grammar rules 1grade

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NO. 150 中 1英文 法まと め

吉 倉中学 英語 ★be動詞 am/is/are

肯 定文 短縮形 否 定文 短縮形

I am I’ I am not I’   ot he

she it / this / that

is he’s she’s

it’s / - / that’s)

he she it / this / that

is not

he’s  ot  / he is ’t she’s  ot / she is ’t

it’s  ot  / it is ’t / this is ’t / that’s  ot/ that is ’t   we

you they

are

we’re you’re they’re

we you they

are not

we’re  ot     /  we are ’t you’re  ot  / you are ’t they’re  ot  / they are ’t  

疑 問文 答 え方 yes 答 え方 o

am I?

Yes,

I am

No, I’

not. or No, is

he? she?

it / this / that?

he she it

is

he’s she’s it’s

he she it

isn’t

are we? you? they?

we you they

are

we’re you’re they’re

we you they

aren’t

★ 単純 現在形

I/we/you/they read like watch do have study try

he/she/it reads likes watches does has studies tries

肯 定文 否 定文 疑 問文

I we you they

work like

do have

I we you they

don’t  do not

work like

do have

What When Where

Who How How long What time

do

I we you they

work? like?

do? have? he

she it

works likes does has

he she

it

doesn’t  does not does

he she it

答 え方 yes 答 え方 o

Yes, I / we / you / they do. No, I / we / you / they don’t.

he / she / it does. he / she /it doesn’t.

★現在進行形 am / is / are + ing

肯 定文 否定 疑 問文 答 え方 yes 答 え方 o

I am (not)

- ing

am I

- ing Yes,

I am.

No, I’

not. or No, he

she it

is (not) is he she it

he she it

is.

he’s she’s it’s

he she it

isn’t.

we you they

are (not) are we you they

we you they

are.

we’re you’re they’re

we you they

aren’t.

★過去形 ~ed / Did ?

肯 定文 否 定文 疑 問文 答 え方 yes 答 え方 o  

I we you they he she it

played started watched had saw did went

I we you they he she it

did not didn’t

play start watch have see do go

did I we you they he she it

play? start? watch? have? see? do? go?

Yes, I we you they he she it

did. No, I we you they he she it

did not. didn’t.

can ~できる

肯 定文 否 定文 疑 問文 答 え方 yes 答 え方 o  

I we you they he she it

can play start watch have see do go

I we you they he she it

cannot (can’t)

play start watch have see do go

can I we you they he she it

play? start? watch? have? see? do? go?

Yes, I we you they he she it

can. No, I we you they he she it

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