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যऋ ण ী PLQXWHSUHSDUDWLRQ ী৑भ૆૟ৎ৑ &URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ ᆾ৒ડपସઑૢ௦ ী &RQVWUXFWLYH6SHHFK 'LVDGYDQWDJH ॑ ण

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(1)

Contents:

Lesson 1. Policy Debate (1) Affirmative

Constructive Speech

6HFWLRQ ಫಆ৷भ૥়भঝشঝ 6HFWLRQ$GYDQWDJH भଡਛ

6HFWLRQ ᆾ৒ડয়૛୻ق঩মୁك 6HFWLRQ ᆾ৒ડয়૛୻ ஶୁ

6HFWLRQ$GYDQWDJH ॑੿ॊ

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SECTION 1. ಫ ಆ ৷ भ ૥ ় भ ঝ ش ঝ ق 32/,&<'(%$7(ك

ऒभঞॵ५থऊैमؚ3ROLF\ 'HEDWH धళयोॊ஄ૄदॹॕঋشॺभ૥়॑खऽघ؛৐भঞॵ ५থदಫಆखञؚॖॠজ५৮ভदभ௦ఉभธಫप઩ऽढञ஄ૄधमਰৣभਡद౮ऩॉऽघ؟

؞জ१شॳ॑ৢगथ઒ು॑৷ਔघॊऒधऋ਋ୄऔोॊقଇਖ਼भธಫधઓढथৣऔःك؛

؞૆૟ৎ৑ऋশऎؚপভपेढथम૥়॑ষअ઄ফਰ঱৐प૛਻ऋ৅਀औोॊ؛

؞3RLQWRI,QIRUPDWLRQ भ৻ॎॉपؚ&URVVH[DPLQDWLRQقખৌགਖكभৎ৑ऋँॊ؛

؞ඞअ૛਻मؚ਌पَعमؼघॊसऌटُधःअ৆ੁ3ROLF\଑োभชశ॑ਖअ؛

ऒो॑౷ऽइथؚম /HVVRQ ऊै /HVVRQ ऽदؚਰৣभইज़شঐॵॺदಫಆ॑खऽघ౎भ 3ROLF\'HEDWH भ஄ૄध౮ऩॉؚ6XPPDU\6SHHFK म੄റखथँॉऽघ؟

ْಫಆ૥়஄ૄ؞ য਑ٓ

$IILUPDWLYH6LGHᆾ৒ડ 1HJDWLYH6LGH౯৒ડ 7LPH &RQVWUXFWLYH6SHHFK

$GYDQWDJH ॑ ण઀ંؚ যऋ ण

PLQXWHSUHSDUDWLRQ ী৑भ૆૟ৎ৑

&URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ ᆾ৒ડपସઑૢ௦

&RQVWUXFWLYH6SHHFK

'LVDGYDQWDJH ॑ ण઀ંؚ য ण

PLQXWHSUHSDUDWLRQ ী৑भ૆૟ৎ৑

&URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ ౯৒ડपସઑૢ௦

PLQXWHSUHSDUDWLRQ ী৑भ૆૟ৎ৑

$WWDFN6SHHFK

ᆾ৒ડभ $GYDQWDJH पખ૛

$WWDFN6SHHFK

౯৒ડभ 'LVDGYDQWDJH पખ૛

PLQXWHSUHSDUDWLRQ ী৑भ૆૟ৎ৑

'HIHQVH6SHHFK

౯৒ડभખ૛पৌखथয়थઉख

'HIHQVH6SHHFK

ᆾ৒ડभખ૛पৌखथয়थઉख

়ੑ ী

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५আشढ़شभ૽સ

૚ॳش঒म যद ੌपऩॉؚਰৣभ५আشॳ॑जोझो૿ਊखऽघ

؞&RQVWUXFWLYH6SHHFK ৐઄ ৮૛॑ ण઀ં

؞&RQVWUXFWLYH6SHHFK ৏઄ ৮૛॑ ण઀ં

ܒ ੡धु &URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ पथؚৼুॳش঒ऊैସਖ॑ਭऐॊ؛

؞$WWDFN6SHHFK ध &URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ दৼুॳش঒पସਖ॑घॊ

؞'HIHQVH6SHHFK

૚५আشॳदमؚ५আشढ़شमਰৣभ૽સ॑ટञघऒधऋ਋ୄऔोऽघ؟

ْ&RQVWUXFWLYH6SHHFKقয়૛५আشॳكٓ

ْ&URVVH[DPLQDWLRQખৌགਖٓ

ْ$WWDFN6SHHFKખ૛५আشॳٓ

ْ'HIHQVH6SHHFKয়थઉख५আشॳٓ

؞ᆾ৒ડमؚ৆ੁ఼॑৷घॊऒधदनभ஘ऩଐःऒधऋକऒॊभऊؚजभ

$GYDQWDJH ॑ যڭण়ؚੑ ण઀ંखऽघ؛

؞౯৒ડदँोयؚ৆ੁ॑଑োघोयಗपनभ஘ऩபःऒधऋକऒॊभऊؚ

जभ 'LVDGYDQWDJH ॑ যڭण়ؚੑ णলखथৣऔः؛

؞৮૛भହ৥दमؚ૭ચऩ଒ॉ઒ು॑৷ःथৣऔः؛

؞ৼুॳش঒भ५আشॳदীऊैऩऊढञਡ॑ସਖखऽघ؛

؞ৼুॳش঒ऋলखञ $GYDQWDJH ऽञम 'LVDGYDQWDJH पणःथؚ਌୑

भஉುधऩॊ઒ುम୦दँॊऊનੳखऽघ؛

؞ৼুॳش঒भলखञ઒ುभସ॑ৄாीॊञीपؚସਖ॑ষःऽघ؛

؞ৼুॳش঒ऋ &RQVWUXFWLYH 6SHHFK दলखञ $GYDQWDJH ँॊःम 'LVDGYDQWDJH पৌखथખ૛खऽघ؛

؞ખ૛पउःथुؚ૭ચऩ଒ॉ઒ು॑৷ःथৣऔः؛

؞ৼুॳش঒ऋঽীञठभ $GYDQWDJH ँॊःम 'LVDGYDQWDJH पৌखथ ষढञખ૛पৌखथؚয়थઉखUHFRQVWUXFWLRQ॑ষढथৣऔः؛

؞૭ચऩ଒ॉ઒ು॑৷ःथৣऔः؛

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(4)

जभ౎भঝشঝ

౎पؚਰৣभঝشঝ॑౷ऽइथৣऔः؟

૛਻मؚ৒ଝभ૑ਏऋऩऎ఻৬৓दَؚع॑घसऌटُधःअँॊ৆ੁभชశपঢ়ॎॊ੟

॑৭॒दৣऔः؛ऽञؚ૛਻ऋ୦॑ਔ௡घॊभऊपणःथؚउ൩ःभॳش঒प୫ःୀः

ऋऩःेअपؚ૛਻॑৅਀खञ৏द಍৖॑નੳखथৣऔःق૛਻॑৭॒टযऋؚजभਔ

௕॑ੰହघॊभऋଐःदखॆअك؛

ْ୻ٓ

¼ &RUSRUDOSXQLVKPHQWLVMXVWLILDEOH৬ຌमਫਊ৲औो੭ॊ

ܒَعघॊसऌटُधःअ৆ੁपঢ়घॊ૛਻दमऩःभदਂి؛

ٳ $OOWHDFKHUVZKRKDYHSK\VLFDOO\SXQLVKHGVWXGHQWVVKRXOGEHDUUHVWHG E\SROLFH৬ຌ॑ਸइञ৸थभઇ৩म૤௄पತ఑औोॊसऌट

ܒ ୦॑नअघॊसऌऊ఻৬৓प஽सथःॊभदిਊ؛ञटखؚ৸थभઇ৩ धँॊऋؚق঩মभكनभரథभ৾ૅदभਵधघॊभऊؚનੳऋ૑ਏदघ؛

५আشढ़شमؚଖइैोञৎ৑ेॉଫऎ५আشॳ॑ીइथुଡःऽच॒ऋؚजभৃ়द

ु੐৒औोञ५আشॳৎ৑ऋ৽ૌघॊऽदઃभ५আشढ़شप୎ैङୄढथःथৣऔः؛

&URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ दमؚସਖ॑घॊযधਭऐॊযऋजोझो঳੡ङणৠऽढथःऽघ ऋؚॳش঒भଋॉभযमजभ৻਀঻पওঔऩॉؚ৵ଢऩॉदஃ੉॑खथଡःऽच॒؛

૥়ऋ઩ऽढथऊै୦২ऊँॊ૆૟ৎ৑রदमؚৼুऋ৷ਔखञ઒ುৱમ॑ৄचथुै

अऒधऋলਟऽघ؛

ಫಆୖ਻؟५আشॳभದ๰पຯोॊق໌௪भஶୁ५আشॳपેীຯोथःॊৃ়भाك

ৣप଱ऑञेअऩؚজ१شॳ॑खऩऎथुਵचॊ૛਻॑৭लؚ૆૟ৎ৑ ীங২दऒभইज़ش ঐॵॺ॑ઞःളਯ৚ಫಆखथৣऔः؛຦ऋଞ௙৓पੴढथःॊੲਾ॑઒ುधखथઞढथৣऔः

قजखथؚजभ઒ುपणःथ &URVVH[DPLQDWLRQ दਖः൵ीथৣऔःك؛

:HVKRXOGKDYHDFRQYHQLHQFHVWRUHLQRXUVFKRRO قஎञठभ৾ૅपम॥থঅॽ॑োोॊसऌटك

2XUVFKRROVKRXOGLQWURGXFHDLUFRQGLWLRQHUVLQDOOFODVVURRPVDQGDEROLVKWKH VXPPHUYDFDWLRQ৸थभઇ஼पग़॔॥থ॑োोथؚಒ೬ा॑ఀૃखेअ

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(5)

SECTION 2. ڶ ڹ ۋ ڶ ۃ ۉ ڶ ڼ ں भ ଡ ਛ /HVVRQ दमؚ৮૛भଡୗधखथਰৣभुभ॑ହ৥खऽखञ؟

ऒभଡਛਏಞमؚਈु੦ম৓द஘رऩ૛਻पૢ৷লਟॊभदघऋؚ૆૟॑घॊৎ৑ऋँॉؚे

ॉᴟഡऩ৮૛॑੿ौअधघॊ੠पमಗप౐ෞघऍथؚઞः୔ःऊुखोऽच॒؛जोदؚਰৣ

दमऒभଡୗ॑ेॉ಍ী৲खथؚ৮૛॑੿ॊಫಆ॑खऽघ؛

$GYDQWDJH$'भଡਛ

ऒोऽदप୦২ऊَؚँॊ৆ੁ॑਄ॊसऌटُधःअऒध॑ହ੭घॊञीपमؚਰৣभଡਛदਵ चयेॉ஫ॎॉृघऎऩॊधହ৥खऽखञ؟

ਠ૾दनभ஘ऩਖ਻ऋँॊऊभହ৥

n8QGHUWKHFXUUHQWVLWXDWLRQ ع n जभ৆ੁ॑਄ढञै୦ऋକऒॊभऊभହ৥

n7KHQDIWHUWKHSODQDGRSWLRQ ع n नअखथऒभਖ਻॑ੰৠघॊभऋপજऊभହ৥

n7KLVSRLQWLVLPSRUWDQWEHFDXVH ع n

ऒोै ਡमؚ৮૛पঢ়घॊ৾ਖभ૴ोभরदؚ໪୛৓पेॉຸಫऔोؚजोझो્શभ৷ୁ

ऋଖइैोथःऽघ؛ਰৣदؚ૘खถखऎହ৥खऽघ؛

⋇ 6LJQSRVW قఏ௙؞৮૛੡ك

৮૛भ੡৐ ৗୂ੶হदभৄলखपৼૢघॊ੟

⋈ 2SLQLRQ$VVHUWLRQ&ODLPق਌୑؞ਔৄك

৮૛भਏ຺॑ڭધपऽधीञ੟قৗୂ੶হदभজشॻધك

⋉ 5HDVRQLQJ૛઒

नअखथजभ਌୑ऋਛॉয়णऊؚ஺మ॑୯ढञହ৥

⋊ (YLGHQFHق઒ುك

਌୑॑ഫહऐॊ୻ؚ৵ਵؚଁੑऩन

⋋ 6LJQLILFDQFH੎ਏਙ5HOHYDQFHقঢ়৴ਙك

जभ৮૛ऋनअखथ੎ਏदؚঢ়৴ਙऋँॊभऊभହ৥

٤ ⼏⺰ߩ᭴ᚑ⏕⹺

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঱दীऊॊৢॉؚऒभইज़شঐॵॺदमਠ૾ীෲभ৏पਖ਻भ஥മਙ॑ହ৥खऽघ؛َਖ਻ऋँ

ॉؚजभੰৠमಸ૶॑ਏघॊऋؚऒभ৆ੁ॑धोयऒभ஘पੰৠघॊُधःअದ୞द஽सञ্

ऋؚेॉ஫ॎॉृघःऊैदघق౯৒ડয়૛दमؚ৏दનੳघॊेअपਖ਻भ஥മਙमਈ৏प

஽सऽघك؛ञटखऒभದ୞मؚऒअखऩऐोयऩैऩःؚधःअథभऌऽॉदमँॉऽच॒؛

ऒऒदमؚଽ๕৓ऩ )DWWD[ भ૛਻ 7KH-DSDQHVHJRYHUQPHQWVKRXOGLQWURGXFHIDWWD[

॑৷ःथ୻ંखऽघ؛)DW WD[ धमؚॖॠজ५ऩनद଑োऋਰ৐ऊै৮૛औोथःॊؚঁথং

شफ़شऩनभ࿫ᆅীभ੗ः୫स੟IDWWHQLQJIRRGपৌखथୖघؚ঳ரभ଎ાઘदघ؛ෝ௥ৌੁ

धखथؚजभਉ౤धऩॊ୫੟भ଎ા॑೪इॊऒधऋ৯৓दघ؛)DW7D[ धःअ໪୛मؚ ফ प <DOH প৾भੱ৶৾भઇ౸ऋॽগشচشॡ؞ॱॖ঒६पఞံखञ੶হपेढथઁऽॉऽखञ ऊै भઘ૨द଑োऋ৮૛औोथःऽघ؛

ऒभ )DW7D[ ॑঩মप଑োखञৃ়भ $GYDQWDJH धखथ َेॉ঩মযऋ௏೨पऩॊُध਌୑

खथाऽखॆअ؛ऽङमؚਠ૾भਖ਻भীෲपঢ়घॊ ,QKHUHQF\ धःअඨ৯दघ؛ऒभୁमَম ਟ૟ॎढथःॊ েऽोणऌோ૔घॊُधःअਔ௡भ஄ઍဨ ,QKHUHQW भ੡ဨ஄दؚऒभ৖ীद मਠ૾भலੌादमؚनअखथुਖ਻ऋেगॊधःअऒध॑ହ৥खऽघ؛

ੰৠ॑૥ाॊਖ਻धखथमؚ঩মযभ৑दमෝ௥भযऋੜइथःॊधःअऒधऋ଱ऑैोऽघ؛

੼તभ਍ःই॓ش५ॺইشॻ૲द୫হ॑घॊযऋ੗ःऒधऋؚෝ௥भੜਸभ঳౤धऩढथःॊ

धमؚᄄ෬प੉ॎोथःॊऒधदघ؛

ઃपؚजभਖ਻॑ੰৠघॊऒधऋनअखथ੎ਏऩभऊହ৥खऽघ؛ऒभඨ৯मؚ6LJQLILFDQFH धु ,PSDFW धुళयोऽघ؛੎ਏਙभ୤৓ऩହ৥धखथमؚপ຅୶஭॑ਭऐॊযभਯऋ੉఺

औोؚ)DW7D[ भৃ়मෝ௥भযऋੜइथःॊधःअਯக॑৷ਔघोयଐःदखॆअ؛ସ৓ऩହ

⋇ ,QKHUHQF\3UHVHQWVLWXDWLRQ قਠ૾भਖ਻भীෲك ਠ૾दमਖ਻ऋோ૔घॊ

৆ੁऋ଑োऔोऩःधऒभਖ਻मੰৠऔोऩः ଓଌ৓৔ઍ

⋈ 6LJQLILFDQFH,PSDFW6HULRXVQHVV ਖ਻भ੎ਏਙ؞஥മਙ जोम୤৓पनोटऐ੎ਏऩਖ਻ऊ

जोमସ৓पनोटऐ੎ਏऩਖ਻ऊ

⋉ 6ROYHQF\(IIHFW ਖ਻ऋनअ৆ੁपेढथੰৠऔोॊभऊق৅েૌஙك ৆ੁमৰষदऌॊभऊIHDVLELOLW\

৆ੁऋৰষदऌञधखथؚਖ਻॑ੰৠदऌॊभऊZRUNDELOLW\

ٮजोझोभਏಞभ੡৐पमؚ૗ரऋँॉऽघ؛௧୅৷ୁपஷॉ৚औोङؚजोझोऋ਀खथःॊ

໪୛ঽ৬॑৶ੰघॊेअੱऋऐथৣऔः؛

٤ #FXCPVCIG#&ߩ⹦⚦ߥ᭴ᚑ

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⋇ ଑োखञः৆ੁभହ৥

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⋈ ੰৠखञःਖ਻भହ৥ >ਠ૾ীෲSUHVHQWVLWXDWLRQ@

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⋉ जभ৆ੁदؚनअਖ਻ऊੰৠघॊऊभହ৥ >৅েૌஙSURFHVV@

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⋊ जभਖ਻ੰৠदেगॊওজॵॺभ੎ਏਙ >੎ਏਙVLJQLILFDQFH@

৥धखथमؚෝ௥दँॊऒधऋৈഷಓृੱට୰धःअ୰ਞपणऩऋॊध੉इऽघق୰ਞपऩॊ

ऒधमೂऐॊसऌटؚधःअ੼க௴॑৐઀खथःऽघك؛ਰ঱पेढथؚਠ૾दमਖ਻ऋँॉؚ

जभੰৠमधथु੎ਏदँॊधହ৥दऌऽघ؛

ઃपؚ௧୅৷ୁदम 6ROYHQF\ ऽञम (IIHFW धళयोॊؚৰ੠पनअजभਖ਻ऋ৆ੁपेढथ

ੰৠऔोॊभऊभହ৥दघ؛ऽङमؚমਊपऒभ৆ੁऋৰষ૭ચऩभऊभହ৥दघَৰষदऌ

ॊُधःअ஄ઍဨؚIHDVLEOH ॑੡ဨ஄पखञ IHDVLELOLW\ धःअ৷ୁऋଖइैोथःऽघ؛ই॓

ش५ॺইشॻ૲भૹષपୖઘ॑घॊؚधःअभमऔऺन୔खऎऩःदखॆअऋؚ୻इय౎पَ৵

৾ૅदஶୁ॑૑ఊ৲घॊُधःअਯফ৐पेऎඞॎोञ૛਻दमؚनअृढथஶୁઇ৩भਯध ସ॑⑫इॊभऊؚधःअਡद૥়पउःथ णभଥਡपऩॉऽखञ؛

ऒभ 6ROYHQF\ भ ण৯भਏಞधखथमؚनअ৆ੁऋਖ਻॑ੰৠघॊभऊभହ৥ऋँॉऽघ؛

ऒभହ৥मَؚقੑ઺ऩनऋك঱ুऎ௮ऎُध੉अਔ௡भ ZRUNDEOH धःअ஄ઍဨ॑੡ဨपखञؚ

:RUNDELOLW\ धళयोऽघ؛)DW7D[ भ৮૛दमَؚৗखःઘসपेॉ੼તऋ঱ಊघॊ੥ટؚয ऋँऽॉই॓ش५ॺইشॻ૲द୫হ॑खऩऎऩॉؚ৑୫ऋ੖ॊऊेॉ௏೨৓ऩ୫स੟॑धॊ৷ पऩॊష੥धखथؚेॉ௏೨৓पऩॊُध૛઒घॊऒधपऩॉऽघ؛

ਈ଩଒ऒोटऐীऊोयેীऩੴ௙

঱दถ಍पହ৥खञ $GYDQWDJH दघऋؚँऽॉ಍৖पऒटॎैङؚधॉँइङमَ୦ऊ॑घॊसऌ टُधःअ৔ઍभ५আشॳ॑घॊधऌपमؚਰৣभଡਛदਵचय஫ॎॉृघऎऩॊؚधःअங২भ

৶ੰदଡःऽच॒؛

/HVVRQ द଑োखञَ਑സ॑ఀૃघॊसऌटُधःअ૛਻भ५আشॳ॑ઓःলखथৣऔःقਰৣपؚ

ेॉଡਛऋীऊॉಔऎऩॊेअછऌ੝ीञुभ॑ൗचऽखञك؛঱भ ਏಞऋؚजोझोनऒदହ৥

औोथःॊऊؚഭा਄ढथৣऔः؛

٤ ᡽╷ዉ౉ߩᤚ㕖ߦ㑐ߔࠆ┙⺰ࠬࡇ࡯࠴ߩ᭴ᚑ

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ऒभધฆଡਛ॑નੳघॊञीपؚुअ૘खಫಆਖ਻॑ੰःथाऽखॆअ؛

ధस౹इਖ਻

ਰৣभધؚ॑ਔ௡ऋৢगॊेअपధस౹इथৣऔः؛

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ڰ ಳऐथःॊਏಞർख

৮૛भଡਛपणःथभੴ௙ऋँोयؚ৮૛भൠਡ॑ेॉ৓નपཔ඼दऌॊेअपऩॉऽघ؛ਰ

ৣभ ધदऽधीैोञ৮૛भਖ਻ਡؚ॑঱दହ৥औोञ $GYDQWDJH भਏಞपି৯खथઅइ थৣऔःق௦इभ૭ચਙम૮ਯपँॉऽघك؛

⋇ ःणऊਟॊऊुखोऩः৉ૉਗে୵৬भ෶వ॑୫ःૃीॊञीपؚব৴मয஑ট঎

ॵॺௗஓ॑৫৅घॊसऌट؛

⋈ றभะ๏प૟इॊञीपؚ঩মुறௗஓ॑৳થघॊसऌट؛

⋉ ঽবभધ৲॑ेॉ॒৾दुैअञीपؚৈૅেभ਑സमା੟पखेअ؛

⋊ ঽবभધ৲॑ेॉ॒৾दुैअञीपؚৈૅभ৬୘भ౸঵दम੓৕ु໐੊ऊฑ੊॑

खथुैउअ؛

⋋ ৢ৾؞ৢඐরपਗ਼੤ऋ೴॒द௚ఝ।ش঒ਃदฉसऩःযभञीपؚள੊ভ঺म।ش

঒௧৷੤૏॑଑োघॊसऌट؛

⋌ ੬ਙऋၮခप৑ୀॎोऩःेअपؚ੬ਙ௧৷੤૏॑଑োघॊसऌट؛

⋍ ৈૅ৙ૉ॑घॊেെमಫಆद໸ोथःॊभदؚ౸঵রप๻थुखॆअऋऩः؛

⋎ ৈૅ৙ૉ॑घॊেെमउखूो॑घॊৎ৑ऋँोयಞஷॉ॑घॊसऌऩभदؚೀै

ऋऽॅห॑ତइॊऒध॑రૃखेअ؛

⋏ ঩মभযऋ຦ؚ௹ऊऩেણ॑ଛोॊेअؚ൐া ਐ৞भஔહস॑বড়पଖइेअ؛

⋐ ബຑभ஠ਃप⎯खथःॊ঍ॵय़ঙॡॢঐभেଙ௺॑ஹॊञीؚഐඬभਝ৒ആ২म ২पखेअ؛

SECTION 3. ᆾ ৒ ડ য় ૛ ୻ ঩ ম ୁ

঱दનੳखञ $GYDQWDJH$'भଡਛ॑ල౐पનੳলਟॊेअपؚ঩মୁॹॕঋشॺभਉံ॑৷ ਔखऽखञഭाఄयखथଡःऽच॒؛ஶୁदभ୻ुਢऌऽघ؛ਰৣमؚ ফ২भঢ়ূൖਦ ௭৉યর৾؞ৈૅ௘਋পভق઒ುਬ৷भ૑ਏऋऩः৖୅كदર৤खञؚ௹ਣળ੓৕৾ୱৈૅभ ॳش঒ऋ৷ਔखञ५আشॳਉံदघ؛૛਻मઃभৢॉदघ؟

َ঩মमஒ૘ফभ஥ఽਗল॑రૃघसऌ؛ชऊశऊُ

ाऩऔؚ॒ऒ॒पठम؛எञठᆾ৒ડमؚஒ૘ফभ஥ఽਗল॑రૃघॊऒधदؚ৕नुभశষ

॑ଆऍؚऽञ਍৸ऩेढथَؚ঩মमஒ૘ফभ஥ఽਗল॑రૃघॊसऌऊُधःअ૛਻पৌखؚ

ᆾ৒भয়ৃ॑धॉऽघ؛

ᆾ৒ડয়૛

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(10)

উছথ॑ହ৥खऽघ؛উছথमؚઃभ ਡदघ؛

ஒ૘ফधमؚ ୃ౞௥भ঻धघॊ؛

஥ఽधमؚ ৎऊैโ঩ ৎऽदधघॊ؛

৳૧঻मਗলऔचऩः౑ৡଝਜ॑଀अ؛

৳૧঻ਰਗभਛযऋ৴ोলखञৃ়पमؚ ਐ৞ਰৣभຌসप૪घॊ

گभ৳૧঻भ౑ৡଝਜधमؚ୰੹पষऎৃ়ऩन્ؚશभহੲऋऩः଒ॉؚ৳૧঻मਗলऔच ऩःेअ౑ৡऋ஦ऽोॊؚधःअ৔ઍदघ؛

ऒभᆾ৒ડभ৆ੁ॑଑োघॊऒधदؚڮणभॹওজॵॺऋেगऽघ؛

ٹ ওজॵॺ ؟َ৕नुभశষଆૃُ

঳ण৯भওজॵॺमَؚ৕नुभశষଆૃُदघ؛৆ੁऋ଑োऔोॊधؚ৕नुभశষ॑ଆए ऒधऋदऌॊधஎञठमઅइऽघ؛ऒभওজॵॺؚ॑ਰৣभ ਡपীऐथହ৥खऽघ؛

ڶ ਠ૾भীෲ

ਠ૾भਖ਻ؚ॑ ਡऊैହ৥खऽघ؛

⋇ ஥ఽभ㡢៺मశষ॑ஃশघॊ

஥ఽदमপযभ৯ऋষऌඍऊङؚजोपेॉ঩রदँोय୔खःೄಬ౗ऋؚઍಔप૭ચपऩढ थखऽःऽघ؛

৻਀৓ऩೄಬ౗पमؚऽङଭॉ੟भჅ൯ऋँॉऽघ؛ঽૡ੤ृؚड़شॺংॖभ൯୔मؚ঩রद

ँोयযभ৯ऋँॉ೪਑औोऽघ؛ৈૅেऋਯযૐऽॉؚၴऊभঽૡ੤भჶ॑ःगढथःोयؚ

૑ङၴऊऋৢਾखञॉؚଢ॑ऊऐॊदखॆअ؛

खऊखؚఽরदँोयؚ๺୽ৃधःढञৃਚपૃीैोथःॊঽૡ੤पਯী৑धनऽॉؚ୦ै

ऊभ્໰ऩ্১॑ઞःؚჶ॑ऒग৫ऐॊऒधऋઍಔपऩॉऽघ؛ऽङؚৢॉऋऊढथजो॑৯ पघॊযम૘ऩऎؚजखथৢॉऋऊढञधखथुؚพᆥभचःद఻৬৓प୦॑खथःॊभऊী

ऊॉ୔ःभदघ؛जखथؚীऊढञधखथुؚ౎भৢষযऋ૘ऩऎؚ଄঻धઠ૛पऩढञৃ়

ਸિखथऎोॊযऋ૘ऩःఽ৑दमؚଢ॑ऊऐॊযमऺध॒नःऩःदखॆअ؛

ೄಬ౗भશभ୻धखथؚධඣधཹ໛ऋँॉऽघ؛ଭॉ੟भჅ൯ध৊஘पؚপযभ৯ऋষऌඍऊ ऩः஥ఽदमؚৈૅেऩनऋൎ৑৔दૐऽॉؚධඣृཹ໛॑ষअऒधऋ૭ચपऩढथखऽःऽ घ؛

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⋈ ਛযपेॊ஥ఽभ৴ोटख

౞ਛফऋजुजु஥ఽपলనऎਉ౤धखथؚপযपාॎोؚ৴ोলऔोॊऒधऋँॉऽघ؛

ऽङؚৈૅभ੔྇ऩनपళलলऔोॊৃ়ऋँॉऽघ؛੪৖ણभ੔྇ऩनपళयोؚൎ৑৔द

ਁୱऩनपૐऽॊऒधदؚ঩রदमলਟऩऊढञశষষನऋؚૐ੮ੱ৶दলਟॊेअपऩढथ खऽःऽघ؛

ৢଞदँोयؚञःथःभ৕नुमཹ໛ृධඣ॑ষॎऩःदखॆअ؛खऊखؚ৕नुऋؚ৾ૅ

ृ੔྇ृਛযखञ੔྇पघघीैोोयؚ૵ॊऒधमઍಔदमँॉऽच॒؛஥ఽधःअశ঩ଞ ਙुँॉؚ৕नुम൤஺मষॎऩःदँौअऒधुؚൎ৑৔दँोयؚઍಔपನखइऽघ؛

ਸइथؚ ୃਰ঱दँोय൤ৢ ୽भඊಅभ਄੭ऋ૭ચदँॉؚপযपेॊংॖॡ॑৷ःञ ച௒ষನप౞ਛফऋාॎोؚਸॎॊऒधऋ૭ચपऩढथःऽघ؛

ऽञؚःॎॅॊলভः௺१ॖॺऩनदੴॉ়ढञৼুऩनधؚ౞ਛফऋ஥ఽऽदฉलనऎৃ়

ऋँॉऽघ؛౞ਛফभਙ଺૩मؚेॉয৯भऩः஥ఽदँोयँॊऺनؚ஠૫पऩॉऽघ؛

⋉ ਠ૾भ਄ॉഁऽॉमਂેী

ਠ૾दुऒभਖ਻ऋੳ௙औोथउॉؚ૤௄ृଓ଑৩पेढथଓ଑ऋষॎोथःऽघऋؚຌಋऋ ൠःञीఽ৑भলనऌ॑ଆएपඹढथःऽच॒؛

৳૧঻ਰਗभਛযऋ౞ਛফ॑৴ो৚खؚଓ଑॑ਭऐञৃ়ؚ୦ऋउऒॊदखॆअऊ؛ੇप৕न

ुमషऔोؚ૤௄॑ৢगथ৾ૅपुৢੴऔोथखऽःऽघऋؚजोਰ঱भऒधमँॉऽच॒؛

৴ो৚खञপযपৌखथؚຌಋऋँॉऽच॒؛

૰୚ிભभँॊमङभ஡ऋؚ৕नुभলనऌ༷॑ੳखथःॊৃ়ؚजभপযपेॊ৴ो৚ख॑

ଆएऒधऋলਟऽच॒؛৕नुमऽञؚ஥ఽभ㡢៺॑ਢऐॊदखॆअ؛

ਰ঱भৢॉؚপযपेॊ஥ఽभ౞ਛফभ৴ो৚खधःअؚೄಬ౗ؚశষؚजखथਙ଺૩भആ෫ पৌखथؚથ஍ऩৌੁऋਠ૾दमँॉऽच॒؛

ڷ ৆ੁ଑োद୦ऋ૗ॎॊऊ

जोदमઃपؚ৆ੁ॑଑োखञৃ়ؚ୦ऋକऒॊदखॆअऊ؛

ਛযऋ౞ਛফध஥ఽলనःथःञৃ়ؚजभਛযम ਐ৞भຌসधऩॉऽघ؛ऒोपेॉؚ

ਛযभ৴ो৚खऋ೪ૃऔोؚ౞ਛফभ஥ఽभ㡢៺ऋ੖૘घॊधઅइैोऽघ؛

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ڸ ஥മਙ

जोदमਈ৏पؚनअखथَপযपेॊ஥ఽभ౞ਛফ৴ो৚खُ॑ଆएऒधऋপજऊؚ஽सऔ चथຘऌऽघ؛

পযपेॊ౞ਛফभ৴ो৚खमؚ੔ऺन஽सञधउॉؚૐ੮ੱ৶ऊैभධඣ؞ཹ໛धःढञశ ষؚजखथଭॉ੟भჅ൯॑ஃশखऽघ؛ংॖॡ॑৷ःञച௒ষನपਸॎोयؚઐৢহ௛पရअ

஠૫ਙऋँॉऽघ؛ऽञؚ஥ఽभ㡢៺मਙ଺૩॑ഃऌऽघ؛ऒोै॑ଆएञीभ৆ੁ॑଑োघ

ॊऒधमؚਖ਼૵ৡधிભચৡऋਂଌखञ౞ਛফपৌखथभؚ঺ভभிભदँॊध੉इऽघ؛

ਰ঱दؚ णीभওজॵॺभହ৥॑ીइऽघ؛

ٹ ওজॵॺ ؟َಯऊऩક୭୆ُ

ण৯भওজॵॺमَؚಯऊऩક୭୆ُदघ؛

৆ੁऋ଑োऔोॊधؚ஥ఽभ౞ਛফभ㡢៺ऋ੖૘खؚजभ੥ટधखथेॉಯऊऩક୭୆ऋஹै

ोऽघ؛

ڶ ਠ૾ীෲ

ऽङਠ૾दमؚ౞ਛফऋఽ৑पলనऌؚ॥থঅॽग़থ५५ॺؚ॔ਁୱऩनद๱ःदःॊऒधद

๱ఠ଺૩ऋକऌथःऽघ؛౞ਛফऋؚপଢदਵखञॉؚংॖॡ॑ଭॉ৚खञॉघॊ੥ટؚહ੺

भકড়भಯऊऩఽऋ࿉ऑैोथःऽघ؛

ڷ ৆ੁ଑োद୦ऋ૗ॎॊऊ

஥ఽभলనऌ॑రૃघोयؚ੔ऺनওজॵॺڭद஽सञலੌादؚஒ૘ফभ஥ఽ㡢៺ऋ੖૘ख ऽघ؛जभ੥ટؚೀैभলघ๱ఠ଺૩ु੖૘खऽघ؛

& नोटऐऒभਖ਻ऋ஥മऊ

ఽ৑पಯऊऩৎ৑॑ૌओखؚऽञᄨ༒॑਄ॊऒधमؚ੎ਏऩেણ঱भਥਹदँॊधઅइैोऽ घ؛ऒभਠ૾दमؚેীपஹैोथःऩःਥਹऋؚউছথपेॉஹैोऽघ؛ेढथؚऒभও জॵॺम੎ਏदँॊधઅइैोऽघ؛

ਰ঱दؚᆾ৒ડभয়૛॑ીइऽघ؛ँॉऋधअओकःऽखञ؛

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SECTION 4. ᆾ ৒ ડ য় ૛ ୻ ஶ ୁ

ઃपৄॊभमؚ෡દৈૅஶୁॹॕঋشॺ৖ऋ ফ২भৈૅে৸বপভ৷प੿ਛखञয়૛५ আشॳ୻दघ؛૛਻मؚ/HVVRQ दඡोञَਛযফೡ॑ ୃपਬऌৣऑॊसऌटقञटखධ ඣཹ໛मਠ૾भऽऽكُधःअुभदघقਊৎमਛযফೡਬऌৣऑमؚৰ઱஺మਰ৐दखञك؛

५আشॳभী୤मؚ৸বপভभঝشঝदૠ৒औोथःॊ ীഛ২दીॎॊेअप৹ତऔोथः

ऽघ؛ऽञؚ$GYDQWDJH म णटऐହ৥औोथःऽघ؛ਉံभইज़شঐॵॺम൤ৢभছॖॸॕ

থॢद਋ୄऔोथःॊुभधम౮ऩॉؚ५আشॳघॊ঱दഭाಔः஘पষ॑૗इञॉॖথॹথ ॺ॑ੵ୏खथःऽघق૥়दઞढञਉံपमؚऔैपዓ୾ঌথऩनभછऌਸइऋँॉऽघك؛

ઇ৩भুपುैङؚেെঽମऋ઒ು॑ർखथછःञ५আشॳऩभदقਊৎؚৈૅ ফেभ৵৙

ऎ॒ऋ૿ਊखऽखञكؚ૑ङखुଐःउুমधम੉इऩःऊुखोऽच॒ऋؚ঱दହ৥औोञ

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SECTION 5. $'9$17$*( ॑ ੿ ॊ

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জ१شॳभ૑ਏऩ૛਻द $GYDQWDJH ॑੿ॊ

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পऽऊऩ৔ઍऋତ৶दऌञैؚઃमन॒ऩ઒ುऋँोयेॉହ੭ৡ॑ੜघ५আشॳधऩॊऊؚ

અइऽघ؛঱भ णभ૛਻मजोझोؚ୦ऊखैজ१شॳ॑ষःؚ઒ು॑৷ਔघॊ૑ਏऋँॉ

ऽघ؛௕છைपষढथ৹स੟॑ষअ৐पؚপऽऊऩ৮૛भ৔ઍध૑ਏधऩॊ઒ುभਫ਼ୈ॑णऐ थउऐयؚेॉ஍૨৓पজ१شॳ॑घॊऒधऋলਟऽघ؛जभজ१شॳभ৐஺మभ੿঵धઓढ थৣऔः؛ৱમु৷ਔखञैؚਢऎঌش४भইज़شঐॵॺ॑ઞढथછऌ઩ीथाऽखॆअ؛

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੶॑ഭ॒दનੳखथৣऔः؛

છऌીइञैؚऒोऽदৢॉ৅਀खथाऽखॆअ؛ৎ৑भ౟ඥऋँ

ोयؚସਖध৔ઍभਏ৺ुखथाथৣऔः؛

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(IIHFW7KHQZKDWZLOOKDSSHQLIZHWDNHWKLVSODQ"

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,PSRUWDQFH6HULRXVQHVV7KLVLV>LPSRUWDQWVHULRXV@EHFDXVH

ޣχ⢐ቯ஥ߪߘߩ໧㗴⸃᳿߇ߤ߁㊀ⷐߢ޽ࠆ߆ࠍޔุቯ஥ߪߘߩ⃻⁁ߩ⦟ߐࠍᄬ߁ߩ߇ߤ߁ᷓೞߥ੐ᘒ߆⺑᣿ߒ߹ߔޤ

7KHUHIRUHZH>VKRXOGVKRXOGQRW@WDNHWKLVSODQ

ޣ⢐ቯ࡮ุቯ ੱ⋡ߩ႐วޤ

1H[WP\SDUWQHULVJRLQJWRH[SODLQRXUVHFRQG>DGYDQWDJHGLVDGYDQWDJH@

ޣ⢐ቯ࡮ุቯ ੱ⋡ߩ႐วޤ

7KLVLVWKHHQGRIRXUFRQVWUXFWLYHVSHHFK7KDQN\RX

ْ ੱߩࠬࡇ࡯ࠞ࡯ߪޔ ੱ⋡ߩࠬࡇ࡯࠴߇⚳ࠊߞߚࠄޔ೨⟎߈ࠍ౉ࠇߕߦߔߋ ߟ⋡ߩ

#FXCPVCIG ߹ߚߪ &KUCFXCPVCIG ߩ⺑᣿ߦ౉ߞߡਅߐ޿ޤ

&ODVV 1DPH

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Contents:

Lesson 1.

Policy Debate (2)

Negative Constructive Speech

6HFWLRQ'LVDGYDQWDJH भଡୗ

6HFWLRQ ౯৒ડয়૛୻ ঩মୁ

6HFWLRQ ౯৒ડয়૛୻ ஶୁ

6HFWLRQ'LVDGYDQWDJH ॑੿ॊ

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(22)

SECTION 1. ',6$'9$17$*( भ ଡ ਛ

ॹॕঋشॺभ૥়पउःथ౯৒ડमؚਠ૾भऽऽऋଐऎؚᆾ৒ડभ઀๼घॊ৆ੁ॑਄ोयؚ୦

ैऊभৗखःਖ਻ऋেगॊऊؚ০ใपோ૔घॊਖ਻ऋப৲घॊधःअ५ॱথ५दਅःऽघ؛ऒ भ َ ਠ ૾ भ ऽ ऽ ऋ े ः ُ ध ः अ ੦ ম ଍ ॑ ౷ ऽ इ थ ؚ ౯ ৒ ડ ऋ ৮ ૛ ध ख थ ઀ ં घ ॊ 'LVDGYDQWDJH'$पमؚਰৣभଡਛऋँॊुभध਋ୄऔोथःऽघ؛

ऒऒदमؚड़ش५ॺছজ॔ृॠজ३কदम଑োऔोथःॊؚ਺௠भଝਜ৲॑୻प਄ॉੰହखऽ घ؛ड़ش५ॺছজ॔दमؚਘ਑਺௠FRPSXOVRU\ YRWLQJऋ଑োऔोथउॉؚপऽऊप੉इय

਺௠॑खऩऐोय ਐ৞ங২भຌস੍॑௸ॎऩऐोयऩॉऽच॒؛जभ੥ટुँॉؚব৆৭଱

भ਺௠૨म ٫ங২पऩढथःऽघ؛ऒभਘ਑਺௠॑঩মद଑োघॊसऌटؚधःअউছথप

ৌखथ 'LVDGYDQWDJH ॑અइथाऽखॆअ؛

અइैोॊ 'LVDGYDQWDJH धखथؚੴ੡২ऋৈःटऐदચৡपઑਖभँॊ౜ଓ঻FHOHEULW\

FDQGLGDWHऋ৭योृघऎऩॊؚधःअೃ୛ऋँॉऽघ؛০ऽद਺௠खथऒऩऊढञযऋؚຌ

স॑௸ःञऎऩःऋನपిਊप౜ଓ঻॑৭वेअपऩॉؚजभ੥ટমਊम஀ऽखऎऩःযऋਊ ৭खथखऽअऊुखोऽच॒؛ऒभೃ୛ؚ॑঱भଡਛप૳धख੢॒दाऽखॆअ؛

⋇ 8QLTXHQHVV3UHVHQWVLWXDWLRQ ਠ૾दਖ਻ऋକऌथःऩःનੳ

؞ਠ૾दमਖ਻ऋோ૔खथःऩः

ऽञम

؞ਖ਻ऋँॊऋؚजोमਈ଩଒ಅઍदऌॊங২दँॊ

⋈ /LQN(IIHFW ৆ੁऋ଑োऔोॊधनअਖ਻ऋেगॊऊभହ৥

؞ ৆ੁपेढथؚनअৗखःਖ਻ऋেगॊभऊ ऽञम

؞ ৆ੁपेॉؚघदपோ૔खथःञਖ਻ऋनअ஥മ৲घॊऊ

⋉ 6LJQLILFDQFH,PSDFW6HULRXVQHVV ਖ਻भ੎ਏਙ؞஥മਙ ୤৓पनोटऐ੎ਏऩਖ਻ऊ

ସ৓पनोटऐ੎ਏऩਖ਻ऊ ٤ &KUCFXCPVCIG&#ߩ᭴ᚑ

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(23)

ऽङमؚਠ૾ীෲपঢ়घॊ 8QLTXHQHVV दघ؛ऒभඨ৯दमَؚऒोऊैંघਖ਻मؚ౎भਏ౤

दमऩऎؚᆾ৒ડभ઀ંघॊউছথपेढथঘॽشॡपেगॊُधःअਡभয়઒॑ষःऽघ؛

ँॊःमؚजभਖ਻मਠ૔दुோ૔घॊधੳीञ঱दَؚᆾ৒ડभ৆ੁ॑଑োघोयऒज્શपؚ

जभਖ਻मப৲खथखऽअُधःअହ৥खऽघ؛

਺௠भਘ਑৲द੉इयؚਠ૔म৆੘प௪௡॑੅ढथःऩऊढञॉ્ؚ৒भ੍੅घॊ౜ଓ঻ऋः

ऩःযमؚ਺௠॑खथःऽच॒؛ेऎઅइؚ৆੘पणःथঢ়ੱभৈःযटऐऋ௠॑਺गؚजभ

੥ટਈిऩযऋ৭଱दਊ৭खथःॊध੉इऽघ؛َిਊप৭योञ౜ଓ঻ऋਊ৭घॊُधःअহ ଙमକऌथःऽच॒قँॊःमؚजभेअपਊ৭खथःॊযमओऎ૘ਯटؚधु਌୑লਟऽघك؛

ઃपؚউছথऋ଑োऔोॊऒधदनअਖ਻ऋ৅েघॊभऊभହ৥दघ؛ऒभউছথ଑োपेॊ

૗৲भૌஙभହ৥॑੐घ੉୴धखथؚ6ROYHQF\ धःअ৷ୁऋઞॎोथःऽखञ؛$GYDQWDJH मؚणऽॉमਖ਻॑ੰৠघॊலੌाभହ৥दँॉؚVROYH धःअ৿ဨऊैୣেखञ 6ROYHQF\ ध

ःअऒभ৷ୁ॑৷ःऽघقुठौؚ॒ୂऌুपীऊढथुैइॊभदँोयؚ౎भ৷ୁ॑ઞढ थुଡःऽच॒ك؛

जभ঳্द 'LVDGYDQWDJH दमؚ৆ੁभ଑োऋनअਖ਻भ৅েप੥लणऎऊ॑ହ৥घॊञीؚ

/LQN धःअશभ৷ୁऋ৷ਔऔोथःऽघقَউছথपेॊ஍ટभହ৥ُधःअऒधदؚ(IIHFW धःअୁ॑ુৢखथઞअऒधुলਟऽघك؛

਺௠ଝਜ৲भ૛਻पರोयؚଝਜ৲औोञधःढथؚ఍ேऒोऽद৆੘प૮ঢ়ੱटढञযऋ౜

ଓ঻पणःथো୛प৹सञॉؚ঺ভਖ਻पणःथ౟ၿभৎ৑॑ાृखथ৾ल઩ीॊधमઓइऽ च॒؛ຌস॑௸ःञऎऩःभदؚೊചऩ਀ਠ॑ઞइयَ०঑॑লखपষऎ૎ಁदُ਺௠॑खथ खऽअऊुखोऽच॒؛जभ੥ટؚ౐पੴ੡২भৈःटऐभ౜ଓ঻ऋ৭योथखऽअऊुखो

ऽच॒؛

6LJQLILFDQFH पउःथमؚ੔ऺनभ $GYDQWDJH दभजोध৊஘पؚऒभَੴ੡২ऋৈःटऐद ৱସपಳऐञ౜ଓ঻ऋ৭योॊُधःअਖ਻ऋؚ୤৓पजखथସ৓पनोटऐ஥മऩਖ਻दँ

ॊभऊହ৥॑घॊऒधपऩॉऽघ؛

ಳऐथःॊਏಞർख

$GYDQWDJH भହ৥दষढञभध৊஘पؚਰৣभ ધदऽधीैोञ 'LVDGYDQWDJH भਖ਻ਡ॑

੐తखथৣऔःق௦इभ૭ચਙम૮ਯपँॉऽघك؛

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(24)

⋇ ॠকথঈঝর෼पऩॊযऋলॊभदؚূ਎पढ़४ঀ॑੿ॊसऌदमऩः؛

⋈ ੇఔधभভਵभৎ৑ऋ੖ॊभदؚ৕नुप௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑੅ञचॊसऌदमऩः؛

⋉ েെऋ౸঵॑ୂऊऩऎऩॊभदؚஶୁभ౸঵दਮ๨॑ଦഘघॊऒधपमખৌदघ؛

⋊ ওॱ঎पऩॊযऋੜइथखऽअभदؚஎञठभඌभૹ૲ඌपই॓ش५ॺইشॻ૲ऋ লਟॊऒधपमખৌदघ؛

⋋ ਼ੀदକऌथःॊ෺ଥ॑ஃশखऊबऩःभदؚ঩ম৆ਿम૱ஓभୟল॑రगञَ૱

ஓୟল ਉಋُभ೹ਮ॑घॊसऌदमऩः؛

SECTION 2. ౯ ৒ ડ য় ૛ ୻ ঩ ম ୁ

ஶୁदभ౯৒ડয়૛୻॑ഭि৐पؚऽङ঩মୁभਉံ॑ഭ॒दाऽखॆअ؛০২म઒ುਬ৷॑

அ॒ट५আشॳ୻दघ؛૛਻मਰৣभৢॉदघ؟

َ঩ম৆ਿमؚ৵র৾েऋ௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑ਚથघॊऒध॑రૃघॊसऌदँॊُ

ाऩऔؚ॒ऒ॒पठम؛எञठ౯৒ડमؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵम৕नुऋ਍৸दؚ೶ਹऩেણ॑ଛॊ঱द ಳऊचऩः੊఻टधઅइऽघ؛ेढथَؚ৵র৾েभ௚ఝਚથ॑రगॊऊ౯ऊُधःअ૛਻प

ৌखؚ౯৒भয়ৃ॑धॉऽघ؛

ᆾ৒ડभ৆ੁ॑଑োघॊऒधदؚڮणभॹওজॵॺऋেगऽघ؛

ٹ ॹওজॵॺ ؟َ৕नुभ਍৸ਙभ଩ৣُ

ڭण৯भॹওজॵॺमَؚ৕नुभ਍৸ਙभ଩ৣُदघ؛৆ੁऋ଑োऔोॊधؚ৕नुऋಬ౗

पेॉရःृघऎऩॊधஎञठमઅइऽघ؛ऒभॹওজॵॺ॑ਰৣभਡपীऐथହ৥खऽघ؛

ڶ ਠ૾भীෲ

؞ऽङਠ૾दؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑੅णऒधदؚ৵র৾েमಬ౗଺૩ऊैஹैोथःऽघ؛௚ఝਗ਼ਵद ష୧ৎ৑॑৴൪खञॉؚᄄ෬पੇఔधृॉधॉ॑खथःोयؚ୦ऊँढञৃ়ੇఔऋ౮૗प ਞतःथऎोऽघ؛ऽञؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑੅ढथःोयؚಬ౗଺૩पရढञৃ়ؚஃऐ॑੷ीॊ

ऒधऋ૭ચपऩॉऽघ؛

౯৒ડয়૛

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(25)

ْ઒ು ٓ ফपؚబಐद੓৕র৾েऋ৪ௗप৴ो৚औोञহ੯ऋँॉऽखञ؛

૘੓म௚ఝਗ਼ਵद௵যपஃऐ॑੷ीؚ૤௄प৳૧औोऽखञ؛

ᅻૉৗਾؚ ফ া ঩भ੶হ॑ਬ৷खऽघ؛

َِஃऐथّص؛णऩऍढଣखभ௚ఝਗ਼ਵऊैؚৎീ૘੓भ࿍लଢऋ஭ःञ؛಴ढथ ਟॊ৪ௗभ௅पؚِਟञّध੉ढथमভਵमಥજोॊ؛௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑ඛघफ़१फ़१ध खञහఠ؛૘੓धभञढञ঳णभமਡ॑જैघऽःधؚ૘੓भ௵যञठमॎङऊऩ

੟ఠपुઋ৽॑धऋैचञ؛হभ੎পऔपਞહःञ௵যैमؚ૘੓भ஡ఔैपुஃ ऐ॑੷ीؚ੕િ৺ેযदబಐ౧पฌऐ੢॒टُ

ਬ৷॑ીइऽघ؛

؞ऒभ஘ऩ৵র৾েभಬ౗଺૩मؚబಐटऐभਖ਻दमँॉऽच॒؛

ْ઒ು ٓ঩ম৽ੋৗୂभ१ॖॺؚ%31HW ७ॖইॸॕ४কঃথभؚ ফ াभ

੶হऊैਬ৷॑ষःऽघ؟

આ০ؚ৕नु॑੅ण஡भਂ਍્॑पऊऌয়थथःॊभमؚহ੯भ੯ਯदमऩऎَ჊

பऩহ੯ृଆऍेअभऩःহ੯ऋ৯য়णेअपऩढथऌञऒधُधؚ৕नुभ஠૫

৚ೂଢ଼஢ਚभਚশदँॊ૯൰ઌ৶੽मୁॊ؛धॉॎऐؚମ৻সदमऩऎਙ৓ऩःञ ङै॑৯৓पखञറ਄ृාᄟऋ৯पહऎ؛

ਬ৷॑ીइऽघ؛

ق૯൰औ॒मؚ132َ৕नुभ஠ਃ৚ೂଢ଼஢ਚُभਚশदؚ৕नुभ਍৸पঢ়घॊཟ

᎝؞ଢ଼஢ણ৿पజহऔोथःऽघك

؞ऒभ஘ऩؚ৕नु్॑ढञ৴ो৚खृාᄟमؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵपेढथଆऑॊध੉ॎोथःऽघ؛

ْ઒ು ٓഭਲ਼ৗୂؚ ফ া ঩भ੶হऊैਬ৷॑ষःऽघ؟

ଆಬॶشঝधखथ௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑੅ञचॊ஡ुःॊ؛௚ఝਗ਼ਵ૚঺भय़ॵ६ॣشॱॖ

मؚଆಬঈ२ش॑ಎ૟घॊऩनؚ৕୹भ७य़গজॸॕৌੁु੎ଳखथःॊ؛ञधइ

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(26)

यਈৗਃரदमଆಬঈ२ش॑౒घटऐदؚ஡षঽ৿৓पৢਵघॊؚਜ਼઼ੲਾ॑ঽ৿

৓पওشঝघॊधःढञਃચऋँॊ؛ਗ਼੤दৢ৾घॊ৕୹॑੅ण஡पधढथमؚ௚

ఝਗ਼ਵमଆಬॶشঝधखथु੎ਏटध੉इॊटौअ؛

ਬ৷॑ીइऽघ؛

؞ऽञؚ଺૩पရढञৃ়भಬযತ఑पणऩऋॊဌசऩৢਾुؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑৷ःोय૭ચदघ؛

ْ઒ು ٓ૤ଳૂपेॊधؚ਴ਛ ফपਭऐञ ୞ৢਾमؚ৺ ਐ੯दؚजभ अठ ਐ੯ؚणऽॉ ঃش७থॺऋ௚ఝਗ਼ਵऊैदघ؛

ਰ঱भৢॉؚਠ૾दؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵम৕नु॑ஹॊ঱दभ੎ਏऩॶشঝधऩढथःऽघ؛

؞ৰ੠ؚ৕नु॑ৌ଴धखञಬ౗଺૩मؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵऋ঳ಹ৲खथਰఋؚ੖૘ൊ਱पँॉऽघ؛

ْ઒ು ٓ

਴ਛ ফ২भಬ౗ஜછपेोयؚ ୃ౞௥भ৕नुऋ଺૩঻धऩढञ੯ਯमؚ਴

ਛ ফ২म ੯धؚ੺ফभআشॡभ਴ਛ ফभ ੯धૻसؚजभ ঃ ش७থॺऽदৣऋढथःऽघ؛

ऽञؚ੓भ৕भറ਄ාᄟम਴ਛ ফभফ৑ ੯ऊैؚ ੯षध઄੖खथःऽघ؛

ڷ ௚ఝరૃद୦ऋ૗ॎॊऊ

जोदमઃपؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵभਚ੅॑రૃखञৃ়ؚ୦ऋକऒॊदखॆअऊ؛

؞ऽङؚ੔ऺन஽सऽखञؚ৕नु॑ಬ౗ऊै౞ேपଆएலੌाऋ௮ऊऩऎऩॉऽघ؛

؞ऽञ৕नुमؚಬ౗଺૩पရढञधखथुؚஃऐ॑੷ीॊऒधऋলਟऽच॒؛

ْ઒ು ٓ

੕ਜ੄भؚ਴ਛ ফ২ගभੲਾৢਦஜછपेोयؚ ফ াଜৎਡदਁಃਗ਼ ਵ੕ਯम৺ ਐ઎धऩढथःऽघ؛

ऒोमؚ ফ াଜৎਡभ৺ ਐ઎धૻसोयৰप ٫दखऊँॉऽच॒؛

প৬ਕীभ঳ਘपऽद੖૘खथःऽघ؛

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ऒभ஘पؚ૤௄पৢਾघॊ঱दुؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵम੎ਏऩॶشঝदघऋؚजोऋ૮ऎऩढथखऽइ यؚৢਾঽ৬ऋ൑୔पऩॉऽघ؛ಬযऋತ఑औोऩऐोयؚऔैऩॊ଺૩঻ुেऽोऽघ؛

ڸ ஥മਙ

जोदमਈ৏पؚनअखथَ৕नुभ਍৸॑ஹॊऒधُऋপજऊ஽सऔचथຘऌऽघ؛

ᆾ৒ડभ৆ੁपेॉؚ৕नुऋාᄟपရःؚ୵ऋേॎोॊऊुखोऽच॒؛ऽञؚ఑ऽैङप ગಬ॑೷ॉନखञਙಬ౗঻पेॉؚ৕नुऋ঳েऊऊढथुႩऔोऩःੱध৬भം॑଀अऊु

खोऽच॒؛

৕नुभ୵॑േःؚੱध৬षभം॑েिऒधपणऩऋॊᆾ৒ડभ৆ੁम఼ؚैोॊसऌदमँ

ॉऽच॒؛ਰ঱दؚ णीभॹওজॵॺभହ৥॑ીइऽघ؛

ٹ ॹওজॵॺ ؟َ৴൪ऋणऊऩःُ

ण৯भॹওজॵॺमَؚ৴൪ऋල౐पणऊऩऎऩॊऒधُदघ؛

৆ੁऋ଑োऔोॊधؚ৕नुऋؚ஡ृ௵୸ध৴൪ऋणऌ୔ऎऩढथखऽःऽघ؛

ڶ ਠ૾ীෲ

ऽङؚ௵୸धभୄठ়ॎचभৃ়दघ؛௚ఝਗ਼ਵऋँॊउऊऑदؚ૶ऩୄठ়ॎचभৎ৑ृৃ

ਚभ૗ಌऋ૭ચदघ؛

णऍपؚ஡धभ৴൪भৃ়दघ؛ञधइഊ৕पऩढथुؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵऋँोयؚघए৴൪ऋणऌ ऽघ؛௚ఝਗ਼ਵभउऊऑदؚ஡ध৕ऋ௞ोयऩोपऩॉؚ๩खऎਂ਍ऩઓः॑घॊऒधऋ૮ऎ ऩॉऽखञ؛

ਈ৏पؚ৉൜धःढञঽே಼૩भৃ়दघ؛৉൜ऋକऌथؚেऌඇीपऩढञधखथुؚ௚ఝ ਗ਼ਵऋু੪पँोयஃऐ॑੷ीॊऒधऋदऌऽघ؛

ऽञؚ177 ॻ॥ঔऩनभ௚ఝভ঺मؚপ৉൜৅েৎपमؚੇఔभ৴൪৷भൕંഝ॑ઈ৷खऽघ؛

ऒोपेॉؚੇఔभ਍౯॑ेॉဌசपનऊीॊऒधऋলਟऽघ؛

ْ઒ು ٓ ফ া৅ষ ળি؞ૈি஖ଯ෩ِॣشॱॖ৾ো୅ّभ ঌش४ पेोयؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵभଢ଼஢ऋমત৓प৫઩औोॊؚপऌऩऌढऊऐधऩढञभमؚ

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ଚઋপ൜಼भ଺಼৬ୡटढञधःःऽघ؛೿ਗ਼खथुਯৎ৑म৔୉ংॵॸজشद༎

௮खथؚધஊधఠଢ૏৷॑ृॉधॉदऌॊ੊఻ऋँोयؚ৉൜৅েઉ৏भೂ୔؞೰

ஃણ৿॑ဌசपষःؚ୵॑೰अऒधऋলਟञटौअपؚधभઓःऋ௚ఝਗ਼ਵ৫৅঻

पँढञजअदघ؛

ुखෘपؚঢ়ূदઉৣ஑প৉൜ऋକऒॉؚਗ਼ਵृઐৢිऋङञङञपऩढथुؚ௚ఝਗ਼ਵऔइ

੅ढथःोयؚ৵৾েृর৾েम஡ध৴൪ऋ਄ोॊदखॆअ؛

ڷ ௚ఝరૃद୦ऋକऒॊऊ

௚ఝਗ਼ਵ॑రૃघोयؚල౐प৴൪॑਄ॊऒधऋ୔खऎऩॉऽघ؛

؞௵୸मؚୄठ়ॎचप೚ोजअदु৴൪दऌङؚऐ॒ऊपऩढथखऽअऊुखोऽच॒؛

؞ഊ৕भਯुؚऽञੜइॊदखॆअ؛

؞প৉൜ऩनभ಼૩ऋକऌथुؚ஡मఎघॊ৕॑ർखथؚ๢ऋ୑ॉຝऐजअऩਂ਍॑૎गञऽ ऽؚർख৚ॊऒधपऩॊदखॆअ؛

& नोटऐऒभਖ਻ऋ஥മऊ

௵୸धभঢ়બऋபऎऩॊऒधमؚ৵র৾েपम஥മऩਖ਻दघ؛ऽञؚऒनुऋഊ৕पऩोयؚ

஡म੎পऩਂ਍॑૎गऽघ؛৉൜भ੠प஡ऋਂ਍भँऽॉऒनु॑ർखथؚ੸ઃ಼૩पရ๴ख

୵॑૳धघऊुखोऽच॒؛ਰ঱ऊैؚऒभॹওজॵॺमপ૗஥മदँॊधઅइऽघ؛

ਰ঱दؚ౯৒ડभয়૛॑ીइऽघ؛ँॉऋधअओकःऽखञ؛

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Contents:

Lesson 1.

Policy Debate (3) Attack

Speech

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参照

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