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結核 第93巻 第 5 号 2018年 5 月

396

討. 結核. 2014 ; 89 : 503‒508.

9 ) 岩本信一, 矢野修一, 西川恵美子, 他:高齢者での外 来性再燃が確定できた老人福祉施設における結核集団

Abstract [Purpose] To analyze the variable numbers of

tandem repeats (VNTR) in patients with tuberculosis for adequate contact investigation.

 [Methods] Among patients suspected to be secondary cases in contact with tuberculosis patients newly registered between 2007 and 2015, the subjects were those in whom the VNTR was investigated in parallel with index cases. The main sur- vey items consisted of the VNTR consistency rate between secondary and index cases, state of contact, secondary cases age, and interval from index until secondary case develop- ment.

 [Results] i) Fifty-seven patients were suspected to be secondary cases. In 50 (87.7%) of these, the VNTR was consistent with that in index cases. In 7 (12.3%), it was not consistent. With respect to age, there was a consistency in all 5 patients aged ≦19 years, 35/41 (85.4%) aged 20 to 69 years, and 10/11 (90.9%) aged ≧70 years. There were no significant differences in the consistency rate among the age groups. Concerning the state of contact, 37 subjects had lived with index cases, with a VNTR consistency rate of 91.9%, whereas 20 had not lived with index cases, with a VNTR consistency rate of 80.0%.

 ii) The interval from index until secondary case develop-

ment was <3 months in 37 subjects, with a VNTR consis- tency rate of 86.5%. It was ≧3 months in 20, with a VNTR consistency rate of 90%.

 [Discussion] There were no age-related differences in the rate at which the VNTR was consistent between the second- ary and index cases. Furthermore, there were no differences associated with the lifestyle or interval from index until secondary case development. Therefore, the state of second- ary case development suggests that patients for whom con- tact investigation is indicated should be selected based on detailed survey results regarding the risk of infection or dis- ease onset in individual cases regardless of age.

Key words: Tuberculosis, Contact investigation, VNTR,

Index case, Secondary case, Elderly

1Osaka City Public Health Office, 2Nishinari Ward Office,

Osaka City

Correspondence to: Kenji Matsumoto, Osaka City Public Health Office, 1_2_7_1000, Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 545_0051 Japan.

(E-mail: ke-matsumoto@city.osaka.lg.jp) −−−−−−−−Original Article−−−−−−−−

VNTR CONSISTENCY RATE WITH RESPECT TO AGE

BETWEEN SECONDARY AND INDEX CASES

IN CONTACT INVESTIGATION FOR TUBERCULOSIS

1, 2Kenji MATSUMOTO, 1Sayuri YAMADA, 1Jun KOMUKAI, 1Yuko TSUDA,

1Rie AOKI, 1Naoko SHIMIZU, 1Maiko ADACHI, 1Miho TAKEGAWA, 1Tetsuya KURATA, and 1Yumi IKEDA

感染事例の検討. 結核. 2016 ; 91 : 451‒455.

10) 松本健二, 三宅由起, 有馬和代, 他:接触者健診にお ける発病例の検討. 結核. 2012 ; 87 : 35‒40.

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Koch Phenomenon by M.avium/Y.Furuichi et al. 401

Abstract A 7-month-old male infant diagnosed with Koch

phenomenon after BCG vaccination was referred to our hospital. He had no symptoms such as coughing or fever, and was normal on chest X-ray. Further he didn’t have apparent contact history with tuberculosis patients. However he was diagnosed with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) because of his positive tuberculin reaction (19 mm×19 mm). Therefore prophylactic administration of isoniazid (INH) to him was started. Mycobacterium avium was detected from his gastric

juice after 3 weeks incubation. As a result, it was suspected more strongly that sensitization of M.avium was involved in

Koch phenomenon of this case. However we continued INH administration because it was difficult to deny LTBI. Isolated

M.avium had resistance to INH, but was not detected from

his gastric juice culture when prophylaxis for 6 months was completed. Subsequently his clinical course was good. This reported case supports a hypothesis that some cases of Koch phenomenon after BCG vaccination may have been induced by sensitization of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), not by M.tuberculosis. The number of infants diagnosed with

Koch phenomenon after BCG vaccination is considered to have increased, following the change in the timing of BCG vaccination. Therefore BCG vaccination should be done as early as possible. It is also necessary to further accumulate detailed information on infants diagnosed with LTBI due to Koch phenomenon.

Key words: Koch phenomenon, BCG, Infant, Mycobacterium avium, Latent tuberculosis infection

1Department of Pediatrics, Yamanashi Red Cross Hospital; 2Department of Technical Assistance for National Tuberculosis

Programmes, Research Institute of Tuberculosis, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association

Correspondence to: Yoshiyuki Furuichi, Department of Pediatrics, Yamanashi Red Cross Hospital, 6663_1, Funatsu, Fujikawaguchikomachi, Minamitsuru-gun, Yamanashi 401_ 0301 Japan. (E-mail: yofuruichi@yahoo.co.jp)

−−−−−−−−Case Report−−−−−−−−

AN INFANT CASE OF KOCH PHENOMENON, MOST LIKELY CAUSED

BY SENSITIZATION OF

MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM

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Paradoxical Endobronchial TB / M. Saitou et al. 407

Abstract A 49-year-old woman was admitted to our hospi-

tal due to positive result for interferon-gamma release assay, persistent cough, and body weight loss of 7 kg which had started when her daughter had been diagnosed with tubercu- losis (TB) 9 months before. Her body mass index (BMI) was 15.2 and her prognostic nutritional index (PNI) was also low as 36.3. She had no underlying diseases. Since ulcerative lesion at the left main bronchus was found by bronchoscopy (BF) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected, she was

diagnosed with pulmonary and endobronchial TB. Anti-TB therapy was started and went successfully, and since her complaints were all disappeared after 3 months, she was discharged from the hospital. However, in 2 months since then, she started to have cough and dyspnea at supine posi- tion again. Tumorous lesion in the left main bronchus was revealed by CT and obstruction of left main bronchus with

white mass was found by BF. It was considered as a case of bronchial tuberculosis due to mediastinal lymph node perforation to left main bronchus caused by paradoxical response after completion of tuberculosis treatment.

Key words: Endobronchial tuberculosis, Paradoxical re-

sponse, Poor nutrition, Lymph node perforation

Department of Infectious Disease and Pulmonary Medicine, Aizu Medical Center, Fukushima Medical University Correspondence to: Miwako Saitou, Department of Infectious Disease and Pulmonary Medicine, Aizu Medical Center, Fukushima Medical University, 21_2, Maeda, Tanisawa, Kawahigashi, Aizuwakamatsu-shi, Fukushima 969_3492 Japan. (E-mail: aizuanes@fmu.ac.jp)

−−−−−−−−Case Report−−−−−−−−

A CASE OF ENDOBRONCHIAL TUBERCULOSIS DUE TO LYMPH NODE

PERFORATION CAUSED BY PARADOXICAL RESPONSE AFTER

COMPLETION OF TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT

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