿̿໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㈠᫆ᅇᗯࡢ⌧ሙ࠿ࡽ࠘㸦ᒣᾏᇽࠊ2002ᖺ㸧ࠋ

46 ERINA⦅ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㍺㏦ᅇᗯࣅࢪࣙࣥ㸦ERINA bookletࠊvol.1㸧࠘㸦2002ᖺ6᭶㸧ࠊ㎷ஂᏊ ࠕ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᅜ㝿≀ὶ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⤒῭➇தຊࠖ㸦ࠗ❧࿨㤋ᅜ㝿ᆅᇦ◊✲࠘➨21ྕࠊ2003ᖺ3᭶㸧

99-118㡫ࠊ୕ᶫ㑳㞝࣭ᕝᮧ࿴⨾ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔᪂Ⓨぢఏ̿̿⎔᪥ᮏᾏ᪑᪥ㄅ࠘㸦༤㐍ᇽࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠋ

47 ༓ⴥᗣᘯࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔⤒῭༠ຊࡢ◊✲̿̿㛤Ⓨ㖟⾜ᵓ᝿࣭㛤Ⓨࣅࢪ࣭ࣙࣥᆅᇦ㐃ᦠ࠘㸦᫓⛅♫ࠊ 2005ᖺ㸧ࠊᮾி㈈ᅋࠕ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㛤Ⓨ㖟⾜ࠖࡢ๰タ࡜᪥ᮏࡢ༠ຊᨻ⟇࡟㛵ࡍࡿㄪᰝ◊✲ࣉࣟࢪ

࢙ࢡࢺ⦅ࠗᥦゝࠕ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㛤Ⓨ㖟⾜㸦NEADB㸧ࠖ๰タࡢࡓࡵࡢ5ࡘࡢᥦゝ̿̿᪥୰㡑㤳⬻఍

ྜ㸦2002.11㸧࡟ྥࡅ࡚࠘㸦◊✲ሗ࿌᭩㸭ࣔࣀࢢࣛࣇ࣭ࢩ࣮ࣜࢬNo.7ࠊ2002ᖺ7᭶㸧ࠋ

48 ⎔㯤ᾏᅪ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ẚ㍑ⓗࡲ࡜ࡲࡗࡓ㏆ᖺࡢᩥ⊩࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊOECD, OECD Territorial Reviews:

Trans-Border Urban Cooperation in Pan-Yellow Sea Region, Paris: OECD, 2009ࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾

ࡃࠋ᪥ᮏࠊ୰ᅜࠊ㡑ᅜࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢどⅬࢆ⪃ᐹࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣࠊGlenn D. Hook, “The Japanese Role in Emerging Microregionalism: The Pan-Yellow Sea Economic Zone,” in Shaun

Breslin and Glenn D. Hook, eds, op. cit., pp. 95-114, Xiangming Chen and Chang Liu, “The Pan-Yellow Sea Sub-region: Chinese Perspecties,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung and Sang-Chuel Choe, eds., op. cit., pp. 217-243, Eun Kyung Kim, “The Pan-Yellow Sea

Sub-region: Korean Perspective,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung and Sang-Chuel Choe,

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eds., op. cit., pp. 245-265ࡀ࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊᑠᕝ㞝ᖹࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅ୰ᾏࡢ᫬௦࠘㸦᫂▼᭩ᗑࠊ2004 ᖺ㸧ࡣࠊ⎔㯤ᾏᅪࠊ᪥ᮏᾏᅪࠊᮾࢩࢼᾏࢆ⤫ྜࡋࡓᾏᇦ࡟ࠕᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅ୰ᾏ⤒῭ᅪࠖࢆᵓ᝿ࡍ

ࡿࠋࡇࡢ࡯࠿ࠊ1990ᖺ௦࡟ฟ∧ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊすᮧ᫂ࠗ⎔㯤ᾏ⤒῭ᅪ஺ὶ࡬ࡢどᗙ̿̿஑

ᕞ࠿ࡽࡢⓎಙ࠘㸦஑ᕞ኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ1997ᖺ㸧ࠊすᕝ₶⦅ࠗ㛤ᨺ୰ᅜ࣭ᅜ㝿໬ࡢࡺࡃ࠼̿̿㯤῾ᾏ

⤒῭ᅪ࡜᪥ᮏ࠘㸦᭷ಙᇽࠊ1995ᖺ㸧ࠊすᮧ࣭᫂ᯘ୍ಙ⦅ࠗ⎔㯤ᾏ⤒῭ᅪ๰⏕ࡢㄢ㢟࡜ᒎᮃ̿̿ᮾ

࢔ࢪ࢔භ㒔ᕷ఍㆟࠘㸦஑ᕞ኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ1992ᖺ㸧ࠊすᮧ࣭᫂Ώ㎶฼ኵࠗ⎔㯤ᾏ⤒῭ᅪ̿̿ᮾ࢔ࢪ

࢔ࡢᮍ᮶ࢆ᥈ࡿ࠘㸦஑ᕞ኱Ꮫฟ∧఍ࠊ1991ᖺ㸧࡞࡝ࡶᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋ

49 ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ⤒῭ᅪ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ẚ㍑ⓗࡲ࡜ࡲࡗࡓᩥ⊩࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ෵↷ᙪࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲㸦෵↷ᙪㄽ✏㞟

➨1ᕳ㸧࠘㸦⚟ᮧฟ∧ࠊ2009ᖺ㸧ࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋࡇࡢ࡯࠿ࠊ⚟஭┴❧኱Ꮫ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔◊✲఍࡟

ࡼࡿᡂᯝ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᆏ⏣ᖿ⏨࣭ᮏከ೺ྜྷ࣭෽ᫍග⦅ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔⤒῭ධ㛛࠘㸦ᖹཎ♫ࠊ2000ᖺ㸧ࠊ

⚟஭┴❧኱Ꮫ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔◊✲఍⦅ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᮍ᮶ീ̿̿21ୡ⣖ࡢ᪥ᮏᾏ࠘㸦᪂ホㄽࠊ1998ᖺ㸧ࠊ ᮏከ೺ྜྷ࣭෽ᫍග࣭㡑⩔Ὃ࣭ᆏ⏣ᖿ⏨ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔⤒῭ᅪࡢᙧᡂ̿̿⎔᪥ᮏᾏ⤒῭஺ὶ࠘㸦᪂ ホㄽࠊ1995ᖺ㸧ࠊ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔◊✲఍⦅ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ஺ὶ஦඾95’-96’࠘㸦๰▱♫ࠊ1995ᖺ㸧࡞࡝ࡀ

࠶ࡿࠋࡲࡓࠊẚ㍑ⓗ᪩࠸᫬ᮇ࡟ฟ∧ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊᑠᕝ࿴⏨࣭ᑠ∾㍤ኵ⦅ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ⤒῭

ᅪ̿̿໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔࣭ࢩ࣋ࣜ࢔᫬௦ࡢᖥ㛤ࡅ࠘㸦᪥ᮏ⤒῭᪂⪺♫ࠊ1991ᖺ㸧ࡶᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋ

50 John Friedmann, “Inter-city Networks in a Globalizing Era,” in Allen J. Scott, ed., GlobalCity-Regions: Trends, Theory, Policy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, pp.

119-138.㸦ᆏᮏ⚽࿴ヂࠕࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ໬᫬௦࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㒔ᕷ㛫ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࠖ࢔࣭ࣞࣥJ࣭ࢫࢥࢵ

ࢺ⦅ࠗࢢ࣮ࣟࣂ࣭ࣝࢩࢸ࢕࣭࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥࢬ̿̿ࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ㒔ᕷᆅᇦ࡬ࡢ⌮ㄽ࡜ᨻ⟇࠘ࢲ࢖ࣖ

ࣔࣥࢻ♫ࠊ2004ᖺࠊ137-156㡫㸧ࠋ

51 ᪥ᮏ⥲ྜ◊✲㛤Ⓨᶵᵓ㸦NIRA㸧࣭୰ᅜᅜᐙⓎᒎᨵ㠉ጤဨ఍࣭ᅜᅵ㛤Ⓨᆅᇦ⤒῭◊✲ᡤ

㸦ISPRE㸧࣭㡑ᅜᅜᅵ◊✲㝔㸦KRHIS㸧ࠕBESETO㸦࣋ࢭࢺ㸧ᅇᗯᵓ᝿ࡢᐇయ໬ಁ㐍࡟㛵ࡍࡿ

ᥦゝ̿̿໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦࡢᣢ⥆ⓗⓎᒎ࡟ྥࡅ࡚ࠖ㸦2007 ᖺ3 ᭶㸧ࠋ࡞࠾ࠊBESETO࡜ࡣࠊ᪥

୰㡑ྛᅜࡢ㤳㒔ࡢⱥㄒ⾲グ㸦TokyoࠊBeijingࠊSeoul㸧ࡢ᭱ึࡢ2ᩥᏐࢆࡘ࡞ࡆࡓࡶࡢ࡛ࠊ3 㤳㒔㛫㐃ᦠࢆ㇟ᚩࡋࡓࡶࡢࠋ

52 Hiroo Ichikawa and Yasuyuki Miwa, “Business and Travel Linkages among the World Cities,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung and Sang-Chuel Choe, eds., op. cit., pp. 151-175.

53 ࢧࢵࢭࣥ㸦S. Sassen㸧ࡢࠕࢢ࣮ࣟࣂ࣭ࣝࢩࢸ࢕㸦Global City㸧ࠖㄽࡣࠊ㒔ᕷ࡜࠸࠺ሙ࡬ࡢ㔠⼥

ࡸ㧗ᗘࢧ࣮ࣅࢫ࡞࡝ࡢ㞟୰⌧㇟࡟╔┠ࡍࡿࡀࠊࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ࡜ࡢ㛵ࢃࡾࢆ᫂♧ⓗ࡞ศᯒࡢᑕ

⛬࡟⨨࠸࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋSaskia Sassen, The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo, Princeton:

Princeton University Press, 1991, 2nd ed., 2001㸦ఀ㇧㇂Ⓩኈ⩝┘ヂࠗࢢ࣮ࣟࣂ࣭ࣝࢩࢸ࢕̿

̿ࢽ࣮࣮ࣗࣚࢡ࣭ࣟࣥࢻ࣭ࣥᮾி࠿ࡽୡ⏺ࢆㄞࡴ࠘⟃ᦶ᭩ᡣࠊ2008ᖺ㸧ࠊSaskia Sassen, Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of people and Money, New York: The New Press, 1998.㸦⏣ῡኴ୍࣭ᑺ᫓ᚿ࣭ཎ⏣ኴὠ⏨ヂࠗࢢ࣮ࣟࣂࣝ✵㛫ࡢᨻ἞⤒῭

Ꮫ̿̿㒔ᕷ࣭⛣Ẹ࣭᝟ሗ໬࠘ᒾἼ᭩ᗑࠊ2004ᖺ㸧ࠋ

54 Sung-Keun Keum, “The Busan-Fukuoka Trans-Strait Zone,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung and Sang-Chuel Choe, eds., op. cit., pp. 287-305.

55 ᮔ೐⋞ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ௻ᴗ࣭㒔ᕷࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ̿̿㡑᪥㛫ࡢᅜ㝿ⓗ㒔ᕷࢩࢫࢸ࣒ࡢどⅬ࠘㸦ྂ௒

᭩㝔ࠊ2001ᖺ㸧ࠋ

56 ౛࠼ࡤࠊ⏣ᆏࡣ㒔ᕷࢆࠕ❧ᆅࡢඃ఩ᛶ࡜௻ᴗ࣭⏘ᴗㄏ⮴ࢆ➇࠺ࠗ➇தⓗ⾜Ⅽ⪅࠘ࠖ࡜ࡋ࡚つᐃ ࡋࠊ㒔ᕷ㛫➇தࢆࠕሙᡤࢆࡵࡄࡿ຾ࡕᢤࡁᡓࠖ࡜⾲⌧ࡍࡿࠋ⏣ᆏᩄ㞝⦅ࠗᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔㒔ᕷㄽࡢᵓ

᝿̿̿ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢ㒔ᕷ㛫➇த࡜ࢩࣅ࣭ࣝࢯࢧ࢚ࢸ࢕ᵓ᝿࠘ᚚⲔࡢỈ᭩ᡣࠊ2005ᖺ㸧8㡫ࠊ34 㡫ࠋ

57 ከ㈡ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸦2006ᖺ㸧ࠊ84㡫ࠋ

58 ከ㈡ࠊ๓ᥖㄽᩥ㸦1991ᖺ㸧ࠊ336㡫ࠋ෵↷ᙪ࡟ࡼࢀࡤࠊᅜ㝿ศᴗㄽ㸦ẚ㍑⏕⏘㈝ㄝ㸧ࡢᇶ♏᮲

௳࡛࠶ࡿ⮬୺㛵⛯ไᗘ࡜⮬୺㏻㈌ไᗘࢆලഛࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ᆅ᪉⮬἞యࡢሙྜࠊᅜ㝿ศᴗ࡬ࡢཧ⏬

࡟ࡣᅜᐙ㸦୰ኸᨻᗓ㸧࡜࠸࠺୍ᐃࡢ୰㛫፹௓㡯ࡀᚲせ࡟࡞ࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࠋࡋࡓࡀࡗ࡚ࠊᆅ᪉⮬἞య

- 36 -

ࢆ୺ࡓࡿ࢔ࢡࢱ࣮࡜ࡋࡓ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔༠ຊ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࠊNETㄽࡀ⌮ㄽⓗ๓ᥦ࡟⨨ࡃᅜ㝿ศᴗㄽࢆᑟ ධࡍࡿࡢࡣ᪉ἲㄽⓗ࡟ᅔ㞴࡛࠶ࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࠋ෵ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩ࠊ294㡫ࠋ࡞࠾ࠊ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ⤒῭ᅪࢆၐ㐨 ࡋ࡚ࡁࡓ୍ே࡛ࡶ࠶ࡿᆏ⏣ᖿ⏨ࡣࠊᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢࠕ࣮࣎ࢲࣇࣝ࡞⌧ᐇࠖࡢ୰࡛ࠕᒁᆅ⤒῭ᅪࠖ

ᵓ᝿ࡢ◚ࡓࢇࢆㄆࡵࠊࠕၥ㢟ゎỴᆺࡢୗ఩ᆅᇦ༠ຊࠖ࡟᪂ࡓ࡞ࣃࣛࢲ࢖࣒ࢆồࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᆏ⏣

ᖿ⏨ࠕ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࡢࣃࣛࢲ࢖࣒㌿᥮̿̿ࠗᒁᆅ⤒῭ᅪ࠘࠿ࡽࠗࢧࣈ࣭࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ࠘࡬ࠖ㸦⎔᪥

ᮏᾏᅜ㝿Ꮫ⾡஺ὶ༠఍⦅ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏᆅᇦࡢ༠ຊ࣭ඹᏑ࣭ᣢ⥆ⓗⓎᒎ࠘ᶫᮏ☜ᩥᇽࠊ2012ᖺ㸧 15-42㡫ࠋ

59 Karoline Postel-Vinay, “Local actors and international regionalism: the case of the Sea of Japan Zone,” The Pacific Review, Vol.9, No.4, 1996, pp. 489-503.

60 Glenn D. Hook, “Japan and Micro-regionalism: Constructing the Japan Sea Rim Zone,” in Yoshinobu Yamamoto, eds, Globalism, Regionalism and Nationalism: Asia in Search of its Role in the 21st Century, Blackwell Publishers, 1999, pp. 126-141, Glenn D. Hook, “Japan and Micro-regionalism: Constructing the Japan Sea Rim Zone,” 㸦᪥ᮏᅜ㝿ᨻ἞Ꮫ఍⦅ࠗᅜ 㝿ᨻ἞࠘➨114ྕࠊ1997ᖺ㸧49-62㡫ࠋ

61 Ngai-ling Sum, “Time-Spase Envelopes, Governance and the Subregion of ‘Greater China,” in Glenn Drover, Graham Johnson and Julia Tao Lai Po-wah, eds, Regionalism and Subregionalism in East Asia: The Dynamics of China, NOVA Science Publishers, 2001, pp. 83-109, Ngai-ling Sum, “Rearticulation of Spatial Scales and Temporal Horizons of a Cross-Border Mode of Growth: the (Re-) Making of ‘Greater China’,” in Markus Perkmann and Ngai-Ling Sum, eds., op. cit., pp. 151-175. ྠ⌮ㄽࡢ᪥ᮏ࡬ࡢᑟධ◊✲࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝 ࠕ᫬✵ᑒ⌮ㄽࡢ᳨ド࡜௒ᚋࡢᒎ㛤㸸᫬✵ᑒ⌮ㄽ࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࡢᴫᛕࢆ࢚ࢫࢽࢵࢡ

࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕࣭ࢼࢩࣙࢼࣝ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕࡜ẚ㍑࣭෌⪃ᐹࡍࡿヨࡳࠖ㸦᪩✄⏣኱Ꮫ♫఍

⛉Ꮫ◊✲⛉ࠗ♫఍⛉Ꮫ◊✲⛉⣖せ ู෉࠘➨3ྕࠊ1999ᖺ㸧149-166㡫ࢆཧ↷ࠋ

62 David Arase, “Japan Sea Regionalism: the Role of Sub-national Authorities,” in Markus Perkmann and Ngai-Ling Sum, eds., op. cit., pp. 187-188.

63 ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝ࠕ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥ࡬ࡢᨻ἞ᆅ⌮Ꮫⓗ෌᥋㏆㸸ࢫࢣ࣮ࣝᴫᛕ࡟ࡼࡿ✵㛫ࡢΰἁᩚ⌮ࡢヨࡳࠖ

㸦ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ◊✲࠘➨14ྕࠊ2008ᖺ㸧1-20㡫ࠋ

64 ᯿ᮏࠊ๓ᥖㄽᩥ㸦2008ᖺ㸧ࠋ

65 ᪂ࡋ࠸⌮ㄽ࣭᪉ἲㄽࢆ᥈ồࡍࡿᚿྥࡣࠊ࡜ࡃ࡟⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲ࡢึᮇࡢㄽ⪃࡟ከ࠸ࠋ࡞࠾ࠊከ㈡ ࡣ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲ࢆࠕᅜ㝿♫఍࡟࠾ࡅࡿ᭱㐺ࡢ♫఍༢఩ࡣఱ࠿ࢆ᥈ࡿヨࡳࠖ࡜ࡋ࡚ᤊ࠼࡚࠸ࡿࠋ ከ㈡⚽ᩄࠕ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲࡬ࡢ୍どゅࠖ㸦ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲࠘๰หྕࠊ1995ᖺ㸧22-26㡫ࠋ

66 ῰㇂Ṋࠕ༠⏕ࡢဴᏛ̿̿௚⪅⫯ᐃ࣭⮬⪅⫯ᐃࡢᨻ἞ࠖ㸦ከ㈡⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸦1992ᖺ㸧㸧185-214 㡫ࠊྠࠕࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏᏛ఍࠘๰タࡢึᚰࠖ㸦ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲࠘➨11ྕࠊ2005ᖺ㸧1-2㡫࡞࡝ࢆཧ

↷ࠋࡇࡇ࡛῰㇂ࡀᐃ⩏ࡍࡿࠕ༠⏕ࠖ࡜ࠊ୍⯡ⓗ࡟౑⏝ࡉࢀࡿࡢከ࠸ࠕඹ⏕ࠖ࡜ࡣ␗࡞ࡿᴫᛕ࡛

࠶ࡿࠋ῰㇂ࡣࠕ௚⪅⫯ᐃ࣭⮬⪅⫯ᐃࠖࡢࠕ༠⏕ࠖ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࠊࠕඹ⏕ࠖࡢᇶᮏ࡟ࡣࠕ⮬⪅⫯ᐃ࣭

௚⪅ྰᐃࠖࡢㄽ⌮ࡀఅᅾࡍࡿ࡜႑◚ࡍࡿࠋࠕඹ⏕ࡶ⮬⪅࣭௚⪅ࡢࠗ཮᪉⫯ᐃ࠘ࢆ♧ࡍࡶࡢ࡛ࡣ

࠶ࡿࡀࠊ⫯ᐃࡉࢀࡓ⮬௚ࡢ࡯࠿࡟ྰᐃ࣭᤼㝖ࡉࢀࡿ௚⪅ࡢ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ͐㸦୰␎㸧

͐࠶ࡿព࿡࡛ࡣࠊඹ⏕ࡍࡿᏑᅾ✵㛫ࡀ୍ࡘࡢᏑᅾ㞟ྜࠗ⮬⪅࠘ࢆᙧᡂࡋࠊࡇࡢࠗABᏑᅾ㞟ྜ࠘

ࡀࠗ⮬⪅࠘࡜࡞ࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊࡑࡢ⿵㞟ྜࠗ௚⪅࠘ࡢᏑᅾ࣭⛣ື✵㛫ࡣ⦰ᑠࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࢆព

࿡ࡍࡿ࠿ࡽࠊAB⮬⪅㞟ྜ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚௚⪅࡜ࡉࢀࡓ⪅ࡢᏑᅾ࣭⛣ື࡟ࡣࠊྰᐃ✵㛫ࡀᣑ኱ࡉࢀࡿ

ࡇ࡜ࢆព࿡ࡋ࡚ࡺࡃࡇ࡜࡟࡞ࡿࠋඹ⏕࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᣑ኱ࡉࢀࡓᏑᅾ࣭⛣ື✵㛫ࡢAB㞟ྜ࡟ࡼࡿ⊂

༨ⓗ༨᭷ࡀࠊAB㞟ྜ௨እࡢᏑᅾ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ࡣᴟࡵ࡚㔜኱࡞Ꮡᅾ࣭⛣ືࡢ⬣ጾ࡜࡞ࡿࠖࠋ῰㇂Ṋࠗ͆ࡁ

ࡻ࠺ࡏ࠸͇ኚ໬⪃ぬ᭩࠘㸦2002ᖺ㸧149㡫ࠊྠࠗⴥⴥ༠⏕ㄽ࠘㸦ᩥⱁ♫ࠊ2008ᖺ㸧177-178㡫ࠋ

ࡲࡓࠊࠕࠗඹ⏕࠘ࡣࠗඹ࡟⏕ࡁࡿ࠘ࡓࡵ࡟௚⪅ࡢ୰࡛ࡶ⮬ศ࡟ࡩࡉࢃࡋ࠸ே࡜ᡭࢆ⤌ࢇ࡛ࠊㄡ

࠿ࢆྰᐃࡍࡿࡼ࠺࡞ࡇ࡜ࡀ␃ಖࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡼ࠺࡟ࡳ࠼ࡿࡀ⮬↛⛉Ꮫࡢ㡿ᇦ࡛ࡣࠊ᳇ࡳศࡅ౑ࢃ

ࢀࡿሙྜࡀ࠶ࡿࠋࠗ༠⏕࡛࠘ࡣࠊࡑࡇ࡟Ꮡᅾࡍࡿ඲࡚ࡣྠ୍ࡢᏑᅾ࡜࡞ࡿⅭࠊ≉࡟ᑐ❧ࡍࡿࡇ

࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ᱈※㒓ࡢୡ⏺ࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢࡶࡢࡀศࡅ㝸࡚࡞ࡃࠊ➼ࡋࡃ⏕άࠊ⾜ືࡍࡿ✵㛫ࡀ⌧ฟࡉ

ࢀࡿࠖ࡜࠸࠺ࠋྠୖ㸦2008ᖺ㸧ࠊ8㡫ࠋ࡞࠾ࠊᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ࠕඹ⏕ࠖᏛ๰ᡂࢆᥖࡆࡓ◊✲ࣉࣟࢪ࢙

- 37 -

ࢡࢺࡢ⥲ᣓ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕඹ⏕ࠖࢆࡵࡄࡿ㏆ᖺࡢ㆟ㄽࢆࣞࣅ࣮ࣗࡋࡓࠊబ⸨ᖾ⏨ࠕ᪥ᮏࡢእ஺ࢆẸ୺

໬ࡍࡿ㸸ࠗᖹ࿴࣭ඹ⏕Ꮫ࠘࠿ࡽࡢ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳࠖ㸦୰ᒣ⦅ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸦2013ᖺ㸧㸧1-18㡫ࡶཧ↷ࡉࢀ

ࡓ࠸ࠋ

67 㛵ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸦1992ᖺ㸧ࠊ๓ᥖㄽᩥ㸦1997ᖺ㸧ࠋ

68 ࠕࡲࡗࡓࡃ᪂ࡋ࠸ࣘࢽࢵࢺㄽ࠿ࡽ௙ษࡾ┤ࡋࢆࡋ࡚ࠊ༢఩ࡢෆഃ࠿ࡽ࡜ࡽ࠼࡚ࠗ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕

ࢸ࢕࠘ࡢᅜ㝿㛵ಀㄽࢆᵓ⠏ࡍࡿࠖ࡜ྠ᫬࡟ࠊࠕእഃ࠿ࡽ࡜ࡽ࠼࡚ࠊ࣮࢜ࣝࢻࣇ࢓ࢵࢩࣙࣥࡢࢩ ࢫࢸ࣒ㄽ࡟᪂ࡋ࠸㓇ࢆὀ࠸࡛⸽ࡽࡏࡿࠖ᪉ἲㄽ࡛࠶ࡿࠋከ㈡⚽ᩄࠕᅜ㝿♫఍࡟࠾ࡅࡿ♫఍༢఩

ࡢ῝ᒙࠖ㸦ከ㈡⚽ᩄ⦅ࠗᅜ㝿♫఍ࡢኚᐜ࡜⾜Ⅽయ࠘ᡂᩥᇽࠊ1999ᖺ㸧418㡫ࠋ

69 ࡇࢀࡲ࡛ࡢᅜ㝿ࢩࢫࢸ࣒ㄽ࡛ࡣࠊࡇࢀ௨ୖศ๭୙ྍ⬟࡞༢఩㸦unit㸧ࠊ༢఩㛫ࡢ㛵ಀ㸦relation㸧ࠊ ศᯒᑐ㇟࡜࡞ࡿ⠊ᅖ㸦boundary㸧ࡢ࠸ࡎࢀࡶࡀᅜᐙ࣭ᅜቃࢆᇶ‽࡟ᵓ⠏ࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࠋከ㈡ࡣࡇ

ࢀࢆ⌧௦ࡢᅜ㝿㛵ಀࢆㄽࡌࡿᯟ⤌ࡳ࡜ࡋ࡚ጇᙜᛶࢆḞࡃࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࠊ࢔࢖

ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࢆࡵࡄࡿไᗘ㸦institution㸧ࠊࡑࡋ࡚ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ㸦network㸧ࡢ୕Ⅼ࡟╔┠ࡋࡓࠋ ከ㈡ࠊ๓ᥖㄽᩥ㸦1995ᖺ㸧ࠋ

70 ᳃ᕝࠊ๓ᥖ᭩ࠊ105-135㡫ࠋ

71 ලయⓗ࡟ࡣࠊࠕ῰㇂ࡢࠗ௚⪅⫯ᐃ࣭⮬⪅⫯ᐃ࠘ࡢᛮ᝿ࡀ♧ࡍࡼ࠺࡟ࠊࡲࡎࡣ௚⪅⫯ᐃ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚

ࠗ௚⪅ࡢ⏕άᣑ኱࠘ࢆㄆࡵࠊࡑࢀࡀ⤖ᯝⓗ࡟⮬ศࡢᏑᅾࢆㄆࡵࡿࠋࡇ࠺ࡋࡓ㛵ಀࢆࡶࡘࡶࡢྠ

ኈࡢᨭ᥼࣭༠ຊࡢ࡞࠿࡛ၥ㢟ព㆑ࢆඹ᭷ࡍࡿ㛫࡛࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࡀᇵࢃࢀ࡚࠸ࡃࠋ༠ຊࡢᑐ

㇟㡿ᇦࡶᑗ᮶ࡢၥ㢟ゎỴࢆࡵࡄࡿࠗᖹ࿴࠘࡜࠸࠺ᴫᛕ࡟ໟᦤࡉࢀࡿதⅬ㡿ᇦ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ௚⪅࡜༠

ാࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ᫬㛫ⓗ㛵ಀࡀࠗࠕ༠⏕ࠖࡢᖹ࿴࠘࡟⤖ࡧࡘࡃࠖ࡜ㄝ᫂ࡍࡿࠋྠୖ᭩ࠊ114-115㡫ࠋ

࡞࠾ࠊ᳃ᕝ࡟ࡼࢀࡤࠊᮾὒⓗ࡞ᛮ᝿࣭ㄆ㆑ㄽ࣮࣋ࢫࡢ⎔᪥ᮏᾏ◊✲࡜ࠊすḢฟ⮬ࡢ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟ

ࢳ࡜ࡢ㐪࠸ࡣࠊᚋ⪅ࡣ᫬㛫ⓗせ⣲ࢆྲྀࡾ㝖࠸ࡓ✵㛫⛛ᗎࢆ⪃ᐹࡍࡿࡢ࡟ᑐࡋࠊ๓⪅ࡣ᫬㛫ⓗ㡰 ᗎ㛵ಀ࡟ࠕ༠⏕ࠖࡢ㛵ಀࢆぢࡿࡇ࡜࡟࠶ࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࠋࠕ᫬✵࣭ᑒࠖ⌮ㄽࡢⓎ᝿ࡣࠊ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕

ࢸ࢕ࢆᇶᮏ༢఩࡜ࡋ᫬✵ࢆㄏᑟ༢఩࡜ࡍࡿⅬ࡛ࠊከ㈡ࡢࠕ⾜Ⅽయࡢ῝ᒙࠖ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳ࡜㏻ᗏࡍ

ࡿࡀࠊ୍ᐃࡢᆅ⌮ⓗ⠊ᅖࢆ࠶ࡽ࠿ࡌࡵ≉ᐃࡋࠊ≉ᐃࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛ษࡾྲྀࡗ࡚ᐃⅬほ ࢆ⧞ࡾ㏉ࡍศ ᯒ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳ࡛࠶ࡾࠊᐇ㉁ⓗ࡟ࡣศᯒ༢఩࠿ࡽ᫬㛫ⓗ࡞ᡂศࡀྲྀࡾ㝖࠿ࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࠋྠୖ

᭩ࠊ115-123㡫ࠋ

72 ྠୖ᭩ࠊ115㡫ࠋ

73 ࠕ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࠖ࡜࠸࠺ศᯒどゅ࠿ࡽᆅᇦࡢᙧᡂ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒ࢆᢅࡗࡓ◊✲࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ኱ᗞ୕

ᯞࠗ࢔ࢪ࢔ኴᖹὒᆅᇦᙧᡂ࡬ࡢ㐨⛬̿̿ቃ⏺ᅜᐙ᪥㇦ࡢ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ᶍ⣴࡜ᆅᇦ୺⩏࠘

㸦࣑ࢿࣦࣝ࢓᭩ᡣࠊ2004ᖺ㸧ࡀ࠶ࡿࠋࡔࡀࠊࡇࢀࡣᅜᐙࡢᨻ⟇ᢸᙜ⪅ࡢ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࢆ⪃

ᐹࡋࡓࡶࡢ࡛ࠊᅜᐙ୰ᚰ୺⩏ⓗ࢔ࣉ࣮ࣟࢳࢆ⬺༷ࡋษࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋ୍᪉࡛ࠊ᯿ᮏࡣࠊḢᕞࡢἢ ᓊ㎶ቃᆅᇦ఍㆟㸦CPMR㸧࡜ඹ㏻⁺ᴗᨻ⟇㸦CFP㸧ࢆ஦౛࡟ࠊࠕᅜ㝿ⓗ⾜Ⅽయࡢ῝ᒙ࡟₯ࡴ࣐

ࣝࢸ࢕ࣉࣝ࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࡢᙧᡂ㐣⛬࡜ࡑࡢព࿡ࠖࢆศᯒࡋ࡚ࡳࡏࡓࠋ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝ࠗᅜ㝿ⓗ⾜

Ⅽయ࡜࢔࢖ࢹࣥࢸ࢕ࢸ࢕ࡢኚᐜ̿̿Ḣᕞἢᓊ㎶ቃᆅᇦ఍㆟࡜ඹ㏻⁺ᴗᨻ⟇ࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚࠘㸦ᡂᩥ

ᇽࠊ2000ᖺ㸧ࠋ

74 ୰ᒣ㈼ྖࠕ⎔᪥ᮏᾏᅪ࣭⎔㯤ᾏᅪ࡟㛵ࡍࡿไᗘࠖ㸦ኳඣ្ࠊᯇᒸಇ஧ࠊᖹᕝᖾᏊࠊᇼෆ㈼ᚿ⦅

ࠗ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ⤫ྜᏛ̿̿⥲ㄝ࡜㈨ᩱ࠘ວⲡ᭩ᡣࠊ2013ᖺ㸧291-292㡫ࠊ㧊☯䡫ࠕ䢮☯䟊ῢG 㰖G

⹿⍺䔎㤢䋂 㔺䌲㢖 ⹲㩚⹿㞞 ⳾㌟̿̿┺㧦Ṛ 䡧⩻⍺䔎㤢䋂⯒G 㭧㕂㦒⪲ࠖ㸦ࠗ㞚䌲㡆ῂ࠘㩲 17ῢ㩲3䢎ࠊ2010⎚12㤪㸧pp. 41-59.㸦Lee, Dong- Hyung ࠕ⎔ᮾᾏᅪᆅ᪉ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢ ᐇែ࡜Ⓨᒎ᪉ἲࡢᶍ⣴̿̿ከᅜ㛫༠ຊࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࢆ୰ᚰ࡟ࠖࠗ࢔ࢪ࢔ኴᖹὒ◊✲࠘➨17ᕳ➨

3ྕࠊ2010ᖺ12᭶ࠊ41-59㡫㸧ࠋ࡞࠾ࠊࣇ࣮ࣜࢻ࣐ࣥ㸦J. Friedmann㸧ࡣ๓ᥖ᭩࡛ไᗘⓗᇶ

┙ࡢᚲせᛶࢆᥦၐࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋJohn Friedmann, op. cit., pp. 134-136. 㸦ヂ᭩ࠊ154-156㡫㸧ࠋ

75 ኱ὠᾈ㺀ࠗ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ⮬἞య㐃ྜ࠘࡟ぢࡿ⮬἞యࡢᅜ㝿⤌⧊సࡾࡢ⌧≧࡜ྍ⬟ᛶ㺁㸦ࠗἲᏛ ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮࠘No.520ࠊ1998ᖺ㸧22-26㡫ࠋ

76 ౛࠼ࡤࠊᒣୗỌᏊࡣࠊ࢔ࢪ࢔ኴᖹὒ㒔ᕷ㛫ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ㸦CITYNET㸧ࡸᅜ㐃ࣁࣅࢱࢵࢺࡀ࢔

ࢪ࢔ኴᖹὒᆅᇦࡢᅜ㝿㒔ᕷࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡟㛵ࡍࡿࢹ࣮ࢱ཰㞟ࢆヨࡳࡓࡀࠊ⵳✚ࡢஈࡋࡉ࠿ࡽ඲

࡚ࢆ⥙⨶ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ㞴ࡋ࠿ࡗࡓ࡜࠸࠺ࠋᒣୗỌᏊࠕᅜ㝿㒔ᕷࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᨻ⟇ࡢ◊✲̿̿⮬἞

- 38 -

యᅜ㝿㒔ᕷࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ㐠Ⴀ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ୍⪃ᐹࠖ㸦ࠗ㒔ᕷᨻ⟇◊✲࠘➨5ྕࠊ2008ᖺ㸧53-54㡫ࠊ 63㡫ࠋ

77 ᒣୗỌᏊࠗᆅ᪉ࡢᅜ㝿ᨻ⟇̿̿㐃ᦠ࣭ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡᡓ␎ࡢᒎ㛤࠘㸦ᡂᩥᇽࠊ2008ᖺ㸧ࠋ

78G 㧚㫛䠢ࠕ㥶⩓ 㰖⹿㩫⿖㦮 㽞ῃṖ㩗 㡆Ἒ㢖 ゚ᾦ䞲 ☯⿗㞚㔲㞚 㧦䂮┾㼊㡆䞿㸦NEAR㸧㦮 ὒ㩲ࠖ㸦䞲☛㌂䣢ὒ䞯䣢ࠗ䞲࣭☛㌂䣢ὒ䞯⏒㽳࠘㩲13ῢ 㩲2䢎ࠊ2003⎚12㤪㸧pp. 57-76.

㸦Lim, Jong HunࠕḢᕞᆅ᪉ᨻᗓࡢ㉸ᅜᐙⓗ㐃ᦠ࡜ẚ㍑ࡋࡓ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ⮬἞య㐃ྜ

㸦NEAR㸧ࡢㄢ㢟ࠖ㡑⊂♫఍⛉Ꮫ఍ࠗ㡑࣭⊂♫఍⛉Ꮫㄽྀ࠘➨13ᕳ➨2ྕࠊ2003ᖺ12᭶ࠊ 57-76㡫㸧ࠋ

79G 㧊㩫⋾ࠕ☯㞚㔲㞚 䡧⩻ ⍺䔎㤢䋂㢖 㰖⹿㦮 㡃䞶: “☯⿗㞚㧦䂮┾㼊㡆䞿͇ 㦚㭧㕂㦒⪲ࠖ

㸦䞲ῃ㣎ῃ㠊╖䞯ᾦ ῃ㩲㰖㡃㡆ῂ㎒䎆ࠗῃ㩲㰖㡃㡆ῂ࠘㩲9ῢ4䢎ࠊ2005㸧pp. 279-305.

㸦Lee, Jung Namࠕᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅ᪉ᨻᗓ࡜༠ຊࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡࡢᙺ๭㸸໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ

⮬἞య㐃ྜ㸦NEAR㸧ࡢ஦౛◊✲ࠖ㡑ᅜእᅜㄒ኱Ꮫᅜ㝿ᆅᇦ◊✲ࢭࣥࢱ࣮ࠗᅜ㝿ᆅᇦ◊✲࠘➨

9ᕳ4ྕࠊ2005ᖺࠊ279-305㡫㸧 ࠋ

80G 㧊☯䡫ࠗ☯⿗㞚㔲㞚㰖㡃㧦䂮┾㼊㡆䞿㸦NEAR㸧䡧⩻䝚⪲㩳䔎 䢲㎇䢪 ⹿㞞࠘㸦╖ῂἓ㡆ῂ

㤦ࠊ2006⎚㸧.㸦Lee, Dong- Hyungࠗᮾ໭࢔ࢪ࢔ᆅᇦ⮬἞య㐃ྜ㸦NEAR㸧༠ຊࣉࣟࢪ࢙ࢡࢺ

άᛶ໬᪉ἲ࠘኱㑪៞໭◊✲ᡤࠊ2006ᖺ㸧ࠋ

81G 㧊☯䡫㸦Lee, Dong- Hyung㸧ࠊ๓ᥖㄽᩥࠋ

82 ୰ᒣ㈼ྖࠕ໭ᮾ࢔ࢪ࢔࡟࠾ࡅࡿᆅ᪉⮬἞య㛫㉺ቃ㐃ᦠ㸦TCLG㸧̿̿ࢿࢵࢺ࣮࣡ࢡ࡜ᅪᇦタᐃࠖ

㸦᪩✄⏣኱Ꮫ♫఍⛉Ꮫ◊✲⛉ࠗࢯࢩ࢜ࢧ࢖࢚ࣥࢫ࠘Vol.16ࠊ2010ᖺ㸧1-15㡫ࠋ

83 Kee-Ho Yang and Se Hoon Park, “Institutional Frameworks,” in Won Bae Kim, Yue-Man Yeung and Sang-Chuel Choe, eds ., op. cit., pp. 329-348.

84 ᯿ᮏⱥ㞝ࠕ㠀ᅜᐙ⾜Ⅽయࡢ㉺ቃ༠ຊ᪂ࣔࢹࣝ㸸Ḣᕞ㐃ྜEGTC つ๎ヨヂࠖ㸦ᘯ๓኱Ꮫࠗேᩥ♫

఍ㄽྀ㸦♫఍⛉Ꮫ⦅㸧࠘➨18 ྕࠊ2007ᖺ㸧195-208㡫ࠋࠕ㡿ᇦⓗ༠ຊᅋయ㸦European Grouping

of Territotial Cooperation㸧ࠖ࡜࠸࠺ヂㄒ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣࠊබἲேࢆ♧၀ࡍࡿࠕ㉺ቃᗈᇦ⾜ᨻ⤌ྜࠖ

࡛ࡣ࡞ࡃࠊ㠀⤫἞ⓗ⾜Ⅽయࡀධࡾ㎸ࡴవᆅࢆṧࡋࡓ࡜࠸࠺ࠋྠୖㄽᩥࠊ208㡫ࠋ

85 ౛࠼ࡤࠊⰾ஭◊୍ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏᆅᇦ♫఍ࡢኚᐜ̿̿ࠕ‶ⵚ࣭ࠖࠕ㛫ᓥࠖ࡜ࠕ⿬᪥ᮏࠖ࠘㸦㟷ᮌ᭩ᗑࠊ 2000ᖺ㸧ࠊྂཕᛅኵࠗ⿬᪥ᮏ̿̿㏆௦᪥ᮏࢆၥ࠸࡞࠾ࡍ࠘㸦ᒾἼ᭩ᗑࠊ1997ᖺ㸧ࠊྂཕᛅኵ⦅ࠗᮾ

໭࢔ࢪ࢔ྐࡢ෌Ⓨぢ̿̿Ṕྐീࡢඹ᭷ࢆồࡵ࡚࠘㸦᭷ಙᇽࠊ1994ᖺ㸧ࠊⱝ᭶❶ࠕ⎔᪥ᮏᾏࢆࡵࡄ

ࡿᵓ᝿ࡢṔྐࠖ㸦ከ㈡⚽ᩄ⦅ࠗᅜቃࢆ㉺࠼ࡿᐇ㦂̿̿⎔᪥ᮏᾏࡢᵓ᝿࠘᭷ಙᇽࠊ1992ᖺ㸧31-60 㡫࡞࡝ࢆᣲࡆ࡚࠾ࡃࠋ

86 ྛᆅᇦࡢᐇ㊶࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣᩘከࡃࡢ஦౛ሗ࿌࣭◊✲ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ౛࠼ࡤࠊ᪂₲ᕷࡢᐇ㊶ࢆ⤂

௓ࡋࡓࠊᕷᒸᨻኵࠗ⮬἞యእ஺̿̿᪂₲ࡢᐇ㊶࣭཭ዲ࠿ࡽ༠ຊ࡬࠘㸦᪥ᮏ⤒῭ホㄽ♫ࠊ2000ᖺ㸧 ࡣẚ㍑ⓗࡲ࡜ࡲࡗ࡚࠾ࡾཧ⪃࡟࡞ࡿࠋࡇࡢ࡯࠿ࠊᓥ⿄㑥࣭ẚ჆Ⰻ඘⦅ࠗᆅᇦ࠿ࡽࡢᅜ㝿஺ὶ̿

̿࢔ࢪ࢔ኴᖹὒ᫬௦࡜Ἀ⦖࠘㸦◊ᩥฟ∧ࠊ1986ᖺ㸧ࠊ ᆏཱྀග୍࣭୸ᒇ㇏஧㑻⦅ࠗᅜ㝿஺ὶᅪࡢ

᫬௦̿̿஑ᕞ࢔ࢪ࢔໬ᡓ␎࠘㸦኱᫂ᇽࠊ1996ᖺ㸧ࠊᐩᒣᏛ◊✲ࢢ࣮ࣝࣉ⦅ࠗ⎔᪥ᮏᾏࠊࡑࡢ᪂ࡓ

࡞₻ὶ࠘㸦໭᪥ᮏ᪂⪺♫ࠊ1999ᖺ㸧ࠊ▼஭ᤩ἞࣭ᖹ஭୍⮧⦅ࠗᆅᇦ࠿ࡽၥ࠺ᅜᐙ࣭♫఍࣭ୡ⏺̿

̿ࠕ஑ᕞ࣭Ἀ⦖ࠖ࠿ࡽఱࡀぢ࠼ࡿ࠿࠘㸦ࢼ࢝ࢽࢩࣖฟ∧ࠊ2000ᖺ㸧ࠊ∦ᒣၿ༤࣭㕀ᣢెⱑࠗᆅᇦ 㛫஺ὶࡀእ஺ࢆኚ࠼ࡿ̿̿㫽ྲྀ࣭ᮅ㩭༙ᓥࡢ㺀࠶ࡿヨࡳ㺁࠘㸦ගᩥ♫᪂᭩ࠊ2003ᖺ㸧࡞࡝ࢆᣲࡆ

࡚࠾ࡃࠋ

87 ౛࠼ࡤࠊⓒ℩ᏹࡣࠊ⎔ࣂࣝࢺᾏ༠ຊ࡜⎔᪥ᮏᾏ༠ຊ࡟ඹ㏻ࡍࡿ≉ᛶ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊࠕከ࠿ࢀᑡ࡞࠿ࢀ

ࠗ⏕ែ⣔࠘࡜࠸࠺Ⓨ᝿࡟ࡶ࡜࡙࠸ࡓඹྠయⓗ⤌⧊ཎ⌮࡟ࡓࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠖࡇ࡜ࢆᣦ᦬ࡍࡿࠋⓒ℩ᏹ ࠕ⎔ࣂࣝࢺᾏ࡜⎔᪥ᮏᾏ̿̿ᆅᇦ༠ຊࡢẚ㍑ⓗ⪃ᐹࠖ㸦ከ㈡⚽ᩄ⦅ࠗᅜቃࢆ㉸࠼ࡿᐇ㦂̿̿⎔

᪥ᮏᾏࡢᵓ᝿࠘㸦᭷ಙᇽࠊ1992ᖺ㸧129㡫ࠋࠕ୍ࡘࡢ⏕࿨⥔ᣢ⿦⨨ࢆᙧᡂࠖࡍࡿࠕ⏕ែᆅ⌮Ꮫⓗ

ᆅᇦࠖ࡜࠸࠺Ⓨ᝿ࡣࠊࢧࣈ࣮ࣜࢪࣙࣥࢆ⪃ᐹࡍࡿศᯒどゅ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣ♧၀࡟ᐩࡴࠋArthur H.

Westing, ed., Comprehensive Security for the Baltic: An Environmental Approach, London:

Sage Publications, 1989, p. 2.

88 ከ㈡ࠊ๓ᥖ᭩㸦2006ᖺ㸧ࠊ85㡫ࠊ137㡫ࠋ

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