トップPDF chap15 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap15 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap15 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

量的緩和のねらい: マネタリーベースの供給を通じて、社会のお金の流れを活性化する • 銀行貸出の増加を通じて投資や消費を刺激して、 IS を右に動かす 15.2 中央銀行の独立性 独立性の意味: 政府の意図に左右されない

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chap12 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap12 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

とする。この時の短期的な変化を IS-LM と AD-AS のグラフを用いて示せ。 2.[r]

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chap01 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap01 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

インフレ (物価上昇) が生じている場合の名目 GDP 成長率と実質 GDP 成長率の関係を示せ。. 好況の際の総需要と潜在 GDP の関係を示せ。.[r]

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chap03 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap03 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

投資が利子率に対してより弾力的 ( 投資が利子率の変化に対してより大きく反応する ) になったとする。この時、投資と利子. 率のグラフはどうななるか。グラフを書きつつ説明せよ。[r]

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chap06 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap06 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

6.4 定式化準備:変数一覧 内生変数 ( モデル内で決まる変数 ) : Y : GDP 、 R: 利子率。小文字の変数は外生変数 ( モデル外で数値が与えられる変数 ) IS : C : 消費、 I : 投資、 G : 政府支出、 T : 税金、 N X : 純輸出、 EX : 輸出、 IM : 輸入、 a : 基礎消費、 b : 限界消費性向、 m : 限界輸入性向、 i : 基礎投資、 d : 正の定数、 g : 基礎輸出、 n : 正の定数 LM : M s

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chap10 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap10 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

流動性のわなにおける財政政策と金融政策の効果を、 IS-LM モデルのグラフを用いつつ説明せよ。. 56.[r]

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chap11 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap11 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

実質マネーサプライ: 名目マネーサプライから物価の影響を排除したもの = M s P • 名目マネーサプライで、実際にどれだけモノを購買できるか表す 例: 名目マネーサプライが 20% 、物価が 20% 上がる場合 • 実質マネーサプライは変化しない

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chap07 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap07 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

明海大学マクロ経済学:影山純二 ( 学生用 ) IS 曲線の導出: 得られた 3 つの条件を 1 つのグラフにまとめる 7.2 貨幣市場の均衡: LM 曲線のグラフ表現 貨幣市場の均衡条件 ( 貨幣需要 = 実質マネーサプライ ) : L 1 + L 2 = M s

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chap14 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap14 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

所得の再分配: 貧富の格差が好ましくない水準まで拡大しないようにする • 累進課税制度 ( 所得税や個人住民税 ) :所得が高いほど、所得にかかる税率が高くなる – 最低 15% 、最高 50% • 相続税:貧富の格差が世代を超えて継承されないようにする • 教育の公費負担:貧富の格差が世代を超えて継承されないようにする

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chap16 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap16 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

バブル崩壊後より 2000 年代前半にかけて銀行の不良債権問題が日本の大きな経済問題だった。その解決法の 1 つとして銀行. 同士の合併が行われた。みずほ銀行、三井住友銀行、三菱東京 UFJ 銀行の母体となった銀行をそれぞれ調べて書け。[r]

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mdp13001 kageyama Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

mdp13001 kageyama Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

This has two implications. First, parents use the same income-dependent relative preferences to measure their children’s well-being. Second, since parents obtain their own utility from consumption in adulthood, they care about their children’s consumption in their adulthood. To capture this latter aspect, I assume that parents are concerned with children’s growth that signals the children’s consumption in adulthood and measure children’s growth with educational output.

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kageyama 2014MGER Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

kageyama 2014MGER Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

This is rooted in the findings in Kageyama (2012) , which empirically showed that the relationships between LEGAP and these happiness indicators are bidirectional. In one direction, LEGAP negatively affects both HPN and HPGAP . An increase in LEGAP raises women ’ s widowhood ratio, and, since widows are, on average, less happy, it lowers women ’ s average happiness, HPN, and HPGAP . We call this effect the “ marital-status composition effect ” as the marital-status composition plays a central role.

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op kageyama meikai Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage op kageyama meikai

op kageyama meikai Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage op kageyama meikai

Updates and Implications (Human Capital Updated Files)』CID Working Paper no.[r]

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index Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

index Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

15.2 財政の 3 大機能:景気の安定・所得の再分配・社会資本の供給 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 15.3 財政の問題点:財政政策は行わない方が良い ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 15.4 補足資料 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 第 16 章 金融 (1): 中央銀行と金融政策 85 16.1 マネタリーベースとマネーサプライ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

This paper models the strategic behavior of auction participants, and offers model-based quan- titative benchmarks for assessing the competitiveness and cost-effectiveness of this important mar- ketplace. Our model builds on the seminal “share auction” model of Wilson (1979) in which bidders are allowed to submit demand schedules as their bids. This model captures the strategic complexity of the Treasury’s uniform price auction mechanism very well, and it is in many ways related to classic models of imperfect competition such as Cournot. In particular, consider a setting (depicted in Figure 1) where an oligopsonistic bidder with downward sloping demand for the security knows the residual supply function that she is facing, and is allowed to submit a single price-quantity point as her bid. Following basic monopsony theory, this bidder will not select the competitive outcome (P comp , Q comp ), which is the intersection of her demand curve and the residual supply
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

and significant. This result suggests that banks’ BCR matters in firms’ investment decisions when firms are productive and thus have higher demand for investment. Using the estimated model, we conduct counterfactual experiments to quantify the effect of capital injections that took place in March 1998 and 1999 in Japan. The counterfactual experiments suggest that the capital injections had a negligible impact on the average investment rate, although there is a reallocation effect, with investment shifted from low- to high-productivity firms. The paper most closely related to ours is that of GS, who also examine the effects of bank recapitalization policies on the supply of credit and client firm performance, including firm investment, using matched firm–bank data from the Japanese banking crisis. The authors find that the size of the capital injection is important for its success: If capital injections are large enough so that recapitalized banks achieve capital requirements, such banks increase the supply of credit and firms that borrow from the recapitalized banks increase their investment. This paper’s contribution beyond that of GS is as follows. First, we examine whether firms’ loan and investment responses to their banks’ recapitalization depend on their TFP. This question naturally arises because, theoretically, the higher firm productivity, the larger firm investment and the demand for external finance tend to be. Therefore, bank lending attitude, which likely depends on BCR under the banking regulation, may be more important for high-productivity firms. The finding that high-productivity firms increase their investments more than low-productivity firms in response to their associated banks’ recapitalization would suggest that the resource is allocated toward more productive firms as a result of capital injection. 3 Second, we use the BCR as the main variable to
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

• We have assumed that there is only one hedge fund style. What might change if we consider multiple hedge fund styles in the model industry? If the manager’s talent also involves an aptitude for one style over another, then this would be equivalent to having several styles calibrated independently. Since the policy results hinge on broad features of the model and the data, the outcomes of policy experiments are unlikely to change much. The only difference is that some styles tend to rely more heavily on leverage than others, so those are more likely to be hurt by leverage limits. In the working version of the paper, we show that most styles have reported leverage around 1. Out of the fourteen styles considered, four report leverage of around 2 (Convertible Arbitrage, Fixed Income, Equity Market Neutral and Relative Value), and three styles report leverage higher than 2 (Fixed income arbitrage, CTAs and CPOs). Table 8 shows the impact of a leverage cap of 1 on the industry
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

1765 Table IX Financial Health of Local Banks and Failed Bank Acquisition Likelihood This table reports results of a fixed effects logit regression. The dependent variable Pr(acquisition) takes the value of one if potential acquirer j acquires failed bank i and zero otherwise. Tier 1 Capital Ratio (potential acquirer) is the Tier 1 capital ratio of the potential acquirer. Leverage Ratio (potential acquirer) is the common leverage ratio of the potential acquirer (the ratio of Tier 1 (core) capital and (adjusted) total assets). Distance is the average pairwise distance (in 100-mile increments) between all pairs of branches of the failed bank and potential acquirer. Distance (% CRE Loans) is the absolute difference between the failed bank’s and the potential acquirer’s percentage of total loans held in CRE loans. HHI is the average increase in local deposit market concentration that would result from potential acquirer j acquiring the branch network of failed bank i. HHI ranges from 0 to 1,000, where 0 indicates a merger that does not increase local market concentration and 1,000 indicates a merger that transforms a perfectly competitive local market into a local monopoly. P50 Tier 1 Capital Ratio of Local Potential Acquirers is the median Tier 1 capital ratio of the failed bank’s local potential acquirers. Local potential acquirers are potential acquirers whose branch network overlaps in at least one zip code with the branch network of the failed bank. % Well-Capitalized Local Potential Acquirers is the percentage of local potential acquirers whose Tier 1 capital ratio is above the median Tier 1 capital ratio across local potential acquirers. P50 Tier 1 Capital Ratio Close CRE Potential Acquirers is the median Tier 1 capital ratio in the group of close CRE potential acquirers. Close CRE potential acquirers are potential acquirers within the first quartile of loan portfolio closeness according to the CRE distance metric. % Well-Capitalized Close CRE Potential
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

in X j . There are dummies indicating whether a fund charges a load, and if it is a rear or deferred load. Loads are a pricing element (which we have already amortized into the price mea- sure), but they also indicate funds sold with bundled broker services that investors may value. Rear or deferred loads indicate the presence of formal switching costs to removing assets from the fund. We also include a dummy if the fund is an exchange- traded fund (i.e., SPDRs or Barclay’s iShares) to control for the special liquidity and intraday pricing features of ETFs. We mea- sure the number of additional share classes attached to the fund’s portfolio; for a single-share-class fund this value is zero. The number of other funds managed by the same management com- pany is included to capture any value from being associated with a large fund family. Fund age is in the regressions as well. (Here, both the number of family funds and age enter in logs to parsimoniously embody diminishing marginal effects. Recall that we instrument for age because of its possible correlation with unobservable quality.) We add the current fund manag- er’s tenure, measured in years, as a covariate. And while all of the funds in our sample seek to match the return profile of the S&P 500 index, they do exhibit some small differences in their financial characteristics. These can result from skilled trading activities by a fund’s management despite having a severely constrained portfolio. We thus include measures of tax expo- sure (the taxable distributions yield rate), the yearly average of the ratio of monthly fund returns to those of the S&P 500 index, and the standard deviation of monthly returns. To the extent that fund buyers prefer any persistent positive varia- tions in financial performance, these controls should capture much of this effect. 32
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

誘因両立制約 (Incentive Compatibility Constraint, IC). ▶ H-type の消費者には H-type の製品を購入した時の方が効用が[r]

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