トップPDF chap06 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap06 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap06 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

貨幣需要: 取引需要と資産需要の合計: L 1 + L 2 実質マネーサプライ: M s P ( 名目マネーサプライを物価水準で割ったもの ) 貨幣市場の均衡: 貨幣市場において需要と供給のバランスがとれている状態 貨幣市場の均衡

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chap14 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap14 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

政府の能力的限界: 政府がわかる情報には限界がある。さらに情報把握や政策実行に時間のラグ (遅れ) がある 資源配分の歪曲: 市場ほど効率的に資源 (お金) を使えない. 将来世代への負担転嫁: 将来世代が現在世代のツケ (借金) を払うことになる[r]

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macro06 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

macro06 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

金融緩和: 景気 ( 総需要 ) 拡張を目的とした金融サイドからの政策. 金融引きしめ: 景気 ( 総需要 ) 引きしめを目的とした金融サイドからの政策[r]

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chap03 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap03 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

投資が利子率に対してより弾力的 ( 投資が利子率の変化に対してより大きく反応する ) になったとする。この時、投資と利子. 率のグラフはどうななるか。グラフを書きつつ説明せよ。[r]

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chap07 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap07 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

明海大学マクロ経済学:影山純二 ( 学生用 ) IS 曲線の導出: 得られた 3 つの条件を 1 つのグラフにまとめる 7.2 貨幣市場の均衡: LM 曲線のグラフ表現 貨幣市場の均衡条件 ( 貨幣需要 = 実質マネーサプライ ) : L 1 + L 2 = M s

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chap10 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap10 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

流動性のわなにおける財政政策と金融政策の効果を、 IS-LM モデルのグラフを用いつつ説明せよ。. 56.[r]

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chap11 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap11 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

実質マネーサプライ: 名目マネーサプライから物価の影響を排除したもの = M s P • 名目マネーサプライで、実際にどれだけモノを購買できるか表す 例: 名目マネーサプライが 20% 、物価が 20% 上がる場合 • 実質マネーサプライは変化しない

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chap12 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap12 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

とする。この時の短期的な変化を IS-LM と AD-AS のグラフを用いて示せ。 2.[r]

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chap01 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap01 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

インフレ (物価上昇) が生じている場合の名目 GDP 成長率と実質 GDP 成長率の関係を示せ。. 好況の際の総需要と潜在 GDP の関係を示せ。.[r]

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chap15 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap15 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

) ↑→マネーサプライ (M s ) ↑→利子率 (R) ↓ • 90 年代前半まで、 M b ↑→ M s ↑→ R ↓。貨幣乗数が安定し、理論通り • 90 年代後半以降、 M b ↑→ M s 変わらず、 R は低位安定。流動性の罠へ陥る

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op kageyama meikai Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage op kageyama meikai

op kageyama meikai Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage op kageyama meikai

Updates and Implications (Human Capital Updated Files)』CID Working Paper no.[r]

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mdp13001 kageyama Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

mdp13001 kageyama Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

This has two implications. First, parents use the same income-dependent relative preferences to measure their children’s well-being. Second, since parents obtain their own utility from consumption in adulthood, they care about their children’s consumption in their adulthood. To capture this latter aspect, I assume that parents are concerned with children’s growth that signals the children’s consumption in adulthood and measure children’s growth with educational output.

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kageyama 2014MGER Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

kageyama 2014MGER Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

This is rooted in the findings in Kageyama (2012) , which empirically showed that the relationships between LEGAP and these happiness indicators are bidirectional. In one direction, LEGAP negatively affects both HPN and HPGAP . An increase in LEGAP raises women ’ s widowhood ratio, and, since widows are, on average, less happy, it lowers women ’ s average happiness, HPN, and HPGAP . We call this effect the “ marital-status composition effect ” as the marital-status composition plays a central role.

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chap16 Recent site activity  Junji Kageyama's Homepage

chap16 Recent site activity Junji Kageyama's Homepage

バブル崩壊後より 2000 年代前半にかけて銀行の不良債権問題が日本の大きな経済問題だった。その解決法の 1 つとして銀行. 同士の合併が行われた。みずほ銀行、三井住友銀行、三菱東京 UFJ 銀行の母体となった銀行をそれぞれ調べて書け。[r]

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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

in X j . There are dummies indicating whether a fund charges a load, and if it is a rear or deferred load. Loads are a pricing element (which we have already amortized into the price mea- sure), but they also indicate funds sold with bundled broker services that investors may value. Rear or deferred loads indicate the presence of formal switching costs to removing assets from the fund. We also include a dummy if the fund is an exchange- traded fund (i.e., SPDRs or Barclay’s iShares) to control for the special liquidity and intraday pricing features of ETFs. We mea- sure the number of additional share classes attached to the fund’s portfolio; for a single-share-class fund this value is zero. The number of other funds managed by the same management com- pany is included to capture any value from being associated with a large fund family. Fund age is in the regressions as well. (Here, both the number of family funds and age enter in logs to parsimoniously embody diminishing marginal effects. Recall that we instrument for age because of its possible correlation with unobservable quality.) We add the current fund manag- er’s tenure, measured in years, as a covariate. And while all of the funds in our sample seek to match the return profile of the S&P 500 index, they do exhibit some small differences in their financial characteristics. These can result from skilled trading activities by a fund’s management despite having a severely constrained portfolio. We thus include measures of tax expo- sure (the taxable distributions yield rate), the yearly average of the ratio of monthly fund returns to those of the S&P 500 index, and the standard deviation of monthly returns. To the extent that fund buyers prefer any persistent positive varia- tions in financial performance, these controls should capture much of this effect. 32
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

Acquirers is the percentage of close CRE potential acquirers whose Tier 1 capital ratios is above the median Tier 1 capital ratio across local potential acquirers. P50 Tier 1 Capital Ratio of HHI Potential Acquirers is the median Tier 1 capital ratio of all potential acquirers whose acquisition of the failed bank would increase local deposit market concentration. % Well-Capitalized HHI Potential Acquirers is the percentage of potential acquirers whose Tier 1 capital ratio is above the median Tier 1 capital ratio among the group of potential acquirers whose acquisition of the failed bank would increase local deposit market concentration. Potential acquirer controls include Size, Liquidity Ratio, % Residential Loans, % CRE Loans, % C&I Loans, % Consumer Loans, 30-89PD Ratio, NPL Ratio, OREO Ratio, and Unused Commitment Ratio . Specifications (3) to (6) include failed bank fixed effects and potential acquirer-quarter fixed effects. Standard errors are presented in parentheses, and are clustered at the level of the failed bank’s state headquarters. ***, **, and * represent statistical significance at 1%, 5%, and 10% levels, respectively.
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

ABSTRACT The audit market’s unique combination of features—its role in capital mar- ket transparency, mandated demand, and concentrated supply—means it re- ceives considerable attention from policy makers. We explore the effects of two market scenarios that have been the focus of policy discussions: manda- tory audit firm rotation and further supply concentration due to the exit of a “Big 4” audit firm. To do so, we first estimate publicly traded firms’ demand for auditing services, allowing the services provided by each of the Big 4 to be differentiated products. We then use those estimates to calculate how each scenario would affect client firms’ consumer surplus. We estimate that, for U.S. publicly trade firms, mandatory audit firm rotation would induce con- sumer surplus losses of approximately $2.7 billion if rotation were required after 10 years and $4.7–5.0 billion if after only four years. We find similarly that exit by one of the Big 4 would reduce client firms’ surplus by $1.4–1.8 billion. These estimates reflect only the value of firms’ lost options to hire the exiting audit firm; they do not include likely fee increases resulting from less
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

al. (2014) also show that optimal bid shading in these auctions also distorts the efficiency of the allocations, and thus a general ranking of expected revenues from discriminatory and uniform price auctions can not be made without knowledge about the specific features of bidder demand. Given the theoretical vacuum, a variety of empirical approaches have been employed to as- sess the efficacy of Treasury auction mechanisms. The Treasury’s own study of this question, as reported by Malvey and Archibald (1998), was based on experimentation with the uniform price format for 2- and 5-year notes. To assess the revenue properties of the uniform vs. the status-quo discriminatory format, Malvey and Archibald calculated the auction-when-issued rate spread, and did not statistically reject a mean difference across the different auction formats. However, they note that the uniform price auctions “produce a broader distribution of auction awards” across bidders, and especially a lowered concentration of awards to top primary dealers.
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

returns would be difficult. 13 Table 3 describes our benchmark sample for estimating our firm investment model. We focus on manufacturing firms. Our main sample period runs from 1997 to 2000, although we also use data from 1995–1996 to compute the pre-sample period’s loan shares. We first drop observations missing investment rates or Basel I capital adequacy ratios. We then drop observations with a machine investment rate (the ratio of machine investment to machine capital stock) greater than 2 or less than −2. We further drop the observations of firms that owe more than 20% of total outstanding long-term loans to banks missing BCR data from Nikkei NEEDS during 1997–2000 . We also drop the observations of firms that borrowed mainly from the LTCB, NCB, insurance companies, and government financial institutions, because the LTCB and NCB were nationalized in 1998 and insurance companies and government financial institutions are not under bank regulations. Finally, we drop observations missing values for explanatory variables, which leads to a final sample of 2552 observations.
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Recent site activity  Naoki Wakamori's Website

Recent site activity Naoki Wakamori's Website

The survey asks consumers about adoption and use of eight payment instruments: cash, checks, debit cards, credit cards, prepaid cards, online banking bill-payment, bank account deduction[r]

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