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ி㒔Ꮫᅬ኱Ꮫ ி㒔Ꮫᅬ኱Ꮫ ᒸᒣ⌮⛉኱Ꮫ ᩍ⫱㛤Ⓨࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ⤒῭⤒ႠᏛ㒊 ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ᨭ᥼ࢭࣥࢱ࣮

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(1)

ㄽ ᩥ

኱Ꮫ⏕ࡢᑵປ⤒㦂࡜⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡢ㛵㐃

㸫᪥ᮏ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶࡢᅜ㝿ẚ㍑㸫

ி㒔Ꮫᅬ኱Ꮫ ி㒔Ꮫᅬ኱Ꮫ ᒸᒣ⌮⛉኱Ꮫ ᩍ⫱㛤Ⓨࢭࣥࢱ࣮ ⤒῭⤒ႠᏛ㒊 ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ᨭ᥼ࢭࣥࢱ࣮

ᒣᮏ ⌮ᜨ ୕ಖ ⣖⿱ ᑎ⏣ ┒⣖

せ ᪨

ᮏ◊✲ࡣᅜ㝿ẚ㍑ࡢどゅ࠿ࡽ㸪኱Ꮫ⏕ࡢᑵປ⤒㦂࡜⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡢ㛵㐃࡟ࡘ࠸࡚

᳨ウࢆ⾜࠺ࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ᪥ᮏ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶࡢ኱Ꮫ

3

ᖺ⏕㸦ࡑࢀ࡟┦ᙜࡍࡿ

Ꮫᖺ㸧ࢆᑐ㇟࡟㸪ᑵປ⤒㦂➼ⱝᖸࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔⤒㦂ࡢ᭷↓㸪⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ

㉁ၥ⣬ㄪᰝࢆᐇ᪋ࡋࡓࠋ⫋ᴗほ࡜⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ᥈⣴ⓗᅉᏊศᯒ࡟ࡼࡿୗ఩ᑻᗘ ࡢᵓᡂࢆ⾜࠸㸪ࡑࡢᚋࡢศᯒ࡛ࡣᵓᡂࡋࡓᑻᗘࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓ᳨ウࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ஧せᅉศᩓ ศᯒ㸦ᅜ™ᑵປ⤒㦂ࡢ᭷↓㸧ࡢ⤖ᯝ㸪⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡟࠾࠸࡚ᅜ

࡟ࡼࡿ᭷ពᕪࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊᑻᗘࡢࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺຊ࡛ࠖࡣ࢖ࣥࢱ

࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ࡜࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔㸪 ࠕࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊ࡛ࠖࡣ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ⤒㦂ࡢ᭷↓࡟ࡼࡿ

᭷ព࡞ᕪࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋ᪥ᮏࡢᚓⅬࡀ⥲ࡌ࡚ప࠸ഴྥ࡟࠶ࡗࡓࡢࡀ≉ᚩⓗ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀ

ࡽࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼㸪ᡃࡀᅜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿᑵປ⤒㦂➼㸪࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔⤒㦂ࡀ⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏

ຊ࡟୚࠼ࡿᙳ㡪࡟ࡘ࠸࡚⪃ᐹࡋࡓࠋ

࣮࣮࢟࣡ࢻ⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ㸪ᑵປ⤒㦂㸪ᅜ㝿ẚ㍑

㸯㸬ၥ㢟࡜┠ⓗ

ᮏ◊✲ࡢ┠ⓗࡣ㸪኱Ꮫ⏕ࡢᑵປ⤒㦂➼ࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔⤒㦂ࡢ᭷↓࡟ࡼࡾ㸪⫋ᴗほࡸ⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡟࡝ࡢࡼ࠺

࡞㐪࠸ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡉࢀࡿࡢ࠿࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪ᅜ㝿ẚ㍑ࡢほⅬ࠿ࡽ᳨ウࢆ⾜࠺ࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿࠋ⫋ᴗほ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪ᑎ

⏣࣭⤃⏣࣭ΎỈ㸦2012㸧ࡣࡇࢀࢆࠕᑵᴗ⏕ά࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⪃࠼᪉ࡸ౯್ព㆑ࠖ࡜࠸࠺ព࿡࡛ᐃ⩏ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ ࡇࢀࡣᑎ⏣㸦2009㸧࡟ࡼࡿ᳨ウࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼ࡓୖ࡛㸪ᚑ᮶༊ูࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓ⫋ᴗほ㸦ಶࠎࡢ⫋ᴗປാ࡟ᑐࡍࡿ

⪃࠼᪉ࡸ౯್ព㆑㸧࡜ປാほ㸦⫋ᴗࢆྵࡴ௙஦୍⯡࡟ᑐࡍࡿ⪃࠼᪉ࡸ౯್ព㆑㸧ࢆ୍ᣓࡋ࡚⾲⌧ࡋࡓࡶ

ࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ୍᪉㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡜ࡣ㸪௙஦ࢆࡍࡿୖ࡛ᚲせ࡜࡞ࡿᇶ♏ⓗ࡞⬟ຊࡢࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿࠋᑎ⏣࣭࢖࣮࣭

ᮏ◊✲ࡣ᪥ᮏᏛ⾡᣺⯆఍⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠ᇶ┙◊✲㸦B㸧㸦୍⯡㸧ㄢ㢟␒ྕ25285229ࡢຓᡂࢆཷࡅ࡚ᐇ᪋ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ

(2)

▼ᕊ࣭ΎỈ㸦2015㸧࡛ࡣ⫋ᴗほ࡜⫋ᴗⓗ⬟ຊ㸦ᇶ♏ຊ㸧ࢆ༊ูࡋ㸪ࡇࢀࡽࢆ⫋ᴗⓗ㈨㉁㸦ࢥࣥࣆࢸࣥࢩ

࣮㸧࡜࠸࠺ୖ఩ᴫᛕ࡛⥲ᣓࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢୖ࡛㸪⫋ᴗⓗ㈨㉁࡜Ꮫ⩦ⓗ࣭ᩍ⫱⎔ቃⓗせᅉࡢᙳ㡪ࢆ᥈ࡿࡓ

ࡵ㸪୍㐃ࡢ◊✲ࢆᒎ㛤ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡣ᪥ᮏᏛ⾡᣺⯆఍⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠ᇶ┙◊✲㸦

B

㸧 㸦୍⯡㸧 ࠕ኱

Ꮫ⏕ࡢ⫋ᴗⓗ㈨㉁ᙧᡂࡢᵓ㐀ኚᐜ࡟㛵ࡍࡿẚ㍑⦪᩿ⓗ◊✲̿ᑓ㛛Ꮫಟ࡜ᑵປ⤒㦂ࡢᙺ๭㸦௦⾲㸸ᑎ⏣┒

⣖㸧 ࠖࡢ୍㒊࡜ࡋ࡚ᐇ᪋ࡉࢀ࡚ࡁࡓࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡾ㸪ᮏ◊✲ࡣࡑࡢ୰ࡢࠕᏛ⏕ࡢ⫋ᴗⓗ㈨㉁ᙧᡂ㐣⛬࡟㛵ࡍ

ࡿᅜ㝿ẚ㍑ㄪᰝࠖࡢ୍㒊࡜ࡋ࡚㸪኱Ꮫ⏕ࡢᑵປ⤒㦂➼ࡢ࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔⤒㦂࡟╔┠ࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ ᡃࡀᅜࡢ◊✲≧ἣ࡟┠ࢆྥࡅ࡚ࡳࡿ࡜㸪࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࡸ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉࡢ⤒㦂࡜⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ

࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ࡢ◊✲ሗ࿌ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ᤵᴗ࡟ḟ࠸࡛ከࡃ ࡢᏛ⏕ࡀ⤒㦂ࡍࡿάື࡛࠶ࡿ㸦

Benesse

ᩍ⫱⥲ྜ◊✲ᡤ

, 2012;

࢖ࣥࢸࣜࢪ࢙ࣥࢫ

, 2006;

, 2012

࡞࡝㸧 ࠋ ࡋ࠿ࡋ㸪኱Ꮫ⏕ࡢ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣᏛᴗ࡜ࡢ୧❧࡜࠸࠺㠃࠿ࡽྰᐃⓗ࡟ᤊ࠼ࡽࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀከࡃ㸦಴

, 2008;

Ṋෆ

, 2005;

㭯⏣

, 2001

࡞࡝㸧 㸪࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ᙧᡂ࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ࠶ࡲࡾ◊✲ሗ࿌ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠸

࡞࠸≧ἣ࡟࠶ࡿࠋࡑࡢࡼ࠺࡞୰࡛㸪኱Ꮫ⏕⮬㌟ࡢ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࡢ఩⨨࡙ࡅࡸᤊ࠼᪉ࡀ㸪࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ᙧᡂ࡟ᑐ ࡋ࡚㔜せ࡞ព࿡ࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ㸦㛵ཱྀ

, 2010;

ᮡᒣ

, 2007, 2009

㸧 ࠋࡲࡓ㸪ΎỈ࣭

୕ಖ㸦

2013

㸧ࡣ㸪࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࡀつᚊᛶ㸪≧ἣᢕᥱຊ㸪୺యᛶ㸪ᰂ㌾ᛶ࡜࠸ࡗࡓ⫋ᴗⓗ⬟ຊ࡟㛵ಀࡋ࡚࠸

ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ

ࡇࢀ࡟ᑐࡋ㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ᙧᡂ࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪ከࡃࡢ◊✲ሗ࿌ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ

࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉࡣࠕᏛ⏕ࡀᅾᏛ୰࡟⮬ࡽࡢᑓᨷ㸪ᑗ᮶ࡢ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔࡟㛵㐃ࡋࡓᑵᴗయ㦂ࢆ⾜࠺

ࡇ࡜ࠖ 㸦ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬࣭ཌ⏕ປാ┬࣭⤒῭⏘ᴗ┬

, 2014

㸧࡜ᐃ⩏ࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾ㸪⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡢᙧᡂ࡟

ᐤ୚ࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡜ࡋ࡚᥎㐍ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ≧ἣ࡟࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞≧ἣࡶ࠶ࡾ㸪ሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ◊✲ࡢከࡃࡣ

࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉࡢᩍ⫱ຠᯝ࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡑࢀࡽࡢ◊✲ࡢ୍ࡘ࡜ࡋ࡚㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ⤒㦂

࡟ࡼࡿ♫఍ேᇶ♏ຊ㸦௻ᴗ♫఍࡛ồࡵࡽࢀࡿ⬟ຊ㸧ࡸࢥࣥࣆࢸࣥࢩ࣮㸦ỗ⏝ᛶࡢ࠶ࡿ⬟ຊ㸧ࡢኚ໬㸦ୖ

᪼㸧࡞࡝ࡀሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ㸦┿㘠, 2010; ▮ᓮ࣭୰ᮧ, 2013㸧 ࠋ

኱Ꮫ⏕ࡀ⤒㦂ࡋ࠺ࡿ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ࡜࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉࡣᑵປ⤒㦂࡜࠸࠺Ⅼ࡛ඹ㏻Ⅼࢆ᭷ࡍࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ

⤒㦂࡜⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ୍ᐃࡢᙧ࡛◊✲ࡢ⵳✚ࡀ࠶ࡾ㸪୧⪅ࡢ㛵㐃ᛶࡀぢཷࡅࡽ

ࢀࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ㸪ࡇࢀࡽࢆໟᣓⓗ࡟ᤊ࠼ࡓୖ࡛㸪⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡟ࡶࡓࡽࡉࢀࡿ㐪࠸ࡸ㸪ࡇࢀࡽࡢ⤒

㦂ࡢ᭷↓࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⏕ࡌࡿ㐪࠸࡞࡝࡟ࡘ࠸᳨࡚ウࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ◊✲ࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࡳࡽࢀ࡞࠸ࠋ

ຍ࠼࡚㸪ከᅜ㛫ࡢᅜ㝿ẚ㍑ࡢどⅬࢆ⤌ࡳ㎸ࢇ࡛࠸ࡿ◊✲ࡣᑎ⏣௚㸦2012㸧ࡀᣦ᦬ࡍࡿࡼ࠺࡟㸪ᴫࡋ࡚

పㄪ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔Ⓨ㐩࡟㛵ࡍࡿᑓ㛛ㄅ࡛࠶ࡿࠕJournal of Vocational Behaviorࠖ ࠕJournal of Career

Developmentࠖ

ࠕJournal of Career Assessmentࠖࡢ3 ㄅࢆぢ࡚ࡳ࡚ࡶ㸪ᅜ㝿ẚ㍑◊✲࡟㛵ࡍࡿㄽᩥࡣ㐣ཤ

3

ᖺ㛫㸦2014 ᖺ࠿ࡽ

2016

ᖺ㸧࡛

10

௳⛬ᗘ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡢከࡃࡀ

2

࠿ᅜ㛫ࡢẚ㍑࡟࡜࡝ࡲࡗ࡚࠾ࡾ㸪

3

࠿ ᅜ௨ୖࡢከᅜ㛫ẚ㍑ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࡶࡢࡣ኱Ꮫ⏕࡜㧗ᰯ⏕ࢆᑐ㇟࡟࢟ࣕࣜ࢔୙Ỵ᩿㸦career indecision㸧ࡢ  ᐃࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ

Carr, Rossier, Rosselet, Massoudi, Bernaud, Ferrari, Nota, Soresi, Rowe-Johnson, Brown, &

Roche㸦2014㸧࡜㸪኱Ꮫ⏕࡜୍⯡ᡂேࢆᑐ㇟࡟࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ពᛮỴᐃ㸦career decision-making㸧ࢆ ᐃࡋ࡚࠸

Willner, Gati, & Guan

2015

㸧ࡢࡳ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪㏆ᖺᐇ᪋ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ኱つᶍ࡞ㄪᰝ࡜ࡋ࡚ᣲࡆࡽࢀ

ࡿࡢࡣ

Savickas & Porfeli㸦2012㸧࡟ࡼࡿCareer Adapt-Abilities Scale

ࡢ ᐃ࡟㛵ࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡇ࡛

13

࠿ᅜࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓㄪᰝࡀᐇ᪋ࡉࢀ࡚࠾ࡾ㸪 ࠕ

Journal of Vocational Behavior

ࠖࡢ➨

80

ᕳ➨

3

ྕ࡟ࡣ

(3)

ࠕCareer Adaptabilityࠖࡢ≉㞟ࡀ⤌ࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋCareer Adapt-Abilities Scale ࡟㛵ࡋ࡚ࡣࡘ࠸᭱㏆࡛ࡶ

Di Maggio, Ginevra, Laura, Ferrari, & Soresi

2015

㸧ࡸ

McKenna, Zacher, Ardabili, & Mohebbi

2016

㸧࡟ࡼࡿሗ

࿌ࡀ࡞ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢሗ࿌࡛ࡣ㸪ࡑࢀࡒࢀ୰Ꮫ⏕㸪୍⯡ᡂேࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓㄪᰝ࠿ࡽᑻᗘࡢᅉᏊᵓ 㐀ࢆ᳨ウࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡯࠿㸪ከᵝ࡞⤒㦂࡜ࡢ㛵ಀ࠿ࡽྛᅜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿഴྥ࡞࡝ࡶグ㏙ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ

௨ୖࡢࡼ࠺࡟㸪࢟ࣕࣜ࢔ពᛮỴᐃ㸦

career decision-making

㸧ࡸ࢟ࣕࣜ࢔୙Ỵ᩿㸦

career indecision

㸧 㸪࢟ࣕ

ࣜ࢔㐺ᛂຊ㸦

career adaptability

㸧࡞࡝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ࠸ࡃࡘ࠿ࡢᅜ㝿ẚ㍑◊✲ࡀᏑᅾࡍࡿࡅࢀ࡝ࡶ㸪◊✲ᑐ㇟ࡣ

୰Ꮫ⏕࠿ࡽ୍⯡ᡂே࡜ከᵝ࡛࠶ࡾ㸪኱Ꮫ⏕࡟↔Ⅼ໬ࡉࢀࡓࡶࡢ࡛ࡣ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋຍ࠼࡚㸪⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ

♏ຊ㸦ⱥㄒ࡛ࡣ

work values

vocational competencies, generic skills

࡞࡝㸧࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ከᅜ㛫ẚ㍑ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸

ࡿ◊✲ࡣ㸪㏆ᖺ࡛ࡣ࡯࡜ࢇ࡝ࡳࡽࢀ࡞࠸ࠋ

ࡑࡇ࡛㸪ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ኱Ꮫ⏕ࡢᑵປ⤒㦂࡜ࡋ࡚࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ㸪ࡑࡋ࡚஦ᴗᡤ⌧ሙ࡛ࡢ ᑵປ࡜ࡣ␗࡞ࡿࡀ㸪♫఍ⓗ࡞௙஦⤒㦂࡜࠸࠺Ⅼ࡛ࡣࡑࢀࡽ࡜ඹ㏻Ⅼࢆ᭷ࡍࡿ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔άື࡟ࡶ╔┠

ࡋ㸪ࡇࢀࡽࡢ⤒㦂ࡢ᭷↓࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡟࡝ࡢࡼ࠺࡞㐪࠸ࡀࡶࡓࡽࡉࢀࡿ࠿࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪᪥

ᮏ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶࡢ

4

࠿ᅜẚ㍑ࡢどⅬ࠿ࡽ᳨ウࢆ⾜࠺ࠋ

㸰㸬᪉ἲ 㸰㸫㸯㸬 ㄪᰝᐇ᪋ࡢᡭ⥆ࡁ

ᮏ◊✲ࡀศᯒᑐ㇟࡜ࡍࡿ㉁ၥ⣬ㄪᰝࡣ㸪ୖグࠕᏛ⏕ࡢ⫋ᴗⓗ㈨㉁ᙧᡂ㐣⛬࡟㛵ࡍࡿᅜ㝿ẚ㍑ㄪᰝࠖ 㸦௦

⾲㸸ᑎ⏣┒⣖㸧ࡢ୍㒊࡜ࡋ࡚㸪᪥ᮏ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶࡢ኱Ꮫ

3

ᖺ⏕

351

ྡࢆᑐ㇟࡟㸪

2015

9

᭶࠿ࡽ

2016

3

᭶ࡢ㛫࡟ᐇ᪋ࡉࢀࡓࠋᮏㄪᰝࡣ㸪ࡶ࡜ࡶ࡜

2013

ᖺ࡟ᐇ᪋ࡉࢀࡓ

1

ᅇ┠ࡢㄪᰝ㸦ᑎ⏣

௚㸪

2015

࡞࡝㸧࡟ཧຍࡋࡓ኱Ꮫ

1

ᖺ⏕࡟ᑐࡍࡿ

2

ᅇ┠ࡢ⦪᩿ㄪᰝ࡜ࡋ࡚ᐇ᪋ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡑࡢ࠺ࡕ2 ᅇࡢㄪ ᰝ࡟࠾࠸࡚ྠᐃ࡛ࡁࡓ⦪᩿ࢹ࣮ࢱ㸦170 ྡ㸧࡟ࡘ࠸ู࡚㏵ሗ࿌㸦ᑎ⏣࣭ᒣᮏ࣭ΎỈ

,

༳ๅ୰㸧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ ᮏ✏ࡣ㸪ࡑࢀࢆྵࡵ㸪2 ᅇ┠ࡢࡍ࡭࡚ࡢࢹ࣮ࢱ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢ⊂⮬ࡢศᯒࢆ⾜࠾࠺࡜ࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ

㉁ၥ⣬ࡣ㸪1 ᅇ┠ㄪᰝ࡜ྠࡌࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡿࡀ㸪ᑎ⏣ࡢ࿴ᩥ㸪ⱥᩥ㸪⊂ᩥࡢඖ᱌ࢆྛᅜࡢ」ᩘࡢ◊✲༠ຊ

⪅ࡀ⩻ヂࡋࡓࡶࡢࢆ౑⏝ࡋࡓࠋ

ㄪ ㄪᰝ༠ຊ⪅ ᪥ᮏ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶࡢ኱Ꮫ

3

ᖺ⏕

351

ྡ㸦⏨ᛶ

120

ྡ㸪ዪᛶ

201

ྡ㸪୙᫂30

ྡ㸧࡟ㄪᰝ࡬ࡢ༠ຊࢆ౫㢗ࡋ㸪㉁ၥ⚊࡬ࡢᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵࡓࠋྛᅜࡢேᩘෆヂࡣ㸪᪥ᮏ

159

ྡ㸦⏨ᛶ

57

ྡ㸪 ዪᛶ

102

ྡ㸧 㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝

57

ྡ㸦⏨ᛶ

27

ྡ㸪ዪᛶ

30

ྡ㸧 㸪㡑ᅜ

76

ྡ㸦⏨ᛶ

12

ྡ㸪ዪᛶ

34

ྡ㸪୙᫂

30

ྡ㸧 㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ59 ྡ㸦⏨ᛶ

24

ྡ㸪ዪᛶ35 ྡ㸧࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

㸰㸫㸰㸬 ᐃኚᩘ

ᑵ ᑵປ⤒㦂ࡢ᭷↓ ኱ᏛධᏛ௨㝆ࡢᑵປ⤒㦂࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ၥ࠺㡯┠࡛࠶ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ㸪 ࠕ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࠖ ࠕ࢖

ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉࠖ ࠕ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔ࠖࡢ

3

ࡘࡢ⤒㦂ࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ᩍ♧ᩥ࡜

ࡋ࡚ࠕ࠶࡞ࡓࡣ኱Ꮫ࡟ධࡗ࡚࠿ࡽ㸪࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࢆࡋ࡚࠸ࡲࡍ࠿ࠖ࡜ᥦ♧ࡋ㸪 ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࠕ௨๓ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓ ࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ ࠕࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࡞࠸ࠖࡢ

3

௳ἲ࡛ᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵࡓࠋ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ᩍ

♧ᩥ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕ࠶࡞ࡓࡣ⌧ᅾࡢ኱Ꮫ࣭Ꮫᰯ࡟ධᏛࡋ࡚௨㝆㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉࢆࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍ࠿ࠖ

(4)

࡜ᑜࡡ㸪 ࠕ࠶ࡿࠖ ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖࡢ

2

௳ἲ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵࡓࠋ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔࡛ࡣ㸪ᩍ♧ᩥ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕ࠶࡞ࡓࡣ

⌧ᅾࡢ኱Ꮫ࣭Ꮫᰯ࡟ධᏛࡋ࡚௨㝆㸪࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔άືࡢ⤒㦂ࡀ࠶ࡾࡲࡍ࠿㸽ࠖ࡜ᥦ♧ࡋ㸪 ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࠕࡋ ࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡿࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖࡢ

3

௳ἲ࡛ᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵࡓࠋ

⫋ᴗほᑻᗘ ᑎ⏣௚㸦

2012

㸧 㸪ᑎ⏣࣭ΎỈ࣭ᒣᮏ㸦

2013a, 2013b

㸧 㸪ᑎ⏣௚㸦

2015

㸧࡛౑⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ㸪

௙஦ࡸ⫋ᴗࢆ㑅ࡪ㝿࡟㔜どࡍࡿ⫋ᴗほ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ၥ࠺㡯┠࡛࠶ࡿ㸦

27

㡯┠㸧 ࠋᩍ♧ᩥ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕ࠶࡞ࡓࡣ௙

஦ࡸ⫋ᴗࢆ㑅ࡪ㝿࡟ୗグࡢࡇ࡜ࢆ࡝ࡢ⛬ᗘ㔜どࡋࡲࡍ࠿ࠖ࡜ᥦ♧ࡋ㸪ྛタၥ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࠕ 㸦

4

㸧࠶࡚ࡣࡲࡿࠖ

࠿ࡽࠕ 㸦

1

㸧࠶࡚ࡣࡲࡽ࡞࠸ࠖࡲ࡛ࡢ

4

௳ἲ࡛ᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵࡓࠋ

⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊᑻᗘ ⫋ᴗ࡟㛵ࡍࡿᇶᮏⓗ࡞⬟ຊ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ၥ࠺㡯┠࡛࠶ࡿ㸦

30

㡯┠㸧 ࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ㸪ᑎ⏣

௚㸦

2015

㸧࡛౑⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ㡯┠ࢆ⥅⥆ࡋ࡚౑⏝ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᩍ♧ᩥ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠕ௨ୗࡢ⫋ᴗࡢ⬟ຊ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ

㉁ၥ㡯┠࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪࠶࡞ࡓ࡟࡜ࡗ࡚࠶࡚ࡣࡲࡿᅇ⟅ࡢ␒ྕࢆࠐ࡛ᅖࢇ࡛ࡃࡔࡉ࠸ࠖ࡜ᥦ♧ࡋ㸪ྛタၥ࡟

ࡘ࠸࡚ࠕ 㸦

4

㸧࡛ࡁࡿࠖ࠿ࡽࠕ 㸦

1

㸧࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࠖࡲ࡛ࡢ

4

௳ἲ࡟ࡼࡿᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵࡓࠋ

ᮏㄪᰝ࡛ࡣୖグ௨እ࡟ࡶ㐍㊰ᕼᮃࡸᏛಟ⤒㦂➼࡟㛵ࡍࡿ㡯┠࡬ࡢᅇ⟅ࢆồࡵ࡚࠸ࡿࡀ㸪ࡇࡇ࡛ࡣᑵປ

⤒㦂࡟↔Ⅼ໬ࡍࡿࠋ

㸰㸫㸱㸬ศᯒࢯࣇࢺ

ᮏ◊✲ࡢศᯒ࡟ࡣ㸪

IBM SPSS Statistics 22

R 3.3.1

ࢆ౑⏝ࡋࡓࠋ

㸱㸬ศᯒ࡜⤖ᯝ 㸱㸫㸯㸬᥈⣴ⓗᅉᏊศᯒ

⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡢᅉᏊᵓ㐀ࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟㸪ࡑࢀࡒࢀ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚᥈⣴ⓗᅉᏊศᯒ㸦୺ᅉᏊἲ㸪

Promax

ᅇ㌿㸧ࢆ㐺⏝ࡋࡓࠋᮏ◊✲࡛౑⏝ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿᑻᗘࡣᑎ⏣௚㸦2015㸧࡞࡝࡛ᐇ᪋ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ㡯┠࡜ྠ

ࡌ࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵ㸪ᮏ᮶࡞ࡽࡤ☜ㄆⓗᅉᏊศᯒ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ᵓ㐀ࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ㐺ษ࡛࠶ࡿࠋୖ㏙ࡋࡓ࢟ࣕࣜ

࢔Ⓨ㐩࡟㛵ࡍࡿᑓ㛛ㄅ

3

ㄅ࡛ᐇ᪋ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿᅜ㝿ẚ㍑◊✲࡟࠾࠸࡚ࡶ㸪ᑻᗘࡢᅉᏊᵓ㐀࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ☜ㄆ

ⓗᅉᏊศᯒࡀ㐺⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ㸦Carr et al., 2014; Willner et al., 2015; Fouad, Kim, Ghosh, Chang, & Figueiredo,

2016㸧

ࠋࡋ࠿ࡋ㸪ᮏ◊✲࡟࠾ࡅࡿㄪᰝ༠ຊ⪅ࡣᅜู࡛ࡳࡿ࡜

100

ྡࢆ㉺࠼࡚࠸ࡿࡢࡣ᪥ᮏࡢࡳ࡛࠶ࡾ㸪

඲య࡛ࡳ࡚ࡶ

351

ྡ࡛࠶ࡿࠋࡇࡢࡼ࠺࡞ࢹ࣮ࢱࢧ࢖ࢬࡢၥ㢟࠿ࡽ㸪ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ඲య࡛ࡢ᥈⣴ⓗᅉᏊศᯒ

࡟࡜࡝ࡵ࡚ศᯒࢆ⾜࠺ࠋ

⫋ᴗほᑻᗘ ึᮇࡢᅛ᭷್࡟࠾ࡅࡿῶ⾶≧ἣࢆࡳࡿ࡜㸪7.03, 3.31, 1.78, 1.53, 1.49, 1.04, 0.99 ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

࢞ࢵࢺ࣐ࣥᇶ‽࡛ࡣ

6

ᅉᏊ㸪ࢫࢡ࣮ࣜᇶ‽࡛ࡣ5 ᅉᏊ㸪

R

ࡢࣃࢵࢣ࣮ࢪ

psych

࡟ྵࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ

fa.parallel

㛵ᩘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃᖹ⾜ศᯒ࡛ࡣ

6

ᅉᏊ㸪ࡑࡋ࡚㸪ࣃࢵࢣ࣮ࢪ

psych

vss

㛵ᩘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ

MAP

ศᯒ࡛ࡣ

5

ᅉ Ꮚ࡜ุ᩿ࡉࢀࡓࠋ ࡇࢀࡽࢆ⥲ྜⓗ࡟ุ᩿ࡋ㸪 ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ

5

ᅉᏊ࡜ࡋ࡚ศᯒࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋ ᅉᏊᐤ୚⋡ࡣ

46.14%

࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋᅉᏊࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ್ࡀs0.40 ௨ୖࡢ್ࢆ♧ࡋࡓ㡯┠ࢆゎ㔘ࡢᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓ㸦

Table 1㸧

1

ᅉᏊࡣࠕ௙஦࡟ἐ㢌࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕ⮬ศࡢክࢆ㏣ồࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕ⮬ศࡽࡋࡉࢆ⾲⌧ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ࡞࡝

9

㡯┠ࡢ್ࡀ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣ௙஦㸦⫋ᴗ㸧࡟࠾ࡅࡿ⮬ศࡢ࠶ࡾ᪉࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵ㸪 ࠕ⮬ᕫᐇ⌧

ᚿྥࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ➨

2

ᅉᏊࡣࠕᏳᐃࡋࡓ௻ᴗ࡛ാࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕ⏕άࡀᏳᐃࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕኻᴗࡢ࡞࠸⫋࡛

(5)

࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ࡞࡝ࡢ್ࡀ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽ

6

㡯┠ࡣ㸪௙஦࡟ࡼࡾ⏕άࢆᏳᐃࡉࡏࡿࡇ࡜࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜࢆ♧

ࡍࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛㸪ࡇࢀࢆࠕ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃᚿྥࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ➨

3

ᅉᏊࡣ㸪 ࠕ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࡜ࡋ࡚㒊ୗ

ࢆ⋡࠸ࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕ࡛ࡁࡿࡔࡅ㧗࠸ᆅ఩࡟ࡘࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕࡼࡾከࡃࡢ㔠㖹ࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ࡞࡝ࡢ

5

㡯┠࡛㧗࠸

್ࡀ♧ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣ㧗࠸ᆅ఩ࡸ㔠㖹ࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵ㸪 ࠕ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥࠖ

࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ➨

4

ᅉᏊࡣ㸪 ࠕ௰㛫࡜ᴦࡋࡃാࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࠖࡸࠕ⤌⧊ࡢ୍ဨ࡜ࡋ࡚༠ຊࡋ࡚ാࡃࡇ࡜ࠖ࡞࡝

4

㡯┠ࡀ㧗࠸್࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡣ㸪ே࡜᥋ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡸ⤌⧊࡬ࡢ㈉⊩࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛㸪 ࠕ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ᚿྥࠖ࡜ࡋࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚㸪➨

5

ᅉᏊࡣࠕ⏕ࡁࡿࡓࡵࡢᡭẁࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜ࠖ ࠕᐙ᪘ࡸᏊᏞࡢ⦾ᰤ

࡟ࡘ࡞ࡆࡿࡇ࡜ࠖࡢ

2

㡯┠࡛ᵓᡂࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡣ᪥ࠎࡢ⏕άࡸᐙ᪘࡟㛵ࢃࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㸪 ࠕᐙ᪘ᚿྥࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ

ࡇࡇ࡛ࡢ⤖ᯝࡢ࠺ࡕ㸪 ࠕᐙ᪘ᚿྥࠖࢆ㝖ࡃ

4

ᅉᏊ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ᑎ⏣௚㸦

2015

㸧ࡸᑎ⏣࣭ᒣᮏ࣭⳥ụ㸦

2016

࡛ሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿᅉᏊ࡟ᑐᛂࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋᵓᡂࡋࡓᅉᏊࡢෆⓗ୍㈏ᛶ㸦

Į

ಀᩘ㸧ࡣ㸪➨

1

ᅉᏊ࠿

ࡽ㡰࡟

0.85, 0.75, 0.79, 0.69, 0.56

࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

⫋ ⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊᑻᗘ ⫋ᴗほᑻᗘ࡜ྠᵝ࡟㸪ึᮇࡢᅛ᭷್࡟࠾ࡅࡿῶ⾶≧ἣࢆࡳ࡚ࡳࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡍࡿࠋᅛ᭷

್ࡣ

8.05

2.53

2.10

1.66

1.45

1.31

1.15

1.06

0.98

0.82

࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾ㸪࢞ࢵࢺ࣐ࣥᇶ‽࡛ࡣ

8

ᅉᏊ㸪ࢫࢡ࣮ࣜᇶ‽࡛ࡣ

3

ᅉᏊ࠿

8

ᅉᏊࡢྍ⬟ᛶࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪

fa.parallel

㛵ᩘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃᖹ⾜ศ ᯒ࡛ࡣ

9

ᅉᏊ㸪

vss

㛵ᩘ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃ

MAP

ศᯒ࡛ࡣ

5

ᅉᏊ࡜ุ᩿ࡉࢀࡓࠋᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ㸪ᑎ⏣௚㸦

2015

㸧ࡸᑎ

⏣௚㸦

2016

㸧࡛ሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ⤖ᯝࡶ㋃ࡲ࠼㸪᭱⤊ⓗ࡟ᅉᏊᩘࢆ

5

࡜ࡋ࡚ศᯒࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡜ࡋࡓࠋᅉᏊᐤ

୚⋡ࡣ

44.88%

࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋᅉᏊࡢゎ㔘࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ᅉᏊࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ್ࡀs

0.40

௨ୖࡢ್ࢆ♧ࡋࡓ㡯┠ࢆ

ᑐ㇟࡜ࡋࡓ㸦

Table 2

㸧 ࠋ

1

ᅉᏊࡣࠕᡂᯝࡢᐇ⌧ࡢࡓࡵ࡟࡞ࡍ࡭ࡁࡇ࡜ࢆⓗ☜࡟ᢕᥱ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ ࠕㄢ㢟ゎỴࡢࡓࡵ࡟ィ⏬ࢆ❧࡚

ࡽࢀࡿࠖ ࠕᅔ㞴࡞ࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㏨ࡆࡎ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳ⥆ࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ࡞࡝

8

㡯┠ࡢ್ࡀ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽ

ࡣ㸪௙஦࡟࠾ࡅࡿᡂᯝࡸㄢ㢟ゎỴࡢࡓࡵ࡟ᚲせ࡞ຊࡸጼໃ࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㸪 ࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ

࣓ࣥࢺຊࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ➨

2

ᅉᏊࡣࠕ࠾ᐈࡀ࣐ࢽࣗ࢔ࣝ࡟࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࢆồࡵࡓ࡜ࡁୖྖࡢᣦ♧ࢆ௮ࡂᑐᛂ

࡛ࡁࡿࠖ ࠕ࠾ᐈ࡟ኻ♩࡟࡞ࡽ࡞࠸᥋ࡋ᪉ࢆ▱ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࠕ୎ᑀㄒࢆ౑࠸⮬ᅜㄒ࡛఍ヰࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ࡞࡝ࡢ㡯

┠ࡀ㧗࠸್ࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡢ

6

㡯┠ࡣ㸪࠸ࡎࢀࡶ௙஦࡟࠾ࡅࡿᑐேⓗ࡞ࡸࡾ࡜ࡾ࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛

࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡇ࡛㸪ࡇࢀࢆࠕࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ➨

3

ᅉᏊࡣࠕᶵᲔࡸᕤලࢆ᧯సࡍࡿࡇ

࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ ࠕ㔠ᵔ࣭ࡢࡇࡂࡾ࡞࡝ࡢ㐨ලࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ࡶࡢࢆࡘࡃࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ ࠕ㟁Ꮚᶵჾ➼ࡢ⤌ࡳ❧࡚

ࡸ⡆༢࡞ಟ⌮ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖࡢ

3

㡯┠࡛㧗࠸್ࡀ♧ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣ㐨ලࡸᶵჾ➼ࡢ᧯సࡸ౑⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ

࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㸪 ࠕᢏ⾡ຊࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ➨

4

ᅉᏊࡣࠕⱥㄒ࡛ࡢ఍ヰࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ ࠕ㧗➼ᩍ⫱ᶵ㛵ࡢᩍ㣴⛉

┠⛬ᗘࡢⱥᩥࢆㄞࡴࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖ ࠕⱥㄒ௨እࡢእᅜㄒࡢ఍ヰࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖࡢ

3

㡯┠࡛ᵓᡂࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ ࡇࢀࡽࡣ࠸ࡎࢀࡶእᅜㄒ࡛ࡢ఍ヰࡸ⌮ゎ࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㸪 ࠕㄒᏛຊࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚

5

ᅉᏊ࡛ࡣ㸪 ࠕᇶ♏యຊࡀ࠶ࡿࠖ ࠕᣢஂຊࡀ࠶ࡿࠖ ࠕ≉ᐃࡢࢫ࣏࣮ࢶࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠖࡢ

3

㡯┠ࡢ್ࡀ㧗࠿ࡗ ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡽࡣయຊࡸ㐠ື⬟ຊ࡟㛵ࡍࡿෆᐜ࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵ㸪ࡇࢀࢆࠕ㌟య㐠ືຊࠖ࡜࿨ྡࡋࡓࠋ

ࡇࢀࡽࡢ⤖ᯝࡣ㸪ᑎ⏣௚㸦

2015

㸧ࡸᑎ⏣௚㸦

2016

㸧࡛ሗ࿌ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿᅉᏊ࡟ࡑࢀࡒࢀᑐᛂࡍࡿࡶࡢ࡛

࠶ࡗࡓࠋᵓᡂࡋࡓᅉᏊࡢෆⓗ୍㈏ᛶ㸦

Į

ಀᩘ㸧ࡣ㸪➨

1

ᅉᏊ࠿ࡽ㡰࡟

0.88, 0.77, 0.85, 0.79, 0.80

࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

(6)

Table 1ࠉ⫋ᴗほᑻᗘࡢᅉᏊࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ࡜ᅉᏊ㛫┦㛵⾜ิࠉ㸦୺ᅉᏊἲ࣭Promaxᅇ㌿㸧 㡯┠⮬ᕫᐇ⌧ ᚿྥ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃ ᚿྥ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ ᚿྥᐙ᪘ᚿྥඹ㏻ᛶᖹᆒ್ᶆ‽೫ᕪ ௙஦䛻ἐ㢌䛷䛝䜛䛣䛸0.740.20-0.040.01-0.350.513.250.77 ⮬ศ䛾ክ䜢㏣ồ䛩䜛䛣䛸0.66-0.170.13-0.02-0.010.533.280.82 ⮬ศ䜙䛧䛥䜢⾲⌧䛩䜛䛣䛸0.59-0.110.040.130.020.453.260.86 ⮬ศࡢ⬟ຊࢆヨࡍࡇ࡜0.57-0.130.120.170.070.533.090.87 ⮬ศࡢዲࡁ࡞࣮࣌ࢫ࡛௙஦ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࡇ࡜0.560.42-0.370.040.020.443.240.72 ᪂ࡋ࠸ࡶࡢࢆసࡿࡇ࡜0.54-0.090.010.080.170.442.750.91 ᑓ㛛ⓗ▱㆑ࡸᢏ⾡ࢆ⏕࠿ࡏࡿࡇ࡜0.52-0.110.360.02-0.020.533.070.91 㞴ࡋ࠸ㄢ㢟࡟ᣮᡓࡍࡿࡇ࡜0.46-0.240.210.200.200.622.780.89 ⊂❧ࡋ࡚ே࡟Ẽවࡡ࡞ࡃࡸࢀࡿࡇ࡜0.450.210.10-0.280.320.472.590.95 Ᏻᐃ䛧䛯௻ᴗ䛷ാ䛡䜛䛣䛸-0.180.640.280.20-0.100.653.350.78 ⏕ά䛜Ᏻᐃ䛩䜛䛣䛸-0.200.610.000.200.220.513.550.63 ኻᴗ䛾䛺䛔⫋䛷䛒䜛䛣䛸-0.150.560.210.10-0.070.443.210.81 ㏻໅ࡢ౽ࢆ⪃៖ࡍࡿࡇ࡜0.030.560.03-0.100.120.323.040.89 ࡼ࠸ປാ᮲௳㸦ປാ᫬㛫࣭ఇᬤ㸧ࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜-0.030.450.10-0.070.270.303.650.52 ᐙᗞ⏕άࡸ㊃࿡࡞࡝࡜ㄪ࿴ࡀ࡜ࢀࡿࡇ࡜0.110.40-0.250.200.150.253.550.69 䝸䞊䝎䞊䛸䛧䛶㒊ୗ䜢⋡䛔䜛䛣䛸0.14-0.050.670.000.200.682.511.00 䛷䛝䜛䛰䛡㧗䛔ᆅ఩䛻䛴䛡䜛䛣䛸0.160.140.66-0.170.170.622.751.01 ᅜᐙࡢⓎᒎ࡟㈉⊩ࡍࡿࡇ࡜-0.02-0.020.590.23-0.030.482.530.98 ♫఍࠿ࡽᑛᩗࡉࢀࡿ௙஦࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜0.340.120.560.09-0.340.562.970.91 䜘䜚ከ䛟䛾㔠㖹䜢ᚓ䜛䛣䛸-0.040.340.50-0.250.030.363.160.77 ௰㛫䛸ᴦ䛧䛟ാ䛡䜛䛣䛸0.130.14-0.170.570.140.403.360.72 ⤌⧊䛾୍ဨ䛸䛧䛶༠ຊ䛧䛶ാ䛟䛣䛸0.030.130.230.51-0.070.453.040.81 ከࡃࡢே࡜᥋ࡍࡿࡇ࡜0.28-0.06-0.100.430.120.332.900.94 ௻ᴗࡢⓎᒎ࡟ᑾࡃࡍࡇ࡜0.020.130.290.410.180.492.750.93 ⏕䛝䜛䛯䜑䛾ᡭẁ䜢ᚓ䜛䛣䛸-0.020.12-0.050.110.610.383.400.73 ᐙ᪘䜔ᏊᏞ䛾⦾ᰤ䛻䛴䛺䛢䜛䛣䛸0.010.230.120.090.460.372.930.98 ேࡢ࿨ࡸᏳ඲ࢆ኱ษ࡟ࡍࡿࡇ࡜0.020.080.110.270.370.333.130.87 䃐ಀᩘᖹᆒ್ᶆ‽೫ᕪ ⮬ᕫᐇ⌧ᚿྥ1.000.853.030.58 ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃᚿྥ0.001.000.753.390.49 ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥ0.370.161.000.792.790.69 ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ᚿྥ0.280.190.381.000.693.010.61 ᐙ᪘ᚿྥ0.380.010.350.151.000.563.160.721䠅䚷ᅇ⟅䛻Ḟᦆ䛾䛺䛔338ྡ䠄᪥ᮏ䠖n=158䠈䜰䝯䝸䜹䠖n=56䠈㡑ᅜ䠖n=69䠈䝗䜲䝒䠖n=55䠅䜢ศᯒᑐ㇟䛸䛧䛯䚹 ὀ2䠅䚷ᑻᗘᚓⅬ䛾ᖹᆒ䛿䠈㡯┠ᚓⅬ䛾ྜィ䜢㡯┠ᩘ䛷㝖䛧䛯䜒䛾䜢⏝䛔䛯䚹

(7)

Table 2㸦୺ᅉᏊἲ࣭Promaxᅇ㌿㸧 㡯┠௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ ࣓ࣥࢺຊࢥ࣑ࣗࢽ ࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊᢏ⾡ຊㄒᏛຊ㌟య㐠ືຊඹ㏻ᛶᖹᆒ್ᶆ‽೫ᕪ ᡂᯝࡢᐇ⌧ࡢࡓࡵ࡟࡞ࡍ࡭ࡁࡇ࡜ࢆⓗ☜࡟ᢕᥱ࡛ࡁࡿ0.92-0.110.01-0.10-0.060.633.190.74 ㄢ㢟ゎỴࡢࡓࡵ࡟ィ⏬ࢆ❧࡚ࡽࢀࡿ0.84-0.160.010.02-0.040.553.220.81 ᅔ㞴࡞ࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㏨ࡆࡎ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳ⥆ࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.74-0.07-0.10-0.010.130.553.140.72 」ᩘࡢࡇ࡜ࡀࡽࢆ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏ࡚㸪᪂ࡋ࠸ࡶࡢࢆసࡾฟࡍࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.690.050.07-0.05-0.050.502.870.83 ⮬ศࡀࡸࡿ࡭ࡁࡇ࡜࡟⮬Ⓨⓗ࡟ྲྀࡾ⤌ࡴࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.640.02-0.110.080.100.523.390.66 ஦౛ࡸࢹ࣮ࢱ࡛㸪┦ᡭ࡟ศ࠿ࡾࡸࡍࡃఏ࠼ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.610.100.130.00-0.100.462.990.82 ┠ᶆ㐩ᡂࡢࡓࡵ࡟࿘ࡾࡢே࡟ാࡁ࠿ࡅࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.550.19-0.12-0.080.070.453.140.77 ᐃᆺⓗ࡞ᩥ᭩ࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃ㸪୙ᐃᆺࡢᩥ᭩ࡶࡘࡃࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.540.180.14-0.05-0.020.482.990.89 ࠾ᐈࡀ࣐ࢽࣗ࢔ࣝ࡟࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࢆồࡵࡓ࡜ࡁୖྖࡢᣦ♧ࢆ௮ࡂᑐᛂ࡛ࡁࡿ-0.130.790.13-0.110.010.543.320.69 ࠾ᐈ࡟ኻ♩࡟࡞ࡽ࡞࠸᥋ࡋ᪉ࢆ▱ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ-0.120.650.03-0.010.000.343.340.71 ୎ᑀㄒࢆ౑࠸⮬ᅜㄒ࡛఍ヰࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.040.550.020.22-0.110.423.470.69 ⮬ศࡢᙺ๭ࢆ⌮ゎࡋ࡚㸪⾜ືࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.240.49-0.180.020.060.463.490.62 ௚ேࡢࡼ࠸ពぢࡶཷࡅධࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.000.49-0.14-0.030.090.253.540.64 ☜ㄆࡸ㉁ၥࢆࡋ࡞ࡀࡽ㸪┦ᡭࡢពぢࢆṇ☜࡟⌮ゎࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.230.45-0.050.020.000.383.290.72 ᶵᲔࡸᕤලࢆ᧯సࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.04-0.060.92-0.050.030.832.140.99 㔠ᵔ࣭ࡢࡇࡂࡾ࡞࡝ࡢ㐨ලࢆ౑ࡗ࡚ࡶࡢࢆࡘࡃࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ-0.090.150.750.000.060.622.401.05 㟁Ꮚᶵჾ➼ࡢ⤌ࡳ❧࡚ࡸ⡆༢࡞ಟ⌮ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.05-0.190.730.070.060.571.910.99 ⱥㄒ࡛ࡢ఍ヰࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.09-0.090.030.920.040.902.681.07 㧗➼ᩍ⫱ᶵ㛵ࡢᩍ㣴⛉┠⛬ᗘࡢⱥᩥࢆㄞࡴࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ-0.090.10-0.030.75-0.020.543.170.92 ⱥㄒ௨እࡢእᅜㄒࡢ఍ヰࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ-0.04-0.040.070.580.000.341.941.15 SPSS࡞࡝ࡢࢯࣇࢺࢆ౑࠸㸪ࡸࡸ㧗ᗘ࡞⤫ィฎ⌮ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.10-0.010.06-0.270.050.062.060.95 ᇶ♏యຊࡀ࠶ࡿ-0.100.080.05-0.050.820.683.030.84 ᣢஂຊࡀ࠶ࡿ0.09-0.01-0.010.060.790.712.950.89 ≉ᐃࡢࢫ࣏࣮ࢶࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.02-0.030.12-0.030.610.413.041.01 ࢫࢺࣞࢫࡢཎᅉࢆྲྀࡾ㝖ࡃࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.310.190.05-0.170.050.202.720.82 3᱆⛬ᗘࡢᅄ๎₇⟬ࡀṇ☜࡟࡛ࡁࡿ0.250.170.130.14-0.040.243.190.92 ᭱ప㝈Ᏺࡽ࡞ࡅࢀࡤ࡞ࡽ࡞࠸࣮ࣝࣝࡸ⣙᮰ࢆᏲࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿ0.030.36-0.11-0.020.000.143.720.51 Ꮫ⏕࡜ࡋ࡚ᖹᆒ⛬ᗘࡢᩍ㣴ࢆᣢࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ0.210.310.080.140.000.333.360.68 ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢿࢵࢺ࡛ᚲせ࡞᝟ሗࢆ᳨⣴࡛ࡁࡿ0.170.30-0.050.090.020.213.720.51 ࢚ࢡࢭࣝࡢᇶᮏᶵ⬟㸦ࢢࣛࣇసᡂࢆྵࡴ㸧ࢆ౑࠸ࡇ࡞ࡏࡿ0.170.220.20-0.08-0.080.153.100.85 䃐ಀᩘᖹᆒ್ᶆ‽೫ᕪ ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺຊ1.000.883.120.58 ࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊ0.631.000.773.410.46 ᢏ⾡ຊ0.250.231.000.852.150.89 ㄒᏛຊ0.420.270.271.000.792.600.88 ㌟య㐠ືຊ0.460.380.290.151.000.803.010.771䠅䚷ᅇ⟅䛻Ḟᦆ䛾䛺䛔325ྡ䠄᪥ᮏ䠖n=155䠈䜰䝯䝸䜹䠖n=56䠈㡑ᅜ䠖n=69䠈䝗䜲䝒䠖n=45䠅䜢ศᯒᑐ㇟䛸䛧䛯䚹 ὀ2䠅䚷ᑻᗘᚓⅬ䛾ᖹᆒ䛿䠈㡯┠ᚓⅬ䛾ྜィ䜢㡯┠ᩘ䛷㝖䛧䛯䜒䛾䜢⏝䛔䛯䚹

(8)

㸱㸫㸰㸬ᑵປ⤒㦂࡜⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊ࡜ࡢ㛵㐃ࡢᅜูᕪ␗

⫋ᴗほ㸪⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡢ㐪࠸࡟ࡘ࠸࡚᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟㸪ᅜ㸦᪥ᮏ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸧࡜ᑵ ປ⤒㦂㸦࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ㸪࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔㸧࡟࠾ࡅࡿྛᅇ⟅㑅ᢥ⫥ࢆ⊂❧ኚᩘ㸪⫋ᴗほ࡜

⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊࡢྛୗ఩ᑻᗘᚓⅬࢆᚑᒓኚᩘ࡜ࡋࡓ஧せᅉศᩓศᯒࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋศᯒ࡟࠶ࡓࡗ࡚ࡣ㸪㡯┠ᚓⅬ ࡢྜィࢆ㡯┠ᩘ࡛๭ࡗࡓᑻᗘᚓⅬࢆ౑⏝ࡋࡓࠋ࡞࠾㸪⫋ᴗほᑻᗘࡢࠕᐙ᪘ᚿྥࠖ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣᵓᡂࡍࡿ㡯

┠ࡀ

2

ࡘ࡜ᑡ࡞࠸࡯࠿㸪

Į

ಀᩘࡶ

0.56

࡜ప࠸್࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡇ࡜࠿ࡽ㸪௨ᚋࡢศᯒ࡛ࡣ㝖እࡋࡓࠋ

㸱㸫㸰㸫㸯㸬⫋ᴗほᑻᗘࡢศᯒ

࢔ ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ ศᯒࡢ⤖ᯝ㸪ࠕ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃᚿྥ࡛ࠖ

F(6,325)=2.38(p<.05)

㸪ࠕ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ᚿྥ࡛ࠖ

F(6,325)=2.75(p<.01)

࡜㸪ࡑࢀࡒࢀ஺஫స⏝ࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓ㸦

Table 3

㸧 ࠋ༢⣧୺ຠᯝࡢ᳨ᐃ⤖ᯝ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡳࡿ࡜㸪 ࠕ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡣࢻ࢖ࢶ࡛ࠕ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ㸺ࠕ௨๓ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝࡀ ᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪 ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅࡛ࡣࠕࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺᪥ᮏ㸪㡑ᅜ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ 㸪 ࠕ௨๓ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪

௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅࡛ࡣࠕ᪥ᮏ㸪㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ 㸪ࡑࡋ࡚ࠕࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࡞࠸ࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ

⪅࡛ࡣࠕࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡣ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶࠕ ࠕࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕ௨๓ ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

஺஫స⏝ࡀࡳࡽࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠕ⮬ᕫᐇ⌧ᚿྥࠖ ࠕ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥࠖ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢୗ఩

ᑻᗘ࡛ᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋ ࠕ⮬ᕫᐇ⌧ᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡣ

F(3,325)=17.67 (p<.001)

࡜࡞ࡾ㸪ከ㔜ẚ㍑㸦

Bonferroni

ἲ㸧࡛ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸪㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚㸪 ࠕ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥࠖ

࡛ࡣ

F(3,325)=36.30 (p<.001)㸪

ࠕࢻ࢖ࢶ㸪᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡣ㸪ࡍ࡭࡚ࡢୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡟࠾࠸࡚஺஫స⏝ࡀࡳࡽࢀ࡞࠿

ࡗࡓࠋ୺ຠᯝ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡳࡿ࡜㸪ࡍ࡭࡚ࡢୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡛ᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓ㸦Table 4㸧 ࠋከ㔜ẚ㍑ࡢ⤖

ᯝ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡳ࡚ࡳࡿ࡜㸪 ࠕ⮬ᕫᐇ⌧ᚿྥࠖࡣ

F(3,329)=34.47(p<.001)࡛࠶ࡾ㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓

ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃᚿྥࠖࡣ

F(3,329)=12.31 (p<.001)࡛㸪

ࠕࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸹㡑ᅜ㸺࢔

࣓࡛ࣜ࢝ࠖ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥࠖࡣ

F(3,329)=49.78 (p<.001)࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋከ㔜ẚ㍑ࡢ⤖ᯝࡣࠕࢻ

࢖ࢶ㸪᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚㸪 ࠕ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡣ

F(3,329)=22.42 (p<.001)࡜࡞

ࡾ㸪 ࠕ㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸪᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

࣎ ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔ ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔࡛ࡣࠕ⏕ά࣭Ᏻᐃᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡢࡳ

F(6,325)=2.83(p<.05)࡜࡞ࡾ㸪஺஫స⏝ࡀ

ࡳࡽࢀࡓ㸦Table 5㸧 ࠋ༢⣧୺ຠᯝࡢ᳨ᐃ⤖ᯝࢆࡳࡿ࡜㸪᪥ᮏ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠕ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ㸺ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ ࠖ 㸪࢔࣓ࣜ

࡛࢝ࠕ ࠕࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡿࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪 ࠕࡋ

࡚࠸ࡿࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅࡛ࡣࠕ᪥ᮏ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸪㡑ᅜ㸪㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓ࡯࠿㸪 ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ

࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅࡛ࡣࠕࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺᪥ᮏ㸪㡑ᅜ㸪࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸹᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ

3

ୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡛ࡣ㸪࠸ࡎࢀࡶᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋከ㔜ẚ㍑ࡢ⤖ᯝࡣ㸪ࡑࢀࡒࢀ௨ୗ࡟♧

ࡍ㏻ࡾ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕ⮬ᕫᐇ⌧ᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡣF(3,325)=13.05 (p<.001)㸪 ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞

ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕ࣮ࣜࢲ࣮࣭ᐩ⿱ᐙᚿྥࠖࡣ

F(3,325)=25.70(p<.001)

࡜࡞ࡾ㸪 ࠕࢻ࢖ࢶ㸪᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜

࠸࠺⤖ᯝࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠕ⤌⧊࣭♫఍ᚿྥ࡛ࠖࡣ

F(3,325)=15.00 (p<.001)

㸪 ࠕ㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸪᪥ᮏ㸺

࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

(9)

Table 3⡯ᬺⷰዤᐲߩಽᢔಽᨆ⚿ᨐ㧔࿖˜ࠕ࡞ࡃࠗ࠻㧕 ਅ૏ዤᐲᐔဋ୯SDnᐔဋ୯SDnᐔဋSDn ᣣᧄ2.780.541372.710.84132.790.367 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.450.49243.600.37233.630.439 㖧࿖3.080.47293.140.51293.320.4711 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.080.46183.100.45143.170.4223 ᣣᧄ3.430.451373.120.42133.480.457 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.650.49243.640.48233.780.349 㖧࿖3.400.36293.280.60293.290.4011 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.020.52183.430.33143.070.4623 ᣣᧄ2.530.631372.340.64132.490.407 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.340.42243.600.59233.490.729 㖧࿖3.100.53293.100.54293.240.4811 ࠼ࠗ࠷2.610.54182.630.45142.220.4523 ᣣᧄ3.010.561372.690.77132.540.427 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.540.40243.590.46233.720.269 㖧࿖2.740.56292.900.57292.770.4511 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.030.57183.130.46142.500.6223

ਥലᨐ 㧔࿖ਥലᨐ 㧔ࠕ࡞ࡃࠗ࠻⚻㛎㧕੤੕૞↪ ⥄Ꮖታ⃻ᔒะ

F(3, 325) = 17.67*** ᣣ㧨⁛, 㖧㧨☨F(2, 325) = 1.00F(6, 325) = 0.30

2㧕㧔1㧕㧔0 1㧕ࠕ࡞ࡃࠗ࠻⚻㛎㧦㧔2㧕㧩ޟߒߡ޿ࠆޠ㧘㧔1㧕㧩ޟએ೨ߒߡ޿ߚ߇ޔ੹ߪߒߡ޿ߥ޿ޠ㧘㧔0㧕㧩ޟߒߚߎߣ߇ߥ޿ޠ 2***p.001**p.01*p.05 3㧕ᣣ㧦ᣣᧄ㧘☨㧦ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ㧘㖧㧦㖧࿖㧘⁛㧦࠼ࠗ࠷

F(3, 325) = 25.84*** , , 㧨☨F(2, 325) = 2.18F(6, 325) = 2.75** 㧔࿖㧕⁛ޓ㧔0㧕㧨2,1 㧔ࠕ࡞ࡃࠗ࠻⚻㛎㧕 ޓ㧔2㧕㖧, , ⁛㧨☨ ޓ㧔1㧕ᣣ, 㖧㧨 ޓ㧔0㧕⁛, , 㖧㧨☨

↢ᵴ࡮቟ቯᔒ

F(3, 325) = 11.00*** ⁛㧨ᣣ㧨☨; 㖧㧨☨F(2, 325) = 0.07F(6, 325) = 2.38* 㧔࿖㧕⁛ޓ㧔2㧕㧨1 㧔ࠕ࡞ࡃࠗ࠻⚻㛎㧕 ޓ㧔2㧕⁛㧨ᣣ㧘㖧㧘☨ ޓ㧔1㧕ᣣ, 㖧㧨 ޓ㧔0㧕⁛㧨☨ ࡝࡯࠳࡯࡮ን⵨ኅᔒะ

F(3, 325) = 36.30*** ,ᣣ㧨㖧㧨☨F(2, 325) = 0.15F(6, 325) = 1.55 ⚵❱࡮␠ળᔒ

(10)

Table 4⡯ᬺⷰዤᐲߩಽᢔಽᨆ⚿ᨐ㧔࿖˜ࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ㧕 ਅ૏ዤᐲᐔဋ୯SDnᐔဋSDn ᣣᧄ2.750.53462.780.57111 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.620.45263.470.4230 㖧࿖3.440.40143.070.4955 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.150.47133.110.4342 ᣣᧄ3.400.50463.420.44111 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.790.30263.560.5530 㖧࿖3.290.44143.350.4955 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.050.55133.170.4642 ᣣᧄ2.370.51462.560.66111 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.580.43263.370.6330 㖧࿖3.090.61143.130.5055 ࠼ࠗ࠷2.460.48132.450.5342 ᣣᧄ2.900.50462.980.61111 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.690.26263.500.4930 㖧࿖2.930.62142.780.5355 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.020.53132.770.6542

ਥലᨐ 㧔ࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ⚻㛎㧕੤੕૞↪ Ꮖታ⃻ᔒ

F(3, 329) = 34.47*** ᣣ㧨㖧, ⁛㧨☨F(1, 329) = 3.72F(3, 329) = 1.89

1㧕㧔0ਥല 㧔࿖㧕 ↢ᵴ࡮቟ቯᔒะ

F(3, 329) = 12.31*** ⁛㧨ᣣ㧨☨; 㖧㧨☨F(1, 329) = 0.02F(3, 329) = 1.46 ࡝࡯࠳࡯࡮ን⵨ኅᔒะ

F(3, 329) = 49.78*** ,㧨㖧㧨☨F(1, 329) = 0.00F(3, 329) = 1.69 1㧕ࠗࡦ࠲࡯ࡦࠪ࠶ࡊ⚻㛎㧦㧔1㧕㧩ޟ޽ࠆޠ㧘㧔0㧕㧩ޟߥ޿ޠ 2***p.001**p.01*p.05 3㧕ᣣ㧦ᣣᧄ㧘☨㧦ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ㧘㖧㧦㖧࿖㧘⁛㧦࠼ࠗ࠷

⚵❱࡮␠ળᔒะ

F(3, 329) = 22.42*** , ,㧨☨F(1, 329) = 2.73F(3, 329) = 1.48

(11)

Table 5⡯ᬺⷰዤᐲߩಽᢔಽᨆ⚿ᨐ㧔࿖˜ࡏ࡜ࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ㧕 ਅ૏ዤᐲᐔဋ୯SDnᐔဋ୯SDnᐔဋ୯SDn ᣣᧄ3.100.46142.860.49222.720.57121 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.570.40233.350.5183.570.4425 㖧࿖3.030.51213.250.42253.130.5423 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.090.3963.210.46143.100.4435 ᣣᧄ3.070.71143.420.34223.450.42121 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.750.27233.230.7183.740.4525 㖧࿖3.190.46213.320.44253.480.5123 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.110.2563.240.48143.110.5135 ᣣᧄ2.740.75142.630.56222.460.61121 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.530.36233.300.6883.470.6525 㖧࿖2.970.54213.220.46253.160.5623 ࠼ࠗ࠷2.700.4362.770.47142.280.4835 ᣣᧄ3.140.61143.010.56222.930.58121 ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ3.660.31233.220.5783.640.3825 㖧࿖2.680.48212.950.60252.780.5523 ࠼ࠗ࠷3.000.3263.040.68142.720.6335

⥄Ꮖታ⃻ᔒะ ↢ᵴ࡮቟ቯᔒะ

ਥലᨐ 㧔࿖ਥലᨐ ࡏ࡜ࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ⚻㛎 F(6, 325) = 2.83* 㧔࿖㧕ᣣ㧔2㧕㧨㧔0 ޓޓޓ☨㧔1㧕㧨㧔2, 0 㧔ࡏ࡜ࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ⚻㛎㧕 ޓ㧔2㧕ᣣ, , 㖧㧨☨ ޓ㧔0㧕⁛㧨ᣣ, ,; ᣣ㧨☨ F(3, 325) = 25.70*** , ᣣ㧨㖧㧨☨F(2, 325) = 1.83 F(3, 325) = 15.00*** , , ᣣ㧨☨F(2, 325) = 0.63

F(3, 325) = 5.73*** ⁛㧨ᣣ㧨☨; 㖧㧨☨F(2, 325) = 3.32* ㊀Ყセߢߪ޿ߕࠇߩ Ḱ㑆ߦ߽᦭ᗧᏅߥߒ

2㧕㧔1㧕㧔0 ੤੕૞↪ F(6, 325) = 1.53F(3, 325) = 13.05*** ᣣ㧨㖧, ⁛㧨☨F(2, 325) = 0.35 1㧕ࡏ࡜ࡦ࠹ࠖࠕ⚻㛎㧦㧔2㧕㧩ޟߒߡ޿ࠆޠ㧘㧔1㧕㧩ޟߒߚߎߣ߇޽ࠆ߇㧘੹ߪߒߡ޿ߥ޿ޠ㧘㧔0㧕㧩ޟߥ޿ޠ 2***p.001**p.01*p.05 3㧕ᣣ㧦ᣣᧄ㧘☨㧦ࠕࡔ࡝ࠞ㧘㖧㧦㖧࿖㧘⁛㧦࠼ࠗ࠷

࡝࡯࠳࡯࡮ን⵨ኅᔒะ

F(6, 325) = 1.74 ⚵❱࡮␠ળᔒะ

F(6, 325) = 1.78

(12)

㸱㸫㸰㸫㸰㸬⫋ᴗᇶ♏ຊᑻᗘࡢศᯒ

࢔ ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺ ศᯒ࡟࠾࠸࡚஺஫స⏝ࡀ☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࡢࡣ㸪 ࠕᢏ⾡ຊࠖࡢ

F(6,312)=2.17 (p<.05)

ࡢࡳ࡛࠶ࡗ

ࡓ㸦

Table 6

㸧 ࠋ༢⣧୺ຠᯝ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡳࡿ࡜㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠕ ࠕ௨๓ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕࡋ

ࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࡞࠸ࠖ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࢆࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅࡟࠾

࠸࡚ࡣ㸪 ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸪㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝࡀᚓࡽࢀࡓࠋ

ࡑࡢ௚ࡢ

4

ୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡛ࡣ㸪ࡍ࡭࡚࡟࠾࠸࡚ᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪 ࠕࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊࠖ

࡛ࡣ㸪࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࡢ୺ຠᯝ㸦

F(2,312=4.05 (p<.05)

㸧ࡶࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋࡑࢀࡒࢀࡢᑻᗘ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪ከ㔜ẚ㍑

Bonferroni

ἲ㸧ࡢ⤖ᯝࢆࡳ࡚ࡳࡿ࡜㸪௨ୗࡢ㏻ࡾ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡲࡎ㸪ࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺຊࠖࡣ

F(3,312)=45.88 (p<.001)

࡛࠶ࡾ㸪 ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋḟ࡟㸪 ࠕࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙ

ࣥຊࠖࡢ୺ຠᯝ㸦ᅜ㸧ࡣ

F(3,312)=11.04 (p<.001)

㸪 ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓࡛ࣜ࢝ࠖ࠶ࡗࡓࠋୖ㏙ࡋ ࡓ࢔ࣝࣂ࢖ࢺࡢ୺ຠᯝࡣࠕ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ㸺ࠕ௨๓ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕㄒᏛຊࠖ

࡛ࡣ

F(3,312)=36.81(p<.001)

㸪 ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸺㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠕ㌟య㐠

ືຊࠖࡣ

F(3,312)=9.53(p<.001)

࡛࠶ࡾ㸪 ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

࢖ ࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ ࠕㄒᏛຊࠖࡢࡳ

F(6,316)=3.53(p<.05)

࡜࡞ࡾ㸪஺஫స⏝ࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋ࢔࣓ࣜ࢝࡟࠾

࠸࡚ࠕ ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕ࠶ࡿࠖ ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓ࡯࠿㸪 ࠕ࠶ࡿࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅ࡣࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ

࡜࡞ࡾ㸪 ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ࡜ᅇ⟅ࡋࡓ⪅࡛ࡣࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸺㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

ࡑࡢ௚ࡢୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡛ࡣ㸪ࡍ࡭࡚࡟࠾࠸࡚ᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀࡳࡽࢀࡓࠋࡲࡓ㸪 ࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺຊ࡛ࠖࡣ㸪

࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵࣉ࡟ࡼࡿ୺ຠᯝࡶࡳࡽࢀࡓ㸦Table 7㸧 ࠋ⤖ᯝࢆ㡰࡟ࡳ࡚࠸ࡃ࡜㸪ࡲࡎࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥ

ࢺຊ࡛ࠖࡣᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀ

F(3,316)=87.60(p<.001)࡛ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ

㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࣥࢩࢵ

ࣉࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀ

F(1,316)=7.83 (p<.01)

࡛ࠕ ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕ࠶ࡿࠖ ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋḟ࡟㸪 ࠕࢥ࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊࠖ

F(3,316)=20.70(p<.001)㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕᢏ⾡ຊ࡛ࠖࡣ

F(3,316)=9.32

(p<.001)࡛࠶ࡾ㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸹㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠕ㌟య㐠ືຊࠖ

F(3,316)=16.42 (p<.001)㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

࣎ ࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔ ࡍ࡭࡚ࡢୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡟࠾࠸࡚㸪஺஫స⏝ࡀࡳࡽࢀ࡞࠿ࡗࡓ㸦Table 8㸧 ࠋᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝ࡟ࡘ

࠸࡚ࡣࡍ࡭࡚ࡢୗ఩ᑻᗘ࡛㸪ࡑࡋ࡚࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔ࡢ୺ຠᯝࡣࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺຊࠖ ࠕ㌟య㐠ືຊ࡛ࠖ

☜ㄆࡉࢀࡓࠋከ㔜ẚ㍑ࡢ⤖ᯝࢆࡳ࡚࠸ࡃ࡜㸪 ࠕ௙஦࣐ࢿࢪ࣓ࣥࢺຊ࡛ࠖࡣᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝࡀ

F(3,312)=46.11

(p<.001)

㸪ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺㡑ᅜ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚࣎ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔ࡢ୺ຠᯝࡣ

F(2,312)=4.03(p<.05)㸪

ࠕ ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡿࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࡛ࠖ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕࢥ

࣑ࣗࢽࢣ࣮ࢩࣙࣥຊࠖࡣ

F(3,312)=9.72(p<.001)࡛࠶ࡾ㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕᢏ

⾡ຊ࡛ࠖࡣ

F(3,312)=10.20 (p<.001)㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸹㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ࡜࠸࠺⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ ࠕㄒᏛຊࠖࡣ

F(3,312)=36.31(p<.001)࡜࡞ࡾ㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝㸺㡑ᅜ㸺ࢻ࢖ࢶࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋࡑࡋ࡚ࠕ㌟

య㐠ືຊ࡛ࠖࡣ㸪ᅜࡢ୺ຠᯝ࡛

F(3,312)=4.69(p<.001)㸪

ࠕ᪥ᮏ㸺㡑ᅜ㸪ࢻ࢖ࢶ㸺࢔࣓ࣜ࢝ࠖ࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ࣎

ࣛࣥࢸ࢕࢔ࡢ୺ຠᯝ࡛ࡣ

F(2,312)=3.67 (p<.05)࡜࡞ࡾ㸪ከ㔜ẚ㍑ࡢ⤖ᯝࡣࠕ

ࠕ࡞࠸ࠖ㸺ࠕࡋࡓࡇ࡜ࡀ࠶ࡿ

ࡀ㸪௒ࡣࡋ࡚࠸࡞࠸ࠖ ࠕࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠖ ࡛ࠖ࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

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