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87

䝥䝸䝔䝇䝖

䛆㻭㻮㻿㻽䞉㻼㻻㻹㻿䞉Ẽศㄪᰝ⚊䛇

ぢᤞ䛶䜙䜜ሙ㠃䛾᝿㉳

Ⓨヰᛮ⪃ἲ 䠄㻡ศ㛫䠅 䝫䝇䝖䝔䝇䝖

䛆㻭㻮㻿㻽䞉㻼㻻㻹㻿䞉Ẽศㄪᰝ⚊䛇

88

M SD M SD M SD M SD

SDS 44.33 3.24 45.22 3.73 37.86 4.06 38.00 4.16

ABSQ

඲ᚓⅬ Pre 43.89 9.02 39.67 8.87 26.14 4.85 27.71 5.85

Post 45.67 10.58 43.33 8.89 26.43 7.21 29.86 8.19

ኚ໬⋡ 0.04 0.13 0.10 0.11 0.00 0.13 0.08 0.18

䚷䚷F1 Pre 16.11 3.59 15.11 3.48 8.86 2.34 9.86 2.79

Post 17.44 4.07 16.89 3.55 9.71 3.45 11.14 4.18

ኚ໬⋡ 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.05 0.09 0.20 0.12 0.27

䚷䚷F2 Pre 19.44 5.96 17.67 5.00 12.29 2.63 13.43 3.41

Post 19.89 6.05 18.78 4.60 12.00 2.94 13.57 3.55

ኚ໬⋡ 0.02 0.09 0.08 0.16 -0.02 0.11 0.02 0.12

䚷䚷F3 Pre 8.33 2.06 6.89 2.26 5.00 1.83 4.43 1.90

Post 8.33 2.69 7.67 2.29 4.71 1.98 5.14 1.95

ኚ໬⋡ 0.00 0.27 0.14 0.25 -0.02 0.33 0.20 0.35

POMS

⥭ᙇ㻙୙Ᏻ Pre 17.00 7.63 17.67 7.76 8.57 5.94 8.14 5.01

Post 17.67 8.14 18.89 8.58 8.43 7.32 11.71 11.34

ኚ໬⋡ -1.03 1.41 0.22 0.55 -2.03 1.80 0.37 0.69

ᢚ䛖䛴㻙ⴠ䛱㎸䜏 Pre 19.33 7.65 20.67 10.06 8.71 7.97 5.71 4.68

Post 22.00 15.18 24.33 11.94 11.43 10.20 13.14 12.82

ኚ໬⋡ 0.00 0.68 0.06 0.46 0.51 1.00 1.21 1.59

ΰ஘ Pre 14.44 5.77 12.33 5.36 8.00 5.83 6.57 4.47

Post 13.89 5.11 13.89 6.01 8.71 5.06 9.29 8.60

ኚ໬⋡ 0.05 0.33 0.16 0.28 0.21 0.37 0.32 0.53 ᛣ䜚㻙ᩛព Pre 11.89 8.75 9.89 9.25 3.86 4.56 1.86 2.48

Post 11.78 9.56 13.67 9.68 1.71 1.89 3.43 4.58

ኚ໬⋡ 0.20 0.83 1.73 3.05 -0.07 1.05 1.11 2.23

Ẽศㄪᰝ⚊

䝸䝣䝺䝑䝅䝳 pre 19.89 2.09 18.56 4.33 24.00 3.37 21.57 2.88

Post 16.78 3.77 15.78 4.12 19.86 4.30 17.71 3.40

ኚ໬⋡ -0.15 0.17 -0.14 0.15 -0.17 0.14 -0.17 0.17

ABSQ= the Abandonment Schema Questionnaire SDS=the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale F1㸻ᜏᖖⓗ࡞ぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀ࣭Ꮩ⊂

F2㸻ぶᐦ࡞㛵ಀ࡟ᑐࡍࡿࡋࡀࡳࡘࡁ࣭ྠ୍ど F3㸻௚⪅࠿ࡽࡢዲព࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ

Table7-1 BPDഴྥ㧗⩌࣭ప⩌ࠉぶᐦᗘ㧗㸭పሙ㠃ࡢᖹᆒ್࡜ᶆ‽೫ᕪ ࠉࠉBPDഴྥ㧗⩌ࠉN =9

ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃 ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃

BPDഴྥప⩌ࠉࠉN =7

ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃 ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃

89

㸬 ᧯ స ࢳ ࢙ ࢵ ࢡ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ࡢ 㩭 ᫂ ᗘ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࡣ 㸪 7 Ⅼ ‶ Ⅼ ୰ 5 . 1 3㸦 S D= 1 . 4 5㸧 ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ྛ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡀ ୰ ⛬ ᗘ ௨ ୖ ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࡘ

࠸ ࡚ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ࡛ ࡁ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ࡢ ᧯ స ࡣ 㐺 ษ ࡟ ⾜ ࢃ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ᭷ ព ࡟ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗

࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ᖹ ᆒ ್ 5 . 7 5 , ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ᖹ ᆒ ್ 1 . 3 8 , t㸦 3 0 㸧 = 8 . 4 0 , p < . 0 0 1㸧ࠋ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡢ

᧯ స ࡶ 㐺 ษ ࡟ ⾜ ࢃ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ

ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ S D S ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 t ᳨ ᐃ

ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࠿ ࡽ 㸦 t㸦 3 0 㸧 = - . 8 0 , n . s .㸧㸪 ᙜ ᪥ ࡢ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ Ẽ ศ ≧ ែ ࡣ ୧ ᮲ ௳

࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ᕪ ࡀ ࡞ ࠸ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 㔞 ⓗ ศ ᯒ 㸸 % 3 ' ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ % 3 ' ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡢ ᳨ ᐃ

B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ྛ ᣦ ᶆ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ẚ ㍑

ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡎ 㸪 ࣋ ࣮ ࢫ ࣛ ࢖ ࣥ ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ẁ 㝵 ࡢ 㸪

A B S Q ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 S D S ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 P O M S ࡢ ྛ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 Ẽ

ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࣜ ࣇ ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ 㡯 ┠ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࢆ ẚ ㍑ ࡍ ࡿ t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ඲ ࡚ ࡢ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ୧ ⩌ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋA B S Q ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 S D S ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 P O M S ࡢ ྛ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ

ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ᭷ ព ࡟ 㧗 ࠸ ್ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ㸦 A B S Q :㸦t 1 4㸧= 4 . 6 8 , p < . 0 0 1 , S D S : 㸦t 1 4㸧= 3 . 5 6 , p < . 0 1 , P O M S ⥭ ᙇ -୙ Ᏻ : t㸦 1 4 㸧 = 2 . 4 0 , p < . 0 5 , P O M S ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ : t 1 4㸧= 2 . 7 1 , p < . 0 5 , P O M S ΰ ஘ : t 1 4 㸧= 2 . 2 1 , p < . 0 5 , P O M S ᛣ ࡾ 㸫 ᩛ ព : t 1 4 㸧= 2 . 2 0 , p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪 Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࣜ ࣇ ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ 㡯 ┠ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡣ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ప ࠸ ್ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 t 㸦 1 4 㸧

= - 3 . 0 1 , p < . 0 1㸧ࠋ

ୖ グ ࡢ ࡼ ࠺ ࡟ 㸪 ྛ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ẁ 㝵 ࡛ 2

⩌ 㛫 ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ๓ ᚋ ࡢ

90

ኚ ໬ ⋡ 㸦 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ̺ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⟬ ฟ ࡋ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡜ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 A B S Q ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 P O M S ࡢ ྛ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࣜ ࣇ ࣞ

ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ 㡯 ┠ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ኚ ໬ ⋡ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ୧ ⩌ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ

ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 A B S Q :t㸦 1 4 㸧 = . 5 5 , n . s ., P O M S ⥭ ᙇ -୙ Ᏻ : 㸦t 1 4㸧= 1 . 1 3 , n . s ., P O M S ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ : 㸦t 1 4 㸧= - 1 . 1 3 ,

n . s ., P O M S ΰ ஘ : t㸦 1 4㸧 = - . 8 8 , n . s ., P O M S ᛣ ࡾ 㸫 ᩛ ព : t㸦 1 4㸧 = . 5 7 , n . s . ,Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ : t㸦 1 4 㸧 = . 2 6 , n . s .㸧ࠋ ྠ ᵝ ࡟ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 ኚ ໬ ⋡ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ t

᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 P O M S ࡢ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ኚ ໬ ⋡ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ B P D ప ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡀ

᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 P O M S ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ : t 㸦 1 4 㸧

= - 2 . 0 8 , p < 0 . 1 0 㸧ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ኚ ໬ ⋡ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸

್ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ௚ ࡢ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ୧ ⩌ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 A B S Q :t 1 4㸧 = . 5 5 , n . s ., P O M S ⥭ ᙇ 㸫 ୙ Ᏻ : t㸦 1 4㸧= . 3 2 , n . s . , P O M S ΰ ஘ : t㸦 1 4 㸧= - . 7 4 , n . s ., P O M S ᛣ ࡾ 㸫 ᩛ ព : t㸦 1 4㸧 = . 4 5 , n . s . ,Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ : t㸦 1 4㸧

= . 3 3 , n . s .㸧ࠋ

౑ ⏝ ࡋ ࡓ ࡯ ࡜ ࢇ ࡝ ࡢ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ኚ ໬ ⋡ ࡟ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ

࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ せ ᅉ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 A B S Q ࡸ Ẽ ศ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ྛ ᣦ ᶆ ࡢ ࢫ ࢥ ࢔ ࡀ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ẁ 㝵 ࡛ 㧗 ᚓ Ⅼ ᅪ ࡟ ఩ ⨨ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪 ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ୖ ᪼ ⋡ ࡟ 㝈 ⏺ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ P O M S ࡢ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ኚ ໬

⋡ ࡀ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㧗 ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࡶ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗

⩌ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ẁ 㝵 ࡛ 㧗 ᚓ Ⅼ ᅪ ࡔ ࡗ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࡟ ࡼ

ࡿ ኳ ஭ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ཎ ᅉ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ゎ 㔘 ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪 ࡇ ࢀ ௨ 㝆 ࡢ ศ ᯒ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ࢹ ࣮ ࢱ ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ࡑ ࢀ ࡒ ࢀ ࡢ ᣦ ᶆ ࡢ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ๓ ᚋ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࡛ ᳨ ウ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 㔞 ⓗ ศ ᯒ 㸸 $ % 6 4 ᚓ Ⅼ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ A B S Q ྜ ィ ᚓ

Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ 㸦 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ

91

ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ ᩘ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 8㸧= 4 . 2 2㸪p< . 1 0㸧ࠋ

ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡉ ࡽ ࡟ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ

⊂ ࠖᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ㸦 F㸦 1 , 8㸧

= 1 8 . 8 9㸪 p < . 0 5㸧ࠋࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ

୍ ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡜ ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ

࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ᫬ Ⅼ ࡛ ᮲ ௳ 㛫 ࡟ ᭷ ព ࡞ ᚓ Ⅼ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦 t 8㸧= 2 . 9 8 , p < . 0 1㸹 t 8㸧= 2 . 8 7 , p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪 ྛ ᮲ ௳ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ⋡ 㸦 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ̺ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⟬ ฟ ࡋ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ

୍ ᪉ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ A B S Q ྜ ィ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ྠ ᵝ

࡟ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ ࣭ ᫬ ᮇ ࡜

ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ 㸪ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ ୍ ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ 㸪ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ

ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ ྠ ᵝ ࡟ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ

ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ ࣭ ᫬ ᮇ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ

࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ

௨ ୖ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡢ 㧗 ప ࡟ 㛵 ࢃ ࡽ ࡎ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ά ᛶ ໬ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ၀ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

≉ ࡟ 㸪ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡀ ㈿ ά ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ഴ

ྥ ࡟ ࠶ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᥎ ᐃ ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ㈿ ά ࡋ ࡚ ࠸

ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 㔞 ⓗ ศ ᯒ 㸸 Ẽ ศ ≧ ែ ᣦ ᶆ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ Ẽ ศ ≧ ែ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ 㸦 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ ᩘ 㸪 P O M S ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ

92

ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪ࠕ ΰ ஘ ࠖ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ

࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 8 㸧 = 3 . 6 1㸪 p< . 1 0㸧ࠋ ༢ ⣧ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡢ ᳨ ᐃ

ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ ࣭ ᫬ ᮇ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ

ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋࠕ ⥭ ᙇ 㸫 ୙ Ᏻ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᛣ ࡾ

㸫 ᩛ ព ࠖ ᣦ ᶆ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࣭ ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࠕ ࣜ ࣇ

ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ ࠖ 㡯 ┠ ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 ྠ ᵝ ࡟ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ

⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ㸦 F㸦 1 , 8㸧

= 1 3 . 0 8㸪p < . 0 1㸧ࠋࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ῶ ᑡ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ

B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 ᮲ ௳ 㸦 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ

ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ ᩘ 㸪P O M S

࠾ ࡼ ࡧ Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 P O M S ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪ࠕ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ࠖ ࡟ ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 6㸧 = 5 . 5 5㸪

p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ

᭷ ព ࡟ ቑ ຍ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ௚ ࡢ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࠕ ΰ ஘ ࠖ㸪 ࠕ ⥭ ᙇ 㸫 ୙ Ᏻ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᛣ ࡾ 㸫 ᩛ ព ࠖ ᣦ ᶆ ࡣ 㸪 ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࣭ ஺ ஫ స

⏝ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s . 㸧ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࠕ ࣜ ࣇ ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ ࠖ 㡯 ┠ ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 6㸧 = 1 6 . 0 3㸪 p < . 0 1㸧ࠋ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ῶ ᑡ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ

௨ ୖ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ࣭ ప ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᛌ ឤ ᝟ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᫂ ࡽ ࠿ ࡜ ࡞ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ ࡳ 㸪 ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ࡢ Ẽ ศ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᚋ ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ቑ ຍ ࡋ

࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ศ ᯒ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࣭ ప ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ Ⓨ ヰ ᛮ ⪃ ἲ

࡛ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ◊ ✲ ᐇ ᪋ ⪅ ࡀ ࢭ ࣥ ࢸ ࣥ ࢫ ࡟ ศ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 ྛ ࢭ ࣥ ࢸ ࣥ ࢫ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࢆ せ ⣙ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ せ ⣙ ࡋ ࡓ ෆ ᐜ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ⮫ ᗋ ᚰ ⌮ ኈ ࡢ ㈨ ᱁ ࢆ ᣢ ࡕ 㸪 B P D ⮫ ᗋ ⤒ 㦂

93

ࡢ ࠶ ࡿ ⪅ 1 ྡ 㸦 3 0 ௦ ⏨ ᛶ 㸧 ࡟ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡢ ☜ ㄆ ࢆ ౫ 㢗 ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ホ ᐃ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ せ ⣙ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ෆ ᐜ ࡀ ྵ ࡲ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸

ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ 㸪 ⮫ ᗋ ᚰ ⌮ ኈ ࡢ ㈨ ᱁ ࢆ ᣢ ࡕ 㸪 B P D ⮫ ᗋ ⤒ 㦂 ࡢ

࠶ ࡿ ⪅ 2 ྡ 㸦 2 0 ௦ ⏨ ᛶ 㸪3 0 ௦ ⏨ ᛶ 㸧 ࡟ ホ ᐃ ࢆ ౫ 㢗 ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ

ྛ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡢ ྛ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ୰ ࡟ A B S Q ࡢ 3 ᅉ Ꮚ ࡀ ྵ ࡲ ࢀ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ࠶ ࡿ 㸭 ࡞ ࡋ ࡢ 2 ௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ 2 ྡ ࡢ ホ ᐃ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ホ ᐃ ࡟ ࡘ

࠸ ࡚ 㸪ࠕ ࠶ ࡿ ࠖ ࢆ 1 Ⅼ 㸪ࠕ ࡞ ࡋ ࠖ ࢆ 0 Ⅼ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࣭ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡑ ࢀ ࡒ ࢀ ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ᚓ Ⅼ

ࢆ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ู ࡟ ⟬ ฟ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ 2 ྡ ࡢ ホ ᐃ ⪅ 㛫 ୍ ⮴ ಀ ᩘ ࡣ 㸪ȡ = . 6 0㸦 p < . 0 0 1 )࡛ ࠶ ࡾ 㸪㧗 ࠸ ୍ ⮴ ⋡ ࢆ ♧ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ T a b l e 7 - 2 ࡟ ♧ ࡍ ࠋ

F1 F2 F3

ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃 .67( .87) 1.76( .50) .11( .33) ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃 1.11( .93) .78( .97) .67( .71) ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃 䚷.00(䚷.00) 䚷.14(䚷.38) 䚷.14( .38) ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃 䚷.00(䚷.00) 䚷.00(䚷.00) 䚷.00(䚷.00) ABSQ= the Abandonment Schema Questionnaire

F1㸻ᜏᖖⓗ࡞ぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀ࣭Ꮩ⊂

F2㸻ぶᐦ࡞㛵ಀ࡟ᑐࡍࡿࡋࡀࡳࡘࡁ࣭ྠ୍ど F3㸻௚⪅࠿ࡽࡢዲព࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ

Table7-2 Ⓨヰᛮ⪃ἲ䛾ホᐃ䛷ᚓ䜙䜜䛯ABSQ䛾ྛᅉᏊᚓⅬ䛾ᖹᆒ್䛸ᶆ‽೫ᕪ

BPDഴྥ㧗⩌

BPDഴྥప⩌

ABSQ

ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ ప ⩌ ࡛ ᕪ ࡀ ࠶

ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ 㸪 t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ

A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࠾

࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ୧ ⩌ ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 t㸦 1 4㸧 = - . 1 8 ,

n . s .㸧ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞

ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡜ ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ⩌ 㛫 ࡛ ᭷ ព ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡢ ᕪ

94

ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦 㡰 ࡟ 㸪 t㸦 1 4㸧 = 2 . 0 2 , p < . 1 0 , t㸦 1 4 㸧 = 6 . 6 9 , p < . 0 0 1 㸧ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ್ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪

A B S Q ࡢ ඲ ࡚ ࡢ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ⩌ 㛫 ࡛ ᭷ ព ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᭷ ព ഴ

ྥ ࡢ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ : t 㸦 1 4㸧= 3 . 1 4 , p < . 0 1 , ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ : t㸦 1 4 㸧 = 2 . 1 0 , p < . 1 0 , ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ

࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ : t㸦 1 4㸧 = 2 . 4 8 , p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ್ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡞ ࠾ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ 㸪 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ A B S Q ࡢ ඲ ࡚ ࡢ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ホ ᐃ Ⅼ ࡀ 0 ࡛ ࠶ ࡾ 㸪

A B S Q ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࡣ ホ ᐃ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ௨ ୖ ࡢ

⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ ప

⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ ᛮ ⪃ ෆ ᐜ ࡀ ከ ࠸ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

ḟ ࡟ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ≉ ᚩ ࢆ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࢆ ┠ ⓗ ࡜ ࡋ

࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ

࡟ ᕪ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ 㸪 t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ

ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ

ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 t 8㸧 =̺ 1 . 0 8 , n . s .㸧ࠋࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ

ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ ୍ ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡞ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ 㸦 t㸦 8㸧 = 3 . 4 1 , p < . 0 1㸧㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ

ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡞ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ 㸦 t㸦 8㸧 = - 2 . 2 9 ,

p < . 0 5㸧㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

ࡇ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡣ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡟ ࠿ ࠿ ࢃ ࡽ ࡎ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ㈿ ά ࡉ

ࢀ ࡿ ࡀ 㸪ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ ୍ ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡣ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡀ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ ሙ ྜ ࡟ ୍ ᒙ ㈿ ά ࡉ ࢀ ࡸ ࡍ ࠸ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ

ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ୍ ᪉ 㸪ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖᅉ Ꮚ ࡣ 㸪

┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ ప ࠸ ࡯ ࡝ ㈿ ά ࡉ ࢀ ࡸ ࡍ ࠸ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࠋ

95

ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃 $%64 ࠉࠉ)⮬ศࡣ㸦఍࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆ㸧ࡣࡾࡁࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࡢ࡟㸪࿘ᅖࡣࡑ࠺࡛ࡣ࡞࠸࠿࡜ᛮ࠸㸪ᝒࡋ࠸ࠋ⮬ศ࡟ࡣㄡࡶ࿡᪉ࡋ࡚ࡃࢀ࡞࠸ࠋ ࡸࡗࡥࡾ⮬ศࡣ᎘ࡀࡽࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡢ࠿ࠋ⮬ศࡀ࠸ࡅ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡢ࠿㸪ࡔ࠿ࡽぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀࡓࡢ࠿ࠋ ࠉࠉ)⮬ศࡣᮇᚅࡉࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࡢ࠿㸪཭㐩ࡼࡾࡶ࠶ࡲࡾዲ࠿ࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋ࡝࠺ࡋ࡚ࡑࡗࡅ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋ࡞ࡐࡇࢇ࡞ᑐᛂࢆࡍࡿࡢ࠿ࠋ ⮬ศࡀ㸦ࡑࡢே࡟࡜ࡗ࡚㸧཭㐩ࡢ୰୍࡛␒ࡌࡷ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋࡇࡕࡽ࠿ࡽᣵᣜࡋࡓࡢ࡟㸪࡞ࡐᣵᣜࡋ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋ⮬ศ࡜཭㐩࡟࡞ࡿࡢࡀ᎘࡞ࡢ࠿ࠋ ⮬ศࡢࡇ࡜ࡀ᎘࠸࡞ࡢ࠿ࠋ࠶࠸ࡘࡢ᪉ࡀ࠸࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋ⮬ศࡣ୍⥴࡟࠸ࡓ࠸ࠋ ᎘ࡀࡽࢀࡓࡃ࡞࠸ࠋ࡝࠺ࡋࡓࡽ཭㐩ࡔ࡜ᛮࡗ࡚ࡃࢀࡿࡢ࠿ࠋ ࡇࡢᏊࡔࡗࡓࡽศ࠿ࡗ࡚ࡃࢀࡿࡔࢁ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࡢ࡟㸪ఱ࡛ศ࠿ࡗ࡚ࡃࢀ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋ ࠉࠉ)཭㐩࡜ᛮࢃࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࢇࡌࡷ࡞࠸࠿ࠋ⮬ศࡣ┦ᡭࡢ㒔ྜ࡟ྜࢃࡏࡓࡢ࡟ࠋ ࡇࡢࡲࡲ㸦ࡇࡢே࡜ࡣ㸧␯㐲࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡃࡔࢁ࠺ࠋ ࡶ࠺㸦཭ே㛵ಀࢆ㸧⤊ࢃࡾ࡟ࡋࡼ࠺ࠋ ࡶࡗ࡜ぶࡋࡃ࡞ࢀࡿ࡜ᛮࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࠋḟ࡟ᣵᣜࡋ࡚ࡃࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡽ㸪ࡶ࠺཭㐩࡟࡞ࢀ࡞࠸ࠋ ABSQ= the Abbndonment Schema Questionnaire F1㸻ᜏᖖⓗ࡞ぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀ࣭Ꮩ⊂ F2㸻ぶᐦ࡞㛵ಀ࡟ᑐࡍࡿࡋࡀࡳࡘࡁ࣭ྠ୍ど F3㸻௚⪅࠿ࡽࡢዲព࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ

7DEOH$%64ࡢྛᅉᏊࡈ࡜ࡢⓎヰᛮ⪃ἲࡢෆᐜࡢศ㢮

96

T a b l e 7 - 3 ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡜ 㛵 㐃 ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ᥎ ᐹ ࡉ ࢀ

ࡿ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ せ ⣙ ࢆ ศ 㢮 ࡋ ࡓ ࡶ ࡢ ࢆ 㸪㒊

ᢤ ⢋ ࡋ ࡚ ᥖ ㍕ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࢆ ࡳ ࡿ ࡜ 㸪ࠕ ⮬ ศ ࡣ ᎘ ࡀ ࡽ ࢀ

࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ⮬ ศ ࡟ ࡣ ㄡ ࡶ ࿡ ᪉ ࡋ ࡚ ࡃ ࢀ ࡞ ࠸ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ࡶ ࠺ ཭ 㐩

࡟ ࡞ ࢀ ࡞ ࠸ ࠖ ࡞ ࡝ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ ෆ ᐜ

࡜ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ 㸪 ྰ ᐃ ⓗ ࡞ ゎ 㔘 ࡸ 㸪 ᴟ ➃ ࡞ ⤖ ㄽ ࡟ ⮳ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ᛮ

⪃ ෆ ᐜ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࠋ

㸬 ༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡢ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ

ࡿ ᛮ ⪃ ࣭ ឤ ᝟ ࣭ ⾜ ື ⓗ ≉ ᚩ ࢆ ヲ ࡋ ࡃ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ ࡛ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ⮬ ᕫ ሗ ࿌ ࢆ ᳨ ウ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ ࡛ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ⮬ ᕫ ሗ ࿌ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ୍ ぴ ࢆ T a b l e 7 - 4 㸪 T a b l e 7 - 5 ࡟ ♧ ࡍ ࠋ

97

,'ឤ᝟ឤ᝟ࡢⅬᩘ᝟ࡢࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡢ⛬ᗘឤ᝟ࡀ཰ࡲࡿࡲ࡛ࡢ᫬㛫┦ᡭ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡢ⪃࠼ࡑࡢ≧ἣ࡛ࡢᑐฎἲ ⤯ᮃឤ᭱ึࡢ᪉ࡣࡑࡢ஦ࡤ࠿ࡾ⪃࠼࡚࠸ ࡓࠋ⏕ά࡟ᨭ㞀ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓ ࡀ࣭࣭࣭ࠋ

୍㐌㛫௨ෆࠋ᪥௨ෆ࡛࠿࡞ࡾ࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋࡓ ࠸ࡋࡓၥ㢟ࡌࡷ࡞࠿ࡗࡓ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ බᖹ࡟ᢅࡗ࡚ࡃࢀ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠋᑐே㛵ಀ࡟࢙࢘࢖ࢺࢆ⨨ ࠸࡚࠸ࡿே࡞ࡢ࠿ࠋ␲ᚰᬯ㨣㸪㑧᥎ࡍࡿឤࡌࠋᑡࡋࡔ ࡅࢿ࢞ࢸ࢕ࣈࠋ

࡜࡟࠿ࡃ3&ࢆ౑ࡗ࡚࠸ࢁ࠸ࢁࡸࡿࡼ࠺࡟ࡋࡓࠋࡓࡃࡉࢇ᝟ሗࢆ㞟ࡵࡓ ┦ᡭ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚㸪୍ᅇ㟁ヰ࡛ࠕࡸࡾࡎࡽ࠸ࠖ࡜ᢠ㆟ࡋࡓࠋ 3&࠿ࡽ࠸ࡗࡓࢇ㞳ࢀ࡚ࠊᮏࢆㄞࡴࡼ࠺࡟ࡋࡓࠋ࢖ࣛ࢖ࣛࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡢ࡛ࠋ ࢩࣙࢵࢡ ᝒࡋࡳ ࡧࡗࡃࡾ

ࡑࡢᚋ࡟ࡑࡢே࡜ヰࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡗࡓ ࡀࠊ࠸ࡘࡶࡢࡼ࠺࡟ヰࡏ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ࢩࣗࣥ࡜࠸࠺ឤࡌࠋ

኱ࡁ࡞ᝒࡋࡳࡣࡑࡢ᪥୰࡟ᾘ࠼ࡓࡀࠊせᡤせᡤ ࡛ᛮ࠸ฟࡍࠋḟ࡟ࢥࣥࢱࢡࢺࢆ࡜ࡗࡓ᫬ࡢ┦ᡭ ࡢᑐᛂ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚Ẽᣢࡕࡢኚ໬ࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ௨๓ࡼ ࡾࡣぶࡋࡃኌࢆ࠿ࡅ࡙ࡽࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

᭱ึࡣ௰Ⰻ࠿ࡗࡓࡢ࡟ࡉࡳࡋ࠸࡞ࠊࡔࢇࡔࢇ࠺࡜ࡲࡋ ࠸ࠊ௜ࡁྜ࠸࡟ࡃ࠸࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ㛵ಀࡀㄞࡵ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗ ࡚ࠊ࡝࠺ࡋࡓࡽ࠸࠸࠿ࢃ࠿ࡽ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ᚋ࡛ࠕఱ࠿ࡘࡵࡓࡃ࡞࠸㸽ࠖ࡜⪺࠸ࡓࠋ ྠᮇࡢே࡟ࡑࡢᚋ࡟ヰࡋ࡚ࠊࡇࢀࡣ࡝ࢀࡃࡽ࠸Ẽ࡟ࡍࡿ࡭ࡁࡇ࡜࡞ࡢ㸽࡜⪺࠸ ࡓࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ୙Ᏻࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞ ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ࣓࣮ࣝࡢ㏉ಙࡀ㏉ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓࡽ࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋ⿬ษࡽࢀࡓࠋ࠶ࡲࡾ⮬ศࢆዲࡁࡌࡷ࡞࠸ࡢ࡟ࠊ⮬ศࡢ ๓࡛ࡣ཭ேࡢࡼ࠺࡟⾜ືࡍࡿேࡔ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ

ࡕࡻࡗ࡜ࡑࡢ஦࡟ࡘ࠸࡚⪃࠼࡚ࠊ79ࢆぢ࡚ࡍࡈࡋࡓࠋ ࡑࡇࡲ࡛῝้࡟⪃࠼࡚࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡢ࡛ࠊ࠶࠼࡚Ẽᣢࡕࢆ⣮ࡽࢃࡍࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗ ࡓࠋ ࡧࡗࡃࡾ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ᝒࡋ࠸

㹼Ⅼ

Ꮫᰯ࡛ࡣᖹẼࡔࡗࡓࡀࠊᐙ࡟ᖐࡗ࡚ ࠿ࡽࡣᝒࡋࡃ࡚Ἵ࠸ࡓࠋ╀ࢀ࡞ࡃ ࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢᏊ࡜ヰࡍ࡜ࠊヰࡋ⤊ ࢃࡗࡓᚋ࡛ⴠࡕ㎸ࡴࠋ ከᛁ࡞᫬ᮇ࡟࡟ධࡗ࡚ࠊࡑࢀ࡝ࡇࢁࡌࡷ࡞ࡃ ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ᭱ึࡣࡳࢇ࡞࡛࠸ࡽࢀ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡉࡳࡋ ࠿ࡗࡓࡀࠊࡇࢀ࡛࠸࠸࠿࡞ࠊ࡜ᛮ࠸ጞࡵࡓࠋ

࠶ࡲࡾぶࡋࡃ࡞ࡾࡍࡂࡿ࡜ࠊẼࢆ㐵ࢃ࡞ࡃ࡚࠸࠸࡜⪃ ࠼ࡿே࠿࡞ࠋ⮬ศࡢࡇ࡜ࢆඃඛ࡟⪃࠼ࡿே࡞ࡢ࠿࡞ࠋ

᭱ึࡣࡳࢇ࡞࡟⌮⏤ࢆ⪺ࡁࡲࡃࡗࡓࡀࠊᩍ࠼࡚ࡶࡽ࠼࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋឤ᝟ࢆࡪࡘࡅ ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣࡋ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ᫎ⏬ࢆࡎࡗ࡜ぢ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ⪃࠼࡞࠸ࡼ࠺࡟ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ

ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ࡃࡸࡋ࠸ Ꮩ⊂ឤ ࣉࣛ࢖ࢻࢆയࡘࡅ ࡽࢀࡓឤࡌ 㹼Ⅼࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞ ࠿ࡗࡓࡀࠊከᑡⱞ③ࡣ࠶ࡗࡓ࡜ᛮ ࠺ࠋࢫࢺࣞࢫࠊぢ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜⑂ࢀࡿࠋ

࡝ࢀࡃࡽ࠸࠿ࡣࡣࡗࡁࡾ࠸࠼࡞࠸ࡀ࣭࣭࣭࠾ࡉ ࡲࡗࡓឤぬࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ᫬ࠎ୙Ᏻ࡟࠾ࡑࢃࢀࡓࡾࡍ ࡿࠋẼᣢࡕࡢኚ໬ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ

≉࡟ࡑࢀࡲ࡛࡜ኚࢃࡽ࡞࠸ࠋࡶ࡜ࡶ࡜᫬㛫ࢆࡁࡕࢇ࡜ ࡋ࡞࠸ேࡓࡕࡔࡗࡓࡢ࡛ࠊ௒ᗘ࠿ࡽࡑ࠺࠸࠺ࡇࡇࢁ࡙ ࡶࡾ࡛⾜ࡇ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ

┦ᡭ࡟ࡣࡕࡻࡗ࡜ࡑࡗࡅ࡞ࡃࡋࡓࡾࡋࡓࠋ ᇶᮏⓗ࡟⮬ศࡢ୰࡛ࡓࡵ㎸ࢇ࡛࠸ࡓࠋ

୙Ᏻ ᝒࡋ࠸ ࡉࡧࡋ࠸ ぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀࡓ

㸲㹼㸳Ⅼ

୙Ᏻࢆⴠࡕ╔࠿ࡏࡼ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࡀࠊ ࡸࡲ࡞࠸ឤࡌࠋ཭ேࡀ୍ே᮶ࡓ᫬Ⅼ࡛ࡔ࠸ࡪⴠࡕ╔࠸࡚ࠊ࡯࠿ ࡢேࡀ᮶ࡓ᫬࡟࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋ 㛗࠸ࡘࡁ࠶࠸࡞ࡢ࡛࠶ࡲࡾኚࢃࡽ࡞࠸ࡀࠊࠕ⚾ࡼࡾᝎ ࡲ࡞࠸ࢱ࢖ࣉࡔ࠿ࡽࠊࡄࡕ࡞ࡽ࠸࠸ࡅ࡝ࠊពぢࢆồࡵ ࡿࡢࡣࡸࡵࡼ࠺ࠖ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ

ࡍࡈࡃ࣓࣮ࣝࢆぢ㏉ࡋ࡚ࠊ㐃⤡ࡀ᮶࡞࠸࠿☜ㄆࡋࡓࠋ ㈋ஈࡺࡍࡾࢆࡋࡓࠋ 㐃⤡ࡋࡓࡀࠊࡑࡢ࠶࡜ࡶ୙Ᏻࠋ ࠕ୙Ᏻࡔࡗࡓࠖ┦ᡭ࡟ゝࡗࡓࠋ ᮏࢆㄞࢇ࡛࠸ࡓࠋ ᝒࡋ࠸

୍ே࡛ࡎࡗ࡜⪃࠼࡚ࠊࡑࢇ࡞཭ேಙ ࡌࡽࢀ࡞࠸࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ௚ࡢᏊ࡜௰Ⰻ ࡃࡋࡼ࠺࠿࡞࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋᚋࡢᤵᴗ࡟ ࡣ㞟୰࡛ࡁ࡞ࡃ࡚ࠊᐙ࡟ᖐࡗ࡚ࡶ ࡎࡗ࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡼࡃ╀ࢀ࡞࠿ࡗ ࡓࠋ 㸰㹼㸱᪥ࡃࡽ࠸ࡣࡎࡗ࡜ᚰ࡟ṧࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡑࡢ Ẽᣢࡕࢆࡓࡵ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜႖ვࡋࡕࡷ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࡢ ࡛ࠊࡶࡗ࡜ヰࢆࡋࡓࡾẼࢆ௜ࡅ࡚ࠊࡀࢇࡤࡗ࡚ ࡳࡼ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋチࡑ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ ᝏẼࡀ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡸࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣศ࠿ࡿࡢ࡛ࠊㄆࡵ࡞ࡃ ࡕࡷ࠸ࡅ࡞࠸ࠋ࡛ࡶᛣࡾࢆぬ࠼ࡿࠋ࠸ࢁ࠸ࢁࡈࡕࡷࡈ ࡕࡷ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᇶᮏⓗ࡟ࡣ┦ᡭ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࣉࣛࢫࡢ Ẽᣢࡕ࡛ࡣ࠶ࡿࡀࠊ᫬ࠎࡑࡢ୍㠃ࢆ⪃࠼ࡿࠋ᩿ᐃ࡛ࡣ ࡞ࡃ࡚ࠊࠕࡇ࠺࠸࠺ࡸࡘ࡞ࢇࡌࡷ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿ࠖ࡜ࠋ⮬ศ ࡢ୰࡛ࡢᛮ࠸㎸ࡳࠋ

ヰࢆࡍࡿࠋ ࠕ⚾ࢆ࡝ࢇ࡞཭㐩ࡔ࡜ᛮ࠺㸽ࠖ࡜⪺࠸ࡓࠋⰋ࠸཭㐩ࡔ࡜࠸࠺㏉⟅ࢆࡁࡃ࡜Ᏻᚰ ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ ௚ࡢ཭ே࡟┤᥋┦ㄯࡣ࡛ࡁ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡀࠊࠕ཭ே࡟࠺ࡑࢆࡘ࠿ࢀࡓࡽ࡝࠺ࡍ ࡿ㸽ࠖ࡜ࡁ࠸ࡓࠋ ࡽࡃࡀࡁࢆࣀ࣮ࢺ࡟᭩ࡃࠋ⮬ศࡢẼᣢࡕࡸ⪃࠼ࢆ᭩ࡃࠋ ᛣࡾ ࡉࡳࡋࡉ㹼Ⅼ 㹼Ⅼ

࠿ࡗ࡜ࡍࡿ࡜ࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀ࠺ࡲࡃ ࠸࠿࡞ࡃ࡚ࠊᨷᧁⓗ࡟࡞ࡗ࡚ࡋࡲ ࠺ࠋ⾲᝟࡟ฟࡿࠊኌࡢࢺ࣮ࣥࡀ࡜ࡆ ࡜ࡆࡋࡃ࡞ࡿࠋ ᛣࡾࡣ㐪࠺ヰ㢟࡟⛣ࡗࡓࡽࡍࡄ࡟཰ࡲࡗࡓࠋࡉ ࡳࡋࡉࡣࠊ㟁ヰࢆษࡗ࡚ࡶࡋࡤࡽࡃࡶࡸࡶࡸࡋ ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ᪥ᖖ⏕άࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡾࠊぶ࡟ヰࡋࡓࡽ࠾ ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋ

ࡑ࠺࠸࠺Ꮚ࡞ࡢ࠿࡞㸽๓࠿ࡽࡑ࠺࠸࠺Ꮚࡔࡗࡓࡢ ࡛࣭࣭࣭ࠋࡑࡢẼᣢࡕࡀ኱ࡁࡃ࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕఱ࡛ࡑ࠺࠸࠺ࡇ࡜࠸࠺ࡢ㸽ࠖ࡜ࡣゝࡗࡓࠋኌࡀ࡜ࡆ࡜ࡆࡋࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࡑࢃࡑࢃࡋ࡚ࠊᡭ࠸ࡌࡾࢆࡣࡌࡵࡓࠋ ࡩࡊࡅࡓឤࡌ࡛ࠊࠕ⚾࠶ࡢ᫬ᝎࢇ࡛ࡓࢇࡔࡒࠖࠕ⪃࠼࡚ࡿࡇ࡜㐪࠺ࡼࡡࠖ࡜ ゝࡗࡓࠋ ぶ࡟ヰࡋࡓࠋ ᮏࢆㄞࢇࡔࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸㹼Ⅼ

ᑡࡋࡑࡢࡇ࡜࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࡦࡁࡎࡿࡇ࡜ ࡣ࠶ࡗࡓࡀ㸪᪥ᖖ⏕ά࡟ᨭ㞀ࢆࡁࡓ ࡍࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ࡉࡳࡋࡉࡣࡍࡄ࡟࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋ୙Ᏻࠕಙ㢗ࡉࢀ ࡚࡞࠸ࢇࡌࡷ࡞࠸࠿ࠖ࡜࠸࠺Ẽᣢࡕࡣᐷࡿࡲ࡛ ࠶ࡗࡓࠋᐷࡓࡽẼ࡟࡞ࡽ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

࠺ࡑࢆᩍ࠼ࡽࢀࡓ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࡀࠊ㹼㐌㛫ࡓࡗ࡚ࠊ㛫 㐪ࡗࡓࡇ࡜ࡣゝࡗ࡚࡞࠿ࡗࡓ࡞࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ≉࡟ఱࡶࡋ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ᝒࡋ࠸ ⬺ຊឤ ࡇࡢ≧ἣ࡛ࡣࡓࡲ࡟ࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀ ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡿࠋศࡃࡽ࠸ࠋࠕ௙᪉ࡀ࡞࠸࠿࡞ࠖ࡜⪃࠼ࡓࠋே㛫࡜ࡣࡇ࠺࠸࠺ࡶࡢ࡛㸪ࡑࡢே࡟㝈ࡗࡓࡇ࡜࡛ࡣ࡞ ࠸ࠋ≀࡟ࡣ࠶ࡓࡽ࡞࠸ࠋ ࡴ࡞ࡋ࠸ࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋయຊࡀ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗ࡚ࡿ᫬࡟ࡑ࠺࡞ࡿࡢ࡛ఇࡵࡤᖹ Ẽࠋࡑࡢ᪥୰࡟ࡣᅇ᚟ࡋࡓࠋࡲࡓᐷ࡚ࡿࢇࡔࢁ࠺࡞ࠋࡼࡃ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡔࠋ࠸ࡘࡶࡢࡇ ࡜ࠋࡰ࣮ࡗ࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡔࡅࠋࡇࡢࡲࡲ᫬㛫ࡃࡽ࠸࣋ࢵࢺࡢୖ࡛ᗙࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࢿࢵ ࢺࢆぢࡓࡾ㸪ᦠᖏࢤ࣮࣒ࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ᝒࡋ࠸ ࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ஦ࡀࡃࡿࡲ࡛ࡎࡗ࡜ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ࠋᛁࡋ࠸ࡔࢁ࠺࡞ࠋ࠶ࡲࡾ㐟ࡧࡓࡃ࡞࠸ࡢ࠿࡞ࠋࡎࡗ࡜ᚅࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᐷ࡚ࡋࡲ࠺ࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ ࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ࣮ࣝࡋ࡚࡚㸪ศ㛫ࡃࡽ࠸ࠋᛁࡋ࠸ࢇࡔࢁ࠺࡞ࠋ఍࠺⣙᮰࡜ࡋ࡚㸪ೃ⿵᪥ࢆࡁ࠸ࡓࡾࡋࡓࠋ ఱ࠿ࡍࡿ࡜࠸࠺ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ ୙Ᏻ

㹼Ⅼ 㹼Ⅼ

ࡑࢇ࡞࡟஘ࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋᛀࢀࡿ ࠿Ẽ࡟ࡋ࡞࠸ࠋ㸳㹼㸯㸮ศࡃࡽ࠸࡛࠾ࡉࡲࡿࠋᝏ࠸ேࡌࡷ࡞࠸ࠋ୍ே࡟ࡋ࡚ࡸࢁ࠺࡜࠸࠺ព㆑ࡶ࡞ ࠸ࠋᝏពࡶ࡞࠸ࠋ┦ᡭࢆ៮ࢇࡔࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ⮬ศࡢ▱ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ㢌ࡢ୰࡛ᛮࡗ࡚ࡳࡿࠋࡇ࠺࠸࠺ヰ㢟ࡔࡗࡓࡽヰࡏࡿ࠿ ࡞ࠋ ␲ၥࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ඲ࡃ࡞ ࠸ࠋ⛊ࡃࡽ࠸ࠋᬬ࠸ࡢ࡟ࡼࡃ⾜ࡃ࡞ࠋࡳࢇ࡞௰࠸࠸࡞ࠋᡭࡀㄏ࠸ࡓ࠸ࡅ࡝ㄏ࠼࡞ࡑ࠺ࡔࡗࡓ࠿ࡽ㸪ヰ㢟ࢆኚ࠼ࡓࠋ ᝒࡋ࠸ ࡺ࠺࠺ࡘ㸶Ⅼ 㸳Ⅼࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋࡑࡢ᪥ࡢ࠺ࡕࠋ ᝒࡋ࠸࡜࠸࠺Ẽᣢࡕࡣ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋኚ໬ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ⮬ศࡢせᅉࠋᛮ⪃ࡢᅇ㑊ࠋ⪃࠼࡞࠸ࡼ࠺࡟ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ

% 3 ' % 3 '

7DEOHࠉ཯ᢠቑຍ㠃᥋ࡢᅇ⟅ෆᐜ㸦ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃㸧

98

,'ឤ᝟ឤ᝟ࡢⅬᩘឤ᝟ࡢࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡢ⛬ᗘឤ᝟ࡀ཰ࡲࡿࡲ࡛ࡢ᫬㛫┦ᡭ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡢ⪃࠼ࡑࡢ≧ἣ࡛ࡢᑐฎἲ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ྛⅬ≉࡟࡞ࡋࡍࡄ࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࠿ࡽṌ࠸࡚ࡍࡄᛀࢀࡓࠋ ཝࡋࡃ࡚ᜍ࠸ࠋ௒ࡲ࡛ࡑࡇࡲ࡛ࡣᛮࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠸࠶ࡗ ࡓࠋ࡛ࡶࡑࢀࡔࡅࡋࡗ࠿ࡾࡋࡓே࡞ࢇࡔࢁ࠺࡜ࡶ ᛮࡗࡓࠋࢫࢸ࣮ࢱࢫࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿே࡞ࡢ࡛㸪ゝ࠺ࡇ ࡜ࡣ㛫㐪ࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋ

≉࡟ఱࡶࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋ

ࡀࡗ࠿ࡾ ᝒࡋ࠸ ࡶࡗࡓ࠸࡞࠸

᪥ᖖ⏕ά࡛ࣞ࣋ࣝ㸦ឤ᝟ࡢࢥࣥࢺ ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞ࡃ࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ㸧࡞ ࠸ࠋᬑẁࡢ⾜ືࡣ࠸ࡘࡶ㏻ࡾࠋ ࡕࡻࡗ࡜ࡶࡸࡶࡸࡍࡿ⛬ᗘ 㐌㛫ࡶࡋࡓࡽ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ௚ࡢ⏕ᚐ࠿ࡽ⮬ศ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ㄗゎࡉࢀࡿࡼ࠺࡞ࡇ࠺࡜ ࢆ⪺࠸ࡓࡢࡔ࡜ᛮ࠸㸪⮬ศࡢゝ࠺ࡇ࡜ࡼࡾ௚ࡢேࡢ ゝ࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆಙࡌࡿࢇࡔ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋಙ㢗ឤࢆኻࡗࡓࠋ

≉࡟ఱࡶࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋ

ṧᛕ ࣒࣒࢝࢝ ᝒࡋ࠸

ࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ ࡀ㸪ࡑࡢᚋࡑࡢே࡟ᑐࡍࡿែᗘࡣኚ ࢃࡗࡓࠋ

༙ᖺࡃࡽ࠸ࠋẼᣢࡕ⮬యࡢኚ໬ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋஂ ࡋࡪࡾ࡟఍ࡗࡓ᫬࡟Ẽᣢࡕࡀ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࠋⱞᡭ࡞ࡦ࡜ࠋࡑࡤ࡟ᐤࡾࡓࡃ࡞࠸ࠋヰࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸㸪 ྜࢃ࡞࠸ࠋ

ࡼࡑࡼࡑࡋ࠸ែᗘࢆ࡜ࡗࡓࠋ ࡑࡢヰ㢟ࡣࡩࢀ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜࡟ࡋ࡚㸪ᙜࡓࡾ㞀ࡾ࡞࠸ヰ㢟࡟ኚ᭦ࡋࡓࠋ ୍⥴࡟㣧ࡳ࡟⾜ࡗࡓ཭ே࡟┦ㄯࡋࡓࠋ ࠶ࡲࡾ⪃࠼࡞࠸ࡼ࠺࡟ࡋࡓࠋ ࢖ࣛ࢖ࣛ ୙Ᏻ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸

㐃⤡ࡀࡁࡓ࠶࡜㸪ศࡃࡽ࠸ࡣ͆ࡣ ࠶͇࡜Ẽศࡀⴠࡕ㎸ࢇࡔࡑࡢேࡢࡇ࡜ࢆఱࡶ⪃࠼࡚࡞࠸᫬ࡣᖹẼࡔ ࡀ࣭࣭࣭Ẽᣢࡕࡢᙉࡉࡣ௒ࡶྠࡌࡃࡽ࠸ࠋ ࡥࡗ࡜ぢࡀඃࡋ࠸ேࡔࡗࡓࡢ࡛㸪ぢࡓ┠࡯࡝ඃࡋ࠸ ே࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࢇࡔ࡞ࠋ௒⪃࠼ࡓࡽ㸪ᛮࡗࡓࡇ࡜ࢆࡕࡷ ࢇ࡜ゝ࠺ே࡞ࡢ࠿࡞ࠋ 79ぢࡓࡾ㸪ᮏࢆㄞࢇࡔࡾࠋ ࡶ࠺࠸࠸ࡸ㸪࡜ᛮࡗ࡚㸪௚ࡢ཭㐩࡜㐟ࡪ⣙᮰ࢆࡋࡓࠋࡑࡢே࡜ࡣ➗㢦 ࡛᥋ࡍࡿࠋ ࢖ࣛ࢖ࣛ ࡃࡸࡋ࠸ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸

㹼Ⅼ 㹼Ⅼ

ࡑࡢᤵᴗࡀ᎘࠸࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࢥࣥࢺ ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞࠸࡜ࡲ࡛ࡣ࠸࠿࡞࠸ ࡀ㸪⤊ࢃࡗࡓ࠶࡜ࡶᝒࡋ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ 㝈ࡔࡗࡓࡀ㸪᫨㣗ࢆ㣗࡭⤊ࢃࡗࡓࡽ࠾ࡉࡲࡗ ࡓࠋ

ࡶ࠺ࡑࡢே࡜ࡣࡑࢇ࡞࡟௰Ⰻࡃࡋ࡞ࡃ࡚ࡶ࠸࠸ࡢ࠿ ࡞࣭࣭࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ୍᪉ⓗ࡟௰ࡀⰋ࠸࡜ᛮࡗ࡚࠸ࡓ ࡀ࣭࣭࣭⤖ᵓ๓࠿ࡽᛮࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪᫬㛫࡜࠿⣙᮰࡟ ࣮ࣝࢬ࡞ேࠋ㕌ឤࠋ

㏵୰ࡲ࡛ࡣ⮬ศࡶヰࡋ࠿ࡅ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪ᚋ༙ࡣ௚ࡢຮᙉࢆࡣࡌࡵࡓࠋ ࠶ࡲࡾࡑࡤ࡟ࡼࡽ࡞࠸ࡼ࠺࡟ࡋࡓࠋ ཭ே࡜㛵ಀ࡞࠸ヰࢆࡋࡓࠋ

Ꮩ⊂ឤ ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ ᛣࡾྛⅬࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞ࡃ࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࡣ ࡞࠸ࠋ

ᤵᴗࡀ⤊ࢃࡗ࡚ࡋࡤࡽࡃࡍࡿ࡜ᛀࢀࡿࡀ㸪ḟ࡟ ⾜ࡃ᫬ࡲࡓࠕ᎘ࡔ࡞ࠖ࡜࠸࠺Ẽᣢࡕࠋࠕࡲࡓ࠶ ࡢ୰࡟ධࡗ࡚࠸ࡃࡢ࠿ࠖ࡜࠸࠺୙Ᏻឤࠋ⪃࠼ࡿ ࡇ࡜⮬య⑂ࢀࡿࠋᩍᐊ࡟ධࡿ┤๓ࡢẼᣢࡕࡢ᪉ ࡀ኱ࡁ࠸ࠋ

⮬ศ࡜ࡣ㛵ಀࡢ࡞࠸ே࡟࡞ࡗࡓ࡞ࠋูࡢࡇ࡜ࢆ⪃࠼ࡼ࠺࡜ࡋࡓࠋ ᝒࡋ࠸ ぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀࡓ ୙Ᏻ

ឤ᝟ࡢࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡀ㸪୙Ᏻ࡞≧ែࡀ⥆࠸࡚ ࠸ࡿࠋ៏ᛶⓗ࡞㍍࠸୙Ᏻࡣ⥆࠸࡚࠸ ࡿࠋ

୙Ᏻࡣࡲࡔṧࡗ࡚࠸࡚㸪࠾ࡉࡲࡗ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠋ ࠕࡎࡗ࡜୙Ᏻ࡟ᛮࡗ࡚࡚ࡶ௙᪉࡞࠸ࡋ㸪ぢᤞ࡚ ࡽࢀࡓࡢࡶឤぬⓗ࡞ࡶࡢ࡞ࡢ࡛㸪⮬ศࡶ┤ࡏࡿ ࡜ࡇࢁࡣ┤ࡑ࠺ࠖ࡜๓ྥࡁ࡞Ẽᣢࡕࡶ࠶ࡿࠋ ហ࠿ࡔ࡞ࠋࡉࡆࡍࡴࡼ࠺࡞࿡᪉ࠋሿ࡛ࢃ࠸ࢃ࠸ࡀࡸ ࡀࡸࡍࡿࡢࡣ࡝࠺࠿࡞㸪࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ⮬ศࢆṇᙜ໬ࡋ ࡓࠋ ᣦ᦬ࡉࢀࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࢆ┤ࡑ࠺࡜ᛮࡗࡓࡀ㸪ΰ஘ࡋ࡚㸪⮬ಙࡀ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓ ࡢ࡛㸪ศ࠿ࡽ࡞࠸ࡲࡲືࡁࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ ௚ே࡟ヰࡋࡓࠋ ඲ࡃ㛵ಀࡢ࡞࠸ヰࢆ཭ே࡜ࡋࡓࠋ ᚰ㓄 ୙Ᏻ

ࡍࡄ࡟ᤵᴗࡔࡗࡓࡀ㸪ඛ⏕ࡢゝ࠺ࡇ ࡜࡟㞟୰࡛ࡁ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ຮᙉࡍࡿ࡝ࡇࢁࡌࡷ࡞࠸㸪࡜ᛮࡗ ࡓࠋ

᫬㛫௨ୖࠋḟࡢ᪥ࡣᬑ㏻ࡲ࡛ࡣᡠࡽ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡅ ࡝㸪ᑡࡋᅇ᚟ࡋࡓࠋ 㢌ࡢ୰࡛⪃࠼ࡿᅇᩘࡣῶࡗࡓࠋ ࡑࡢேࡀࢃࡀࡲࡲ㸪Ẽศᒇ࡜ࡣᛮࢃ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ࡇࡗࡕഃ࡟ཎᅉࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࡢ࠿࡞㸪࡜࠸࠺⪃࠼࡟ྥ࠸ ࡓࠋ

఍ࡗࡓࡽࡶࡗ࡜ከࡁ࠸ኌ࡛࠶࠸ࡉࡘࡋ࡚㸪┦ᡭࡢ཯ᛂࢆࡓࡵࡑ࠺࡜ ᛮࡗࡓࠋ ᐷ࡚ᛀࢀࡿࠋ ΰ஘㸪ືᦂ ᛣࡾ ᝒࡋ࠸࣭ࡉࡳࡋ࠸

ࡑࡢ✵㛫࡟࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᎘࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ᛣࡾࡀ࠾ࡉࡲࡽ࡞࠸ࡋ㸪ືᦂࡶࠋࡘ ࡲࡽ࡞࠸㸪࡝ࡗ࠿⾜ࡁࡓ࠸࡜ᛮࡗ ࡓࠋ┦ᡭࡢዲឤᗘࡀୗࡀࡗࡓ ࡑࡢሙ࡛ࡋࡤࡽࡃ⥆࠸࡚࠸࡚㸪௚ࡢᏊ࡜ヰࡋ࡚ ᑡࡋ࠾ࡉࡲࡗ࡚ࡁ࡚㸪᏶඲࡟࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࡢࡣᏛ 㣗ࢆ㞳ࢀ࡚࠿ࡽࠋ

࠶ࡢᏊ࡟ࡣࡑ࠺࠸࠺ࡇ࡜ࢆᮇᚅࡋ࡞࠸ࠋ࠶ࢇࡲࡾ㛵 ࢃࡽ࡞࠸ࡼ࠺࡟ࡋࡼ࠺ࠋඵ᪉⨾ே࡞Ꮚࠋ⮬ศࡀᴦࡋ ࡅࢀࡤ࠸࠸ࡸ㸪࡜࠸࠺Ꮚࠋࠕ⚾ࡀぢᤞ࡚࡚ࡸࡿࠖ࡜ ᛮࡗࡓࠋ ኚ࡟ᛣࡗࡓࡾ࡛ࡁ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࡢ࡛㸪Ẽ࡟ࡋ࡞࠸ࡩࡾࢆ⿦ࡗࡓࠋ㢦ࡣࡇࢃ ࡤࡗ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ ࡑࡢᏊࡀヰࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡢࢆࡉ࠼ࡂࡗࡓࡾ㸪ࡕࡻࡗ࡜ࡋࡓ᎘ࡀࡽࡏࢆࡋ ࡓࠋ ࡑࡢᏊ࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ヰࡋ࠿ࡅ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ ௚ࡢ཭㐩࡜఍ࡗ࡚㸪ហ⑵ࢆゝࡗࡓࠋ ᝒࡋࡳ ᛣࡾ

ࡋࡤࡽࡃ⤒ࡗ࡚࠿ࡽࡶ㸪ᛮ࠸ฟࡋ࡚ ࡝ࡗ࡜ⴠࡕ㎸ࡴࡇ࡜ࡀఱᗘ࠿࠶ࡗ ࡓࠋศ㹼᫬㛫ࡃࡽ࠸ࠋ⮬ศ࠿ࡽゎỴࡍࡿẼࡀ࡞࠸ࠋ⚾ࢆ࢔ࢩࢫࢺࡍࡿẼࡀ ࡞࠸ࠋ๭ࡾษࡽࢀࡓ㸪್㋃ࡳࡉࢀࡓࠋ཭㐩࠸࡞࠸࡞ ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋ㊥㞳ࡢྲྀࡾ᪉ࢆ⪃࠼ࡿࠋ

ࣈࣟࢢ࡟㛗࠸グ஦ࢆ᭩࠸ࡓࠋ᫬㛫ࡀࡓࡗࡓࡽᾘࡋࡓࠋẼᣢࡕࡢᩚ⌮࡟ ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ⱞࡋ࠸ ≉࡟⏕ά࡟ᨭ㞀ࢆࡁࡓࡉ࡞࠸ࠋ᪥ࡃࡽ࠸ࠋࡑࡢḟ࡟఍ࡗࡓ᫬㸪ࡑࢀࡲ࡛ࡣࡶࡸ ࡶࡸࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪┦ᡭ࡟఍ࡗࡓࡽ኱୔ኵࡔࡗ ࡓࠋ

ᝏ࠸ேࡓࡕ࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋࡑ࠺࠸࠺ே࡟࡞ࡿࡢࡣศ࠿ ࡿࠋ⮬ศࡀ⪃࠼ࡍࡂ࡚࠸ࡿࡔࡅࠋ㏫࡟⮬↛࡟ࡩࡿࡲ࠺ࠋ ྠࡌࡼ࠺࡞య㦂ࢆᛮ࠸ฟࡋ࡚㸪኱୔ኵ࡜⮬ศ࡟ゝ࠸⪺࠿ࡏࡿࠋ ࡶࡸࡶࡸ ␲ၥ ࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋࡑࡢ᪥࡟ᐙ᪘ࡸ཭ே࡟ヰࡋ࡚㸪┦ᡭࡀ࠾࠿ࡋ࠸ ࡜ゝࢃࢀ࡚࠾ࡉࡲࡗࡓࠋᅇ๓࡟఍ࡗࡓ᫬ࡣࢸࣥࢩࣙࣥࡀ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࠋẼᣢࡕࡀ Ᏻᐃࡋ࡞࠸ࡢࡔ࡜ᛮࡗࡓࠋᐙ᪘ࡸ཭ே࡟ヰࡋࡓࠋ ୙Ᏻࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋࡑࢇ࡞࡟㛗ࡃࡣ࡞࠸ࠋࢺ࣮ࢱ࡛ࣝศࡃࡽ࠸ࠋᝏ࠸ே࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ༢⣧࡟ᛀࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࡔࡅࠋᝏពࡀ࠶ ࡿࢃࡅ࡛ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋ ヰࡍᶵ఍ࡀ࠶ࡿ᫬ࡣ㸪࡛ࡁࡿࡔࡅヰࡋࡸࡍ࠸ࡼ࠺࡟࡜ᚰࡀࡅࡓࠋ ྥࡇ࠺ࡀ⮬ศࡢࡇ࡜ࢆ࠾࡜࡞ࡋ࠸࡜ᛮࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ᛮ࠺࠿ࡽ㸪✚ᴟⓗ࡟ ヰࡋ࡚ࡳࡓࠋ ࡉࡳࡋ࠸ ᝒࡋ࠸ ᚋ᜼

㹼Ⅼ

ࢥࣥࢺ࣮ࣟࣝࡀࡁ࠿࡞࠸⛬࡛ࡣ࡞ ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡍࡄ࡟࠾ࡉࡵࡓࠋẼᣢࡕࢆษࡾ᭰࠼ࡓࠋᤵᴗ୰࡟㉁ၥ࡛ࡁࡓࡽࡼ࠿ࡗࡓࡢ࠿࡞ࠋ௚ࡢே࡟㉁ၥࡋࡓࠋ ୙Ᏻࢥࣥࢺ࣮࡛ࣟࣝࡁ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡞࠸ࠋศࡃࡽ࠸ࠋᛁࡋࡑ࠺ࡔ࡞㸪࣓࣮ࣝࡢ☜ㄆࡀ㐜࠸ࡢ࠿࡞ࠋࠕᛁࡋ࠸ࢇࡔࢁ࠺࡞ࠖ࡜⪃࠼࡚㸪⮬ศ࡛⌮ᒅࢆࡘࡅࡓࠋ ࢖ࣛ࢖ࣛ ⨥ᝏឤ㸶Ⅼ 㸷Ⅼ ࡑࡢ▐㛫ࡣឤ᝟࡟ࡲ࠿ࡏ࡚ᣵᣜࡋ࡞ ࠿ࡗࡓࡀ㸪ࡑࡢᚋࡢⱞ③ࡣࡑࢇ࡞࡟ ᙉࡃ࡞࠸ࠋḟ࡟ᣵᣜࡋࡓࡽࡋ࡚ࡃࢀ ࡿ࠿ࡶ㸪࡜Ẽᣢࡕࢆ㌿᥮ࡋࡓࠋ

㹼ศࡃࡽ࠸ࠋḟ఍ࡗࡓ࡜ࡁ࡟ᣵᣜࡋ࡚ࡳࡼ ࠺㸪࡜࠸࠺๓ྥࡁ࡞Ẽᣢࡕ࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡳࢇ࡞࡟ᑐࡋ࡚ࡑ࠺࠸࠺཯ᛂࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࢇࡔࡗࡓ ࡽ㸪኱୔ኵ࠿࡞㸽ᦆࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࢇࡌࡷ࡞࠸࠿࡞㸽⪃࠼ࢆኚ࠼࡚ᴦ࡟࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࡑࡢᚋ୍ᗘᣵᣜࢆࡋ࡚ࡳࡓࡽ㸪ࡩࡘ࠺࡟ྥࡇ࠺࠿ࡽᣵᣜࡋ࡚ࡁࡓࠋ

%% 3 ' % 3 '

7DEOHࠉ༙ᵓ㐀໬㠃᥋ࡢᅇ⟅ෆᐜ㸦ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃㸧

99

B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࣭ ప ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ 㸪༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪

ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ୺ ほ ⓗ ࡟ ⤒ 㦂 ࡋ ࡓ ឤ ᝟ ࡜ ࡑ ࡢ ᙉ ᗘ

㸦 0 ~ 1 0㸧 ࢆ ⮬ ᕫ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡚ ࡶ ࡽ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ឤ ᝟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ

್ ࡜ ᶆ ‽ ೫ ᕪ ࢆ T a b l e 7 - 6 ࡟ ♧ ࡍ ࠋ

䜲䝷䜲䝷䞉ᛣ䜚 ᝒ䛧䜏䞉ⴠ䛱㎸䜏 ୙Ᏻ䞉ᚰ㓄 Ꮩ⊂ ືᦂ䞉䝅䝵䝑䜽

ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃 1.50(2.98) 4.78(4.00) 2.83(4.27) 5.32(3.65) 1.78(3.56) ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃 4.23(4.12) 3.33(3.32) 2.89(3.62) 2.56(3.47) 1.56(3.13) ぶᐦᗘ㧗ሙ㠃 䚷.00(䚷.00) 4.43(4.16) 䚷.71(1.89) 2.14(3.08) .00( .00) ぶᐦᗘపሙ㠃 3.14(4.10) 1.57(2.70) 1.43(2.44) 1.29(2.36) 1.00(2.65)

%3'ഴྥ㧗⩌

%3'ഴྥప⩌

Table7-6 ༙ᵓ㐀໬㠃᥋䛻䛚䛔䛶ሗ࿌䛥䜜䛯ឤ᝟䛾ᖹᆒ್䛸ᶆ‽೫ᕪ

ࡲ ࡎ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࣭ ప ⩌ ࡛ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ᕪ ࡀ ࡳ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝

࠺ ࠿ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ࠕ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ឤ ᝟ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᕪ ࡀ

᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 t㸦 1 4㸧 = 1 . 8 5 , p < . 1 0㸧ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ್ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ௚ ࡢ ឤ ᝟ 㸦 ࢖ ࣛ ࢖ ࣛ ࣭ ᛣ ࡾ 㸪 ᝒ ࡋ ࡳ ࣭ ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ 㸪 ୙ Ᏻ ࣭ ᚰ 㓄 㸪 ື ᦂ ࣭ ࢩ ࣙ ࢵ ࢡ 㸧 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ㄆ ࡵ

ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ ࡇ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡣ 㸪

≉ ࡟ ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 Ꮩ ⊂ ឤ ࢆ ឤ ࡌ ࡸ ࡍ ࠸ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

ḟ ࡟ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ≉ ᚩ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࢆ ┠ ⓗ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪

B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࠿ ࡽ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ᙉ ᗘ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ

㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ᕪ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 t ᳨ ᐃ

ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪ࠕ ࢖ ࣛ ࢖ ࣛ ࣭ ᛣ ࡾ ࠖ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦 t 㸦 1 6 㸧 = - 1 . 6 4 ,

p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ ప ࠸ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ሙ 㠃 ࡜

ẚ ࡭ ࡚ ᭷ ព ࡟ ࠕ ࢖ ࣛ ࢖ ࣛ ࣭ ᛣ ࡾ ࠖ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 㧗 ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ௚ ࡢ ឤ ᝟ 㸦 ᝒ ࡋ ࡳ ࣭ ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ 㸪 ୙ Ᏻ ࣭ ᚰ 㓄 㸪 Ꮩ ⊂ 㸪 ື ᦂ ࣭ ࢩ ࣙ ࢵ ࢡ 㸧 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ㄆ ࡵ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ

100 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ

┦ ᡭ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ⪃ ࠼ ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ᐇ 㝿 ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟

࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ⪃ ࠼ ࡓ ෆ ᐜ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ⮬ ᕫ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡚ ࡶ ࡽ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 T a b l e 7 - 4㸪 T a b l e 7 - 5㸧ࠋ ◊ ✲ 3 ࡛ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᑐ ฎ ࡢ ≉ ᚩ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ 㸪ࠕ ⫯ ᐃ ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࡢ ୙ ㊊ ࠖ ࡀ ᐇ 㝿

࡟ ぢ ཷ ࡅ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠿ ࢆ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ᑐ ࡋ ࡚ ࢿ ࢞ ࢸ ࢕ ࣈ ࡞ ༳ ㇟ ࡀ ᙉ ࡃ ࡞ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ᅇ ⟅ ࡋ ࡓ ⪅ ࡢ ᅇ ⟅ ⪅ ᩘ ࢆ ㄪ

࡭ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗

⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 9 ྡ ୰ 7 ྡ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 2 ྡ

࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 9 ྡ ୰ 5 ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 0

ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 Ȯ 2 ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ

ࢁ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ࣭ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᕪ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 㸸 Ȯ 2( 1 ) = 3 . 8 7, p< . 0 5㸪ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 㸸 Ȯ 2( 1 ) = 5 . 6 6,

p< . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 3 ࡛ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ≉

ᚩ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ 㸪ࠕ ᨺ Რ ࣭ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪

┦ ᡭ ࡜ ࡢ 㛵 ಀ ᛶ ࢆ ᩿ ⤯ ࡍ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ᛮ ⪃ ෆ ᐜ ࡸ 㸪 ࡑ ࡢ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ၥ 㢟 ゎ Ỵ ࢆ ᨺ Რ ࡍ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ᛮ ⪃ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ᭷ ↓ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ㄪ

࡭ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗

⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 9 ྡ ୰ 2 ྡ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 0 ྡ ࡀ 㸪ࠕ ᨺ Რ ࣭ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ ᛮ ⪃ ࢆ ᭷ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 9 ྡ ୰ 5 ྡ 㸪 B P D ഴ

ྥ ప ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 1 ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 Ȯ

2 ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ ࢁ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ᕪ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 Ȯ 2( 1 ) = 2 . 8 6 , p< . 1 0㸧ࠋ

⾜ ື ⓗ ഃ 㠃 ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ᐇ 㝿 ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ

⾜ ື ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ⮬ ᕫ ሗ ࿌ ࢆ ࡋ ࡚ ࡶ ࡽ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 T a b l e 7 - 4 㸪

T a b l e 7 - 5㸧ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ࣭ ప ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ 㸪ࠕ ཭ ࡞

࡝ ࡟ ┦ ㄯ ࡍ ࡿ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ᑐ ฎ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ሗ ࿌ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ࡢ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ㊥ 㞳 ࢆ ⨨ ࡃ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ⾜ ື ࢆ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡓ ࡢ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟

࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 9 ྡ ୰ 5 ྡ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡛

101

ࡣ 㸪 9 ྡ ୰ 0 ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 1 ྡ ࡀ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡓ ࡀ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃

࡛ ࡣ 㸪 7 ྡ ୰ 0 ྡ ࡢ ሗ ࿌ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 Ȯ 2 ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ ࢁ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ᕪ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 Ȯ 2( 1 ) = 2 . 8 6, p< . 1 0㸧ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ࡢ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ㊥ 㞳 ࢆ ⨨ ࡃ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ሗ ࿌ ࡀ ከ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ࢹ ࣮ ࢱ ࡟ ᑐ ᛂ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ሙ ྜ ࡢ ẚ ⋡ ࡢ ᳨ ᐃ ᪉ ἲ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࣐ ࢡ ࢿ ࣐ ࣮ ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ ࢁ 㸪 ᕪ ࡀ

᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 p< . 1 0㸧ࠋ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ࡢ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ㊥ 㞳 ࢆ ⨨ ࡃ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ሗ ࿌ ࡀ ከ

࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ┤ ᥋ ⮬ ศ ࡢ Ẽ ᣢ ࡕ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ゝ ࠺ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ⾜ ື

ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 9 ྡ ୰ 6 ྡ ࡀ ሗ

࿌ ࡋ ࡓ ࡀ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 0 ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 1 ྡ ࡀ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡓ ࡀ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 7 ྡ ୰ 0 ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 Ȯ 2 ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ ࢁ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸

࡚ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦 Ȯ 2( 1 ) = 4 . 3 9, p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ┤ ᥋ ⮬ ศ ࡢ Ẽ ᣢ ࡕ ࡟ ࡘ

࠸ ࡚ ゝ ࠺ ࠖ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ⾜ ື ࢆ ᭷ ព ࡟ ከ ࡃ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋࡲ ࡓ 㸪

B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪

࣐ ࢡ ࢿ ࣐ ࣮ ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ ࢁ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡞ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ

㸦 p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡟

┤ ᥋ ⮬ ศ ࡢ Ẽ ᣢ ࡕ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ゝ ࠺ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ⾜ ື ࢆ ᭷ ព ࡟ ከ ࡃ ሗ ࿌ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ┤ ᥋ ఏ ࠼ ࡿ ෆ ᐜ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪ࠕ ᚋ ࠿ ࡽ ఏ ࠼ ࡿ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ᑐ ฎ ࢆ ࡜ ࡗ ࡓ ⪅ ࡀ ከ ࡃ 㸪 ࡑ ࡢ ሙ ࡛ ┤ ᥋ ⓗ ࡟ ఏ ࠼ ࡿ ⪅ ࡣ ᑡ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ఏ ࠼ ࡿ ⾜ ື ࡣ ࡏ ࡎ ࡟ 㸪ࠕ ᛀ ࢀ

ࡿ ࠖ㸪ࠕ Ẽ ᬕ ࡽ ࡋ ࢆ ࡍ ࡿ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᚋ ᪥ ✚ ᴟ ⓗ ࡟ ヰ ࡋ ࠿ ࡅ ࡿ ࠖ ࡜

࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ⾜ ື ࢆ ࡜ ࡿ ⪅ ࡀ ከ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡟ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ ឤ ᝟

102

ࡸ ⾜ ື ࡣ ␗ ࡞ ࡿ ࠿ 㸪 ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ㉁ ၥ ࡟ 㛵 ࡋ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪ࠕ㸦 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ሙ ྜ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸧 ࢿ ࢞ ࢸ ࢕ ࣈ ࡞ ឤ ᝟ ࡀ ᣢ ⥆ ࡍ ࡿ ࠖ ࡜

⟅ ࠼ ࡓ ⪅ ࡀ ᭱ ࡶ ከ ࡃ 㸪 9 ྡ ୰ 6 ྡ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡢ Ꮩ ⊂ ឤ ࢆ ឤ ࡌ ࡸ ࡍ ࠸

ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ഃ 㠃 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 3 ࡛ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ࠕ ⫯ ᐃ ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࡢ ୙ ㊊ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᨺ Რ ࣭ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ

࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᑐ ฎ ࡀ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ ከ ࠸ ഴ ྥ ࡟

࠶ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ≉ ࡟ 㸪ࠕ ᨺ Რ ࣭ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ ప ࠸ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ぢ ཷ ࡅ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᑐ ฎ

࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ၀ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

⾜ ື ⓗ ഃ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ㊥ 㞳 ࢆ ⨨ ࡃ ࠖ ⾜ ື ࡣ 㸪

B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ከ ࠸ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡟

┤ ᥋ ゝ ࠺ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ⾜ ື ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡛ ከ ࡃ ሗ ࿌ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡀ 㸪 ࡑ ࡢ ሙ ࡢ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ ⏝ ࠸ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ

⪅ ࡣ ᑡ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡉ ࡽ ࡟ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡢ 㐪 ࠸ ࡟ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ࡑ ࡢ ᚋ ࡢ ឤ ᝟ ࡸ ᑐ ฎ ⾜ ື ࡟ ᕪ ࡀ ࠶

ࡾ 㸪 ࢿ ࢞ ࢸ ࢕ ࣈ ࡞ Ẽ ศ ࡣ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ᪉ ࡀ 㛗 ࡃ ᣢ ⥆ ࡍ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ၀ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

➨ ⠇ ᮏ ❶ ࡢ ⪃ ᐹ

ࡲ ࡎ 㸪 ᮏ ❶ ࡢ ௬ ㄝ ࢆ 㡰 ࡟ ᳨ ド ࡍ ࡿ ࠋ

௬ ㄝ 1㸧 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ B P D ഴ

ྥ ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ᝿ ㉳ ᚋ ࡟ ᭷ ព ࡟ ቑ ຍ ࡍ ࡿ ࠋ ௬ ㄝ 1 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡢ 㛫

࡛ A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ⋡ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ

ࡶ ࡢ ࡢ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ࡳ 㸪 A B S Q ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᚋ ࡟ ᭷ ព ࡟ ୖ ᪼ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ௬ ㄝ ࡣ ᴫ ࡡ ᨭ ᣢ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡶ ࡢ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌

࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ᖹ ᖖ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࢆ ᙉ ࡃ ᭷ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡀ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ࡉ ࡽ ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ㈿ ά ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ

103

௬ ㄝ 2㸧 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ 㢧

ⴭ ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ Ⓨ ヰ 㸦 Ⓨ ヰ ᛮ ⪃ ἲ 㸧

࡜ 㸪 ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ ឤ ᝟ ࣭ ⾜ ື ཯ ᛂ 㸦 ឤ ᝟ ᣦ ᶆ ࣭ ༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ ࡢ ཯ ᛂ 㸧 ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

௬ ㄝ 2 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 Ⓨ ヰ ᛮ ⪃ ἲ ࡢ ホ ᐃ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗

⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪B P D ప ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ 㛵 㐃 ࡍ

ࡿ Ⓨ ヰ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ከ ࡃ ሗ ࿌ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ศ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ឤ ᝟ ࡛ ࡣ ࠕ Ꮩ ⊂ ឤ ࠖ㸪 ⾜ ື ࡛ ࡣ ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ㊥ 㞳 ࢆ ࡜ ࡿ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ 㸪ඛ ⾜ ◊ ✲ ࡛ ࡶ ᣦ ᦬ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ B P D ࡢ ≉ ᚩ ࡀ 㸪

B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡛ ከ ࡃ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࡇ ࡢ ࡇ ࡜ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ௬ ㄝ 2 ࡶ

ᴫ ࡡ ᨭ ᣢ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ

ᐜ 㸦 T a b l e 7 - 3 㸧 ࡜ ༙ ᵓ 㐀 ໬ 㠃 ᥋ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸦 T a b l e 7 - 4 㸪

T a b l e 7 - 5㸧 ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 㐺 ษ ࡞ ⮬ ᕫ ୺ ᙇ ࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ᑐ ே ࢫ ࢟ ࣝ ࡢ

Ḟ ዴ ࡸ 㸪 ฟ ᮶ ஦ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠕ ᨺ Რ ࣭ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖࠕ ⫯ ᐃ ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࡢ ୙ ㊊ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ᑐ ฎ ࡀ 㸪 B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡢ ⥔ ᣢ ࡟ ᙳ 㡪 ࡋ ࡚

࠸ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᥎ ᐹ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

௬ ㄝ 3㸧 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ሙ 㠃 ࡜

ప ࠸ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 㛵 㐃 ࡍ ࡿ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡀ ␗

࡞ ࡿ ࠋ

௬ ㄝ 3 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ቑ ຍ ⋡ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 㸭 ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ᭷ ព ࡞ ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪

Ⓨ ヰ ᛮ ⪃ ἲ ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ホ ᐃ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸

࡚ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ 㧗 ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ ୍ ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ Ⓨ ヰ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ከ ࡃ ሗ ࿌ ࡉ ࢀ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ప ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ

࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ Ⓨ ヰ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ከ ࡃ ሗ ࿌ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࡇ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ௬ ㄝ 3 ࡣ ୍ 㒊 ᨭ ᣢ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

Ⓨ ヰ ᛮ ⪃ ἲ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ ప ࠸ ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ࡣ 㧗 ࠸ ┦ ᡭ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ౫ Ꮡ ḧ ồ ࡀ ാ ࠿ ࡞ ࠸ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ

ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࣭ࠖࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮

࣐ ࡢ ᙳ 㡪 ࡀ ඃ ఩ ࡟ ാ ࡁ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ࡢ 㛵 ಀ ᩿ ⤯ ࡟ ⮳ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

104

◊ ✲ 4 ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃

࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ㈿ ά ࡋ 㸪 ࡑ ࡇ ࠿ ࡽ ὴ ⏕ ࡍ

ࡿ ࠕ ᨺ Რ ࣭ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ࡞ ࡝ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ࢿ ࢞ ࢸ ࢕ ࣈ ࡞ ⮬ ື ᛮ

⪃ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 Ꮩ ⊂ ឤ ࢆ ឤ ࡌ ࡸ ࡍ ࡃ ࡞ ࡿ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ ࡑ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ ప ࠸ ሙ ྜ ࡣ ࠕ ┦ ᡭ ࡜ ㊥ 㞳 ࢆ ࡜ ࡿ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ᑐ ฎ ⾜ ື ࢆ ࡜ ࡾ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ሙ ྜ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 㛵 ಀ ࢆ

᩿ ࡘ ࡲ ࡛ ࡟ ࡣ ⮳ ࡽ ࡞ ࠸ ࡶ ࡢ ࡢ 㸪ၥ 㢟 ゎ Ỵ ࡣ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠸ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪

ࢿ ࢞ ࢸ ࢕ ࣈ ࡞ Ẽ ศ ࡀ 㛗 ᮇ 㛫 ᣢ ⥆ ࡍ ࡿ 㸪 ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ㄆ ▱ 㸫 ឤ ᝟ 㸫 ⾜ ື ࡢ ࣓ ࢝ ࢽ ࢬ ࣒ ࡀ ᝿ ᐃ ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡘ ࡲ ࡾ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ 㛵 㐃 ᛮ ⪃ ࡀ ㄏ ᑟ ࡉ ࢀ 㸪 ࡑ ࢀ ࡀ ⮬ ື ᛮ ⪃ ࣞ ࣋ ࣝ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᑐ ฎ ࡸ ឤ ᝟ ࣭ ⾜ ື

ࢆ ㄏ Ⓨ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ 㸪 ᝟ ሗ ฎ ⌮ ࢆ ྵ ࡵ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ

࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᯟ ⤌ ࡳ ඲ య ࡢ ≉ ᚩ ࡀ ᫂ ࡽ ࠿ ࡟ ࡞ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸

࠼ ࡿ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 3 ࡛ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ୙ 㐺 ษ ࡞ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࡀ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ᐇ 㝿 ࡟ ⾜ ࢃ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

࡞ ࠾ 㸪 ᮏ ◊ ✲ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ⮫ ᗋ ⩌ ࡢ ἞ ⒪ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࢱ ࣮ ࢤ

ࢵ ࢺ ࡜ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ᑐ ே ࢫ ࢟ ࣝ ࡀ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡛ ࡶ

୙ ㊊ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ┦ ᡭ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡯ ࡝ 㸪 ឤ ࡌ ࡿ ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ᣢ ⥆ ᫬ 㛫 ࡀ 㛗 ࠸ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ

ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ୍ ᪉ 㸪 ぶ ᐦ ࡞ ┦ ᡭ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ 㐣 ᗘ ࡞ ᨷ ᧁ ᛶ ➼ ࡣ 㸪 ᮏ

◊ ✲ ࡛ ࡣ ሗ ࿌ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡇ ࢀ ࡣ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡜ B P D

⮫ ᗋ ⩌ ࡢ ␗ ྠ ࢆ ♧ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡜ ゎ 㔘 ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࠋ ࡘ ࡲ ࡾ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡜ ⮫ ᗋ ⩌ ࡣ 㸪 ⾪ ື ᛶ ࡢ ⛬ ᗘ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ ᕪ ࡀ ࠶ ࡾ 㸪

┦ ᡭ ࡜ ࡢ 㛵 ಀ ࢆ ษ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡸ 㸪 ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ➼ ࡢ ⾜ ື ໬ ࡣ ぢ

ཷ ࡅ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࡶ ࡢ ࡢ 㸪 ᴟ ➃ ࡞ ⾜ ື ໬ ࡟ ࡣ ࠶ ࡲ ࡾ ⮳ ࡽ ࡞ ࠸ ࡜

⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡇ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ⏕ ά ࡟ 㔜 ⠜ ࡞ ᨭ 㞀 ࢆ ࡁ ࡓ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡞ ࠸ ⪅ ࡛ ࠶ ࡾ 㸪 ⌧ ᅾ ⮬ ẅ ᛕ ៖ ࡸ

⃭ ࡋ ࠸ ⮬ യ ⾜ Ⅽ ࡞ ࡝ 㸪 ⏕ ࿨ ࡢ ༴ ᶵ ࡸ ᴟ ᗘ ࡢ ᚰ ⌮ ⓗ ⱞ ③ ࢆ

᭷ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡞ ࠸ ㍍ ⑕ ⩌ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ 㸪 ࡜ ࡍ ࡿ ᮏ ㄽ ᩥ ࡢ ❧ ሙ ࡜ ୍ ⮴ ࡍ ࡿ ࠋࡋ ࡓ ࡀ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ௓ ධ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪

⾪ ື ᛶ ࢆ ࢥ ࣥ ࢺ ࣟ ࣮ ࣝ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࢆ ┠ ⓗ ࡜ ࡍ ࡿ ࡼ ࡾ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ➼ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ௓ ධ ࡜ 㸪 㐺 ษ ࡞ ⮬ ᕫ

105

୺ ᙇ ࢫ ࢟ ࣝ ࢆ ㌟ ࡟ ࡘ ࡅ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ 㸪 ࡼ

ࡾ ຠ ᯝ ⓗ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

◊ ✲ 4 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ㈿ ά ࡋ 㸪 B P D ࡟ ≉ ᚩ ⓗ ࡞ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ࣭

⾜ ື ⓗ ≉ ᚩ ࢆ ♧ ࡍ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ၀ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࡘ ࡲ ࡾ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ

ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᯟ ⤌ ࡳ 㸪 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ࡑ ࡢ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟

࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᯟ ⤌ ࡳ ࡀ ㄏ Ⓨ ࡍ ࡿ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࡟ ௓ ධ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜

ࡀ 㸪 B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡢ ᨵ ၿ ࡟ ࡘ ࡞ ࡀ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ 㸪 ᐇ 㦂 ⓗ ᡭ ἲ

࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪௒ ᚋ ࡢ ◊ ✲ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪

➨ 6 ❶ ࡢ ◊ ✲ 2㹼 3 ࡜ ᮏ ❶ ࡢ ◊ ✲ 4 ࡢ ▱ ぢ ࡟ ᇶ ࡙ ࡁ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ≉ Ṧ ᛶ ࡜ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ㄏ Ⓨ ࡍ ࡿ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࢆ ಁ ࡍ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ௓ ධ ◊ ✲ ࢆ ⾜ ࠺ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᮃ ࡲ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

106

➨ 8 ❶ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡀ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡢ ᨵ ၿ ࡟ ཬ ࡰ ࡍ ຠ ᯝ

➨ ⠇ ᮏ ❶ ࡢ ┠ ⓗ

◊ ✲ 1 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ≉ Ṧ ᛶ ࢆ ༑ ศ ᤊ ࠼ ࡓ ᑻ ᗘ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ A B S Q ࡢ 㛤 Ⓨ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ◊ ✲ 2㹼 4 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ స ⏝ ᶵ ᗎ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ࣓ ࢝ ࢽ ࢬ ࣒ ࡢ ゎ ᫂ ࢆ ┠ ⓗ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ◊ ✲ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ 㸪 ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ୙ Ᏻ ᐃ ᛶ ࡸ ⾜ ື ໬ ࡜ ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡟ ᙳ 㡪 ࢆ ཬ ࡰ ࡍ ୰ ᰾ ⓗ ࡞ せ ᅉ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ྍ ⬟ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ

ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࡓ ࡔ ࡋ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮

࣐ ࡀ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡟ ᙳ 㡪 ࢆ ୚ ࠼ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡜ ࠸ ࠺ ࣓ ࢝ ࢽ ࢬ ࣒

ࢆ ᐇ ド ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ ௓ ධ ࢆ ⾜ ࠸ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ኚ ᐜ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡟ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡀ ᨵ ၿ ࡍ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ ࢆ ᳨ ド ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᚲ せ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡋ ࠿ ࡋ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐

࡟ ࢱ ࣮ ࢤ ࢵ ࢺ ࢆ ⤠ ࡾ 㸪 ௓ ධ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ᐇ ド ◊ ✲ ࡣ ぢ ཷ ࡅ ࡽ

ࢀ ࡞ ࠸ ࠋ

ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ᮏ ❶ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 2㹼 4 ࡛ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ࣓ ࢝ ࢽ ࢬ ࣒ ࡢ ᳨ ド ࢆ ⾜ ࠺ ࡇ ࡜ ࢆ ┠ ⓗ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ ௓ ධ ◊ ✲ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ල య ⓗ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࢆ ᑐ ㇟ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 1 ࡛

᫂ ࡽ ࠿ ࡟ ࡞ ࡗ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ≉ Ṧ ᛶ ࢆ ㋃ ࡲ

࠼ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡜ ᶵ ⬟ ࢆ ྵ ࡵ ࡓ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᯟ ⤌ ࡳ ඲ య ࢆ ኚ ᐜ ࢆ ಁ ࡍ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ௓ ධ ᐇ 㦂 ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡜ ࡇ

ࢁ ࡛ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࢆ ಁ ࡍ ௓ ධ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࡟ ࠶ ࡓ ࡾ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 1㹼 4 ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 B P D ഴ

ྥ ⪅ ࡢ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡣ ᙉ ᅛ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᥎ ᐹ ࡉ ࢀ

ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ཯ ド ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ⮬ య ࡀ ᅔ 㞴

࡞ ሙ ྜ ࡶ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡑ ࡇ ࡛ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 5 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ཯ ド ࢆ ಁ ࡍ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ 2 㐌 㛫 ࡢ ண ഛ ⓗ ௓ ධ ᐇ 㦂 ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ

107

ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡀ ᐇ ᪋ ྍ ⬟ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿

᳨ ド ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ཯ ド ࡢ ᡭ

⥆ ࡁ ࡢ ࡳ ࡢ ▷ ᮇ ⓗ ࡞ ௓ ධ ࡟ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡀ ኚ ໬ ࡍ

ࡿ ࡢ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ ᳨ ウ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡋ ࡚ ◊ ✲ 6 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 1㹼 5 ࡢ ▱ ぢ ࢆ ࡩ ࡲ ࠼ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡜ ᶵ ⬟ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ 8 㐌 㛫 ࡢ 㛗 ᮇ ⓗ ௓ ධ ᐇ 㦂 ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

◊ ✲ 6 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ཯ ド ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡟ ຍ ࠼ ࡚ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 3࣭ 4 ࡛ ᫂ ࡽ ࠿ ࡜ ࡞ ࡗ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮

࣐ ࡀ ㄏ Ⓨ ࡍ ࡿ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ 㠃 ࣭ ᶵ ⬟ 㠃 ࢆ ྵ ࡵ ࡓ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᯟ ⤌ ࡳ ඲ య ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࢆ ಁ 㐍 ࡍ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ௓ ධ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ

࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡑ ࡢ ࡶ ࡢ ࡀ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡟ ୚ ࠼ ࡿ ᙳ 㡪 ࡟ ຍ

࠼ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࠿ ࡽ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࢆ ፹ ௓ ࡋ ࡚ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡟ ୚ ࠼ ࡿ ᙳ 㡪 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ ௓ ධ ᑐ ㇟ ࡜ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡛ 㸪

ࡼ ࡾ ຠ ᯝ ⓗ ࡟ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡢ ᨵ ၿ ࡀ ಁ 㐍 ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ ௓ ධ ࡢ ຠ ᯝ ࢆ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡛ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 1㹼 4 ࡛ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐

ࡀ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡟ ୚ ࠼ ࡿ ᙳ 㡪 ࡢ ᅉ ᯝ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ᫂ ࡽ ࠿

࡟ ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ᮏ ❶ ࡢ ◊ ✲ ࡟ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ ௓ ධ ࡢ ᭷ ຠ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ

ࢀ ࡤ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ᭷ ຠ ࡞ ᨭ ᥼ ἲ ࢆ ᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ࠺ ࠼

࡛ 㸪 ᭷ ⏝ ࡞ ♧ ၀ ࢆ ᥦ ౪ ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ

108

➨ ⠇ ◊ ✲ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡀ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ

࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡟ ཬ ࡰ ࡍ ຠ ᯝ

┠ ⓗ

◊ ✲ 1 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ≉ Ṧ ᛶ ࡟ ὀ ┠

ࡋ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ 㛤 Ⓨ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 4 ࡢ Ⓨ ヰ ᛮ ⪃

ἲ ࡟ ࡼ ࡿ Ⓨ ヰ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ศ ᯒ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡀ

B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ≉ ᚩ ⓗ ࡞ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 2㹼 4 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ B P D ࡢ ᚩ

ೃ ࡟ ᙳ 㡪 ࢆ ୚ ࠼ ࡿ ୰ ᰾ ⓗ ࡞ せ ᅉ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ၀ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 A B S Q ࡛   ᐃ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡟ ௓ ධ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡢ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡢ ᨵ ၿ

࡟ ᭷ ຠ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ල య ⓗ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ᑐ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ᬑ ẁ ព ㆑ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ

≉ ␗ ⓗ ࡞ ෆ ᐜ ࢆ ព ㆑ ໬ ࡉ ࡏ 㸪 ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺ ࠿ ࡟ ࡘ

࠸ ࡚ ᳨ ド ࡍ ࡿ 㸪 ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ ⾜ ࠺ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡟ ᭷ ຠ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ

ࡿ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ 㝿 㸪 A B S Q ࢆ ⏝ ࠸ ࡚ ⮬ ㌟ ࡀ ᙉ ᅛ ࡟ ᣢ ࡗ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ゝ ㄒ ⓗ ෆ ᐜ ࢆ ᢕ ᥱ ࡋ 㸪 ᐈ ほ ど ࢆ ಁ ࡍ ࡇ ࡜ ࡣ 㸪 ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ 㐣 ⛬ ࡛ ᭷ ⏝ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ᥎ ᐹ ࡉ

ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡓ ࡔ ࡋ 㸪 B P D ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ᙉ ᅛ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡀ 㸪 ㄆ ▱ ⾜ ື ⒪ ἲ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡢ ࡦ ࡜ ࡘ

࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ ᢏ ἲ ࢆ ⏝ ࠸ ࡚ ᐇ 㝿 ࡟ ኚ ໬ ࡍ ࡿ ࠿ ࡝

࠺ ࠿ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᳨ ド ࡋ ࡓ ◊ ✲ ࡣ ぢ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠸ ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡢ ᙉ ᅛ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ᯟ ⤌ ࡳ ඲ య ࢆ ኚ ᐜ ࡉ ࡏ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ≉ ᛶ ୖ 㸪 㛗 ᮇ ⓗ ࡞ ௓ ධ ࡀ 㐺 ษ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ ࡋ ࠿ ࡋ 㸪 㛗 ᮇ ⓗ ࡞ ௓ ධ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ

᳨ ウ ࡍ ࡿ ‽ ഛ ẁ 㝵 ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡟ ຠ ᯝ ⓗ ࡞ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ἲ ࢆ ⏝ ࠸ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ᐇ ㊶ ྍ ⬟ ࠿ ࡝ ࠺

࠿ ண ഛ ⓗ ࡟ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ᚲ せ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ࡜ ⪃ ࠼ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࠋ

ࡑ ࡇ ࡛ 㸪 ᮏ ◊ ✲ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡢ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮

109

࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ≉ Ṧ ᛶ ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ ᑐ ࡋ ࡚ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ ⾜ ࠺ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐

↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ 㸪 ᐇ 㦂 ᮇ 㛫 ࡣ ఱ ࡶ ௓ ධ ࢆ ⾜ ࢃ ࡞ ࠸ W a i t i n g L i s t 㸦 W L㸧 ⩌ ࢆ タ ᐃ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ḟ ࡢ 2 ࡘ ࡢ ௬ ㄝ ࢆ ᳨ ド ࡍ ࡿ 2 㐌 㛫 ࡢ ண ഛ ⓗ ௓ ධ ᐇ 㦂 ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

௬ ㄝ 1 )ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ཯ ド ࢆ ಁ ࡍ ㄆ ▱ ⓗ

෌ ᵓ ᡂ ἲ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡣ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ ⪅ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ᐇ ㊶ ྍ ⬟ ࡛ ࠶

ࡿ ࠋ

௬ ㄝ 2 )ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡣ 㸪W L ⩌ ࡜ ẚ ㍑ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪

B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ 㸦 B P D ഴ ྥ 㸪 ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ࢥ ࣥ ࢺ ࣟ ࣮ ࣝ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ

ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡢ ཯ ᛂ ഴ ྥ 㸧 ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ኚ ໬ ࡍ ࡿ ࠋ

◊ ✲ 5 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ࡇ ࡢ 2 ࡘ ࡢ ௬ ㄝ ࡢ ᳨ ド ࢆ ⾜ ࠺ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 2 㐌 㛫 ࡢ ௓ ධ ๓ ᚋ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ᚓ Ⅼ ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ

B P D ഴ ྥ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ   ᐃ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ࡲ ࡓ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 4 ࡛ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ

࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ ⾜ ࠸ 㸪 ௓ ධ ๓ ᚋ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡢ ཯ ᛂ ഴ ྥ 㸦 ឤ ᝟ ࣭ ᑐ ฎ ⾜

ື 㸧 ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ ㄪ ࡭ ࡓ ࠋ

᪉ ᪉ ἲ

㸬 ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ 2 0 1 0 ᖺ 1 2 ᭶ 㹼 2 0 1 2 ᖺ 3 ᭶ ࡟ 㸪 㤳 㒔 ᅪ ෆ ࡢ ኱ Ꮫ ⏕ ࢆ ᑐ ㇟ ࡟ ࢫ ࢡ ࣜ ࣮ ࢽ ࣥ ࢢ ㄪ ᰝ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ㅮ ⩏ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡢ ୍ ᩧ 㓄 ᕸ ࡟ ࡼ ࡿ ㉁ ၥ ⣬ ㄪ ᰝ ࢆ ᐇ ᪋ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ㄪ ᰝ ⪅ ࡀ ㉁ ၥ ⣬ ࢆ 㓄 ᕸ ࡋ 㸪 ࡑ ࡢ ሙ ࡛ ᅇ ཰ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ᮏ ㄪ ᰝ ࡣ ᙉ ไ ࡛ ࡣ ࡞ ࠸ ࡇ ࡜ 㸪 ᅇ ⟅ ෆ ᐜ ࡣ ⤫ ィ ⓗ ࡟ ฎ ⌮ ࡉ ࢀ 㸪 ಶ ே ᝟ ሗ ࡀ

₃ ὤ ࡍ ࡿ ᚰ 㓄 ࡢ ࡞ ࠸ ࡇ ࡜ ࢆ ㄪ ᰝ ๓ ࡟ ᩍ ♧ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ Ḟ ᦆ ್ ࢆ 㝖 እ ࡋ ࡓ ᭷ ຠ ᅇ ⟅ ⪅ ᩘ ࡣ 㸪 ኱ Ꮫ ⏕ 4 5 6 ྡ 㸦 ⏨ ᛶ 2 7 5 ྡ 㸪 ዪ ᛶ 1 5 2 ྡ 㸪 ୙ ᫂ 2 9 ྡ 㸪 ᖹ ᆒ ᖺ 㱋 2 0 . 0 1 ṓ 㸪 S D= 1 . 7 0㸧

࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࢫ ࢡ ࣜ ࣮ ࢽ ࣥ ࢢ ㄪ ᰝ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 A B S Q ࡜ P D Q - R ࢆ

⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ P D Q - R ඲ య ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡣ 㸪 4 . 1 2㸦 S D 2 . 6 3㸧 ࡛

110

࠶ ࡾ 㸪ᖹ ᆒ ್ 㸩 1 / 2S D ࡣ 5 . 4 4 Ⅼ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࡑ ࡇ ࡛ 㸪P D Q - R ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ 5 Ⅼ ௨ ୖ ࡛ 㸪 ࠿ ࡘ A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᖹ ᆒ ್ 㸦 3 4 . 1 4

Ⅼ 㸧 ௨ ୖ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ⏨ ዪ 1 6 ྡ ࢆ 㸪 B P D ഴ ྥ 㧗 ⩌ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ᑐ ㇟ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡣ ↓ స Ⅽ ࡟ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟

࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 8 ྡ 㸦 ⏨ ᛶ 5 ྡ 㸪 ዪ ᛶ 3 ྡ 㸪 ᖹ ᆒ ᖺ 㱋 2 0 . 6 3㸪 S D= 1 . 3 0㸧 ࡜ W a i t i n g L i s t㸦 W L㸧 ⩌ 8 ྡ 㸦 ⏨ ᛶ 4 ྡ 㸪 ዪ ᛶ 4 ྡ 㸪 ᖹ ᆒ ᖺ 㱋 1 9 . 6 3㸪S D= 1 . 9 5㸧 ࡟ ᣺ ࡾ ศ ࡅ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ W L ⩌ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᐇ 㦂 ⤊ ஢ ࡲ ࡛ ࡟ ࢻ ࣟ ࢵ ࣉ ࢔ ࢘ ࢺ ࡀ 1 ྡ

ࡳ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ᭱ ⤊ ⓗ ࡟ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 8 ྡ 㸦 ⏨ ᛶ 5 ྡ 㸪ዪ ᛶ 3 ྡ 㸪ᖹ ᆒ ᖺ 㱋 2 0 . 6 3㸪S D= 1 . 3 0㸧࡜ W a i t i n g

L i s t㸦 W L㸧⩌ 7 ྡ㸦 ⏨ ᛶ 4 ྡ 㸪ዪ ᛶ 3 ྡ 㸪ᖹ ᆒ ᖺ 㱋 1 9 . 0 0㸪

S D= 0 . 8 9㸧 ࢆ ศ ᯒ ࡢ ᑐ ㇟ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ࡞ ࠾ 㸪 ᐇ 㦂 ᐇ ᪋ ๓ ࡟ ೺

ᗣ ࢔ ࣥ ࢣ ࣮ ࢺ ࢆ ᐇ ᪋ ࡋ 㸪 ⌧ ᅾ ་ ⒪ ࡸ ᚰ ⌮ ⓗ ἞ ⒪ ࢆ ཷ ࡅ ࡚

࠸ ࡿ ⪅ 㸪 ᴟ ᗘ ࡢ ⑂ ປ ࡸ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ ≧ ែ 㸪 ⮬ ẅ ᛕ ៖ ࣭ ⃭ ࡋ ࠸ ⮬ യ ⾜ Ⅽ ➼ ࡀ ࠶ ࡿ ⪅ ࡣ ᐇ 㦂 ࠿ ࡽ 㝖 እ ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ ࡀ 㸪 ヱ ᙜ ⪅ ࡣ ࠸ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 ᐇ 㦂 ⪅ ⮫ ᗋ ᚰ ⌮ ኈ ᭷ ㈨ ᱁ ⪅ ࡢ ኱ Ꮫ 㝔 ⏕ ዪ ᛶ 㸦 3 0 ௦ 㸧

1 ྡ

㸬 ᐇ 㦂 ሙ ᡤ 㟼 ࠿ ࡞ ⎔ ቃ ࡢ ᐇ 㦂 ᐊ ࡟ ࡚ 㸪 ᐇ 㦂 ⪅ ࡜ ᐇ 㦂 ༠ ຊ ⪅ ࡀ 1 ᑐ 1 ࡛ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 ᐇ 㦂 ᮦ ᩱ 㸦 a㸧 A B S Q 1 8 㡯 ┠ ࠋ 4 ௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ◊ ✲ 1 ࡛ ಙ 㢗 ᛶ ࣭ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡣ ༑ ศ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠋ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ⛬ ᗘ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ

㸦 b㸧 S D S ࡢ 㸪 ⮬ ẅ 㡯 ┠ ࢆ 㝖 ࠸ ࡓ 1 9 㡯 ┠ 㸦 ⚟ ⏣ ࣭ ᑠ ᯘ 㸪

1 9 7 3㸧ࠋ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡢ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ Ẽ ศ ≧ ែ ࢆ   ᐃ ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟

⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ 4 ௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ༑ ศ ࡞ ಙ 㢗 ᛶ ࣭ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠋ㸦 c㸧P D Q - R ࡢ B P D ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ 㡯 ┠ 㸦 ୖ ཎ ࡽ 㸪 1 9 9 6 㸧ࠋ P D Q - R ࡢ 㡯 ┠ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ከ ኚ 㔞 ศ ᯒ ࢆ

┠ ⓗ ࡜ ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ 㸪 “඲ ࡃ ࠶ ࡚ ࡣ ࡲ ࡽ ࡞ ࠸ ”㸪“࡝ ࡕ ࡽ ࠿ ࡜ ࠸

࠼ ࡤ ᙜ ࡚ ࡣ ࡲ ࡽ ࡞ ࠸ ”㸪 “࡝ ࡕ ࡽ ࠿ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡤ ᙜ ࡚ ࡣ ࡲ ࡿ ” 㸪

“඲ ࡃ ᙜ ࡚ ࡣ ࡲ ࡿ ”㸪 “࡯ ࡜ ࢇ ࡝ ẖ ᪥ ”ࡢ 5 ௳ ἲ ࡟ ኚ ᭦ ࡋ ࡚ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ B P D ഴ ྥ ࢆ   ᐃ ࡍ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ㸦 d㸧

111

D B T ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ᪥ ᮏ ㄒ ∧ ࣐ ࢖ ࣥ ࢻ ࣇ ࣝ ࢿ ࢫ ᑻ ᗘ (ᩧ ⸨ ࣭ Ᏺ

㇂ 㸪 2 0 0 9 )ࡢ 㸪ࠕ ᝟ ື ࢥ ࣥ ࢺ ࣟ ࣮ ࣝ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࠋ B P D ࡢ ᚩ ೃ ࡢ

୍ ࡘ ࡛ ࠶ ࡿ ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ୙ Ᏻ ᐃ ᛶ ࢆ   ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ 4 ௳ ἲ

࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ༑ ศ ࡞ ಙ 㢗 ᛶ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠋࡲ ࡓ 㸪

D B T - C 5 㡯 ┠ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡜ D B T ࢥ ࣑ ࣗ ࢽ ࢣ ࣮ ࢩ ࣙ ࣥ ࣭ ࢫ ࢟ ࣝ

ᑻ ᗘ ࡸ M C M I㸫 ϩ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡜ ࡢ ᭷ ព ࡞ 㛵 㐃 ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸

ࡿ ࠋ㸦 e㸧 P O M S㸦 ᶓ ᒣ ࣭ Ⲩ グ 㸪 1 9 9 4㸧 ࠿ ࡽ 㸪ࠕ ⥭ ᙇ -୙ Ᏻ ࠖ㸪

ࠕ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ -ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ΰ ஘ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᛣ ࡾ 㸫 ᩛ ព ࠖ ࡢ 4 ࡘ ࡢ ୗ

఩ ᑻ ᗘ 4 2 㡯 ┠ ࢆ ᢤ ⢋ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ๓ ᚋ ࡢ Ẽ ศ ≧

ែ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࡢ   ᐃ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ5 ௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ

༑ ศ ࡞ ಙ 㢗 ᛶ ࣭ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠋ㸦 f㸧 Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ

⚊ 㸦 ᆏ 㔝 ࡽ 㸪 1 9 9 4㸧 ࡢ ࠕ ࣜ ࣇ ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ ࠖ 8 㡯 ┠ ࠋ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ๓ ᚋ ࡢ Ẽ ศ ≧ ែ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࡢ   ᐃ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ 4

௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ༑ ศ ࡞ ಙ 㢗 ᛶ ࣭ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ

࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠋ㸦 g㸧 T A C - 2 4㸦 ⚄ ᮧ ࡽ 㸪 1 9 9 5㸧 ࡣ 㸪ࠕ ᝟ ሗ ཰ 㞟 ࠖ㸪 ࠕ ᨺ Რ 㸪 ㅉ ࡵ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ⫯ ᐃ ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࠖ㸪ࠕ ィ ⏬ ❧ ᱌ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᅇ 㑊 ⓗ ᛮ

⪃ ࠖ㸪ࠕ Ẽ ᬕ ࡽ ࡋ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ࢝ ࢱ ࣝ ࢩ ࢫ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ㈐ ௵ ㌿ ᎑ ࠖ ࡢ 8 ࡘ ࡢ

ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ 2 4 㡯 ┠ ࠿ ࡽ ᡂ ࡿ ࠋ5 ௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ༑ ศ

࡞ ಙ 㢗 ᛶ ࣭ ጇ ᙜ ᛶ ࡀ ☜ ㄆ ࡉ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠋ ᮏ ◊ ✲ ࡛ ࡣ ぢ ᤞ ࡚

ࡽ ࢀ ᝿ ㉳ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ᑐ ฎ ᪉ ␎ ࡢ ഴ ྥ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ᩍ ♧ 㒊 ศ ࡢ ࠕ ⢭ ⚄ ⓗ ࡟ ࡘ ࡽ ࠸ ≧ ἣ ࡟ 㐼 㐝 ࡋ ࡓ ࡜ ࡁ ࠖ ࡜ ࠸

࠺ 㒊 ศ ࢆ 㸪ࠕ ௚ ே ࠿ ࡽ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ឤ ࡌ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ≧ ἣ ࡟ 㐼 㐝 ࡋ ࡓ ࡜ ࡁ ࠖ࡜ ኚ ᭦ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ㸦 h㸧◊ ✲ ᐇ ᪋ ⪅ ࡀ స ᡂ ࡋ ࡓ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ 㩭 ᫂ ᗘ 㸪 ᑐ ㇟ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࢆ ၥ ࠺ 㡯 ┠ ࠋ ᧯ స ࢳ ࢙ ࢵ ࢡ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ ⏝ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࢀ ࡒ ࢀ 7 ௳ ἲ ࡛ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࡲ ࡎ 㸪 ᐇ 㦂 ༠ ຊ ᕼ ᮃ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ஦ ๓ ࡟ ᐇ 㦂 ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ࢖ ࣥ ࣇ ࢛ ࣮ ࣒ ࢻ ࣭ ࢥ ࣥ ࢭ ࣥ ࢺ ࢆ ᚓ ࡓ ࠋ ஢ ᢎ ࢆ ᚓ ࡽ

ࢀ ࡓ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡟ ᑐ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ᢎ ㅙ ᭩ ࡬ ࡢ ࢧ ࢖ ࣥ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡣ ࡑ ࢀ ࡒ ࢀ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L

⩌ ࡟ ࣛ ࣥ ࢲ ࣒ ࡟ ๭ ࡾ ᣺ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ 㸪 1 ᅇ ┠ ࡢ ᐇ 㦂 ᐊ ᮶ ᐊ ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ࣋ ࣮ ࢫ ࣛ ࢖ ࣥ ࡢ   ᐃ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ ࡢ 㸪A B S Q㸪

112

P D Q - R㸪 S D S ࡬ ࡢ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ḟ ࡟ 㸪 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᐇ

㦂 ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࠕ ᮏ ᐇ 㦂 ࡣ 㸪࠶ ࡞ ࡓ ࡀ ᬑ ẁ ㄡ ࠿ ࡟͆ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ͇㸪 ࠶ ࡿ ࠸ ࡣ ͆ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࡢ ࡛ ࡣ ࡞ ࠸ ࠿ ͇ ࡜ ឤ ࡌ ࡿ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࠾ ⪺ ࡁ ࡍ ࡿ ࡶ ࡢ ࡛ ࡍ ࠋ ኱ ࡁ ࡞ ⱞ ③ ࢆ క ࠺ ࢺ ࣛ ࢘ ࣐ ࢸ ࢕ ࢵ ࢡ ࡞ ฟ ᮶ ஦ ࡛ ࡣ ࡞ ࡃ 㸪 ᬑ ẁ ࠶ ࡿ ࡼ ࠺

࡞ ࡉ ࡉ ࠸ ࡞ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ 㸪 ࠶ ࡞ ࡓ ࡀ ͆ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ͇ ࡜ ឤ ࡌ ࡿ ࡢ ࡣ ࡝ ࡢ ࡼ ࠺ ࡞ ሙ 㠃 ࡛ ࡍ ࠿ 㸽 ͆ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ ͇ ࡜ ឤ ࡌ ࡓ ሙ 㠃 ࢆ ୍ ࡘ ᛮ ࠸ ฟ ࡋ ࡚ ୗ ࡉ ࠸ ࠖ ࡜ ᩍ ♧ ࢆ ⾜ ࠸ 㸪 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡢ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ⤒ 㦂 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 1 ศ 㛫 ࡑ ࡢ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࢖ ࣓

࣮ ࢪ ࡍ ࡿ ᫬ 㛫 ࢆ タ ࡅ ࡓ ࠋ ⥆ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᚋ ࡢ Ẽ ศ ࡸ ⪃

࠼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 A B S Q㸪 P O M S㸪 Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࣜ ࣇ ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ 㡯 ┠ ࡟ ᅇ ⟅ ࢆ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ᚋ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ

⩌ ࡟ ᑐ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ᚰ ⌮ ᩍ ⫱ 㸪 ࣍

࣮ ࣒ ࣡ ࣮ ࢡ ࡢ ㄝ ᫂ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ᚰ ⌮ ᩍ ⫱ ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ᴫ ᛕ ࡢ ㄝ ᫂ ࡜ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ࡝ ࡢ ࡼ

࠺ ࡞ ᙳ 㡪 ࢆ ཬ ࡰ ࡍ ࡢ ࠿ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ◊ ✲ 1㹼 4 ࡢ ▱ ぢ ࢆ ࡶ

࡜ ࡟ ㄝ ᫂ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ල య ⓗ ࡟ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ᙉ ᅛ ࡞ ⪃ ࠼ ᪉ ࢆ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡜ ࿧ ࡪ ࡇ ࡜ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡀ ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ୙ Ᏻ ᐃ ࡉ ࡸ ⾜ ື ࡟ ᙳ 㡪 ࡍ ࡿ ࡇ

࡜ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡟ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ ่ ⃭ ࡉ ࢀ ࡿ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡀ

␗ ࡞ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ➼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ㄝ ᫂ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ḟ ࡟ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ୰

࠿ ࡽ 㸪 ≉ ࡟ ⮬ ศ ࡢ ⪃ ࠼ ࡟ ࠶ ࡚ ࡣ ࡲ ࡿ ࡜ ᛮ ࠺ 㡯 ┠ ࢆ 㸪 ┦ ᡭ ࡢ ぶ ᐦ ᗘ ࡀ 㧗 ࠸ ሙ ྜ 㸪 ప ࠸ ሙ ྜ ࡟ ศ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 3 㡯 ┠ ࡎ ࡘ 㑅 ࡪ ࡼ ࠺ ࡟ ồ ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ࣍ ࣮ ࣒ ࣡ ࣮ ࢡ ࡣ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ୰ ࠿ ࡽ 㑅 ࢇ ࡔ 㡯 ┠ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ཯ ド ࢆ ⾜ ࠺ ㄆ ▱ ෌ ᵓ ᡂ ࡢ ㄢ 㢟 ࡜ 㸪 ᐇ 㝿 ࡟

㉳ ࡇ ࡗ ࡓ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᛮ ⪃ ࣭ ឤ ᝟ ࢆ グ 㘓 ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ௦ ᭰

ᛮ ⪃ ࢆ ᱌ ฟ ࡍ ࡿ ᛮ ⪃ グ 㘓 ⾲ ࠿ ࡽ ᵓ ᡂ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ࣍ ࣮ ࣒ ࣡ ࣮ ࢡ ࡣ ෉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡋ ࡚ 㓄 ᕸ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ᡤ せ ᫬ 㛫 ࡣ ⣙ 6 0 ศ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ W L ⩌ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ୍ ᅇ ┠ ࡢ ᐇ 㦂 ᐊ ᮶ ᐊ ࡟

࠾ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ࣋ ࣮ ࢫ ࣛ ࢖ ࣥ   ᐃ ࡜ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ࡢ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ࡳ ࢆ

⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ᡤ せ ᫬ 㛫 ࡣ ⣙ 3 0 ศ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ

࡟ 㸪 1 ᅇ ┠ ࡢ ᮶ ᐊ ࠿ ࡽ ⣙ 2 㐌 㛫 ᚋ ࡟ ෌ ᗘ ᐇ 㦂 ᐊ ࡟ ᮶ ᐊ ࡋ

113

࡚ ࡶ ࡽ ࠸ 㸪 1 ᅇ ┠ ࡜ ྠ ᵝ ࡢ ᡭ ⥆ ࡁ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ᚋ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡟ ᑐ ࡋ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 2 㐌 㛫 ࡢ ௓ ධ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ឤ ᝿ ࡞ ࡝ ࢆ ᑜ ࡡ ࡿ ࢖ ࣥ ࢱ ࣅ ࣗ ࣮ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ W L ⩌ ࡟ ࡘ

࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ࢹ ࣈ ࣜ ࣮ ࣇ ࢕ ࣥ ࢢ ࢆ ⾜ ࠸ 㸪 ᕼ ᮃ ࡀ ࠶ ࢀ ࡤ ௓ ධ ⩌

࡜ ྠ ᵝ ࡢ ௓ ධ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 ೔ ⌮ ⓗ 㓄 ៖ ᐇ 㦂 ࡟ ࠾ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ஦ ๓ ࡟ ࠸ ࠿ ࡞ ࡿ ẁ 㝵

࡛ ࡶ ཧ ຍ ࢆ ୰ ᩿ ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ 㸪 ࠸ ࡗ ࡓ ࢇ ཧ ຍ ࡟ ྠ ព ࡋ ࡓ ሙ

ྜ ࡛ ࡶ 㸪 ࠸ ࡘ ࡛ ࡶ ྠ ព ࢆ ᧔ ᅇ ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࢆ ཱྀ 㢌 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᭩ 㠃 ࡛ ㄝ ᫂ ࡋ ࡓ ࠋ ᮏ ◊ ✲ ࡣ 㸪 ᪩ ✄ ⏣ ኱ Ꮫ ࠕ ே ࢆ ᑐ ㇟ ࡜ ࡍ ࡿ

◊ ✲ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ೔ ⌮ ጤ ဨ ఍ ࠖ ࡢ ᢎ ㄆ ࢆ ᚓ ࡚ ᐇ ᪋ ࡋ ࡓ (ᢎ ㄆ

␒ ྕ 㸸 2 0 1 0 - 2 3 2 )ࠋ

⤖ ᯝ

ྛ ᣦ ᶆ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᶆ ‽ ೫ ᕪ ࢆ T a b l e 8 - 1 ࡟ ♧ ࡍ ࠋ

114

M SD M SD F(

䡀䡂

) F(

䡀䡂

)

SDS Pre 46.75 6.25 39.43 6.21

Post 44.38 6.12 39.00 4.93

ABSQ

඲ᚓⅬ Pre 41.38 8.35 43.29 3.86 F䠄1,13䠅=3.61䠈p< .10 F䠄1,13䠅=2.01䠈n.s.

Post 34.13 4.26 42.29 6.92 Pre>Post

䚷䚷F1 Pre 16.75 4.17 17.14 2.27 F䠄1,13䠅=4.23䠈p< .10 F䠄1,13䠅=3.62䠈p< .10

Post 13.13 1.96 17.00 3.06 Pre>Post ↔Ⅼ⩌䛻䛚䛔䛶䠈Pre>Post

䚷䚷F2 Pre 16.88 4.97 17.86 3.63 F䠄1,13䠅=1.37䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅=䚷.05䠈n.s.

Post 14.88 2.70 16.57 4.69

䚷䚷F3 Pre 7.75 1.58 8.29 1.80 F䠄1,13䠅= .88䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅=3.18䠈p< .10 Post 6.13 0.99 8.71 0.95 ↔Ⅼ⩌䛻䛚䛔䛶䠈Pre>Post PDQ-R Pre 29.88 5.82 29.57 4.04 F䠄1,13䠅= 10.47䠈p< .01 F䠄1,13䠅=䚷.01䠈n.s.

Post 28.25 5.90 27.57 4.08 Pre>Post

DBT-E Pre 17.38 5.04 14.14 5.24 F䠄1,13䠅= .02䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅=䚷.49䠈n.s.

Post 16.50 4.34 14.86 3.53

ABSQ= the Abandonment Schema Questionnaire

F1㸻ᜏᖖⓗ࡞ぢᤞ࡚ࡽࢀ࣭Ꮩ⊂ SDS=the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale

F2㸻ぶᐦ࡞㛵ಀ࡟ᑐࡍࡿࡋࡀࡳࡘࡁ࣭ྠ୍ど PDQ-R=the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-Revised

F3㸻௚⪅࠿ࡽࡢዲព࡟ᑐࡍࡿ࠶ࡁࡽࡵ DBT-E=DBT䛻䛚䛡䜛᪥ᮏㄒ∧䝬䜲䞁䝗䝣䝹䝛䝇ᑻᗘ䛂᝟ື䝁䞁䝖䝻䞊䝹䛃ᅉᏊ

᫬ᮇ ஺஫స⏝

Table8-1 ྛ⩌࡟࠾ࡅࡿྛᣦᶆᚓⅬࡢᖹᆒ್࡜ᶆ‽೫ᕪ ࠉN=15

ぢᤞ䛶䜙䜜䝇䜻䞊䝬↔Ⅼ

Waiting List⩌

N=8 N=7

㸬 ⩌ ࡢ ➼ ㉁ ᛶ ࡟ 㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ᳨ ウ ࡲ ࡎ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ẁ 㝵 ࡢ

P D Q - R ᚓ Ⅼ 㸪 A B S Q ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ

ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 t 1 3 㸧= . 1 4 , n . s .㸧ࠋ

ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪B P D ഴ ྥ 㸪ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ᙉ ࡉ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ୧ ⩌ ࡢ ➼ ㉁ ᛶ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ

㸬 ᧯ స ࢳ ࢙ ࢵ ࢡ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ᧯ స ࢳ ࢙ ࢵ ࢡ ࡜ ࡋ ࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ࡢ 㩭 ᫂ ᗘ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࢆ ồ

ࡵ ࡓ ࠋ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ 㩭 ᫂ ᗘ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࡣ 㸪7 Ⅼ ‶ Ⅼ ୰ 5 . 5 9㸦 S D=

115

1 . 4 5㸧 ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ྛ ᐇ 㦂 ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡀ ୰ ⛬ ᗘ ௨ ୖ ࡟

ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ࡛ ࡁ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࡇ ࡜ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪

࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ࡢ ᧯ స ࡣ 㐺 ษ ࡟ ⾜ ࢃ ࢀ ࡓ ࡜ ࠸ ࠼ ࡿ ࠋ

ḟ ࡟ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡢ ௓ ධ ᧯ స ࡀ 㐺 ษ ࡟

⾜ ࢃ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࠿ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ࣍ ࣮ ࣒ ࣡ ࣮ ࢡ ࡢ 㐩 ᡂ ᗘ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸

࡚ ㄪ ࡭ ࡓ ࠋ ᥦ ฟ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࣍ ࣮ ࣒ ࣡ ࣮ ࢡ ࡢ ᐇ ᪋ ≧ ἣ ࢆ ☜ ㄆ ࡋ ࡓ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡢ ඲ ࡚ ࡢ ཧ ຍ ⪅ ࡀ 㸪

A B S Q ࡢ ཯ ド ࡢ ᱌ ฟ ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᭱ ప 2 ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ᛮ ⪃ グ 㘓 ⾲ ࡢ グ

ධ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ࡼ ࡗ ࡚ 㸪 ௓ ධ ᧯ స ࡶ 㐺 ษ ࡟ ⾜ ࢃ ࢀ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࡜ ุ ᩿ ࡛ ࡁ ࡿ ࠋ

㸬 $ % 6 4 ᚓ Ⅼ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L ⩌ ࡢ

A B S Q ྜ ィ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ௓ ධ ๓ ᚋ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ

࡟ 㸪 ⩌ 㸦 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 㸭 W L ⩌ 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ ᩘ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋA B S Q ᚓ Ⅼ ࡣ 㸪 ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᧯ స ᑟ ධ ๓ ࡢ ࣋ ࣮ ࢫ ࣛ ࢖ ࣥ   ᐃ ್ ࢆ ⏝

࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ศ ᯒ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ྜ ィ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺

ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 1 3㸧 = 3 . 6 1㸪 p< . 1 0㸧ࠋ

ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࠿ ࡽ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡟ ࠿ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ ࡉ ࡽ ࡟ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ྛ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 ྠ ᵝ ࡟ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 1 3㸧 = 3 . 6 2㸪 p < . 1 0㸧㸦 F i g r e 8 - 1㸧ࠋ

᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ༢ ⣧ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࢆ ᳨ ᐃ ࡋ ࡓ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐

↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 1 3㸧= 8 . 4 0㸪

p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࡋ ࠿ ࡋ 㸪 W L ⩌ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡞ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ኚ ໬

ࡣ ㄆ ࡵ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ

116 12.00

13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00

pre post

ABSQ fac.1 ぢᤞ䛶䜙䜜䝇

䜻䞊䝬↔Ⅼ⩌

† WL⩌

*

F i g u r e 8 - 1 ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ್

ࡢ ኚ ໬

ḟ ࡟ A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ ୍

ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ୺ ຠ ᯝ 㸪 ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ࡞ ⤖ ᯝ ࡣ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧㸦 F i g u r e 8 - 2㸧ࠋ

p< . 0 5 , p< . 1 0

117 14.00

14.50 15.00 15.50 16.00 16.50 17.00 17.50 18.00 18.50

pre post

ABSQfac.2

ぢᤞ䛶䜙䜜䝇䜻䞊䝬

↔Ⅼ⩌

WL⩌

F i g u r e 8 - 2 ࠕ ぶ ᐦ ࡞ 㛵 ಀ ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࡋ ࡀ ࡳ ࡘ ࡁ ࣭ ྠ ୍ ど ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ

ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࡢ ኚ ໬

A B S Q ࡢ ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ

ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ㸦 F㸦 1 , 1 3 㸧

= 3 . 1 8㸪 p < . 1 0㸧㸦 F i g r e 8 - 3㸧ࠋ ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ༢ ⣧ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࢆ ᳨ ᐃ ࡋ ࡓ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 1 3㸧 = 6 . 9 4㸪 p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࡋ ࠿ ࡋ 㸪 W L ⩌

࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡞ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࡣ ㄆ ࡵ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧

118 5.00

5.50 6.00 6.50 7.00 7.50 8.00 8.50 9.00

pre post

ABSQ fac.3 ぢᤞ䛶䜙䜜䝇䜻䞊

䝬↔Ⅼ⩌

WL⩌

F i g u r e 8 - 3 ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡢ

ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࡢ ኚ ໬

ࡇ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ ࠿ ࡽ 㸪 A B S Q ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡣ 㸪ࠕ ᜏ ᖖ ⓗ ࡞ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ

ࢀ ࣭ Ꮩ ⊂ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡜ 㸪ࠕ ௚ ⪅ ࠿ ࡽ ࡢ ዲ ព ࡟ ᑐ ࡍ ࡿ ࠶ ࡁ ࡽ ࡵ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 W L ⩌ ࡼ ࡾ ࡶ ௓ ධ ๓ ᚋ ࡛ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡿ ࡇ ࡜ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ

㸬 3 ' 4 5 ᚓ Ⅼ B P D ഴ ྥ ࢆ   ᐃ ࡍ ࡿ P D Q - R ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸

࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L ⩌ ࡢ ௓ ධ ๓ ᚋ ࡢ ኚ

໬ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ⩌ 㸦 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 㸭 W L

⩌ 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ

ᩘ 㸪P D Q - R ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ

⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 F 㸦 1 , 1 3㸧 = 1 0 . 3 1㸪 p< . 0 1㸧ࠋ ୧ ⩌ ࡜ ࡶ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࠿ ࡽ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡟ ࠿ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 P D Q - R ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ ࠋ

p< . 0 5 , p< . 1 0 㸨

͊

119

㸬 6 ' 6 ᚓ Ⅼ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ ≧ ែ ࢆ   ᐃ ࡍ ࡿ S D S ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 㹲 ᳨ ᐃ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ẁ 㝵 ࡛ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟

࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L ⩌ ࡢ 㛫 ࡟ ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡀ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡓ ࠋ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ

ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡢ ᪉ ࡀ 㸪 S D S ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡟ 㧗 ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 t( 1 3 ) = 2 . 2 7 , p< . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࡑ ࡇ ࡛ 㸪 ྛ ⩌ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ⋡ 㸦 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⟬ ฟ ࡋ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L ⩌ ࡢ ᕪ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ t ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ᭷ ព ᕪ ࡣ ♧ ࡉ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮

࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ᖹ ᆒ ್ - . 0 8 , W L ⩌ ᖹ ᆒ ್ . 0 0 , n . s .㸧ࠋ

㸬 ' % 7 ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ᪥ ᮏ ㄒ ∧ ࣐ ࢖ ࣥ ࢻ ࣇ ࣝ ࢿ ࢫ ᑻ ᗘ ࠕ ᝟ ື ࢥ

ࣥ ࢺ ࣟ ࣮ ࣝ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ᚓ Ⅼ ឤ ᝟ ࡢ ୙ Ᏻ ᐃ ᛶ ࢆ   ᐃ ࡍ ࡿ ࠕ ᝟

ື ࢥ ࣥ ࢺ ࣟ ࣮ ࣝ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ⩌ 㸦 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 㸭 W L ⩌ 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ ᩘ 㸪ࠕ ᝟ ື ࢥ ࣥ ࢺ ࣟ ࣮ ࣝ ࠖ ᅉ Ꮚ ࡢ ᚓ

Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪 ୺ ຠ ᯝ 㸪 ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ࡞ ⤖ ᯝ ࡣ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ

࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᐇ 㦂 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ሙ 㠃 ࡢ ࢖ ࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᐇ 㦂 ࡢ ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡜ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡟ ࠾ ࡅ ࡿ ྛ ᣦ ᶆ ࡢ   ᐃ

್ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ᖹ ᆒ ್ ࡜ ᶆ ‽ ೫ ᕪ ࢆ T a b l e 8 - 2

࡟ ♧ ࡍ ࠋ

120

M SD M SD F(䡀䡂) F(䡀䡂)

POMS

⥭ᙇ㻙୙Ᏻ Pre 22.00 7.76 23.17 6.37 F䠄1,13䠅= 1.79䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= 1.31䠈n.s.

Post 17.67 8.14 19.86 9.46

ᢚ䛖䛴㻙ⴠ䛱㎸䜏 Pre 32.50 12.55 33.33 10.19 F䠄1,13䠅= 2.79䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= 1.84䠈n.s.

Post 15.13 7.86 31.00 18.17

ΰ஘ Pre 14.13 5.36 16.83 3.66 F䠄1,13䠅= 1.69䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= .50䠈n.s.

Post 9.63 4.87 15.71 7.43

ᛣ䜚㻙ᩛព Pre 20.25 10.95 15.17 14.40 F䠄1,13䠅= .71䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= .11䠈n.s.

Post 14.25 7.78 11.43 15.69

Ẽศㄪᰝ⚊

䝸䝣䝺䝑䝅䝳 pre 10.63 3.38 10.17 3.49 F䠄1,13䠅= 2.27䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅=3.39䠈p< .10

Post 16.63 6.02 10.50 3.89 ↔Ⅼ⩌࡟࠾࠸࡚㸪Pre<Post

TAC-24

䜹䝍䝹䝅䝇 pre 8.38 3.70 9.67 4.59 F䠄1,13䠅= .15䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= 2.63䠈n.s.

Post 10.00 3.34 8.67 5.24

ᨺᲠ䞉䛒䛝䜙䜑 pre 8.50 2.83 8.67 2.07 F䠄1,13䠅= .06䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= .06䠈n.s.

Post 8.13 2.30 7.33 3.67

᝟ሗ཰㞟 pre 6.63 3.62 7.67 1.86 F䠄1,13䠅= 2.06䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= .49䠈n.s.

Post 8.38 3.81 7.00 5.37

Ẽᬕ䜙䛧 pre 8.00 2.56 8.00 3.58 F䠄1,13䠅=3.56䠈p< .10 F䠄1,13䠅= .04䠈n.s.

Post 9.00 3.02 9.00 3.02 Pre<Post

ᅇ㑊ⓗᛮ⪃ pre 7.75 3.06 7.00 1.41 F䠄1,13䠅=5.08䠈p< .05 F䠄1,13䠅= .39䠈n.s.

Post 9.88 1.96 7.00 3.69 Pre>Post

⫯ᐃⓗゎ㔘 pre 8.50 3.74 8.17 1.72 F䠄1,13䠅=5.40䠈p< .05 F䠄1,13䠅= .01䠈n.s.

Post 10.50 2.98 8.67 4.63 Pre<Post

ィ⏬❧᱌ pre 9.50 3.51 8.17 2.93 F䠄1,13䠅= .21䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= .00䠈n.s.

Post 9.75 3.81 6.00 3.16

㈐௵㌿᎑ pre 8.75 2.49 8.67 3.01 F䠄1,13䠅= .68䠈n.s. F䠄1,13䠅= .13䠈n.s.

Post 7.75 1.98 7.33 3.98

ࠉN =15 ぢᤞ䛶䜙䜜䝇䜻䞊䝬↔Ⅼ

Waiting List⩌

N =8 N =7

TAC-24=the Tri-Axial Coping Scale

᫬ᮇ ஺஫స⏝

Table8-2 ྛ⩌࡟࠾ࡅࡿ࢖࣓࣮ࢪ᝿㉳ᐇ㦂ࡢྛᣦᶆᚓⅬࡢᖹᆒ್࡜ᶆ‽೫ᕪ

㸬 Ẽ ศ ᣦ ᶆ ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L ⩌ ࡢ 㸪 ࢖

࣓ ࣮ ࢪ ᝿ ㉳ ᚋ ࡢ Ẽ ศ ≧ ែ ࡢ ኚ ໬ ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ⩌ 㸦 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 㸭 W L ⩌ 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ ᩘ 㸪 ྛ Ẽ ศ ᣦ ᶆ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ

121

ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࡲ ࡎ 㸪P O M S ࡢ ࠕ ⥭ ᙇ 㸫 ୙ Ᏻ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᢚ ࠺ ࡘ 㸫 ⴠ ࡕ ㎸ ࡳ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ΰ ஘ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᛣ ࡾ 㸫 ᩛ ព ࠖ ࡢ 4 ࡘ ࡢ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ศ ᯒ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪

࠸ ࡎ ࢀ ࡢ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡶ 㸪 ୺ ຠ ᯝ 㸪 ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟

᭷ ព ࡞ ⤖ ᯝ ࡣ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞ ࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ Ẽ ศ ㄪ ᰝ ⚊ ࡢ ࠕ ࣜ

ࣇ ࣞ ࢵ ࢩ ࣗ ࠖ 㡯 ┠ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡟ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡀ ㄆ

ࡵ ࡽ ࢀ ࡓ 㸦 F㸦 1 , 1 3 㸧 = 3 . 3 9㸪 p < . 1 0㸧ࠋ ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ༢ ⣧ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡢ ᳨ ᐃ ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࡜ ࡇ ࢁ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡢ

ࡳ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࠿ ࡽ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡟ ࠿ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ 㸦 F 1 , 1 3㸧 = 7 . 2 8㸪 p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ

㸬 7 $ & T A C - 2 4 ࡢ ࠕ ᝟ ሗ ཰ 㞟 ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᨺ Რ 㸪 ㅉ ࡵ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ⫯ ᐃ ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࠖ㸪ࠕ ィ ⏬ ❧ ᱌ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᅇ 㑊 ⓗ ᛮ ⪃ ࠖ㸪ࠕ Ẽ ᬕ ࡽ ࡋ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ࢝ ࢱ ࣝ ࢩ ࢫ ࠖ㸪ࠕ ㈐ ௵ ㌿ ᎑ ࠖ ࡢ 8 ࡘ ࡢ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸

࡚ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ ࡜ W L ⩌ ࡢ ௓ ධ ๓ ࡢ ኚ ໬

ࢆ ㄪ ࡭ ࡿ ࡓ ࡵ ࡟ 㸪 ⩌ 㸦 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ↔ Ⅼ ⩌ 㸭 W L

⩌ 㸧 ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᫬ ᮇ 㸦 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸭 ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ 㸧 ࢆ ⊂ ❧ ኚ

ᩘ 㸪 T A C - 2 4 ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࢆ ᚑ ᒓ ኚ ᩘ ࡜ ࡋ ࡓ 2 せ ᅉ ࡢ ศ ᩓ ศ ᯒ

ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ⤖ ᯝ 㸪ࠕ ⫯ ᐃ ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࠖ㸪ࠕ ᅇ 㑊 ⓗ ᛮ ⪃ ࠖ㸪ࠕ Ẽ ᬕ ࡽ ࡋ ࠖ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ 㸪 ᫬ ᮇ ࡢ ୺ ຠ ᯝ ࡀ ᭷ ព ࡛ ࠶ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋࠕ ⫯ ᐃ

ⓗ ゎ 㔘 ࠖ ࡜ ࠕ Ẽ ᬕ ࡽ ࡋ ࠖ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࠿ ࡽ ࣏ ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡟ ࠿ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࠾ ࡼ ࡧ ᭷ ព ഴ ྥ ࡛ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ቑ ຍ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ㸦 㡰 ࡟ 㸪F㸦 1 , 1 3㸧= 5 . 4 0㸪p < . 0 5 , F㸦 1 , 1 2㸧= 3 . 5 6㸪

p < . 1 0㸧ࠋࠕ ᅇ 㑊 ⓗ ᛮ ⪃ ࠖ ࡟ ࡘ ࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ࣉ ࣜ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࠿ ࡽ ࣏

ࢫ ࢺ ࢸ ࢫ ࢺ ࡟ ࠿ ࡅ ࡚ 㸪 ᭷ ព ࡟ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡀ ప ῶ ࡋ ࡚ ࠸ ࡓ 㸦 F 㸦 1 , 1 3㸧 = 5 . 0 8㸪 p < . 0 5㸧ࠋ ࡑ ࡢ ௚ ࡢ ୗ ఩ ᑻ ᗘ ࡢ ᚓ Ⅼ ࡟ ࡘ

࠸ ࡚ ࡣ 㸪 ୺ ຠ ᯝ 㸪 ஺ ஫ స ⏝ ࡜ ࡶ ࡟ ᭷ ព ࡞ ⤖ ᯝ ࡣ ᚓ ࡽ ࢀ ࡞

࠿ ࡗ ࡓ 㸦 n . s .㸧ࠋ

⪃ ᐹ

◊ ✲ 5 ࡛ ࡣ 㸪 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ෆ ᐜ ࡢ ཯ ド ࡟ ↔ Ⅼ

ࢆ ᙜ ࡚ ࡓ ▷ ᮇ ⓗ ௓ ධ ᐇ 㦂 ࢆ ⾜ ࡗ ࡓ ࠋ

ࡲ ࡎ 㸪 ௬ ㄝ 1㸧 ぢ ᤞ ࡚ ࡽ ࢀ ࢫ ࢟ ࣮ ࣐ ࡢ ኚ ᐜ ࡢ ࡓ ࡵ ࡢ ᡭ

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