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59

ࡉ࡜㧗㱋ഴྥࡢ㧗ࡉࢆ㏙࡭ࡓ㸬ࡑࡢୖ࡛㸪⑕≧ࡀ㐍ࢇ࡛ࠕ㔜ᗘどぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࠖ࡟

࡞ࡗࡓ᫬࡟฼⏝࡛ࡁࡿ᝟ሗࡣ㸪㡢ኌ᝟ሗ࡜ゐぬ᝟ሗ࡟㢗ࡽࡊࡿࢆᚓ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜㸪

୰࡛ࡶ✵㛫ⓗ࡞᝟ሗࢆᚓࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࡣᶍᆺࡸゐᅗࡢࡼ࠺࡞ᡭẁ࡟࡞ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆㄝ᫂

ࡋ㸪ゐࡗ࡚ᅗࢆ⌮ゎࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ㸪どぬ࡟ࡼࡿࡶࡢ࡜࡝ࡢ⛬ᗘ㐪࠺࠿ࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟

ࡋࡓୖ࡛㸪ゐࡿᅗࡢ〇స࡟ࡣ㧗࠸ᑓ㛛ᛶࡀせồࡉࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ㏙࡭ࡓ㸬୍᪉㸪ᅜ

ࡸᆅ᪉⮬యࡢ᪋⟇࡜ࡋ࡚㸪බඹ✵㛫࡟ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡀᬑཬࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡀ㸪〇సᩘࡢ ቑຍࡀ᪂ࡓ࡞〇సᢏἲࡢⓎᒎ࡟ࡘ࡞ࡀࡗ࡚࠸ࡿ཯㠃㸪ᑓ㛛ᛶࡢḞዴ࠿ࡽศ࠿ࡾ

࡟ࡃ࠸ᅗࡀቑຍࡋ࡚࠸ࡿᐇែࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡋࡓ㸬ࡇࡢၥ㢟ࢆゎỴࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ゐ▱

᱌ෆᅗࡢ〇స࡟࠿࠿ࡿ᪥ᮏᕤᴗつ᱁ࡀつᐃࡉࢀࡓ㸬ⴭ⪅ࡣཎ᱌సᡂጤဨࡢ୍ே

࡜ࡋ࡚㸪つ᱁ࡢᡂ❧࡟῝ࡃ㛵୚ࡋ㸪ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗ࡛฼⏝࡛ࡁࡿゐ▱グྕࡢ஦౛㞟 ࡢࡓࡵࡢㄪᰝࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࡀ㸪ṧࡉࢀࡓㄢ㢟ࡀ࠶ࡿ࡜ឤࡌ࡚࠸ࡓ㸬ࡑࡢ࠺ࡕࡢ୍ࡘ㸪 ゐ▱グྕࡢᑍἲ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚◊✲ࢆ㐍ࡵࡓ⤖ᯝ㸪᪂ࡓ࡞᪥ᮏᕤᴗつ᱁࡜ࡋ࡚ไᐃࡍ

ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓࡀ㸪㠃㡿ᇦ࡛౑⏝ࡍࡿゐ▱グྕ㸪≉࡟ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ㆑

ู≉ᛶࡢ▱ぢࡢ୙㊊ࡀᮍࡔゎỴࡉࢀ࡚࠸࡞࠸ႚ⥭ࡢㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿ࡜ㄝ᫂ࡋࡓ㸬௨

ୖࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼㸪ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣ㸪ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗ࡛౑⏝࡛ࡁࡿࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢゐ▱

ⓗ࡞⢒ᐦឤ࡜㆑ู≉ᛶࢆᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ㸬ホ౯࡟ᙜࡓࡗ࡚

ࡣ㸪a㸧ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥཬࡧࢻࢵࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ⥺㛫㊥㞳ཬࡧⅬ㛫㊥㞳ࡀ⢒ᐦ ឤぬ࡟ཬࡰࡍᙳ㡪ࡢホ౯㸦➨ 2 ❶㸧㸬b㸧␗࡞ࡿ⥺㛫㊥㞳ࡢࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ

ࢆ᫂░࡟㆑ู࡛ࡁࡿ᮲௳࡜ᒓᛶࡀཬࡰࡍᙳ㡪ࡢホ౯㸦➨ 3 ❶ཬࡧ➨ 4 ❶㸧ࡢ 2 ࡘࢆタᐃࡋࡓ㸬

➨ 2 ❶࡛ࡣ㸪ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡢ㠃ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ࡟㛵ࡍࡿᇶ♏◊✲࡜࠸࠺఩⨨௜ࡅ࡛㸪

ࣄࢺࡢᣦඛ࡛ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥཬࡧࢻࢵࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࢆゐ▱ࡋࡓ㝿ࡢ⢒ᐦឤぬ

≉ᛶࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ㸬⥺㛫㝸ࡸⅬ㛫㝸ࢆᵝࠎ࡟ኚ໬ࡉࡏࡓฝ

≧ࡢࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡸࢻࢵࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࢆᐇ㝿ࡢゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡢ〇ἲ࡟⏝࠸ࡽ

ࢀࡿ UV ࢖ࣥ࢟ࢆ౑ࡗࡓࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࣥ༳ๅ࡛సᡂࡋࡓࢸࢫࢺࣆ࣮ࢫࢆ⏝࠸㸪20 ྡ ࡢᐇ㦂ཧຍ⪅࡟ᑐࡋ 7 ẁ㝵ࡢ࢝ࢸࢦࣜᑻᗘ࡛⢒ᐦឤぬࢆᅇ⟅ࡉࡏࡓ㸬⣔ิ࢝ࢸ ࢦࣜἲ࡟ࡼࡿᑻᗘ್⟬ฟἲ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡁ㸪≉ᛶ࡟ཬࡰࡍᙳ㡪ࢆᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡋࡓ㸬

60

⤖ᯝ࡜ࡋ࡚㸪ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮࡛ࣥࡣ 2.0㹼25.0mm ࡢ⠊ᅖ࡛㸪ࢻࢵࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ

࡛ࡣ 2.0㹼14.0mm ࡢ⠊ᅖ࡛ 7 ẁ㝵ࡢ࢝ࢸࢦࣜࡀ㡰␒࡟⌧ࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀࢃ࠿ࡗࡓ㸬

ࡲࡓ㸪ྠࡌ㛫㝸ࡢሙྜ࡟ࡣࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡼࡾࢻࢵࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ࡯࠺ࡀ⢒

࠸࡜ឤࡌࡿ࡜࠸࠺⢒ᐦឤぬ≉ᛶࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓ㸬

➨ 3 ❶࡛ࡣ㸪ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ⥺㛫㝸ࡢᕪ࡟ឤࡌࡿ㆑ูᐜ᫆ᛶ࡟ཬࡰࡍ ᙳ㡪ࢆࣄࢺࡢᣦඛࡢゐ▱ぬ≉ᛶ࡜ࡋ୍࡚⯡໬࡛ࡁࡿ್࡜ࡋ࡚ᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡍࡿ

ࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ㸬ලయⓗ࡟ࡣ㸪ⱝᖺ࣭㧗㱋 2 ⩌ࡢ㛢║ᬕ║⪅ࢆᐇ㦂ཧຍ⪅࡜

ࡋ㸪␗࡞ࡿ⥺㛫㝸ࡢࢸࢫࢺࣆ࣮ࢫࢆ୍⯡ⓗ࡞〇ἲ࡛࠶ࡿࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࣥ༳ๅ᪉ᘧ࡛

10 ✀సᡂࡋ㸪ࡑࢀࡽࡢ୰࠿ࡽ 2 ࡘࡢࢸࢫࢺࣆ࣮ࢫࢆゐࡾẚ࡭㸪4 ẁ㝵ࡢホ౯ᣦ ᶆ࠿ࡽᙉไᅇ⟅ࡉࡏࡿ୍ᑐẚ㍑ᐇ㦂ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ㸬ࡑࡢ⤖ᯝ㸪ᑐ㇟࡜࡞ࡿࢫࢺࣛ࢖

ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ⥺㛫㊥㞳ࡀ3.0mmࡲ࡛ࡢሙྜ㸪⥺㛫㝸࡜ࡋ࡚4.0mm௨ୖࡢᕪࡀ࠶

ࢀࡤ㸪95%௨ୖࡢ㆑ูࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓ㸬୍᪉㸪4.0mm௨ୖࡢࢫࢺࣛ

࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ࡜ẚ㍑ࡋࡼ࠺࡜ࡋ࡚ࡶ㆑ู⋡ࡀ 95%࡟࡞ࡽ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡶศ࠿ࡗࡓ㸬

ࡲࡓ㸪㧗㱋⪅࡟࠾ࡅࡿゐ▱⬟ຊࡢపୗࡢഴྥࢆఛ࠺ࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓ㸬

➨ 4 ❶࡛ࡣ㸪➨ 3 ❶ࡢᐇ㦂⤖ᯝࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼㸪ࡑࡢẚ㍑࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࢆ᭱

ࡶࡼࡃ฼⏝ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿゐㄞ⤒㦂ࡢ㇏ᐩ࡞どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࡀ㸪ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ⥺

㛫㝸࡟ឤࡌࡿ㆑ูᐜ᫆ᛶ࡟ཬࡰࡍᙳ㡪ࢆᐃ㔞ⓗ࡟ホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓ㸬 ලయⓗ࡟ࡣ㸪ⱝᖺ࣭㧗㱋 2 ⩌ࡢゐㄞ⤒㦂㇏ᐩ࡞どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࢆᐇ㦂ཧຍ⪅࡜ࡋ㸪

␗࡞ࡿ⥺㛫㝸ࡢࢸࢫࢺࣆ࣮ࢫࢆ୍⯡ⓗ࡞〇ἲ࡛࠶ࡿࢫࢡ࣮ࣜࣥ༳ๅ࡛10✀సᡂ ࡋ㸪ࡑࢀࡽࡢ୰࠿ࡽ2ࡘࡢࢸࢫࢺࣆ࣮ࢫࢆゐࡾẚ࡭㸪4ẁ㝵ࡢホ౯ᣦᶆ࠿ࡽᙉไ ᅇ⟅ࡉࡏࡿ୍ᑐẚ㍑ᐇ㦂ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓ㸬ࡑࡢ⤖ᯝ㸪ᑐ㇟࡜࡞ࡿࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ

ࡢ⥺㛫㊥㞳ࡀ2.0mmࡲ࡛ࡢሙྜ㸪⥺㛫㝸࡜ࡋ࡚3.0mm௨ୖࡢᕪࡀ࠶ࢀࡤ㸪95%

௨ୖࡢ㆑ูࡀྍ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓ㸬୍᪉㸪ẚ㍑ᑐ㇟࡟࡞ࡿࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃ

ࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ⥺㛫㊥㞳ࡀቑຍࡍࡿ࡟ᚑ࠸㸪㆑ู࡟ᚲせ࡞⥺㛫㊥㞳ࡣቑຍࡋ࡚࠸ࡃࡇ

࡜ࡶ☜ㄆ࡛ࡁࡓ㸬୍᪉㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࡢ≉ᚩ࡜ࡋ࡚㸪⥺㛫㊥㞳 5.0mm ࡢࢫࢺࣛ࢖

ࣉࣃࢱ࣮࡛ࣥࡶ㸪㆑ู⋡ࡀ 95%࡟࡞ࡿ⤌ࡳྜࢃࡏࡀ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜㸪ࡉࡽ࡟ⱝᖺ⪅࡜

㧗㱋⪅ࡢ㆑ู⋡࡟㸪࡯࡜ࢇ࡝㐪࠸ࡀぢࡽࢀ࡞࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀ☜ㄆ࡛ࡁࡓ㸬

61

௨ୖࡢ㏻ࡾ㸪ᮏ◊✲ࡢ┠ⓗ࡛࠶ࡗࡓ㸪ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗ࡟౑⏝࡛ࡁࡿ㠃㡿ᇦࡢゐ▱

グྕࡢ࠺ࡕ㸪≉࡟ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ⥺㛫㊥㞳ࡀ⢒ᐦឤぬཬࡧ㆑ู≉ᛶ࡟୚

࠼ࡿ᮲௳࡟㛵ࡍࡿ▱ぢࢆᚓࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓ㸬

௒ᚋࡢᒎᮃ

௒ᚋࡢᒎᮃ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡣ㸪a) ᮏ◊✲࡛ᚓࡽࢀࡓ▱ぢࡢ࿘▱࠾ࡼࡧ b) ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉ

௨እࡢ㠃㡿ᇦグྕࡢ◊✲࡜࠸࠺㸰Ⅼࡢㄢ㢟ࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿ㸬

➨ 1 ࡢㄢ㢟࡛࠶ࡿᮏ◊✲࡛ᚓࡽࢀࡓ▱ぢࡢ࿘▱࡜ࡣ㸪ࡘࡲࡾゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡢ〇 స⪅࡟ఏ࠼࡚࠸ࡃࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿ㸬ᖾ࠸࡟ࡋ࡚㸪ⴭ⪅ࡣ㸪JIS T 0922ࡢ࣮࣋ࢫ࡜࡞ࡗ ࡓ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥࢆసᡂࡋࡓ♫఍⚟♴ἲே᪥ᮏ┣ே♫఍⚟♴᪋タ༠㆟఍ ⅬᏐฟ

∧㒊఍ࡀ㛤ദࡍࡿⅬᏐࢧ࢖ࣥ◊ಟ఍࡟ㅮᖌ࡜ࡋ࡚ᗘࠎᣍ࠿ࢀ࡚࠾ࡾ㸪ࡇࢀࡲ࡛

ࡶJIS T 0922࡟㛵ࡍࡿᵝࠎ࡞ゎㄝࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚ࡁࡓ㸬ࡇ࠺ࡋࡓάືࡣ㸪௒ᚋࡶ⥅⥆ࡋ

࡚࠸ࡃ࡜ண᝿ࡉࢀࡿࡓࡵ㸪ᮏ◊✲࡛ᚓࡽࢀࡓ▱ぢࢆከࡃࡢゐ▱᱌ෆᅗ〇స⪅࡟

ఏ࠼࡚࠸ࡃᡤᏑ࡛࠶ࡿ㸬ࡇ࠺ࡋࡓάືࢆ⥆ࡅ࡚࠸ࡃࡇ࡜ࡣ㸪ⅬᏐᅗ᭩㤋࡜࠸࠺

⫋ሙ࡟໅ົࡋ࡚◊✲ࢆ⥆ࡅࡿ⪅ࡢ౑࿨࡜⪃࠼ࡿ࠿ࡽ࡛࠶ࡿ㸬ࡲࡓ㸪ᮏ◊✲ࡢᡂ ᯝࡣ㸪ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗ࡛౑⏝ࡍࡿࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ㆑ู≉ᛶࢆ᫂ࡽ࠿࡟ࡍࡿࡇ

࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋ࡚ᚓࡽࢀࡓࡶࡢࡔࡀ㸪ࣄࢺࡢゐ▱ぬࢹ࣮ࢱ࡜ࡋ࡚ࡶ⯆࿡῝࠸㠃ࡀ

࠶ࡿ㸬௒ᚋࡶከࡃࡢே㛫ᕤᏛศ㔝ࡢ◊✲⪅࡜ࡢ஺ὶࢆ✚ᴟⓗ࡟ࡣ࠿ࡾ㸪ᮏ◊✲

ࡢ▱ぢࢆࡉࡽ࡟῝ࡵ࡚࠸ࡃᡤᏑ࡛࠶ࡿ㸬

➨ 2 ࡢㄢ㢟࡜ࡋ࡚ᣲࡆࡓ㸪ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ௨እࡢ㠃㡿ᇦࢆ⾲ࡍゐ▱グྕ

࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ලయⓗ࡟ゝ࠼ࡤ㸪ࢻࢵࢺࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪ᮏ◊✲࡜ྠᵝࡢᐇ㦂ࢆ⾜

࠺ࡇ࡜࡛࠶ࡿ㸬どぬⓗ࡞グྕ࡛⪃࠼ࡿ࡜㸪ࢻࢵࢺ࡜ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉ௨እ࡟ࡶ㸪ࡉࡲ

ࡊࡲ࡞グྕࡀ㠃㡿ᇦ࡛౑ࢃࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡓࡵ㸪➨3㸪➨4ࡢグྕࡢᐇ⏝ᛶࢆ᳨ドࡍࡿ

ࡇ࡜ࡶ㸪᪂ࡓ࡞ㄢ㢟࡜ࡋ࡚⪃࠼ࡽࢀ࡞࠸ࢃࡅ࡛ࡣ࡞࠸㸬ࡋ࠿ࡋ㸪ᐇ㝿ၥ㢟࡜ࡋ

࡚㸪ࣄࢺࡀᣦඛ࡛ᐜ᫆࡟ุู࡛ࡁࡿฝࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ✀㢮ࡣࡑ࠺ከࡃ࡞࠸㸬༢⣧࡛

㆑ูࡀᐜ᫆࡞ࢻࢵࢺࡸࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉࣃࢱ࣮ࣥ࡟⢒ᐦឤ࡟ࡼࡿᕪ㐪ࢆ௜ࡅ࡚3✀࣭4

62

✀࡜౑⏝ࡍࡿ᪉ἲࡀ⌧ᐇ࡟᥇⏝ࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ⾲⌧࡛࠶ࡿ㸬ࡑࡢព࿡࡛ࡣ㸪ࢻࢵࢺ

ࣃࢱ࣮ࣥࡢ㆑ู≉ᛶࢆ☜ㄆࡋ㸪ࢫࢺࣛ࢖ࣉ࡜ࡢẚ㍑ࢆࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡞࡝࡛㸪ࡼࡾᐇ

⏝ⓗ࡞▱ぢࡀᚓࡽࢀࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿ㸬ࡉࡽ࡟ゝ࠼ࡤ㸪ࡇࡢ≉ᛶࡣ㸪ࡇࢀ࠿

ࡽᮏ᱁ⓗ࡞㧗㱋♫఍ࢆ㏄࠼ࡿ࡟࠶ࡓࡗ࡚㸪ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗ࡟័ࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜ࡣゝ࠼࡞

࠸㧗㱋ࡢ฼⏝⪅࡟ࡶ౑࠸᫆࠸ࢹࢨ࢖ࣥ࡟࡞ࡿࡓࡵࡢᇶ♏ࢹ࣮ࢱ࡜ࡋ࡚᫂ࡽ࠿࡟

ࡋ࡚࠾ࡃᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿ㸬1.1.1 㡯࡛㏙࡭ࡓࡼ࠺࡟㸪௒ᚋࡲࡍࡲࡍゐ▱ぬ⤒㦂ࡢஈࡋ

࠸୰㏵ኻ᫂⪅ࡀቑ࠼࡚࠸ࡃࡇ࡜ࢆ㋃ࡲ࠼ࢀࡤ㸪ゐㄞ⤒㦂㇏ᐩ࡞どぬ㞀ᐖ࡟㆑ู

ྍ⬟࡞⾲⌧࡜㸪ゐㄞ࡟୙័ࢀ࡞㧗㱋⪅࡛㆑ูྍ⬟࡞⾲⌧࡜ࡢᕪ␗ࢆᢕᥱࡋࡓୖ

࡛㸪ࢹࢨ࢖ࣥࡋ࡚࠸ࡃࡇ࡜ࡀồࡵࡽࢀࡿࡔࢁ࠺㸬

௨ୖࡢㄢ㢟ࢆ㏻ࡌ࡚㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ศ࠿ࡾࡸࡍ࠸ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡢᬑཬ࡟

㈉⊩ࡋ㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࢆጞࡵ࡜ࡍࡿ඲࡚ࡢேࠎࡀඹ⏕ྍ⬟࡞♫఍ࡢᐇ⌧࡟ᐤ୚ࡋ

࡚࠸ࡇ࠺࡜⪃࠼࡚࠸ࡿ㸬

63

ཧ⪃ᩥ⊩

➨ ❶

[1-1] ཌ⏕ປാ┬♫఍࣭᥼ㆤᒁ㞀ᐖಖ೺⚟♴㒊⦅㸪ᖹᡂ23ᖺ⏕άࡢࡋ࡙ࡽࡉ

࡞࡝࡟㛵ࡍࡿㄪᰝ(඲ᅜᅾᏯ㞀ᐖඣ࣭⪅➼ᐇែㄪᰝ㸧⤖ᯝ㸪Retrieve from http://www.mhlw.go.jp/toukei/list/seikatsu_chousa.html, 2013㸪㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1

᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-2] ᪥ᮏ║⛉་఍◊✲⌜ሗ࿌2006-2008㸪᪥ᮏ࡟࠾ࡅࡿどぬ㞀ᐖࡢ♫఍ⓗࢥ

ࢫࢺ㸪᪥ᮏࡢ║⛉㸪Vol. 80㸪No. 6㸪௜㘓㸪2009

[1-3] ᪥ᮏ║⛉་఍㸪どぬ㞀ᐖࡀࡶࡓࡽࡍ♫఍ᦆኻ㢠ࠊ8.8඙෇!!㸪Retrieve from

http://www.gankaikai.or.jp/info/20091115_socialcost.pdf 2009㸪㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1

᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-4] World Health Organization㸪Visual impairment and blindness㸪Retrieve from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs282/en/index.html㸪2006㸦2013ᖺ10

᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-5] ㌟య㞀ᐖ⪅⚟♴ἲ㸦᫛࿴஧༑ᅄᖺ༑஧᭶஧༑භ᪥ἲᚊ➨஧ⓒඵ༑୕ྕ㸧

Retrieve from http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/S24/S24HO283.html㸪㸦2013ᖺ10

᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-6] ㌟య㞀ᐖ⪅⚟♴ἲ᪋⾜௧㸦᫛࿴஧༑஬ᖺᅄ᭶஬᪥ᨻ௧➨୐༑ඵྕ㸧

Retrieve from http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/S25/S25SE078.html㸪㸦2013ᖺ10᭶ 1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-7] ㌟య㞀ᐖ⪅⚟♴ἲ᪋⾜つ๎㸦᫛࿴஧༑஬ᖺᅄ᭶භ᪥ཌ⏕┬௧➨༑஬ྕ㸧

Retrieve from http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/S25/S25F03601000015.html㸪㸦2013 ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-8] 㞀ᐖ⪅⚟♴◊✲఍⦅㸪㌟య㞀ᐖㄆᐃᇶ‽ཬࡧㄆᐃせ㡿-ゎ㔘࡜㐠⏝㸪୰ኸ

ἲつฟ∧㸪pp105-150㸪2010㸬

[1-9] Frances A.Koestler㸪The unseen minority: a social history of blindness in the

64 United States㸪pp50-58㸪Retrieve from

http://books.google.co.jp/books/about/The_Unseen_Minority.html?id=shAt3acw5r8 C&redir_esc=y㸪2004㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-10] ᱱᓥㅬḟ㸪࣮ࣟࣅࢪࣙࣥ࡜ࡣ㸪║⛉デ⒪ࣉࣛࢡࢸ㺐ࢫ㸪ᩥගᇽ㸪No. 3㸪

pp10-13㸪2000

[1-11] 㧗ᶫᗈ⦅㸪࣮ࣟࣅࢪࣙࣥࢣ࢔ࡢᐇ㝿 ➨㸰∧㸪་Ꮫ᭩㝔㸪2006

[1-12] ᪥ᮏ࣮ࣟࣅࢪࣙࣥᏛ఍⏝ㄒጤဨ఍㸪࣮ࣟࣅࢪࣙࣥ㛵㐃⏝ㄒ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥ㸪

Retrieve from http://www.jslrr.org/page/guideline㸪2012㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧 [1-13] United Nations㸪World Population Ageing: 1950-2050㸪Retrieve from

http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/worldageing19502050/㸪2001㸦2013 ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-14] ෆ㛶ᗓ⦅㸸ᖹᡂ25ᖺ∧㧗㱋♫఍ⓑ᭩㸦ᴫせ㸧Retrieve from

http://www8.cao.go.jp/kourei/whitepaper/w-2013/zenbun/25pdf_index.html㸪2013 㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-15] ᑠཎ႐㝯㸪⛉Ꮫⓗ᰿ᣐ(evidence)࡟ᇶ࡙ࡃⓑෆ㞀デ⒪࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥࡢ⟇ᐃ

࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲㸪Retrieve from http://minds.jcqhc.or.jp/n/medical_user_main.php#㸪 2012㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-16] ஂಖ⏣ᩄ᫛㸪㧗㱋⪅ࡢどຊ㞀ᐖ㸪᪥ᮏ་஦᪂ሗ㸪No. 4314㸪pp53-59㸪2006

[1-17] ୰Ụබ⿱㸪ቑ⏣ᐶḟ㑻㸪▼ᶫ㐩ᮁ㸪᪥ᮏேࡢどぬ㞀ᐖࡢཎᅉ-15 ᖺ๓࡜

ࡢẚ㍑㸪་Ꮫࡢ࠶ࡺࡳ㸪Vol. 225㸪No. 8㸪pp691-693㸪2008

[1-18] Ᏻ⏣⨾✑㸪どぬ㞀ᐖཎᅉࡢ␿Ꮫㄪᰝ-㛗ᑑ♫఍࡜║⑌ᝈ-㸪Progress in

Medicine㸪Vol. 30㸪No. 5㸪pp11-14㸪2010

[1-19] ཎ⏣ᨻ⨾㸪どຊ㞀ᐖࡢ⛬ᗘ࡜ぢ࠼᪉㸪║ࡢࡣࡓࡽࡁ࡜Ꮫ⩦㸪៞᠕㏻ಙ㸪

pp114-142㸪1989

[1-20] ཌ⏕ປാ┬♫఍࣭᥼ㆤᒁ㞀ᐖಖ೺⚟♴㒊௻⏬ㄢ㸪ᖹᡂ18ᖺ㌟య㞀ᐖඣ࣭

⪅ᐇែㄪᰝ⤖ᯝ㸪Retrieve from

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/toukei/saikin/hw/shintai/06/index.html, 2008㸪㸦2013ᖺ10

65

᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-21] ᮌሯὈᘯ㸪㡢ኌࡢ⪺ࡁྲྀࡾ࡜ⅬᏐࡢゐㄞ㹼ࢫࢺࣜࣥࢢ᝟ሗ࡜⫈ぬ࣭ゐぬ㸪

㫽ᒃಟ᫭⦅ࠊどぬ㞀ᐖ࡜ㄆ▱ࠖࠊᨺ㏦኱Ꮫᩍ⫱᣺⯆఍ࠊpp44㹼51㸪Retrieve from http://web.econ.keio.ac.jp/staff/nakanoy/article/braille/BR/chap2/2-3.html 㸪 1993 㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-22] ༓⏣⪔႐㸪࢖ࣥࢱ࣮ࢿࢵࢺࢆά⏝ࡋࡓどぬ㞀ᐖᩍ⫱⏝ゐぬᅗᙧᩍᮦࡢ┣

Ꮫᰯ㛫┦஫฼⏝࡟㛵ࡍࡿ◊✲㸪ᖹᡂ13ᖺᗘ㹼ᖹᡂ15ᖺᗘ⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠

◊✲ᡂᯝሗ࿌᭩㸪2004

[1-23] ᚿᮧὒ㸪ゐぬࡸゐ㐠ື࡟ࡼࡿᅗᙧࡸᩥᏐࡢㄆ㆑ࢆࡵࡄࡗ࡚㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ㸪

No. 66㸪pp5-22㸪1983

[1-24] John L. Barth㸪Graphic Literacy: A Neglected Area㸪Proceeding of the first International Symposium on Maps and Graphics for the Visually Handicapped㸪 pp9-18㸪1983

[1-25] ᮌሯὈᘯ㸪ᣦ࡟ࡼࡿㄆ▱ࡢࢫࢺࣛࢸࢪ࣮࡜ᆅ⌮ⓗ✵㛫ᴫᛕ㸪Proceedings

of the third international on maps and graphics for the visually handicapped

people - ➨3ᅇどぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࡢࡓࡵࡢᆅᅗ࡜ᅗᙧ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘

㆟஦㘓㸪pp118-122㸪1991

[1-26] ຍ⸨ಇ࿴㸪ⅬᏐᩍ⛉᭩࡜ᆅᅗࡢᇶᮏ㸪ᖹᡂ 18 ᖺᗘ➨ 1 ᅇᩍ⛉᭩Ⅼヂ఍

ࢭ࣑ࢼ࣮㹼Ꮫࡰ࠺ゐᅗࡢⅬヂἲ㹼㸦㓄௜㈨ᩱ㸧㸪2006

[1-27] ຍ⸨ಇ࿴㸪ᒣᮏ᐀㞝㸪⟃Ἴᢏ⾡኱Ꮫ㞀ᐖ⪅㧗➼ᩍ⫱◊✲ᨭ᥼ࢭࣥࢱ࣮⦅㸪

ⅬᏐᅗ᭩⏝ᅗ⾲ࡢసᡂᢏἲ◊ಟ఍㸫ᡭ࡛ㄞࡴᅗ⾲ࡢసࡾ᪉㸦ึṌ࠿ࡽᐇ㊶ࡲ

࡛㸧㸫㸪⟃Ἴᢏ⾡኱Ꮫ㸪2007

[1-28] ♫఍⚟♴ἲே᪥ᮏ┣ே♫఍⚟♴᪋タ༠㆟఍ⅬᏐᆅᅗグྕ◊✲ጤဨ఍㸪Ṍ

⾜⏝ゐᆅᅗ〇సࣁࣥࢻࣈࢵࢡ㸪pp8-11㸪1984

[1-29] ௰㇂ṇྐ㸪⓶⭵ឤぬࡢ࣓࢝ࢽࢬ࣒࡟㏕ࡿ㸪⛉Ꮫ㸪Vol. 76㸪No. 12㸪

pp1251-1255㸪2006

[1-30] ᮾᒣ⠜つ㸪ᐑᒸᚭ㸪㇂ཱྀಇ἞㸪బ⸨ឡᏊ㸪ゐぬ࡜③ࡳ㸪ࣈ࣮ࣞࣥฟ∧㸪

66 2000

[1-31] ᒾᮧⰋ᫭㸪ࢱࢵࢳ㸪་Ꮫ᭩㝔㸪2001

[1-32] ㇂ྜౡ㸪┣ே⚟♴஦ᴗࡢṔྐ㸪᫂▼᭩ᗑ㸪1998

[1-33] 㕥ᮌຊ஧ ⦅ⴭ㸪ᅗㄝ┣ᩍ⫱ྐ஦඾㸪᪥ᮏᅗ᭩ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㸪1985

[1-34] ຍ⸨ಇ࿴㸪᪥ᮏ࡟࠾ࡅࡿゐᆅᅗ࣭ᙅどᆅᅗࡢṔྐ࡜⌧≧㸪Proceedings of

the third international on maps and graphics for the visually handicapped people -

➨ 3 ᅇどぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࡢࡓࡵࡢᆅᅗ࡜ᅗᙧ࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ࡢᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘㆟஦㘓㸪 pp83-87㸪1991

[1-35] Polly K. Edman, Tactile Graphics, American Foundation for the Blind, 1992 [1-36] Fabio Levi, Rocco Rolli, Diegnare per le mani, Silvio Zamorani ediore, 1994

[1-37] ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬㸪≉ูᨭ᥼Ꮫᰯ୰Ꮫ㒊どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅⏝♫఍㸦බẸ㸧㸪᪥ᮏⅬᏐ

ᅗ᭩㤋㸪2012

[1-38] ஧ᐑ᭩ᗑ⦅㞟㒊ⴭ㸪᪥ᮏどぬ㞀ᐖ♫఍⛉ᩍ⫱◊✲఍┘ಟ㸪ᇶᮏᆅᅗᖒ㸫

ୡ⏺࡜᪥ᮏࡢ࠸ࡲࢆ▱ࡿ㸫㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ᨭ᥼⥲ྜࢭࣥࢱ࣮㸪2008

[1-39] 㔠Ꮚ೺㸪኱ෆ㐍㸪ⅬᏐᩍ⛉᭩࡟࠾ࡅࡿᅗ∧ࡢゐᅗ໬࡟ࡘ࠸࡚㸪ᅜ❧≉Ṧ

ᩍ⫱⥲ྜ◊✲ᡤ⣖せ㸪Vol. 32㸪2006

[1-40] ᪥ᮏⅬᏐᅗ᭩㤋⦅㸪᪥ᮏⅬᏐᅗ᭩㤋50ᖺྐ㸪᪥ᮏⅬᏐᅗ᭩㤋㸪1994

[1-41] ㈈ᅋἲே᪥ᮏつ᱁༠఍㸪㧗㱋⪅࣭㞀ᐖ⪅㓄៖タィᣦ㔪̿ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡢ᝟

ሗෆᐜཬࡧᙧ≧୪ࡧ࡟ࡑࡢ⾲♧᪉ἲ㸦JIS T 0922㸧㸪୍⯡㈈ᅋἲே᪥ᮏつ᱁༠

఍, 2007.

[1-42] ࿴⏣ຮ㸪ゐᅗ࡟㛵ࡍࡿᅜ㝿఍㆟࡟ཧຍࡋ࡚㹼"Tactile Graphics 2005"ぢ⪺

グ㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ㸪No. 212㸪p14-19㸪2006

[1-43] ㈈ᅋἲேඹ⏝ရ᥎㐍ᶵᵓ㸪࢔ࢪ࢔࡟࠾ࡅࡿ㧗㱋⪅࣭㞀ᐖ⪅㓄៖ᶆ‽໬࡟

㛵ࡍࡿᅜ㝿つ᱁ඹྠ㛤Ⓨ஦ᴗᡂᯝሗ࿌᭩㸪pp93-119㸪2007

[1-44] ࿴⏣ຮ㸪ᾏእㅖᅜ࡟࠾ࡅࡿⅬᏐ⾲♧࣭ゐ▱᱌ෆᅗࡢᬑཬࡢ⛬ᗘ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ

ሗ࿌㸪᪥ᮏ⚟♴ࡢࡲࡕ࡙ࡃࡾᏛ఍ ➨10ᅇ඲ᅜ኱఍ண✏㞟㸪2007

[1-45] 㧗㱋⪅ࠊ㌟య㞀ᐖ⪅➼ࡀ෇⁥࡟฼⏝࡛ࡁࡿ≉ᐃᘓ⠏≀ࡢᘓ⠏ࡢಁ㐍࡟㛵

67

ࡍࡿἲᚊ᪋⾜௧㸦ᖹᡂභᖺ஑᭶஧༑භ᪥ᨻ௧➨୕ⓒ༑୍ྕ㸧Retrieve from http://law.e-gov.go.jp/haishi/H06SE311.html㸪㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-46] 㧗㱋⪅ࠊ㌟య㞀ᐖ⪅➼ࡢබඹ஺㏻ᶵ㛵ࢆ฼⏝ࡋࡓ⛣ືࡢ෇⁥໬ࡢಁ㐍࡟

㛵 ࡍ ࡿ ἲ ᚊ 㸦 ᖹ ᡂ ༑ ஧ ᖺ ஬ ᭶ ༑ ୐ ᪥ ἲ ᚊ ➨ භ ༑ ඵ ྕ 㸧Retrieve from http://law.e-gov.go.jp/haishi/H12HO068.html㸪㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-47] 㧗㱋⪅ࠊ㞀ᐖ⪅➼ࡢ⛣ື➼ࡢ෇⁥໬ࡢಁ㐍࡟㛵ࡍࡿἲᚊ㸦ᖹᡂ༑ඵᖺභ

᭶ ஧ ༑ ୍ ᪥ ἲ ᚊ ➨ ஑ ༑ ୍ ྕ 㸧 Retrieve from

http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/H18/H18HO091.html㸪㸦2013ᖺ10᭶1᪥㜀ぴ㸧

[1-48] ᮾி㒔⚟♴ᒁ⏕ά⚟♴㒊ᆅᇦ⚟♴᥎㐍ㄢ㸸ᮾி㒔⚟♴ࡢࡲࡕ࡙ࡃࡾ᮲౛

᪋タᩚഛ࣐ࢽࣗ࢔ࣝ㸦ᖹᡂ21ᖺ∧㸧㸪2012

[1-49] ᅜᅵ஺㏻┬㸪㧗㱋⪅ࠊ㞀ᐖ⪅➼ࡢ⛣ື➼ࡢ෇⁥໬࡟㓄៖ࡋࡓᘓ⠏タィᶆ

‽㸪2007

[1-50] ᅜᅵ஺㏻┬⥲ྜᨻ⟇ᒁᏳᚰ⏕άᨻ⟇ㄢ㸪බඹ஺㏻ᶵ㛵ࡢ᪑ᐈ᪋タ࡟㛵ࡍ

ࡿ⛣ື➼෇⁥໬ᩚഛ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥ㸦ᨵゞ∧㸧㸪2013

[1-51] United States Access Board㸪Americans with Disabilities Act and Architectural Barreiers Act Accessibility Guidelines㸪2004

[1-52] Building and Construction Authority㸪Code on Accessibility in the Built Environment㸪2013

[1-53] Julia Ionides and Peter Howell, Another Eyesight – Multi-Sensory Design in Context, The Dog Rose Press, 2005

[1-54] ᚋ⸨Ⰻ୍㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࡢᆅᅗ࣭ᅗᙧ࡟㛵ࡍࡿ➨1ᅇᅜ㝿ࢩ࣏ࣥࢪ࣒࢘ሗ

࿌㸪ᆅᅗ㸪vol. 21㸪No. 3㸪1983

[1-55] ࢹࢨ࢖ࣥࡢ⌧ሙ - ≉Ṧ༳ๅ࣭ຍᕤ࢞࢖ࢻࣈࢵࢡ2003㸪No. 129㸪pp8-13㸪 2003

[1-56] ᮌሯὈᘯ㸪ⅬᏐࡢࢧ࢖ࢬ࡜ᡭゐࡾ㸪᪥ᮏࡢⅬᏐ㸪No. 23㸪pp19-23㸪1998

[1-57] ࿴⏣ຮ㸪⾤࡛ぢ࠿ࡅࡿⅬᏐࢧ࢖࣭ࣥࡑࡢၥ㢟Ⅼ㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ, No.161㸪pp1-22㸪

1999

68

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[1-59] ᪥ᮏ┣ே♫఍⚟♴᪋タ༠㆟఍㸪どぬ㞀ᐖ⪅ࡢᏳ඲࡛෇⁥࡞⾜ືࢆᨭ᥼ࡍ

ࡿࡓࡵࡢⅬᏐ⾲♧➼࡟㛵ࡍࡿ࢞࢖ࢻࣛ࢖ࣥ㸪᪥ᮏ┣ே♫఍⚟♴᪋タ༠㆟఍㸪 2002

[1-60] ࿴⏣ຮ㸪ⅬᏐ⾲♧ JIS ໬ࡢ⫼ᬒ࡜ព⩏㸪ࣜࣁࣅࣜࢸ࣮ࢩࣙࣥᕤᏛ༠఍㸪

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ࣉࣟࢢ࣒ࣛཬࡧᩍᮦࡢ㛤Ⓨ㸪ᖹᡂ㸯㸱ᖺᗘ㹼㸯㸳ᖺᗘ⛉Ꮫ◊✲㈝⿵ຓ㔠◊✲

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̿㸪⟃Ἴᢏ⾡኱Ꮫ㞀ᐖ⪅㧗➼ᩍ⫱◊✲ᨭ᥼ࢭࣥࢱ࣮㸪2009

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ᡭᘬ᭩ࡢห⾜࡜◊ಟ఍ࡢᐇ᪋ - ᅗᙧⅬヂࢯࣇࢺ࣭࢚࣮ࢹࣝࡢ฼⏝ᣑ኱ࢆ┠

ᣦࡋ࡚㸪⟃Ἴᢏ⾡኱Ꮫࢸࢡࣀ࣏࣮ࣞࢺ㸪Vol. 18㸪2010

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