つくばリポジトリ UTKR 55 59

Full text

(1)

著者

徐 広孝, 入江 友生, 合田 浩二, 登坂 太樹, 横尾

智治

雑誌名

筑波大学附属駒場論集

55

ページ

59- 64

発行年

2016- 03

(2)

2015⟃Ἴ኱Ꮫ㝃ᒓ㥖ሙㄽ㞟55㞟

య⫱ᤵᴗࡢභ࠿ᖺ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛࡢ᳨ウ

➨୍ሗ

㸫⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢ⌧≧࡜ᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࡢᢕᥱ㸫

⟃Ἴ኱Ꮫ㝃ᒓ㥖ሙ୰࣭㧗➼Ꮫᰯ ಖ೺య⫱⛉

(3)
(4)

The initial report for considering six-years curriculum of physical education.

- Understanding for the present state and growth process of physical fitness and motor ability. -

2015⟃Ἴ኱Ꮫ㝃ᒓ㥖ሙㄽ㞟55㞟

య⫱ᤵᴗࡢභ࠿ᖺ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛࡢ᳨ウ

➨୍ሗ

㸫⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢ⌧≧࡜ᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࡢᢕᥱ㸫

⟃Ἴ኱Ꮫ㝃ᒓ㥖ሙ୰࣭㧗➼Ꮫᰯ ಖ೺య⫱⛉

ᚎ ᗈᏕ࣭ධỤ ཭⏕࣭ྜ⏣ ᾈ஧ Ⓩᆏ ኴᶞ࣭ᶓᑿ ᬛ἞

せ⣙

ᮏᰯࡢಖ೺య⫱⛉࡛ࡣࠊᏛ⩦ᣦᑟせ㡿࡟♧ࡉࢀࡿయ⫱⛉ࡢ┠ᶆࢆ㐩ᡂࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢභ࠿ᖺ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛࡢ᳨ウ ࢆ⾜ࡗ࡚࠸ࡿࠋᮏ◊✲ࡣࠊࡑࡢ᳨ウ஦㡯ࡢࡦ࡜ࡘ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢᐇែ࡜ᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࢆᢕᥱࡍࡿ

ࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓࠋᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡣࠊ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺࡢ✀┠ࡢ࠺ࡕࠊᥱຊࠊP ㉮ࠊࣁࣥࢻ࣮࣎ࣝᢞࡆࡀ┠❧ࡗ࡚

పࡃࠊPࢩࣕࢺࣝࣛࣥ࡜ᣢஂ㉮ࡀ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࠋయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢྥୖࡢࣆ࣮ࢡࡣ୰࠿ࡽ㧗࡟࠿ࡅ࡚࡛࠶ࡗ

ࡓࠋపỈ‽ࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊྥୖࡀ㕌࠿ࡗࡓࡓࡵࠊࡑ࠺ࡋࡓ⏕ᚐ࡬ࡢാࡁ࠿ࡅࢆᕤኵࡍࡿᚲせᛶࡀ♧၀ ࡉࢀࡓࠋ

࣮࣮࢟࣡ࢻ㸸యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࠊᡂ㛗ࠊయ⫱ᤵᴗࠊ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛ

ࡣࡌࡵ࡟

Ꮫ⩦ᣦᑟせ㡿ࡢయ⫱⛉ࡢ┠ᶆ࡟♧ࡉࢀࡿࠕ㐠ືࡢྜ ⌮ⓗ࡞ᐇ㊶ࠖࡣࠊࢫ࣏࣮ࢶࡸࡑࢀ࡟‽ࡌࡓ㐠ືࡢᢏ⾡ ࢆព࿡ࡋࠊࡑࡢᐇ㊶ࢆ㏻ࡋ࡚▱㆑ࡸᢏ⬟ࢆ㌟࡟ࡘࡅࡿ ࡇ࡜ࡀせồࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿ㸦ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬ࠊ2008ࠊ2009㸧ࠋ

య⫱⛉ࡢ┠ᶆ࡟ࡣ௚࡟ࡶࠊࠕయຊࡢྥୖࠖࡀ᫂グࡉࢀ࡚

࠸ࡿࠋಖ೺య⫱⛉ࡢ┠ᶆ࡛ࡣࠊࠕ⏕ᾭ࡟ࢃࡓࡗ࡚㐠ື࡟

ぶࡋࡴ㈨㉁ࡸ⬟ຊࡢ⫱ᡂࠖ㸦୰Ꮫᰯ㸧ࡲࡓࡣࠕ⏕ᾭ࡟ࢃ

ࡓࡗ࡚㇏࠿࡞ࢫ࣏࣮ࢶࣛ࢖ࣇࢆ⥅⥆ࡍࡿ㈨㉁ࡸ⬟ຊࡢ

⫱ᡂࠖ㸦㧗➼Ꮫᰯ㸧࡜᫂グࡉࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࠋࡑࡢ௚ࠊࠕᚰ࡜

యࢆ୍య࡜ࡋ࡚ᤊ࠼ࡿࠖࠊࠕ೺ᗣ࣭Ᏻ඲ࡸ㐠ື࡟ࡘ࠸࡚

ࡢ⌮ゎࠖ࡞࡝ࡀྵࡲࢀ࡚࠸ࡿࡀࠊయຊࡢྥୖ࠾ࡼࡧࠊ ㌟య㐠ືࡢᢏ⬟ࡢ⩦ᚓ࡜⩦⇍ࡣࠊయ⫱⛉ࡢ┠ᶆ࡟࡜ࡗ ࡚㔜せ࡞せ⣲࡛࠶ࡿ࡜ゝ࠼ࡿࠋ

ࣛࣝࢯࣥ㸦1951㸧ࡣࠊ㐠ື⬟ຊࡢ㝵ᒙᵓ㐀ࡢ௬ㄝࢆ

ḟࡢࡼ࠺࡟ᥦ♧ࡋࡓ㸦ᅗ㸯㸧ࠋ᭱ୗ఩ᒙࡣయ᱁ཬࡧ㌟య

ᶵ⬟ࠊ➨஧ᒙࡣᇶ♏ⓗ㐠ືせ⣲ࠊ➨୕ᒙࡣᇶ♏ⓗ㐠ື ᢏ⬟ࠊ᭱ୖ఩ᒙࡣࢫ࣏࣮ࢶᢏ⬟࡛࠶ࡿࠋୗ఩ᒙࡣࡑࡢ ୖ఩ᒙࡢ⩦ᚓࡸ⩦⇍࡟ᚲせ࡞せ⣲㸦ࣞࢹ࢕ࢿࢫ㸧࡛࠶ ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ

య⫱⛉ࡢ㡿ᇦࡣࠊAయࡘࡃࡾ㐠ືࠊB ჾᲔ㐠ືࠊC

㝣ୖ➇ᢏࠊDỈὋࠊE⌫ᢏࠊFṊ㐨ࠊGࢲࣥࢫࠊHయ

⫱⌮ㄽ࡜࡞ࡗ࡚࠾ࡾࠊAయࡘࡃࡾ㐠ື࡜Hయ⫱⌮ㄽࢆ

㝖ࡃ6㡿ᇦࡢᏛ⩦ෆᐜࡣ࠸ࡎࢀࡶࠊࣛࣝࢯࣥࡢ㝵ᒙᵓ

㐀ࡢ᭱ୖ఩࡟ヱᙜࡍࡿࠋࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊయ⫱ᤵᴗ࡛⩦ᚓ࠾ ࡼࡧྥୖࡉࡏࡿ࡭ࡁᢏ⬟ࡢከࡃࡣࠊࢫ࣏࣮ࢶᢏ⬟࡟㛵 ಀࡍࡿࠋࢫ࣏࣮ࢶᢏ⬟ࡢୗ఩ᒙ࡟࠶ࡿᇶ♏ⓗ㐠ືᢏ⬟

ࡢ࠺ࡕࠊ㉮ࠊ㊴ࠊᢞࡣࠊࡑࢀࡒࢀ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺࡢ50m

㉮ࠊ❧ࡕᖜ࡜ࡧࠊࣁࣥࢻ࣮࣎ࣝᢞࡆ࡟ヱᙜࡋࠊᇶ♏ⓗ 㐠ືᢏ⬟ࡢୗ఩ᒙ࡟࠶ࡿᇶ♏ⓗ㐠ືせ⣲ࡢ࠺ࡕࠊᰂ㌾ ᛶࡣ㛗ᗙయ๓ᒅࠊᩄᤩᛶࡣ཯᚟ᶓ࡜ࡧ࡟ヱᙜࡍࡿ㸦ᩥ

㒊⛉Ꮫ┬ࠊ2000㸧ࠋ᭱ୗ఩ᒙࡢయ᱁ཬࡧ㌟యᶵ⬟ࡢ࠺

ࡕࠊ➽ຊࡣᥱຊࠊ඲㌟ᣢஂຊࡣ1500m㉮࡜20mࢩࣕ

ࢺࣝࣛࣥࠊ➽ᣢஂຊࡣୖయ㉳ࡇࡋ࡟ヱᙜࡍࡿࠋ

ᅗ 㐠ື⬟ຊࡢ㝵ᒙᵓ㐀㸦ࣛࣝࢯࣥࠊ㸧

(5)

 ᐃࡋࠊホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋゝ࠸᥮࠼ࡿ࡜ࠊࡇࢀ ࡽࡢࣞࢹ࢕ࢿࢫࢆᢕᥱࡋࡓ࠺࠼࡛ࠊయ⫱⛉ࡢ┠ᶆࢆ㐩 ᡂࡍࡿࡓࡵࡢ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛࢆ᳨ウࡍࡿᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿࠋ

┠ⓗ

ᮏ◊✲ࡣࠊᮏᰯࡢయ⫱ᤵᴗࡢභ࠿ᖺ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛࢆ ᳨ウࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊ௨ୗࡢほⅬ࡛ࠊ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ ຊࡢ⌧≧࡜ᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࢆᢕᥱࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ┠ⓗ࡜ࡋࡓࠋ

1) ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺࡢ✀┠ู࡟ࠊᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐ࡜඲ᅜᖹ

ᆒࢆẚ㍑ࡍࡿࠋ

2) యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢỈ‽ู࡟ࠊ6ᖺ㛫ࡢᡂ㛗㐣⛬

ࢆᢕᥱࡍࡿࠋ

᪉ἲ

ᑐ㇟

඲ᅜᖹᆒ࡜ࡢẚ㍑࡛ࡣࠊ2009ᖺ࠿ࡽ2014ᖺࡲ࡛ࡢ

6 ᖺ㛫ࡢ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺࢆ⏝࠸ࡓࠋ௒ᖺᗘࡢ඲ᅜᖹᆒ್

ࡣᮍⓎ⾲࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊ2015ᖺࢆྵࡴࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁ࡞࠿ࡗ

ࡓࠋᑐ㇟࡜࡞ࡗࡓ⏕ᚐࡣࠊᘏ5,183ྡ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

6ᖺ㛫ࡢᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࡢศᯒ࡛ࡣࠊ2002ᖺ࠿ࡽ2015ᖺ

ࡢ14ᖺ㛫ࡢ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺ࡟࠾࠸࡚ࠊ୰Ꮫ1ᖺ࠿ࡽ㧗

ᰯ3ᖺࡲ࡛ࠊࡍ࡭࡚ࡢ✀┠ࢆ ᐃࡋࡓ⏕ᚐࢆᑐ㇟࡜ࡋ

ࡓࠋᑐ㇟⪅ࡣ821ྡ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

ศᯒ

඲ᅜᖹᆒ࡜ࡢẚ㍑

1)ᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢỈ‽

௨ୗࡢᘧ࡟ᇶ࡙ࡁࠊ඲ᅜᖹᆒࡢศᕸ࡟ᑐࡍࡿࠊ✀┠

ูࡢ೫ᕪ್㸦T㸧ࢆ⟬ฟࡋࡓࠋ50m㉮࡜ᣢஂ㉮ࡣṇ㈇

ࢆ཯㌿ࡋࡓࠋ

=✀┠ࡢᖹᆒ್

=඲ᅜᖹᆒ್

=඲ᅜᶆ‽೫ᕪ

✀┠ูࡢ೫ᕪ್㸦T㸧ࢆࠊ௨ୗࡢᘧ࡟ᇶ࡙࠸࡚ᖹᆒ

ࡋࠊ6ᖺ㛫ࡢ೫ᕪ್ᖹᆒ࡜ࡋࡓࠋ

n=6㸦2009ᖺ࠿ࡽ2014ᖺࡲ࡛㸧

ୖグࡢᘧ࡛⟬ฟࡉࢀࡿ೫ᕪ್ࡣࠊ඲ᅜᖹᆒࡢศᕸ࡟ ↷ࡽࡋྜࢃࡏ࡚ࠊᮏᰯࡢᖹᆒ್ࡀ࡝ࡢ⛬ᗘࡢỈ‽࡛࠶ ࡿ࠿ࢆព࿡ࡍࡿࠋಶேࡢỈ‽ࡢ㧗ప࡟ࡘ࠸࡚ゝཬࡍࡿ ࡇ࡜ࡣ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࠋ

2)㧗Ỉ‽ࡢ⏕ᚐࡢ๭ྜ

᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺࡢ ᐃ್ࡣ㡯┠ูᚓⅬ㸦10ẁ㝵ホ౯㸧

࡟᥮⟬ࡉࢀࠊࡑࡢྜィⅬࢆࡶ࡜࡟A࠿ࡽEࡢ5ẁ㝵

࡛ホᐃࡀỴᐃࡍࡿࠋA࣭Bホᐃࡣ㧗Ỉ‽ࠊD࣭Eホᐃࡣ పỈ‽࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊA࣭Bホᐃࡢ๭ྜ࠿ࡽD࣭Eホᐃ ࡢ๭ྜࢆῶ⟬ࡍࡿࡇ࡜࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢ㧗 ࠸⏕ᚐࡀ㞟ᅋෆ࡟࡝ࡢ⛬ᗘᏑᅾࡍࡿ࠿ࢆᢕᥱࡍࡿࡇ࡜

ࡀ࡛ࡁࡿࠋ2009ᖺ࠿ࡽ2014ᖺࡲ࡛ࡢ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺ࡛

㧗Ỉ‽ࢆ♧ࡋࡓ⏕ᚐࢆࠊᮏᰯ࡜඲ᅜᖹᆒ࡛ẚ㍑ࡋࡓࠋ

3)㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕࡜㧗ᰯධᏛ⏕ࡢẚ㍑

ᮏᰯࡣ㧗ᰯධヨ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚⏕ᚐᩘࡀ3ࢡࣛࢫ࠿ࡽ4ࢡ

ࣛࢫ࡟ቑຍࡍࡿࠋࡋࡓࡀࡗ࡚ࠊ㧗ᰯ1ᖺ⏕ࡢయຊ࣭㐠

ື⬟ຊࢆᏛᖺ඲య࡛せ⣙ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊᮏᰯࡢ୰Ꮫᰯ3ᖺ㛫

ࡢᡂᯝࢆ⣧⢋࡟ホ౯ࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸ࠋࡑࡇ࡛ࠊ㐃 ⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕࡜㧗ᰯධᏛ⏕ࢆศࡅ࡚ࠊయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢ  ᐃ್ࢆᖹᆒࡋ࡚ẚ㍑ࡋࡓࠋ

භᖺ㛫ࡢᡂ㛗㐣⛬

ಶேࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢỈ‽ࡣࠊ6 ᖺ㛫࡛࡝ࡢࡼ࠺

࡟ኚ໬ࡍࡿࡢ࠿ࠋゝ࠸᥮࠼ࡿ࡜ࠊ୰Ꮫ1ᖺ࡛㧗Ỉ‽࡛

࠶ࢀࡤࠊࡑࡢᚋࡶ㧗Ỉ‽ࢆ⥔ᣢࡍࡿࡢ࠿ࠊࡲࡓࡣపỈ ‽࡛࠶ࢀࡤࠊࡑࡢᚋࡶపỈ‽ࡢࡲࡲ࡛࠶ࡿࡢ࠿ࠋࡇࡢ

ࡼ࠺࡞6ᖺ㛫ࡢᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࢆᢕᥱࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊᅇᖐ஧㐍

ᮌศᯒ㸦CART㸧ࢆ⾜ࡗࡓࠋྠ୍ே≀ࡢ⦪᩿ⓗࢹ࣮ࢱ

ࢆ⏝࠸࡚ࠊ࠶ࡿᖺࡢ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺྜィⅬࢆ⊂❧ኚᩘࠊ

⩣ᖺࡢྜィⅬࢆᚑᒓኚᩘ࡜ࡋ࡚ࠊ4ࡘࡢศᒱࢆసᡂࡋࠊ

⩣ᖺࡢ᥎ᐃྜィⅬࢆศᯒࡋࡓࠋ᥎ᐃྜィⅬࡢ⠊ᅖࡣࠊ

ᖹᆒ್s1 ᶆ‽೫ᕪ࡜ࡋࡓࠋࡇࡢศᯒࢆࠊ5 Ꮫᖺศᐇ

᪋ࡋࡓ㸦㧗ᰯ3ᖺࡀ᭱⤊Ꮫᖺ࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊ㧗ᰯ3ᖺࡢ

ྜィⅬࢆ⊂❧ኚᩘ࡜ࡋ࡚ศᯒࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸㸧ࠋ

⤖ᯝ

ᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢỈ‽

⾲1ࡣࠊ඲ᅜᖹᆒࡢศᕸ࡟ᑐࡍࡿᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ

Ỉ‽ࢆ೫ᕪ್࡛♧ࡋࡓ⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡿࠋᥱຊࡣ୰1࠿ࡽ㧗

(6)

3 ࡟࠿ࡅ࡚పୗࡋ⥆ࡅ࡚࠸ࡓࠋୖయ㉳ࡇࡋࡣ㧗 1 ࡛

49.5 ࢆ♧ࡋࡓࡶࡢࡢࠊ50 ࢆ㉸࠼࡚࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ㛗ᗙ

య๓ᒅࡣ୰1࠿ࡽ㧗2ࡲ࡛50ࢆ㉸࠼࡚࠸ࡓࠋ཯᚟ᶓ

࡜ࡧࠊ20m ࢩࣕࢺࣝࣛࣥࠊᣢஂ㉮ࡣ୰1 ࠿ࡽ୰3ࡣ

50ᮍ‶࡛࠶ࡗࡓࡀࠊ㧗1ࠊ㧗2࡛50ࢆ㉺ࡋࡓࠋ50m ㉮ࡣ୰2ࠊ୰3࡛45ᮍ‶࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ㧗1ࠊ㧗2࡛48

ࢆ㉸࠼ࡓࡶࡢࡢࠊ50࡟ࡣᒆ࠸࡚࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋ❧ࡕᖜ࡜

ࡧࡣ㧗1࡛50ࢆ㉸࠼ࡓࡀࠊ㧗2࡛50ᮍ‶࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

ࣁࣥࢻ࣮࣎ࣝᢞࡆࡣ୰1࠿ࡽ㧗3࡟࠿ࡅ࡚ఙࡧ⥆ࡅ࡚

࠸ࡿࡀࠊ48࡟ᒆ࠸࡚࠸࡞࠿ࡗࡓࠋྜィⅬࡣ㧗1࡛᭱ࡶ

㧗࠸49.3ࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋ

⾲ ᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺ೫ᕪ್

Ꮫᖺ ᥱຊ ୖయ ㉳䛣䛧

㛗ᗙ య๓ ᒅ

཯᚟ ᶓ䛸 䜃

㻞 㻜 㼙 䝅 䝱䝖 䝹䝷䞁

ᣢஂ ㉮

㻡 㻜 㼙 ㉮

❧䛱 ᖜ䛸 䜃

䝝䞁䝗 䝪䞊 䝹ᢞ

ྜィ Ⅼ

୰㻝 㻠 㻣 㻚 㻠 㻠 㻤 㻚㻢 㻡 㻜 㻚㻟 㻠 㻤 㻚 㻝 㻠 㻤 㻚㻜 㻠 㻡 㻚㻠 㻠 㻤 㻚 㻞 㻠 㻥 㻚㻤 㻠 㻡 㻚㻟 㻠 㻣 㻚 㻝 ୰㻞 㻠 㻢 㻚 㻥 㻠 㻡 㻚㻥 㻡 㻜 㻚㻢 㻠 㻣 㻚 㻠 㻠 㻢 㻚㻤 㻠 㻡 㻚㻡 㻠 㻠 㻚 㻢 㻠 㻤 㻚㻥 㻠 㻡 㻚㻠 㻠 㻡 㻚 㻜 ୰㻟 㻠 㻣 㻚 㻜 㻠 㻡 㻚㻞 㻡 㻞 㻚㻜 㻠 㻤 㻚 㻤 㻠 㻤 㻚㻠 㻠 㻤 㻚㻞 㻠 㻠 㻚 㻥 㻠 㻤 㻚㻥 㻠 㻢 㻚㻥 㻠 㻡 㻚 㻥 㧗㻝 㻠 㻢 㻚 㻡 㻠 㻥 㻚㻡 㻡 㻝 㻚㻞 㻡 㻝 㻚 㻤 㻡 㻞 㻚㻤 㻡 㻝 㻚㻝 㻠 㻤 㻚 㻠 㻡 㻜 㻚㻢 㻠 㻣 㻚㻥 㻠 㻥 㻚 㻟 㧗㻞 㻠 㻢 㻚 㻠 㻠 㻤 㻚㻞 㻡 㻝 㻚㻞 㻡 㻜 㻚 㻥 㻡 㻝 㻚㻠 㻡 㻜 㻚㻜 㻠 㻤 㻚 㻟 㻠 㻥 㻚㻣 㻠 㻣 㻚㻢 㻠 㻣 㻚 㻥 㧗㻟 㻠 㻡 㻚 㻟 㻠 㻣 㻚㻢 㻠 㻥 㻚㻥 㻠 㻥 㻚 㻜 㻡 㻜 㻚㻜 㻠 㻣 㻚㻞 㻠 㻢 㻚 㻣 㻠 㻤 㻚㻢 㻠 㻣 㻚㻞 㻠 㻡 㻚 㻥

㧗Ỉ‽ࡢ⏕ᚐࡢ๭ྜ

యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡀ㧗Ỉ‽࡛࠶ࡿ๭ྜࢆẚ㍑ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ

ᮏᰯࡣ୰1࠿ࡽ୰3࡟࠿ࡅ࡚඲ᅜᖹᆒࡼࡾᑡ࡞࠿ࡗࡓ

ࡀࠊ㧗 1 ࡛඲ᅜᖹᆒࢆࢃࡎ࠿࡟㉸࠼ࡓ㸦⾲ 2㸧ࠋ㧗2

࡟࡞ࡿ࡜෌ࡧ඲ᅜᖹᆒࡼࡾࡶᑡ࡞ࡃ࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

⾲ $% ホᐃ'( ホᐃࡢẚ㍑

㻔㻑 㻕

Ꮫᖺ ⟃㥖 ඲ᅜᖹᆒ

୰㻝 㻙 㻟 㻝 㻚 㻡 㻙 㻣 㻚 㻥

୰㻞 㻙 㻝 㻢 㻚 㻞 㻝 㻤 㻚 㻤

୰㻟 㻝 㻤 㻚 㻠 㻟 㻤 㻚 㻤

㧗㻝 㻟 㻠 㻚 㻢 㻟 㻟 㻚 㻟

㧗㻞 㻠 㻢 㻚 㻢 㻠 㻤 㻚 㻜

㧗㻟 㻠 㻞 㻚 㻠 㻡 㻠 㻚 㻥

㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕࡜㧗ᰯධᏛ⏕ࡢẚ㍑

㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕࡜㧗ᰯධᏛ⏕ࡢ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺࡢ ᐃ್ࢆ

ẚ㍑ࡋࡓ⤖ᯝࠊ㧗1ࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕ࡢ᪉ࡀඃࢀ࡚

࠸ࡓ㸦⾲3㸧ࠋ≉࡟20mࢩࣕࢺࣝࣛࣥࡣ10ᅇ௨ୖࡢᕪ ࡀ࠶ࡾࠊ㢧ⴭ࡛࠶ࡗࡓࠋ

⾲ 㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕࡜㧗ᰯධᏛ⏕ࡢ ᐃ್㸦ᖹᆒ㸧

ᥱຊ ୖయ ㉳䛣䛧

㛗ᗙ య๓ ᒅ

཯᚟ ᶓ䛸䜃

ᣢஂ ㉮

㻞 㻜 㼙 䝅 䝱䝖 䝹䝷䞁

㻡 㻜 㼙 ㉮

❧䛱 ᖜ䛸䜃

䝝䞁䝗 䝪䞊 䝹ᢞ

ྜィ Ⅼ 㧗㻝 㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ 㻟 㻢 㻚㻟 㻞 㻥 㻚㻝 㻠 㻥 㻚 㻥 㻡 㻢 㻚 㻢 㻟 㻣 㻜 㻚㻤 㻥 㻠 㻚㻥 㻣 㻚㻡 㻤 㻞 㻝 㻥 㻚 㻟 㻞 㻟 㻚 㻥 㻡 㻝 㻚 㻤

㧗ᰯධᏛ 㻟 㻢 㻚㻟 㻞 㻤 㻚㻤 㻠 㻢 㻚 㻢 㻡 㻡 㻚 㻞 㻟 㻤 㻣 㻚㻟 㻤 㻠 㻚㻤 㻣 㻚㻡 㻤 㻞 㻝 㻢 㻚 㻤 㻞 㻞 㻚 㻥 㻠 㻥 㻚 㻝 㧗㻞 㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ 㻟 㻤 㻚㻣 㻟 㻜 㻚㻜 㻡 㻝 㻚 㻡 㻡 㻣 㻚 㻡 㻟 㻣 㻜 㻚㻜 㻥 㻡 㻚㻠 㻣 㻚㻠 㻠 㻞 㻞 㻟 㻚 㻣 㻞 㻡 㻚 㻜 㻡 㻠 㻚 㻝 㧗ᰯධᏛ 㻟 㻤 㻚㻡 㻞 㻥 㻚㻡 㻡 㻜 㻚 㻜 㻡 㻢 㻚 㻝 㻟 㻣 㻝 㻚㻢 㻥 㻟 㻚㻤 㻣 㻚㻠 㻝 㻞 㻞 㻠 㻚 㻝 㻞 㻠 㻚 㻟 㻡 㻟 㻚 㻠 㧗㻟 㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ 㻟 㻥 㻚㻟 㻟 㻜 㻚㻣 㻡 㻝 㻚 㻢 㻡 㻣 㻚 㻜 㻟 㻤 㻜 㻚㻟 㻥 㻞 㻚㻠 㻣 㻚㻠 㻝 㻞 㻞 㻡 㻚 㻟 㻞 㻡 㻚 㻢 㻡 㻠 㻚 㻢 㧗ᰯධᏛ 㻟 㻥 㻚㻣 㻟 㻜 㻚㻝 㻡 㻜 㻚 㻣 㻡 㻢 㻚 㻝 㻟 㻤 㻞 㻚㻤 㻥 㻜 㻚㻠 㻣 㻚㻠 㻡 㻞 㻞 㻠 㻚 㻥 㻞 㻡 㻚 㻞 㻡 㻟 㻚 㻠

භᖺ㛫ࡢᡂ㛗㐣⛬

୰1ࡢ᫬ࡢྜィⅬࡀ᭱ࡶ㧗࠸⩌㸦39௨ୖ㸧࡛࠶ࢀࡤࠊ

୰2࡟࡞ࡗࡓ࡜ࡁࡢྜィⅬࡣ45௨ୖ55௨ୗࡢ⠊ᅖ࡟

࡞ࡿ࡜ண ࡉࢀࡓ㸦⾲4㸧ࠋ୰1ࡢ࡜ࡁࡢྜィⅬࡀ᭱ࡶ ప࠸⩌㸦23௨ୗ㸧࡛࠶ࡗ࡚ࡶࠊ୰2࡟࡞ࡗࡓ᫬ࡢྜィ

Ⅼࡣ23௨ୖ43௨ୗࡢ⠊ᅖ࡟࡞ࡿ࡜ண ࡉࢀࠊపỈ‽

࡛࠶ࡗ࡚ࡶྥୖࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿ࡗࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ୰ 2ࠊ

୰3ࠊ㧗1ࠊ㧗2࡛ࡣࠊྜィⅬࡀ᭱ࡶప࠸⩌㸦ࡑࢀࡒ

ࢀ32௨ୗࠊ40௨ୗࠊ39௨ୗࠊ45௨ୗ㸧ࡣ⩣ᖺࡢྜ ィⅬࡀపࡃ࡞ࡿྍ⬟ᛶࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋࡑࡢഴྥࡣᏛᖺ ࡀୖࡀࡿ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚ᙉ࠿ࡗࡓࠋ

⾲ యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊྥୖࡢศᒱ

୰㻝 䛾᫬䛾ྜィⅬ ୰㻞 䛾᥎ᐃྜィⅬ ୰㻞 䛾᫬䛾ྜィⅬ ୰㻟 䛾᥎ᐃྜィⅬ

㻟 㻥 ௨ୖ 㻠 㻡 ௨ୖ㻡 㻡 ௨ୗ 㻡 㻝 ௨ୖ 㻡 㻡 ௨ୖ㻢 㻡 ௨ୗ

㻟 㻝 ௨ୖ㻟 㻤 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻤 ௨ୖ㻠 㻠 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻝 ௨ୖ㻡 㻜 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻣 ௨ୖ㻡 㻢 ௨ୗ 㻞 㻠 ௨ୖ㻟 㻜 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻝 ௨ୖ㻠 㻜 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻟 ௨ୖ㻠 㻜 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻜 ௨ୖ㻠 㻥 ௨ୗ

㻞 㻟 ௨ୗ 㻞 㻟 ௨ୖ㻠 㻟 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻞 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻝 ௨ୖ㻠 㻝 ௨ୗ

୰㻟 䛾᫬䛾ྜィⅬ 㧗㻝 䛾᥎ᐃྜィⅬ 㧗㻝 䛾᫬䛾ྜィⅬ 㧗㻞 䛾᥎ᐃྜィⅬ

㻡 㻠 ௨ୖ 㻡 㻜 ௨ୖ㻢 㻢 ௨ୗ 㻡 㻣 ௨ୖ 㻡 㻤 ௨ୖ㻢 㻥 ௨ୗ

㻠 㻣 ௨ୖ㻡 㻟 ௨ୗ 㻡 㻜 ௨ୖ㻡 㻥 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻥 ௨ୖ㻡 㻢 ௨ୗ 㻡 㻞 ௨ୖ㻡 㻝 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻝 ௨ୖ㻠 㻢 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻠 ௨ୖ㻡 㻟 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻜 ௨ୖ㻠 㻤 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻟 ௨ୖ㻡 㻠 ௨ୗ

㻠 㻜 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻡 ௨ୖ㻠 㻢 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻥 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻠 ௨ୖ㻠 㻡 ௨ୗ

㧗㻞 䛾᫬䛾ྜィⅬ 㧗㻟 䛾᥎ᐃྜィⅬ

㻢 㻞 ௨ୖ 㻢 㻝 ௨ୖ㻣 㻝 ௨ୗ 㻡 㻡 ௨ୖ㻢 㻝 ௨ୗ 㻡 㻠 ௨ୖ㻢 㻟 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻢 ௨ୖ㻡 㻠 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻣 ௨ୖ㻡 㻢 ௨ୗ 㻠 㻡 ௨ୗ 㻟 㻣 ௨ୖ㻠 㻤 ௨ୗ

⪃ᐹ

ᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊ೫ᕪ್ࢆぢࡿ࡜ࠊᥱຊࠊ

50m㉮ࠊࣁࣥࢻ࣮࣎ࣝᢞࡆࡀ┠❧ࡗ࡚ప࠸ࡇ࡜ࡀศ࠿

ࡗࡓࠋᥱຊࡣ➽ຊࡢᣦᶆ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ⫼➽ຊ࡜ࡢ┦㛵ࡀ㧗

࠸ࠋ➽ຊࡣ㌟యάືࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃࠊጼໃ㸦࢔ࣛ࢖࣓ࣥࢺ㸧

࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ࡶᚲせ࡞せ⣲࡛࠶ࡿࡓࡵࠊ➽ຊࢆྥୖࡉࡏࡿ

άືࢆࠊᤵᴗࡢ୰࡟ྲྀࡾධࢀࡿᚲせᛶࡀ࠶ࡿࠋ50m㉮

࡜ࣁࣥࢻ࣮࣎ࣝᢞࡆࡢᇶ♏ⓗ㐠ືᢏ⬟ࡣࠊࢫ࣏࣮ࢶᢏ

⬟ࡢ⩦ᚓ࡜⩦⇍࡟࡜ࡗ࡚ᚲせ࡛࠶ࡿࠋ50m㉮ࡣ᪂యຊ

ࢸࢫࢺࡢྜィⅬ࡟᭱ࡶᐤ୚ࡍࡿ✀┠࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࡶ

㸦ᒾ⏣ࠊ2013㸧ࠊ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛ⦅ᡂ࡟࠾࠸࡚↓どࡍࡿ

ࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁ࡞࠸࡜ゝ࠼ࡿࠋ୍᪉ࠊ20mࢩࣕࢺࣝࣛࣥࡸ

ᣢஂ㉮ࡣ㧗1ࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛೫ᕪ್ࡀ50ࢆ㉸࠼ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊ

ᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢ㌟యⓗ≉ᚩ࡛࠶ࡿࡔࡅ࡛࡞ࡃࠊ⢓ࡾᙉ࠸ ᛶ᱁ࡀ⾲ࢀࡓ⤖ᯝ࡛࠶ࡿ࡜ࡶ⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ

᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺྜィⅬ࡟╔┠ࡍࡿ࡜ࠊ୰1ධᏛࡢ᫬Ⅼ

࡛೫ᕪ್ࡀ47.1࡛࠶ࡾࠊ୰2ࠊ୰3ࡣࡑࡇ࠿ࡽపୗࡋ

࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊ୰1࡜୰2ࡢᤵᴗෆᐜࢆៅ㔜࡟⪃ᐹ

ࡍࡿᚲせࡀ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࢆ♧၀ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࠋ㧗 1 ࡟࡞ࡿ࡜

49.3ࡲ࡛ྥୖࡋ࡚࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡣ୰3࠿

ࡽ㧗1࡟࠿ࡅ࡚ࡢᮇ㛫࡛యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢྥୖࡢࣆ࣮

ࢡࢆ㏄࠼ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ㧗1ࡢ ᐃ࡛ࡣ㧗

(7)

せࡀ࠶ࡗࡓࠋᐇ㝿࡟ศࡅ࡚ ᐃ್ࢆẚ㍑ࡋࡓ࡜ࡇࢁࠊ

50m ㉮௨እࡢ✀┠࡛㐃⤡㐍Ꮫ⏕ࡢ᪉ࡀⰋ࠸ ᐃ್ࢆ

♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡍ࡞ࢃࡕࠊ୰3࠿ࡽ㧗1࡟࠿ࡅ࡚ࡢయຊ࣭ 㐠ື⬟ຊࡢྥୖࡣࠊ㧗ධ⏕ࡢ ᐃ್࡟ᕥྑࡉࢀ࡞࠸ࡇ ࡜ࡀ᫂ࡽ࠿࡜࡞ࡗࡓࠋ

యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡀ㧗Ỉ‽࡛࠶ࡿ⏕ᚐࡢ๭ྜࡶࠊ೫ᕪ

್࡜ྠᵝࡢ⤖ᯝࢆ♧ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ୰1ࡢ᫬Ⅼ࡛ࡣ඲ᅜᖹ

ᆒ࡟ẚ࡭࡚┦ᙜప࠿ࡗࡓࡀࠊ㧗1࡛඲ᅜᖹᆒࢆୖᅇࡗ

ࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ㧗2ࠊ㧗3࡜࡞ࡿ࡟ࡘࢀ࡚ࠊ඲ᅜᖹᆒ࡜

ẚ࡭࡚యຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡀపୗࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋࡇࢀࡣࠊ㐠ື 㒊άືࡢᘬ㏥ࡸཷ㦂ຮᙉࡀᙳ㡪ࡋ࡚࠸ࡿ࡜⪃࠼ࡽࢀࡿࠋ

ᅇᖐ஧㐍ᮌศᯒ࡟ࡼࡗ࡚ࠊᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື

⬟ຊࡢᡂ㛗㐣⛬ࢆ࠾࠾ࡼࡑᢕᥱࡍࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ࡛ࡁࡓࠋ୰

1࡜୰2࡛ࡣࠊయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࡢྥୖࡀ㢧ⴭ࡛࠶ࡾࠊ

ప࠸⩌ࡢ⏕ᚐ࡛࠶ࡗ࡚ࡶྥୖࢆ♧ࡋࡓࠋࡋ࠿ࡋࠊ୰3

௨㝆࡟࡞ࡿ࡜ࠊప࠸⩌ࡢ⏕ᚐࡢఙࡧࡀ㕌໬ࡋ࡚࠸ࡓࠋ ୰࡟ࡣ୍ᖺ๓ࡢྜィⅬࡼࡾࡶపࡃ࡞ࡿ⏕ᚐࡶᏑᅾࡋ࡚ ࠸ࡿࡇ࡜࠿ࡽࠊ㐠ື࡬ࡢྲྀࡾ⤌ࡳࡀᾘᴟⓗ࡞⏕ᚐ࡬ࡢ ാࡁ࠿ࡅ࡟ࠊࡉࡽ࡞ࡿᕤኵࡀᚲせ࡛࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉ ࢀࡓࠋ

ࡲ࡜ࡵ

ᮏ◊✲࡛ࡣࠊయ⫱ᤵᴗࡢභ࠿ᖺ࣒࢝ࣜ࢟ࣗࣛࢆ᳨ウ

ࡍࡿࡓࡵ࡟ࠊᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡢయຊ࣭㐠ື⬟ຊࢆศᯒࡋࠊ ௨ୗࡢ⤖ᯝࢆᚓࡓࠋ

1) ᮏᰯࡢ⏕ᚐࡣࠊᥱຊࠊ50m㉮ࠊࣁࣥࢻ࣮࣎ࣝᢞ

ࡆࡀ඲ᅜᖹᆒ࡟ẚ࡭࡚పࡃࠊ20mࢩࣕࢺࣝࣛࣥ

ࡸᣢஂ㉮ࡀ㧗࠿ࡗࡓࠋ

2) యຊࡢྥୖࡢࣆ࣮ࢡࡣ୰3࠿ࡽ㧗1࡟࠿ࡅ࡚࡛

࠶ࡾࠊ㧗2௨㝆ࡣྥୖഴྥࡀ㕌໬ࡋࡓࠋ≉࡟ప

Ỉ‽ࡢ⏕ᚐ࡟ᑐࡍࡿാࡁ࠿ࡅࡢᕤኵࡀᚲせ࡛ ࠶ࡿࡇ࡜ࡀ♧၀ࡉࢀࡓࠋ

࠙ཧ⪃ᩥ⊩ࠚ

1. ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬(2008)ࠗ୰ᏛᰯᏛ⩦ᣦᑟせ㡿ゎㄝ ಖ೺ య⫱⦅࠘ᮾᒣ᭩ᡣ

2. ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬(2009)ࠗ㧗➼ᏛᰯᏛ⩦ᣦᑟせ㡿ゎㄝ ಖ ೺య⫱⦅࣭య⫱⦅࠘ᮾᒣ᭩ᡣ

3. Larson,L.A. and Yocom,R.G(1951):ࠗMeasurment

and evaluation in physical, health and recreation.࠘

The C.V. Mosby Co.

4. ᩥ㒊⛉Ꮫ┬㸦2000㸧ࠗ᪂యຊࢸࢫࢺ ᭷ព⩏࡞ά⏝ ࡢࡓࡵ࡟࠘ࡂࡻ࠺ࡏ࠸

ࢫ࣏࣮ࢶ་⛉Ꮫ㞧ㄅ

Figure

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